George Orwell started writing regularly for the Observer in 1942, filing stories from the home front and North Africa. In 1945, he was sent to France and Germany as a war correspondent. This volume collects for the first time all of these articles. Writing from Paris, Cologne and Stuttgart, Orwell reports on the moment of victory in 1945; considers the impact of the occupation on French domestic and foreign policies; and reports with acute insight on the future of a ruined Germany. The articles extend to contemplate the eight years of war in Spain and the new danger presented by Britain's former ally, the Soviet Union. Also, included in this collection are Orwell's book reviews. With typical clarity and precision, he appraises the work of his contemporaries and the key authors of the 1940s, including Julian Huxley, H.G. Wells and T.S. Eliot. He also reviewed F.A. Hayek's The road to serfdom and the new translations of Dostoevsky's Crime and punishment and The brothers Karamazov, as well as the poetry and the work of Joseph Conrad and Sean O'Casey. These reviews and articles are as exhilarating to read today as they were when first written. Orwell's writing shaped the Observer--his essay 'Politics and the English language' was used as the house style and rule book--and continues to influence many journalists. These collected pieces demostrate unequivocally not only why George Orwell is considered to be the greatest political writer of the twentieth century, but why he has also been described as the patron saint of journalism.
ABOUT THE BOOK Few novels have influenced the way generations of readers shaped their understanding of society as much as George Orwell’s 1984, or added as many terms to the English lexicon: Big Brother, doublethink, Room 101, and thoughtcrime, to name a few. Even the term “Orwellian” invokes an immediate sense of caution against a repressive totalitarian regime who monitors our every move and manipulates the masses for its own gain. Published by British publisher Secker and Warburg in 1949, only one year before the author’s death, 1984 is one of the most popular English novels of all time and has been translated into over 65 languages. In 2005, Time Magazine listed 1984 as one of the best English-language novels since 1923. According to banned-books.org.uk, the novel was banned in the USSR for its criticisms of Stalin’s regime. It was also banned in Florida for its communist and sexual content. EXCERPT FROM THE BOOK For the first time in the novel, Winston is not alone. Chapter 3 The next time Winston and Julia meet is a couple weeks later in a belfry of a deserted church. Winston discovers that Julia is 26, works in the Fiction Department at the Ministry of Truth (at one point she even worked on Porncsec, creating cheap porn for Proles), lost her virginity at 16, and hates the Party, in a kind of superficial, rebellious-youth kind of way. In turn, Winston tells Julia about his wife Katharine, how she made sex unbearable, and how on one occasion, he was tempted to kill her by pushing her over a cliff. When Julia asks him if he regretted not doing it, Winston tells her it doesn’t make a difference. He says, “In this game we’re playing, we can’t win.” Julia is annoyed by Winston’s fatalist attitude, dismisses his talk about dying and makes plans to meet again. — In chapter 3, two important distinctions are made between Winston’s deep-rooted rebellion against the Party, and Julia’s more superficial one. While Winston dreams of an organized rebellion led by the Brotherhood and backed in real numbers by the Proles, Julia’s ideal is to simply living under the Party while taking as many liberties as possible, since an organized rebellion would never work. While Winston can vaguely remember a time before the Revolution, the young Julia has known nothing but Party rule and rebels against its doctrines like a teenager rebelling against his parents. “Except when it touched upon her own life she had no interest in Party doctrine...She had never heard of the Brotherhood, and refused to believe in its existence. Any kind of organized revolt against the Party, which was bound to be a failure, struck her as stupid. The clever thing was to break the rules and stay alive all the same...” (131). In this chapter we also see a distinction between Winston’s fatalistic attitude and Julia’s relatively optimistic one. Whenever Winston expresses his belief that their actions against the Party mean they are as good as dead, Julia can’t understand his apparent decision to give up on life as it is. Though she understands the ramifications of betraying the Party, Julia still refuses to accept defeat in her daily life. “In a way she realized that she herself was doomed, that sooner or later the Thought Police would catch her and kill her, but with another part of her mind she believed that it was somehow possible to construct a secret world in which you could live as you chose... Buy the book to continue reading! Follow @hyperink on Twitter! Visit us at www.facebook.com/hyperink! Go to www.hyperink.com to join our newsletter and get awesome freebies! CHAPTER OUTLINE Quicklet on George Orwell's 1984 George Orwell's 1984 + About the Book + About the Author + Overall Summary + Chapter-by-Chapter Summary and Commentary + ...and much more
George Orwell is acclaimed as one of English literature's great essayists. Yet, while many are considered classics, as a body of work his essays have been neglected. Peter Marks provides the first sustained study of Orwell the essayist, giving these compelling pieces the critical attention they merit. Orwell employed the essay as a tool to entertain, illuminate and provoke readers across an array of topics. Marks situates the essays in their original contexts, exploring how journals influenced the type of essay Orwell wrote. Acknowledging this periodical culture helps explain the tactics Orwell employed, the topics he chose and the audiences he addressed. Orwell's first and last published works were essays, providing evidence of the development of his cultural and political views over two decades. Essays helped him fashion his distinctive literary 'voice' and Mark traces how their afterlife contributes to Orwell's posthumous reputation. Arguing the essays are central to Orwell's enduring literary, political and cultural value, Marks shows how we understand the complexities, subtleties, and contradictions of Orwell better when we understand his essays.
An important contribution to the understanding of George Orwell's thought, particularly to Nineteen Eighty Four. The author challenges the view of the novel as a flawed work of crushing pessimism, arguing convincingly that it is a great humanist's mature vision of his deeply troubled times.
'Adds enormously to our understanding of the man' Evening Standard George Orwell was one of the greatest writers England produced in the last century. He left an enduring mark on our language and culture, with concepts such as 'Big Brother' and 'Room 101.' His reputation rests not only on his political shrewdness and his sharp satires (Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four) but also on his marvellously clear style and superb essays, which rank with the best ever written. Gordon Bowker's new biography includes fascinating new material which brings Orwell'slife into unfamiliar focus. He writes revealingly about Orwell's family background; the lasting influence of Eton on his work and character; his superstitious streak and youthful flirtation with black magic; and his chaotic and reckless sex life, which included at least one homoerotic relationship. It highlights the strange circumstances of his first marriage and provides remarkable new evidence of his experiences in Spain and their nightmarish consequences. It also offers a fresh look at his peculiar deathbed marriage to a woman fifteen years his junior. All this has enabled Bowker to give Orwell's life a brilliantly fresh and distinctive interpretation.