Information and Communication Technologies for Knowledge Management
Author: Ronald Maier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
Knowledge management promises concepts and instruments that help organizations support knowledge creation, sharing and application. This book offers a comprehensive account of the many facets, concepts and theories that have influenced knowledge management and integrates them into a framework consisting of strategy, organization, systems and economics guiding the design of successful initiatives. The third edition extends coverage of the two pillars of implementing knowledge management initiatives, organization and systems.
Knowledge management is becoming more and more important in a changing business climate, as organizations are faced with tremendous competitive pressures. Technological developments such as e-commerce have made company strategies and customer interfacing more visible, so this resource-based view of strategy has become a key issue in gaining differentiation in the eyes of the customer and maintaining competitive advantage. Knowledge management skills and processes are crucial to this, as they leverage a company's renewable, reusable and accumulating assets.This book provides an essential guide to the area of knowledge management, and specifically highlights new developments such as Knowledge Management Systems. Featuring insights and perspectives from contributors from the UK, Europe and the USA, this book presents cutting edge theory and evidence about the use of information technology for the management of organizational knowledge. The book is split into three sections: + Experiences in KMS Practice, featuring practical case studies taken from well-known companies and organizations+ Designing KMS Enterprise Architectures, explaining different structures for integrating and sharing knowledge within an organisation+ Implementing KM Solutions, which demonstrates the fundamental principles to implementing systems, and the hurdles that must be facedThis book covers a fast-growing topic in great depth, and will prove invaluable to students taking Knowledge Management courses on degrees in Business, Management or Information Systems. It is also a useful guide for practitioners contemplating new technological developments in the field
Contributions from Logic, Databases, and Artificial Intelligence Applications
Author: Joachim W. Schmidt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
In the past, applied artificial intelligence systems were built with particular emphasis on general reasoning methods intended to function efficiently, even when only relatively little domain-specific knowledge was available. In other words, AI technology aimed at the processing of knowledge stored under comparatively general representation schemes. Nowadays, the focus has been redirected to the role played by specific and detailed knowledge, rather than to the reasoning methods themselves. Many new application systems are centered around knowledge bases, i. e. , they are based on large collections offacts, rules, and heuristics that cap ture knowledge about a specific domain of applications. Experience has shown that when used in combination with rich knowledge bases, even simple reasoning methods can be extremely effective in a wide variety of problem domains. Knowledge base construction and management will thus become the key factor in the development of viable knowledge-based ap plications. Knowledge Base Management Systems (KBMSs) are being proposed that provide user-friendly environments for the construction, retrieval, and manipUlation of large shared knowledge bases. In addition to deductive reasoning, KBMSs require operational characteristics such as concurrent access, integrity maintenance, error recovery, security, and perhaps distribution. For the development ofKBMSs, the need to integrate concepts and technologies from different areas, such as Artificial Intel ligence, Databases, and Logic, has been widely recognized. One of the central issues for KBMSs is the framework used for knowledge representation-semantic networks, frames, rules, and logics are proposed by the AI and logic communities.
Creating Knowledge Based Organizations brings together high quality concepts and techniques closely related to organizational learning, knowledge workers, intellectual capital, and knowledge management. It includes the methodologies, systems and approaches that are needed to create and manage knowledge based organizations.
This text serves as a complete introduction to the subject of knowledge management, incorporating technical, and social aspects of knowledge management, as well as practical examples, traditional approaches, and emerging topics.
Proceedings of the IFIP WG 5.7 Working Conference on Knowledge Based Production Management Systems, Galway, Ireland, 23-25 August, 1988
Author: Jim Browne
Publisher: North Holland
Category: Business & Economics
In recent years, artificial intelligence (AI) methods have been applied to production management systems (PMS), particularly in the area of scheduling. Included in this book is a review of research and applications as well as a presentation of new results. There is a mix of papers from industry, research laboratories and academia which gives a realistic perspective on the prospects for AI technology in PMS applications. The majority of papers are concerned with the use of knowledge based techniques to solve various scheduling problems. The introductory section includes two overview papers, each presenting the views and expectations of researchers in major industrial companies who have some experience of using AI technology to solve production management problems. There follows a series of technical papers which have been grouped into five categories: Model Based and Simulation Approaches; AI and Scheduling; AI and Production Planning; The GRAI Method; AI Applications and FMS.
Knowledge Based Systems (KBS) are systems that use artificial intelligence techniques in the problem solving process. This text is designed to develop an appreciation of KBS and their architecture and to help users understand a broad variety of knowledge based techniques for decision support and planning. It assumes basic computer science skills and a math background that includes set theory, relations, elementary probability, and introductory concepts of artificial intelligence. Each of the 12 chapters are designed to be modular providing instructors with the flexibility to model the book to their own course needs. Exercises are incorporated throughout the text to highlight certain aspects of the material being presented and to stimulate thought and discussion.
The design of knowledge systems is finding myriad applications from corporate databases to general decision support in areas as diverse as engineering, manufacturing and other industrial processes, medicine, business, and economics. In engineering, for example, knowledge bases can be utilized for reliable electric power system operation. In medicine they support complex diagnoses, while in business they inform the process of strategic planning. Programmed securities trading and the defeat of chess champion Kasparov by IBM's Big Blue are two familiar examples of dedicated knowledge bases in combination with an expert system for decision-making. With volumes covering "Implementation," "Optimization," "Computer Techniques," and "Systems and Applications," this comprehensive set constitutes a unique reference source for students, practitioners, and researchers in computer science, engineering, and the broad range of applications areas for knowledge-based systems.
This text provides a comprehensive introduction to the new field of knowledge management. It approaches the subject from a management rather than a highly technical point of view, and provides students with a state-of-the-art survey of KM and its implementation in diverse organizations. The text covers the nature of knowledge (tacit and explicit), the origins and units of organizational knowledge, and the evolution of knowledge management in contemporary society. It explores the implementation and utilization of knowledge management systems, and how to measure their impact, outputs, and benefits. The book includes a variety of original case studies that illustrate specific situations in which the absence or existence of knowledge management systems has been crucial to the organization's actions. Charts and figures throughout help clarify more complex phenomena and classifications, and each chapter includes review questions and a comprehensive index.
Knowledge Base Systems are an integration of conventional database systems with Artificial Intelligence techniques. They provide inference capabilities to the database system by encapsulating the knowledge of the application domain within the database. Knowledge is the most valuable of all corporate resources that must be captured, stored, re-used and continuously improved, in much the same way as database systems were important in the previous decade. Flexible, extensible, and yet efficient Knowledge Base Systems are needed to capture the increasing demand for knowledge-based applications which will become a significant market in the next decade. Knowledge can be expressed in many static and dynamic forms; the most prominent being domain objects, their relationships, and their rules of evolution and transformation. It is important to express and seamlessly use all types of knowledge in a single Knowledge Base System. Parallel, Object-Oriented, and Active Knowledge Base Systems presents in detail features that a Knowledge Base System should have in order to fulfill the above requirements. Parallel, Object-Oriented, and Active Knowledge Base Systems covers in detail the following topics: Integration of deductive, production, and active rules in sequential database systems. Integration and inter-operation of multiple rule types into the same Knowledge Base System. Parallel rule matching and execution, for deductive, production, and active rules, in parallel Export, Knowledge Base, and Database Systems. In-depth description of a Parallel, Object-Oriented, and Active Knowledge Base System that integrates all rule paradigms into a single database system without hindering performance. Parallel, Object-Oriented, and Active Knowledge Base Systems is intended as a graduate-level text for a course on Knowledge Base Systems and as a reference for researchers and practitioners in the areas of database systems, knowledge base systems and Artificial Intelligence.
This book provides a comprehensive yet concise coverage of the concepts and technology of database systems and their evolution into knowledge-bases. The traditional material on database systems at senior undergraduate level is covered. An understanding of concepts is emphasized avoiding extremes in formalism or detail.Rather than be restricted to a single example used over an entire book, a variety of examples are used. These enable the reader to understand the basic abstractions which underlie description of many practical situations.A major portion of the book concerns database system technology with focus on the relational model. Various topics are discussed in detail, preparing the ground for more advanced work.
The idea of managing and transforming tacit to explicit knowledge is getting more and more attention in public systems domain. It has been quite sometime that authors, researchers and managers have come to realize that employees, processes and systems of decision-making in the organizations are a great reservoir of tacit knowledge. It is an important challenge to build and manage systems that can capture, store, retrieve and build new knowledge base for effective decision-making and yet have a human interface. This book is an eye opener for people having interest in knowledge management and knowledge management systems in modern organizations. This book covers ideas, models, conceptual papers and case studies covering the whole globe through the lenses of authors of different continents. For good governance and effective management of public systems, the authors have developed knowledge management processes, models and systems that can have universal appeal and applicability. The book has sixteen, well researched, thought provoking papers and case studies from India, Europe, Brazil and USA. The judicious mix of conceptual papers and case studies will help the students/managers to understand and internalize the process and stages of knowledge management from different countries. It will also make them visualize the practice of knowledge management across the diverse organizations and countries.
Selected papers from the 2011 International Conference on Automation and Robotics (ICAR 2011), Dubai, December 1-2, 2011
Author: Gary Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
The international conference on Automation and Robotics-ICAR2011 is held during December 12-13, 2011 in Dubai, UAE. The proceedings of ICAR2011 have been published by Springer Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, which include 163 excellent papers selected from more than 400 submitted papers. The conference is intended to bring together the researchers and engineers/technologists working in different aspects of intelligent control systems and optimization, robotics and automation, signal processing, sensors, systems modeling and control, industrial engineering, production and management. This part of proceedings includes 81 papers contributed by many researchers in relevant topic areas covered at ICAR2011 from various countries such as France, Japan, USA, Korea and China etc. Many papers introduced their advanced research work recently; some of them gave a new solution to problems in the field, with powerful evidence and detail demonstration. Others stated the application of their designed and realized systems. The session topic of this proceeding is intelligent control and robotics and automation, which includes papers about Distributed Control Systems, Intelligent Fault Detection and Identification, Machine Learning in Control, Neural Networks based Control Systems, Fuzzy Control, Genetic Algorithms, Robot Design, Human-robots Interfaces, Network Robotics, and Autonomous Systems, Industrial Networks and Automation, Modeling, Simulation and Architectures, Vision, Recognition and Reconstruction, Virtual Reality, Image Processing, and so on. All of papers here involved the authors’ numerous time and energy, will be proved valuable in their research field. Sincere thanks to the committee and all the authors, moreover anonymous reviewers from many fields and organizations. That is a power for all of us to go on research work for the world.
Database management is attracting wide interest in both academic and industrial contexts. New application areas such as CAD/CAM, geographic information systems, and multimedia are emerging. The needs of these application areas are far more complex than those of conventional business applications. The purpose of this book is to bring together a set of current research issues that addresses a broad spectrum of topics related to database systems and applications. The book is divided into four parts: - object-oriented databases, - temporal/historical database systems, - query processing in database systems, - heterogeneity, interoperability, open system architectures, multimedia database systems.
A Dictionary of Abbreviations, Acronyms and Symbols in Astronomy and Related Space Sciences
Author: Andre Heck
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
With about 200,000 entries, StarBriefs Plus represents the most comprehensive and accurately validated collection of abbreviations, acronyms, contractions and symbols within astronomy, related space sciences and other related fields. As such, this invaluable reference source (and its companion volume, StarGuides Plus) should be on the reference shelf of every library, organization or individual with any interest in these areas. Besides astronomy and associated space sciences, related fields such as aeronautics, aeronomy, astronautics, atmospheric sciences, chemistry, communications, computer sciences, data processing, education, electronics, engineering, energetics, environment, geodesy, geophysics, information handling, management, mathematics, meteorology, optics, physics, remote sensing, and so on, are also covered when justified. Terms in common use and/or of general interest have also been included where appropriate.