The experience of illness is a universal and substantial part of human existence. Like death, illness raises important philosophical issues. But unlike death, illness, and in particular the experience of being ill, has received little philosophical attention. In Phenomenology of Illness Havi Carel argues that the experience of illness has been wrongly neglected by philosophers and provides a distinctively philosophical account of illness. Using phenomenology,Carel explores how illness modifies the ill person's body, values, and world. The aim of Phenomenology of Illness is twofold: to contribute to the understanding of illness through the use of philosophy andto demonstrate the importance of illness for philosophy. Phenomenology of Illness develops a phenomenological framework for illness and a systematic understanding of illness as a philosophical tool.
Following the core principle of phenomenology as a return 'to the things themselves,' Body Matters attends to the phenomena of bodily afflictions and examines them from three different standpoints: from society in general that interprets them as 'sicknesses,' from the medical professions that interpret them as 'diseases,' and from the patients themselves who interpret them as 'illnesses.' By drawing on a crucial distinction in German phenomenology between two senses of the body_the quantifiable, material body (Ksrper) and the lived-body(Leib)_the authors explore the ways in which sickness, disease, and illness are socially and historically experienced and constructed. To make their case, they draw on examples from a multiplicity of disciplines and cultures as well as a number of cases from Euro-American history. The intent is to unsettle taken-for-granted assumptions that readers may have about body troubles. These are assumptions widely held as well by medical and allied health professionals, in addition to many sociologists and philosophers of health and illness. To this end, Body Matters does not simply deconstruct prejudices of mainstream biomedicine; it also constructively envisions more humane and artful forms of therapy.
Their essays demonstrate that phenomenology can be an invaluable practical tool, not only for those who are interested in the philosophy of medicine, but for all healthcare professionals who are actively engaged in the care of the sick."--BOOK JACKET.
A Phenomenological Account of the Different Perspectives of Physician and Patient
Author: S. Kay Toombs
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This work provides a phenomenological account of the experienceof illness and the manner in which meaning is constituted by thepatient and the physician. Rather than representing a shared realitybetween doctor and patient, illness represents two quite distinctrealities - the meaning of one being significantly andqualitatively different from the meaning of the other. Drawing uponinsights derived from psychological phenomenology, the author exploresthis difference and provides a detailed account of the way in whichillness and body are apprehended differently by doctor and patient.The author considers the implications for medical practice, particularly in terms of achieving successful communication betweendoctor and patient, providing a comprehensive account of illness, alleviating suffering, and devising maximally effective therapeuticinterventions. Consideration is given to ways of developing a sharedworld of meaning through the use of clinical narrative, empathicunderstanding and an explicit focus on the lifeworld interpretation ofillness."Awarded the first" Edwin Goodwin Ballard Prize "inPhenomenology."
Embodiment, Caring, and Ethics in Health and Illness
Author: Patricia Benner
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Theoretical foundation for nursing as a science/ Ragnar Fjelland and Eva Gjengedal -- Is a science of caring possible?/Margaret J. Dunlop -- A Heideggerian phenomenological perspective on the concept of person/ Victoria W. Leonard -- Hermeneutic phenomenology:a methodology for family health and health promotion study in nursing/ Karen A. Plager -- Toward a new medical ethics: implications for ethics in nursing/ David C. Thomasma -- The tradition and skill of interpretive phenomenology in studying health, illness and caring practices/ Patricia Benner -- MARTIN, a computer software program: on listening to what the text says/ Nancy L. Diekelmann, Robert Schuster,and Sui-Lun Lam -- Beyond normalizing: the role of narrative in understanding teenage mothers' transition to mothering/ Lee Smithbattle -- Patients' caring practices with schizophrenic offspring/ Catherine A. Chesla -- Parenting in public: parental participation and involvement in the care of their hospitalized child/ Philip Darbyshire -- A clinical ethnography of stroke recovery/ Nancy D. Doolittle -- Moral dimensions of living with a chronic illness: autonomy, responsibility, and limits of control/ Patricia Benner, Susan Janson-Bjerklie, Sandra Ferketich and Gay Becker -- The ethical context of nursing care of dying patients in critical care/ Peggy L. Wros -- The ethics of ambiguity and concealment around cancer: interpretations through a local Italian world/ Deborah R. Gordon -- Narrative methodology in disaster studies: rescuers of Cyprus/ Cynthia M. Stuhlmiller.
Phenomenology was one of the twentieth century’s major philosophical movements and continues to be a vibrant and widely studied subject today. The Routledge Companion to Phenomenology is an outstanding guide and reference source to the key philosophers, topics and themes in this exciting subject, and essential reading for any student or scholar of phenomenology. Comprising over fifty chapters by a team of international contributors, the Companion is divided into five clear parts: main figures in the phenomenological movement, from Brentano to Derrida main topics in phenomenology phenomenological contributions to philosophy phenomenological intersections historical postscript. Close attention is paid to the core topics in phenomenology such as intentionality, perception, subjectivity, the self, the body, being and phenomenological method. An important feature of the Companion is its examination of how phenomenology has contributed to central disciplines in philosophy such as metaphysics, philosophy of mind, moral philosophy, aesthetics and philosophy of religion as well as disciplines beyond philosophy such as race, cognitive science, psychiatry, literary criticism and psychoanalysis.
Essays on the Thought of H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.
Author: Brendan P. Minogue
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This volume consists of fourteen chapters selected from papers presented at the conference 'Ethics, Medicine and Health Care: An Appraisal of the Thought of H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.' along with a response to those chapters by Engelhardt and a Foreword by Laurence B. McCullough. The chapters direct primary attention to various aspects of Engelhardt's philosophy of medicine and bioethics as presented in The Foundations of Bioethics and Bioethics and Secular Humanism: The Search for a Common Morality. Among the topics treated are the economics of health care and the medical profession, the libertarian and communitarian aspects of Engelhardt's thought, the moral status of children, abortion, the moral foundations for a health care system, feminism and clinical epistemology, and the relation between secular and religious moralities. In response to the various challenges posed by the authors, Engelhardt considers the implications of the failure of the modern philosophical project, the role of reason in ethics, and the resolution of conflict among communities that do not share the same moral vision. The book will be of interest to professionals in medicine, philosophy, theology, health policy, and law, and to graduate students in those disciplines.
Material Discourses of Health and Illness applies discursive approaches to the field of health psychology, in stark contrast to the bio-medical model of health and illness. The discursive approach uses the person's experience and feelings as the central focus of interest, whereas the more traditional models regarded these as coincidental and relatively unimportant. The book provides an accessible and compelling introduction to social constructionist and discursive approaches to those with limited previous knowledge of socio-linguistic theory and research. It provides practical examples of how these approaches can be applied to the field of health psychology with a collection of sophisticated discursive analyses which demonstrate the distinctive contribution that can be made by psychologists to a field that has been largely dominated by sociologists and anthropologists.
This collection of original essays, from both established scholars and newcomers, takes up a recent debate in philosophy, sociology, and disability studies on whether disability is intrinsically a harm that lowers a person's quality of life. While this is a new question in disability scholarship, it also touches on one of the oldest philosophical questions: what is the good human life? Historically, philosophers have not been interested in the topic of disability, and when they are it is usually only in relation to questions such as euthanasia, abortion, or the moral status of disabled people. Consequently disability has been either ignored by moral and political philosophers or simply equated with a bad human life, a life not worth living. This collection takes up the challenge that disability poses to basic questions of political philosophy and bioethics, among others, by focusing on fundamental issues and practical implications of the relationship between disability and the good human life.