Designed by two MIT professors, this authoritative text transcends the limitations and ambiguities of traditional treatments to develop a deep understanding of the fundamentals of thermodynamics and its energy-related applications. Basic concepts and applications are discussed in complete detail, with attention to generality, rigorous definitions, and logical consistency. More than 300 solved problems span a wide range of realistic energy systems and processes.
Winner of the 2017 Quality of Communication Award presented by The Agricultural and Applied Economics Association As the importance of food and nutrition becomes more widely recognized by practitioners and researchers in the health sciences, one persisting gap in the knowledge base remains: what are the economic factors that influence our food and our health? Food and Nutrition Economics offers a much-needed resource for non-economists looking to understand the basic economic principles that govern our food and nutritional systems. Comprising both a quick grounding in nutrition with the fundamentals of economics and expert applications to food systems, it is a uniquely accessible and much-needed bridge between previously disparate scholarly and professional fields. This book is intended for upper level undergraduates, graduate students, and health professionals with no background in economics who recognize that economics affects much of their work. Concerned because previous encounters with economics have been hampered by math hurdles? Don't be; this book offers a specialized primer in consumer economics (including behavioral economics of food consumption), producer economics, market-level analysis, cost-effectiveness, and cost-benefit analysis, all in an accessible and conversational manner that requires nothing more than middle-school math acumen. Grounding these lessons in contemporary issues such as soft drink taxes, food prices, convenience, nutrition education programs, and the food environment, Food and Nutrition Economics is an innovative and needed entry in the rapidly expanding universe of food studies, health science, and their related fields.
This book is the fifth official archival publication devoted to RoboCup. It documents the achievements presented at the 5th Robot World Cup Soccer Games and Conferences held in Seattle, Washington, USA, in August 2001.The book contains the following parts: introduction, champion teams, challenge award finalists, technical papers, poster presentations, and team descriptions (arranged according to various leagues).This book is mandatory reading for the rapidly growing RoboCup community as well as a valuable source of references and inspiration for R&D professionals interested in multi-agent systems, distributed artificial intelligence, and intelligent robotics.
This text deals with A1-homotopy theory over a base field, i.e., with the natural homotopy theory associated to the category of smooth varieties over a field in which the affine line is imposed to be contractible. It is a natural sequel to the foundational paper on A1-homotopy theory written together with V. Voevodsky. Inspired by classical results in algebraic topology, we present new techniques, new results and applications related to the properties and computations of A1-homotopy sheaves, A1-homology sheaves, and sheaves with generalized transfers, as well as to algebraic vector bundles over affine smooth varieties.
About the Book The book has an interesting topic that would attract curiosity. To read it only high school mathematics is needed. But physics concepts may be challenging. However, that is not a problem for those keen thinkers who pursue scientific truth with passion. Which giant will you stand by: Einstein or Newton? You would make the right decision after reading. There are 8 Sections in the main part of the book: In Section 1. The primary concepts of space and time are described. The most important concepts are "attached space", "overlapping space" and "identity of universe instant". GT (Galilean Transformation) is a natural product from the primary concepts of space and time and there is no room left for LT (Lorentz Transformation). In Section 2. Under Einstein's Postulate of "absolute velocity of light", LT is formally deduced. In searching the light wavefront sphere the missing light source system is found to be a normal Galilean system that would lead a group of Lorentz systems by determining their space and time through LT. That means LT totally relies on light source system. In Section 3. Using light source system as a stepping stone Lorentz system can be explored. It has been found that Lorentz space dilating outwards from its central plane while the systemic part of Lorentz time contracting toward the initial instant. However, the Transformation Principle of "identical spatial spot at identical instant" forbids these strange things happening, so that no way for LT to gain "real meaning". In Section 4. The Assertion of "moving rod contracts and moving clock slower" and other paradoxes, as well as the relativistic mechanics, have been discussed and analyzed. It is ascertained that all are the product from a serious conceptual error of "applying LT wrongly on second party body". In Section 5. It is recognized that, causing the so-called relativity of simultaneity, the local-time part of Lorentz time varies along the î-axis in Lorentz space at a universe instant t but, once preset at initial instant, would never change. That is a shocking finding that the Lorentz local-time actually is a false time of no flux, and hence the whole Lorentz time with a false part becomes untrustworthy. The consequence cannot be more serious. The whole building of SR would collapse immediately as a fundamental stone has to be withdrawn. In Section 6. The famous M-M Experiment has been re-interpreted carefully. After clarifying all historical mistakes involving the false concept of ether, the M-M Experiment is ascertained that, apart from negating the existence of ether, it confirms the concept of light source Galilean system but has no any support for SR. In section 7. The Doppler Effect of sound is introduced first for the sake of contrasting. Then light's Doppler Effect is profoundly analyzed. Comes out a conclusion that Doppler Effect and SR's Postulate are bound to be mutually exclusionary. It is another shocking finding that there would be no Doppler Effect for light if SR' Postulate is true, but if light really has Doppler Effect then SR's Postulate must be wrong. The existence of Doppler Effect in astronomy is unarguable evidence denying the Postulate and SR. In section 8. With so many fatal problems, SR has to be justified as a pseudoscience. In tracking Einstein's path to SR, it is discovered that he proposed the Postulate without reasonable logic in first. No wonder SR would end in a verdict of a pseudoscience.
Computations, Glassy Materials, Microgravity and Non-Destructive Testing
Author: T Matsumoto
Category: Technology & Engineering
Computations, Glassy Materials, Microgravity and Non-Destructive Testing is a compilation of the papers presented during the Third IUMRS International Conference on Advanced Materials International Union of The Materials Research Societies that discussed the concepts and methods behind glassy materials. The book is divided into parts. Part 1 tackles the progresses in sol-gel science and technology; the reaction mechanisms of ormosils and effects of ultrasonic irradiation; and the preparation of different glasses and their properties. Part 2 covers topics such as the neural network system for the identification of materials; the use of computers for simulations of many-body systems; computer system for meeting the supercomputing needs of materials; quality control of materials information by knowledge base; and the development of knowledgebase system for computer-assisted alloy design. Part 3 deals with the properties of different materials, the concepts, and the techniques behind them, and Part 4 discusses the non-destructive evaluation. The text is recommended for chemists and engineers in the field of materials science, especially those who wish to know more about the progress in its field of research.
Economics Skills and Practice is aimed at the new 2011 Economics Diploma programme and is suitable for Higher and Standard level. Packed full of examples and activities this new series takes the IB student step-by-step through the essential skills development needed to be successful in the course and examination. Special attention is paid to unpacking the language of the subject with plenty of workbook-style exercises to engage students and reinforce the lessons learnt in the course. Detailed guidance on the new mathematical elements of the Higher Level syllabus will provide extra reinforcement and build confidence. ·Plenty of activities to practise essential skills, improving exam performance ·Information on designing, selecting and using diagrams to explain challenging concepts ·Unpicks tricky terminology and guides the correct use of language, supporting your EAL students ·Includes lots of examples and model answers to ensure full comprehension and strengthen exam potential ·Detailed, step-by-s
6th International Conference, CP 2000 Singapore, September 18-21, 2000 Proceedings
Author: Rina Dechter
This volume constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming, CP 2000, held in Singapore in September 2000. The 31 revised full papers and 13 posters presented together with three invited contributions were carefully reviewed and selected from 101 submissions. All current issues of constraint processing, ranging from theoretical and foundational issues to applications in various fields are addressed.
Australian Drilling Industry Training Committee Limited
Author: Australian Drilling Industry Training Committee Limited
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
An Invaluable Reference for Members of the Drilling Industry, from Owner–Operators to Large Contractors, and Anyone Interested In Drilling Developed by one of the world’s leading authorities on drilling technology, the fifth edition of The Drilling Manual draws on industry expertise to provide the latest drilling methods, safety, risk management, and management practices, and protocols. Utilizing state-of-the-art technology and techniques, this edition thoroughly updates the fourth edition and introduces entirely new topics. It includes new coverage on occupational health and safety, adds new sections on coal seam gas, sonic and coil tube drilling, sonic drilling, Dutch cone probing, in hole water or mud hammer drilling, pile top drilling, types of grouting, and improved sections on drilling equipment and maintenance. New sections on drilling applications include underground blast hole drilling, coal seam gas drilling (including well control), trenchless technology and geothermal drilling. It contains heavily illustrated chapters that clearly convey the material. This manual incorporates forward-thinking technology and details good industry practice for the following sectors of the drilling industry: Blast Hole Environmental Foundation/Construction Geotechnical Geothermal Mineral Exploration Mineral Production and Development Oil and Gas: On-shore Seismic Trenchless Technology Water Well The Drilling Manual, Fifth Edition provides you with the most thorough information about the "what," "how," and "why" of drilling. An ideal resource for drilling personnel, hydrologists, environmental engineers, and scientists interested in subsurface conditions, it covers drilling machinery, methods, applications, management, safety, geology, and other related issues.