This book examines several thousand examples of tense-aspect stem participles in the Rigveda, and the passages in which they appear, in terms of both their syntax and semantics. The Rigveda is an ancient collection of sacred Indian hymns, written in Vedic Sanskrit, and is one of the oldest extant texts in any Indo-European language. It is also a poetic text in which deliberate obscurity is the governing aesthetic and in which the rules of language are pushed to their limits in order to produce the ideal poetic expression. Many Vedic sentences are of controversial, disputed meaning, and Vedic scholarship is thus fraught with controversy. John J. Lowe applies formal linguistic analysis to the data and produces a comprehensive formal model of how participles are used. The author uses his findings to recategorize the data, by defining certain stems and stem-types as outside the synchronic category of participle on the basis of their syntactic and semantic properties. He suggests alternative sources for these forms and considers the linguistic processes that transformed old participles into non-participial entities. In his conclusion he reassesses the category of participles within the verbal and nominal systems, looks at their prehistory in Proto-Indo-European, and describes their universal, typological characteristics. Among his conclusions are that tense-aspect-stem participles have the technical properties of adjectival verbs, not verbal adjectives, and that such participles are not fully dependent on corresponding finite verbal forms. That is, a perfect participle, for example, need not share all the semantic and functional features of the finite perfect forms built to the same stem. These and many other conclusions drawn either directly challenge or radically revise received opinion and recent work.
This book gives a comprehensive introduction to Comparative Indo-European Linguistics. It starts with a presentation of the languages of the family (from English and the other Germanic languages, the Celtic and Slavic languages, Latin, Greek and Sanskrit through Armenian and Albanian) and a discussion of the culture and origin of the Indo-Europeans, the speakers of the Indo-European proto-language.The reader is introduced into the nature of language change and the methods of reconstruction of older language stages, with many examples (from the Indo-European languages). A full description is given of the sound changes, which makes it possible to follow the origin of the different Indo-European languages step by step. This is followed by a discussion of the development of all the morphological categories of Proto-Indo-European. The book presents the latest in scholarly insights, like the laryngeal and glottalic theory, the accentuation, the ablaut patterns, and these are systematically integrated into the treatment. The text of this second edition has been corrected and updated by Michiel de Vaan. Sixty-six new exercises enable the student to practice the reconstruction of PIE phonology and morphology.
This book presents the most comprehensive coverage of the field of Indo-European Linguistics in a century, focusing on the entire Indo-European family and treating each major branch and most minor languages. The collaborative work of 120 scholars from 22 countries, Handbook of Comparative and Historical Indo-European Linguistics combines the exhaustive coverage of an encyclopedia with the in-depth treatment of individual monographic studies.
The book starts with a rundown on Rigvedic meter including a discussion of irregularities and the importance of word-boundary patterns, with a brief digression on clitics. This is followed by a discussion of formulas, formulaic diction and various definitions of the concept of formula in oral-poetic traditions, resulting in the relativistic but more realistic definition ”a formula is a slice of a formulaic continuum”, i.e. a razor-sharp definition is in conflict with the material it is supposed to define. The metrical facts show that irregular dimeters in the Rigveda are more closely related to regular trimeters than to regular dimeters. Still, Bloomfield’s extraction hypothesis does not provide a sufficient methodological basis for explaining the irregular dimeters, nor does the laryngealist approch. A selection of irregular dimeter lines are examined with reference to the formulaic continua and associative networks surrounding them, and an attempt is made to show how these continua helped trigger the use of certain words in certain metrical positions.
Professor Oswald Szemerenyi's Einfuhrung in die vergleichende Sprachwissenschaft, first published in 1970, remains the standard introduction to comparative Indo-European linguistics. It is available here in English for the first time in a revised, enlarged, and updated fifth edition. The introductory section presents a general survey of the principles of diachronic-comparative linguistics, and the remainder of the book is a thorough and detailed analysis, according to those principles, of the phonological and morphological structure of the Indo-European group of languages. Each section of the book has a detailed bibliography, so that the student can progress from the general overview to a more detailed examination of particular topics.
This Volume Is The First Publication Of The Indus Project, At The Research Institute For Humanity And Nature(Rihn)In Kyoto, Japan. The Work Consists Of Three Papers And A Comprehensive Bibliography. In The First Paper Kharakwal Presents An Over View Of Indus Civilization With The Most Recent Data In A Compact Way. Witzel`S Paper, Which Is The Longest, Deals With The Ancient Connection With The South Asia Andn Central Asia Illustrated By The Analysis Of Vedic Texts. In The Last Paper Sato Suggests A Key Role For Rice In The Ancient Indus Area. The Bibliography On Indus Civilization Compiled By Osada Covers Latest Material On The Indus Script, Seals, Raw Materials And Network With Mesopotamia.
Victor H. Mair: Recent Physical Anthropological Studies of the Tarim Basin Mummies and Related PopulationsPaul-Louis van Berg: Spit in My Mouth, Glaukos: A Greek Indo-European Tale about Ill-gotten KnowledgeMiriam Robbins Dexter and Victor H. Mair: Apotropaia and Fecundity in Eurasian Myth and Iconography: Erotic Female Display FiguresStephanie W. Jamison: Linguistic Aspects of the Persona of the ?Gatha Poet?Jared Klein: Notes on Categories and Subtypes of Phonological Repetition in the Rig VedaHans Henrich Hock: The Insular Celtic Absolute: Conjunct Distinction Once Again A Prosodic ProposalGeorge E. Dunkel: Latin -pte, -pe, -per, -pseIE Limiting *-po-te, *-pe-r, and *poti- 'master?Yaroslav Gorbachov: The Origin of the Phrygian Aorist of the Type edaesValentina Cambi: The Hittite Adverb karu 'formerly, earlieralready?Olga Thomason: Location, Direction, and Source in Biblical Greek, Gothic, Old Church Slavonic, and Classical ArmenianHyejoon Yoon: The Substantive Present Participles in ?nd- in Gothic: With the Survey of Other Old Germanic LanguagesJoshua T. Katz: To Turn a Blind Eel.
Charles de Lamberterie: Comparison and ReconstructionMelissa Frazier: Accent in Athematic Nouns in Vedic Sanskrit and Its Development from PIERonald I. Kim: Proto-Indo-European*-(V)y e/o- Presents in TocharianHans Henrich Hock: Morphology and i-apocope in Slavic and BalticMiles Beckwith: The Old Italico- Perfect and the Tortora InscriptionMartin J. Kummel: The Third Person Endings of the Old Latin Perfect and the Fate of the Final ?d in LatinBirgit Anette Olsen: Three Latin Phonological DetailsH. Craig Melchert: New Light on Hittite Verse and Meter?Kazuhiko Yoshida: Some Irregular Mediopassives in HittiteAngelo O. Mercado: A Lydian Poem (Gusmani 11) Re-ExaminedJens Elmega ?rd Rasmussen: A Reflex of *H1 in Hieroglyphic Luvian?Mary R. Bachvarova: Suffixaufnahme and Genitival Adjective as an Anatolian Areal Feature in Hurrian, Tyrrhenian, and Anatolian LanguagesJohanna Nichols: A Typological Geography for Proto-Indo-EuropeanIndex, Illustrations
Completely updtaed, this 9th edition presents biographical profiles of United States and Canadian scholars currently active in teaching, research and publishing in the fields of philosophy, religion and law.
PrefaceMiles C. Beckwith: Greek verbs in -i ?A paradigmatic solutionHope Dawson: Deviations from the Greek in the Gothic New TestamentGeorge E. Dunkel: Vedic janapadas and Ionic 6a: with notes on Vedic drupadam and IE *pedom 'place? and 'fetter?Joseph F. Eska: Remarks on linguistic structures in a Gaulish ritual textBenjamin W. Fortson IV: Linguistic and cultural notes on Latin Iunius and related topicsJohn Harkness: Observations on appositions in BeowulfHans Henrich Hock: Vedic eta ? stavama: Subordinate, coordinate, or what?Brian D. Joseph: Balkan insights into the syntax of *me: in Indo-EuropeanCarol F. Justus: Hittite and Indo-European genderRonald Kim: The distribution of the Old Irish infixed pronouns, Cowgill?s particle, and the syntactic evolution of Insular CelticSara Kimball: Hittite kings and queensJared S. Klein: Homoioteleuton in the RigvedaH. Craig Melchert: Hieroglyphic Luvian REL-ipa 'indeed, certainly?Edgar C. Polome: Some thoughts about the Indo-European homelandCharles Reiss: Towards an explanation of analogyDon Ringe: Tocharian B Up 'and?Douglas P.A. Simms: A word for 'wild boar? in Germanic, Italic, Balto-Slavic and Greek and its possible Semitic originsAnn Taylor: The distribution of object clitics in Koine GreekBert Vaux: Szemerenyi?s Law and Stang?s Law in non-linear phonologyBrent Vine: On full-grade *-ro- formations in Greek and Indo-EuropeanMichael Weiss: Observations on the South Picene Inscription TE 1 (S. Omero).