Photographic imagery has come a long way from the pinhole cameras of the nineteenth century. Digital imagery, and its applications, develops in tandem with contemporary society’s sophisticated literacy of this subtle medium. This book examines the ways in which digital images have become ever more ubiquitous as legal and medical evidence, just as they have become our primary source of news and have replaced paper-based financial documentation. Crucially, the contributions also analyze the very profound problems which have arisen alongside the digital image, issues of veracity and progeny that demand systematic and detailed response: It looks real, but is it? What camera captured it? Has it been doctored or subtly altered? Attempting to provide answers to these slippery issues, the book covers how digital images are created, processed and stored before moving on to set out the latest techniques for forensically examining images, and finally addressing practical issues such as courtroom admissibility. In an environment where even novice users can alter digital media, this authoritative publication will do much so stabilize public trust in these real, yet vastly flexible, images of the world around us.
This book discusses blind investigation and recovery of digital evidence left behind on digital devices, primarily for the purpose of tracing cybercrime sources and criminals. It presents an overview of the challenges of digital image forensics, with a specific focus on two of the most common forensic problems. The first part of the book addresses image source investigation, which involves mapping an image back to its camera source to facilitate investigating and tracing the source of a crime. The second part of the book focuses on image-forgery detection, primarily focusing on “copy-move forgery” in digital images, and presenting effective solutions to copy-move forgery detection with an emphasis on additional related challenges such as blur-invariance, similar genuine object identification, etc. The book concludes with future research directions, including counter forensics. With the necessary mathematical information in every chapter, the book serves as a useful reference resource for researchers and professionals alike. In addition, it can also be used as a supplementary text for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level courses on “Digital Image Processing”, “Information Security”, “Machine Learning”, “Computer Vision” and “Multimedia Security and Forensics”.
Understanding Digital Evidence from the Warrant to the Courtroom
Author: Lars E. Daniel
Digital Forensics for Legal Professionals provides you with a guide to digital technology forensics in plain English. In the authors' years of experience in working with attorneys as digital forensics experts, common questions arise again and again: “What do I ask for?? “Is the evidence relevant?? “What does this item in the forensic report mean?? “What should I ask the other expert?? “What should I ask you?? “Can you explain that to a jury?? This book answers many of those questions in clear language that is understandable by non-technical people. With many illustrations and diagrams that will be usable in court, they explain technical concepts such as unallocated space, forensic copies, timeline artifacts and metadata in simple terms that make these concepts accessible to both attorneys and juries. The authors also explain how to determine what evidence to ask for, evidence might be that could be discoverable, and the methods for getting to it including relevant subpoena and motion language. Additionally, this book provides an overview of the current state of digital forensics, the right way to select a qualified expert, what to expect from a qualified expert and how to properly use experts before and during trial. Includes a companion Web site with: courtroom illustrations, and examples of discovery motions Provides examples of direct and cross examination questions for digital evidence Contains a reference of definitions of digital forensic terms, relevant case law, and resources for the attorney
All you need to know to succeed in digital forensics: technical and investigative skills, in one book Complete, practical, and up-to-date Thoroughly covers digital forensics for Windows, Mac, mobile, hardware, and networks Addresses online and lab investigations, documentation, admissibility, and more By Dr. Darren Hayes, founder of Pace University’s Code Detectives forensics lab–one of America’s “Top 10 Computer Forensics Professors” Perfect for anyone pursuing a digital forensics career or working with examiners Criminals go where the money is. Today, trillions of dollars of assets are digital, and digital crime is growing fast. In response, demand for digital forensics experts is soaring. To succeed in this exciting field, you need strong technical and investigative skills. In this guide, one of the world’s leading computer orensics experts teaches you all the skills you’ll need. Writing for students and professionals at all levels, Dr. Darren Hayes presents complete best practices for capturing and analyzing evidence, protecting the chain of custody, documenting investigations, and scrupulously adhering to the law, so your evidence can always be used. Hayes introduces today’s latest technologies and technical challenges, offering detailed coverage of crucial topics such as mobile forensics, Mac forensics, cyberbullying, and child endangerment. This guide’s practical activities and case studies give you hands-on mastery of modern digital forensics tools and techniques. Its many realistic examples reflect the author’s extensive and pioneering work as a forensics examiner in both criminal and civil investigations. Understand what computer forensics examiners do, and the types of digital evidence they work with Explore Windows and Mac computers, understand how their features affect evidence gathering, and use free tools to investigate their contents Extract data from diverse storage devices Establish a certified forensics lab and implement good practices for managing and processing evidence Gather data and perform investigations online Capture Internet communications, video, images, and other content Write comprehensive reports that withstand defense objections and enable successful prosecution Follow strict search and surveillance rules to make your evidence admissible Investigate network breaches, including dangerous Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs) Retrieve immense amounts of evidence from smartphones, even without seizing them Successfully investigate financial fraud performed with digital devices Use digital photographic evidence, including metadata and social media images
10th International Workshop, IWDW 2011, Atlantic City, NJ, USA, October 23-26, 2011, Revised Selected Papers
Author: Yun Qing Shi
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 10th International Workshop on Digital-forensics and Watermarking (IWDW 2011) held in Atlantic City, NJ, USA, during October 23-26, 2011. The 37 revised full papers presented were carefully selected from 59 submissions. Conference papers are organized in 6 technical sessions, covering the topics of steganography and steganalysis, watermarking, visual cryptography, forensics, anti-forensics, fingerprinting, privacy and security.
The Definitive, Up-to-Date Guide to Digital Forensics The rapid proliferation of cyber crime is increasing the demand for digital forensics experts in both law enforcement and in the private sector. In Digital Archaeology, expert practitioner Michael Graves has written the most thorough, realistic, and up-to-date guide to the principles and techniques of modern digital forensics. Graves begins by providing a solid understanding of the legal underpinnings of and critical laws affecting computer forensics, including key principles of evidence and case law. Next, he explains how to systematically and thoroughly investigate computer systems to unearth crimes or other misbehavior, and back it up with evidence that will stand up in court. Drawing on the analogy of archaeological research, Graves explains each key tool and method investigators use to reliably uncover hidden information in digital systems. His detailed demonstrations often include the actual syntax of command-line utilities. Along the way, he presents exclusive coverage of facilities management, a full chapter on the crucial topic of first response to a digital crime scene, and up-to-the-minute coverage of investigating evidence in the cloud. Graves concludes by presenting coverage of important professional and business issues associated with building a career in digital forensics, including current licensing and certification requirements. Topics Covered Include Acquiring and analyzing data in ways consistent with forensic procedure Recovering and examining e-mail, Web, and networking activity Investigating users’ behavior on mobile devices Overcoming anti-forensics measures that seek to prevent data capture and analysis Performing comprehensive electronic discovery in connection with lawsuits Effectively managing cases and documenting the evidence you find Planning and building your career in digital forensics Digital Archaeology is a key resource for anyone preparing for a career as a professional investigator; for IT professionals who are sometimes called upon to assist in investigations; and for those seeking an explanation of the processes involved in preparing an effective defense, including how to avoid the legally indefensible destruction of digital evidence.
9th International Workshop, IWDW 2010, Seoul, Korea, October 1-3, 2010, Revised Selected Papers
Author: Hyoung Joong Kim
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 9th Interntaional Workshop on Digital Watermarking, IWDW 2010, held in Seoul, Korea, in October 2010. The 26 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 48 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on forensics, visual cryptography, robust watermarking, steganography, fingerprinting, and steganalysis.
Innovations and Advances in Computing, Informatics, Systems Sciences, Networking and Engineering This book includes a set of rigorously reviewed world-class manuscripts addressing and detailing state-of-the-art research projects in the areas of Computer Science, Informatics, and Systems Sciences, and Engineering. It includes selected papers from the conference proceedings of the Eighth and some selected papers of the Ninth International Joint Conferences on Computer, Information, and Systems Sciences, and Engineering (CISSE 2012 & CISSE 2013). Coverage includes topics in: Industrial Electronics, Technology & Automation, Telecommunications and Networking, Systems, Computing Sciences and Software Engineering, Engineering Education, Instructional Technology, Assessment, and E-learning. · Provides the latest in a series of books growing out of the International Joint Conferences on Computer, Information, and Systems Sciences, and Engineering; · Includes chapters in the most advanced areas of Computing, Informatics, Systems Sciences, and Engineering; · Accessible to a wide range of readership, including professors, researchers, practitioners and students.