Participles in Rigvedic Sanskrit

The Syntax and Semantics of Adjectival Verb Forms

Author: John J. Lowe

Publisher: OUP Oxford


Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 464

View: 143

This book examines several thousand examples of tense-aspect stem participles in the Rigveda, and the passages in which they appear, in terms of both their syntax and semantics. The Rigveda is an ancient collection of sacred Indian hymns, written in Vedic Sanskrit, and is one of the oldest extant texts in any Indo-European language. It is also a poetic text in which deliberate obscurity is the governing aesthetic and in which the rules of language are pushed to their limits in order to produce the ideal poetic expression. Many Vedic sentences are of controversial, disputed meaning, and Vedic scholarship is thus fraught with controversy. John J. Lowe applies formal linguistic analysis to the data and produces a comprehensive formal model of how participles are used. The author uses his findings to recategorize the data, by defining certain stems and stem-types as outside the synchronic category of participle on the basis of their syntactic and semantic properties. He suggests alternative sources for these forms and considers the linguistic processes that transformed old participles into non-participial entities. In his conclusion he reassesses the category of participles within the verbal and nominal systems, looks at their prehistory in Proto-Indo-European, and describes their universal, typological characteristics. Among his conclusions are that tense-aspect-stem participles have the technical properties of adjectival verbs, not verbal adjectives, and that such participles are not fully dependent on corresponding finite verbal forms. That is, a perfect participle, for example, need not share all the semantic and functional features of the finite perfect forms built to the same stem. These and many other conclusions drawn either directly challenge or radically revise received opinion and recent work.

Comparative Indo-European Linguistics

An Introduction

Author: Robert Stephen Paul Beekes

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing


Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 415

View: 968

This book gives a comprehensive introduction to Comparative Indo-European Linguistics. It starts with a presentation of the languages of the family (from English and the other Germanic languages, the Celtic and Slavic languages, Latin, Greek and Sanskrit through Armenian and Albanian) and a discussion of the culture and origin of the Indo-Europeans, the speakers of the Indo-European proto-language.The reader is introduced into the nature of language change and the methods of reconstruction of older language stages, with many examples (from the Indo-European languages). A full description is given of the sound changes, which makes it possible to follow the origin of the different Indo-European languages step by step. This is followed by a discussion of the development of all the morphological categories of Proto-Indo-European. The book presents the latest in scholarly insights, like the laryngeal and glottalic theory, the accentuation, the ablaut patterns, and these are systematically integrated into the treatment. The text of this second edition has been corrected and updated by Michiel de Vaan. Sixty-six new exercises enable the student to practice the reconstruction of PIE phonology and morphology.

Handbook of Comparative and Historical Indo-European Linguistics

Author: Jared Klein

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG


Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1025

View: 401

This book presents the most comprehensive coverage of the field of Indo-European Linguistics in a century, focusing on the entire Indo-European family and treating each major branch and most minor languages. The collaborative work of 120 scholars from 22 countries, Handbook of Comparative and Historical Indo-European Linguistics combines the exhaustive coverage of an encyclopedia with the in-depth treatment of individual monographic studies.

Rigvedic Formulas and Meter

Author: Urban Lindqvist

Publisher: BoD - Books on Demand



Page: 148

View: 698

The book starts with a rundown on Rigvedic meter including a discussion of irregularities and the importance of word-boundary patterns, with a brief digression on clitics. This is followed by a discussion of formulas, formulaic diction and various definitions of the concept of formula in oral-poetic traditions, resulting in the relativistic but more realistic definition ”a formula is a slice of a formulaic continuum”, i.e. a razor-sharp definition is in conflict with the material it is supposed to define. The metrical facts show that irregular dimeters in the Rigveda are more closely related to regular trimeters than to regular dimeters. Still, Bloomfield’s extraction hypothesis does not provide a sufficient methodological basis for explaining the irregular dimeters, nor does the laryngealist approch. A selection of irregular dimeter lines are examined with reference to the formulaic continua and associative networks surrounding them, and an attempt is made to show how these continua helped trigger the use of certain words in certain metrical positions.

Inside the Texts, Beyond the Texts

New Approaches to the Study of the Vedas : Proceedings of the International Vedic Workshop, Harvard University, June 1989

Author: Michael Witzel



Category: Hindouisme - Livres sacrés - Critique, interprétation, etc - Congrès

Page: 380

View: 410





Category: Historical linguistics


View: 501

International journal for historical linguistics.

Introduction to Indo-European Linguistics

Author: Oswald John Louis Szemerényi



Category: Comparative linguistics

Page: 352

View: 334

Professor Oswald Szemerenyi's Einfuhrung in die vergleichende Sprachwissenschaft, first published in 1970, remains the standard introduction to comparative Indo-European linguistics. It is available here in English for the first time in a revised, enlarged, and updated fifth edition. The introductory section presents a general survey of the principles of diachronic-comparative linguistics, and the remainder of the book is a thorough and detailed analysis, according to those principles, of the phonological and morphological structure of the Indo-European group of languages. Each section of the book has a detailed bibliography, so that the student can progress from the general overview to a more detailed examination of particular topics.

Vedic Bibliography

An Up-to-date, Comprehensive, and Analytically Arranged Register of All Important Work Done Since 1930 in the Field of the Veda and Allied Antiquities Including Indus Valley Civilisation

Author: Ramchandra Narayan Dandekar



Category: Civilization, Hindu


View: 372

Indus Civilization

Text & Context

Author: Toshiki Osada



Category: Agriculture, Prehistoric

Page: 269

View: 967

This Volume Is The First Publication Of The Indus Project, At The Research Institute For Humanity And Nature(Rihn)In Kyoto, Japan. The Work Consists Of Three Papers And A Comprehensive Bibliography. In The First Paper Kharakwal Presents An Over View Of Indus Civilization With The Most Recent Data In A Compact Way. Witzel`S Paper, Which Is The Longest, Deals With The Ancient Connection With The South Asia Andn Central Asia Illustrated By The Analysis Of Vedic Texts. In The Last Paper Sato Suggests A Key Role For Rice In The Ancient Indus Area. The Bibliography On Indus Civilization Compiled By Osada Covers Latest Material On The Indus Script, Seals, Raw Materials And Network With Mesopotamia.

Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual UCLA Indo-European Conference

Los Angeles November 5-6, 2004

Author: Karlene Jones-Bley

Publisher: Inst for the Study of Man


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 302

View: 696

Victor H. Mair: Recent Physical Anthropological Studies of the Tarim Basin Mummies and Related PopulationsPaul-Louis van Berg: Spit in My Mouth, Glaukos: A Greek Indo-European Tale about Ill-gotten KnowledgeMiriam Robbins Dexter and Victor H. Mair: Apotropaia and Fecundity in Eurasian Myth and Iconography: Erotic Female Display FiguresStephanie W. Jamison: Linguistic Aspects of the Persona of the ?Gatha Poet?Jared Klein: Notes on Categories and Subtypes of Phonological Repetition in the Rig VedaHans Henrich Hock: The Insular Celtic Absolute: Conjunct Distinction Once Again A Prosodic ProposalGeorge E. Dunkel: Latin -pte, -pe, -per, -pseIE Limiting *-po-te, *-pe-r, and *poti- 'master?Yaroslav Gorbachov: The Origin of the Phrygian Aorist of the Type edaesValentina Cambi: The Hittite Adverb karu 'formerly, earlieralready?Olga Thomason: Location, Direction, and Source in Biblical Greek, Gothic, Old Church Slavonic, and Classical ArmenianHyejoon Yoon: The Substantive Present Participles in ?nd- in Gothic: With the Survey of Other Old Germanic LanguagesJoshua T. Katz: To Turn a Blind Eel.

Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual UCLA Indo-European Conference, Los Angeles, November 3-4, 2006

Author: Karlene Jones-Bley

Publisher: Inst for the Study of Man


Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 603

Charles de Lamberterie: Comparison and ReconstructionMelissa Frazier: Accent in Athematic Nouns in Vedic Sanskrit and Its Development from PIERonald I. Kim: Proto-Indo-European*-(V)y e/o- Presents in TocharianHans Henrich Hock: Morphology and i-apocope in Slavic and BalticMiles Beckwith: The Old Italico- Perfect and the Tortora InscriptionMartin J. Kummel: The Third Person Endings of the Old Latin Perfect and the Fate of the Final ?d in LatinBirgit Anette Olsen: Three Latin Phonological DetailsH. Craig Melchert: New Light on Hittite Verse and Meter?Kazuhiko Yoshida: Some Irregular Mediopassives in HittiteAngelo O. Mercado: A Lydian Poem (Gusmani 11) Re-ExaminedJens Elmega ?rd Rasmussen: A Reflex of *H1 in Hieroglyphic Luvian?Mary R. Bachvarova: Suffixaufnahme and Genitival Adjective as an Anatolian Areal Feature in Hurrian, Tyrrhenian, and Anatolian LanguagesJohanna Nichols: A Typological Geography for Proto-Indo-EuropeanIndex, Illustrations

Directory of American Scholars: English, speech and drama

Author: Rita C. Velázquez

Publisher: Gale Research International, Limited


Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 360

View: 880

Completely updtaed, this 9th edition presents biographical profiles of United States and Canadian scholars currently active in teaching, research and publishing in the fields of philosophy, religion and law.

Indo-European Perspectives

Author: Mark R. V. Southern

Publisher: Study of Man


Category: Indo-European antiquities

Page: 366

View: 431

PrefaceMiles C. Beckwith: Greek verbs in -i ?A paradigmatic solutionHope Dawson: Deviations from the Greek in the Gothic New TestamentGeorge E. Dunkel: Vedic janapadas and Ionic 6a: with notes on Vedic drupadam and IE *pedom 'place? and 'fetter?Joseph F. Eska: Remarks on linguistic structures in a Gaulish ritual textBenjamin W. Fortson IV: Linguistic and cultural notes on Latin Iunius and related topicsJohn Harkness: Observations on appositions in BeowulfHans Henrich Hock: Vedic eta ? stavama: Subordinate, coordinate, or what?Brian D. Joseph: Balkan insights into the syntax of *me: in Indo-EuropeanCarol F. Justus: Hittite and Indo-European genderRonald Kim: The distribution of the Old Irish infixed pronouns, Cowgill?s particle, and the syntactic evolution of Insular CelticSara Kimball: Hittite kings and queensJared S. Klein: Homoioteleuton in the RigvedaH. Craig Melchert: Hieroglyphic Luvian REL-ipa 'indeed, certainly?Edgar C. Polome: Some thoughts about the Indo-European homelandCharles Reiss: Towards an explanation of analogyDon Ringe: Tocharian B Up 'and?Douglas P.A. Simms: A word for 'wild boar? in Germanic, Italic, Balto-Slavic and Greek and its possible Semitic originsAnn Taylor: The distribution of object clitics in Koine GreekBert Vaux: Szemerenyi?s Law and Stang?s Law in non-linear phonologyBrent Vine: On full-grade *-ro- formations in Greek and Indo-EuropeanMichael Weiss: Observations on the South Picene Inscription TE 1 (S. Omero).