Since the publication of the first edition of this work, considerable progress has been made in many of the questions examined. This edition has been updated and enlarged, and the bibliography has been revised. The variety of topics covered here includes divisibility, diophantine equations, prime numbers (especially Mersenne and Fermat primes), the basic arithmetic functions, congruences, the quadratic reciprocity law, expansion of real numbers into decimal fractions, decomposition of integers into sums of powers, some other problems of the additive theory of numbers and the theory of Gaussian integers.
A book about numbers sounds rather dull. This one is not. Instead it is a lively story about one thread of mathematics-the concept of "number" told by eight authors and organized into a historical narrative that leads the reader from ancient Egypt to the late twentieth century. It is a story that begins with some of the simplest ideas of mathematics and ends with some of the most complex. It is a story that mathematicians, both amateur and professional, ought to know. Why write about numbers? Mathematicians have always found it diffi cult to develop broad perspective about their subject. While we each view our specialty as having roots in the past, and sometimes having connec tions to other specialties in the present, we seldom see the panorama of mathematical development over thousands of years. Numbers attempts to give that broad perspective, from hieroglyphs to K-theory, from Dedekind cuts to nonstandard analysis.
In this Very Short Introduction Peter M. Higgins presents an overview of the number types featured in modern science and mathematics. Providing a non-technical account, he explores the evolution of the modern number system, examines the fascinating role of primes, and explains their role in contemporary cryptography.
Volume 9: Proceedings of The Tenth International Research Conference on Fibonacci Numbers and Their Applications
Author: Fredric T. Howard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book contains 28 research articles from among the 49 papers and abstracts presented at the Tenth International Conference on Fibonacci Numbers and Their Applications. These articles have been selected after a careful review by expert referees, and they range over many areas of mathematics. The Fibonacci numbers and recurrence relations are their unifying bond. We note that the article "Fibonacci, Vern and Dan" , which follows the Introduction to this volume, is not a research paper. It is a personal reminiscence by Marjorie Bicknell-Johnson, a longtime member of the Fibonacci Association. The editor believes it will be of interest to all readers. It is anticipated that this book, like the eight predecessors, will be useful to research workers and students at all levels who are interested in the Fibonacci numbers and their applications. March 16, 2003 The Editor Fredric T. Howard Mathematics Department Wake Forest University Box 7388 Reynolda Station Winston-Salem, NC 27109 xxi THE ORGANIZING COMMITTEES LOCAL COMMITTEE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE Calvin Long, Chairman A. F. Horadam (Australia), Co-Chair Terry Crites A. N. Philippou (Cyprus), Co-Chair Steven Wilson A. Adelberg (U. S. A. ) C. Cooper (U. S. A. ) Jeff Rushal H. Harborth (Germany) Y. Horibe (Japan) M. Bicknell-Johnson (U. S. A. ) P. Kiss (Hungary) J. Lahr (Luxembourg) G. M. Phillips (Scotland) J. 'Thrner (New Zealand) xxiii xxiv LIST OF CONTRlBUTORS TO THE CONFERENCE * ADELBERG, ARNOLD, "Universal Bernoulli Polynomials and p-adic Congruences. " *AGRATINI, OCTAVIAN, "A Generalization of Durrmeyer-Type Polynomials. " BENJAMIN, ART, "Mathemagics.
Since the publication of the first edition of this seminar book in 1994, the theory and applications of extremes and rare events have enjoyed an enormous and still increasing interest. The intention of the book is to give a mathematically oriented development of the theory of rare events underlying various applications. This characteristic of the book was strengthened in the second edition by incorporating various new results on about 130 additional pages. Part II, which has been added in the second edition, discusses recent developments in multivariate extreme value theory. Particularly notable is a new spectral decomposition of multivariate distributions in univariate ones which makes multivariate questions more accessible in theory and practice. One of the most innovative and fruitful topics during the last decades was the introduction of generalized Pareto distributions in the univariate extreme value theory. Such a statistical modelling of extremes is now systematically developed in the multivariate framework.
Bridges the gap between theoretical and computational aspects of prime numbers Exercise sections are a goldmine of interesting examples, pointers to the literature and potential research projects Authors are well-known and highly-regarded in the field
Number theory, the branch of mathematics that studies the properties of the integers, is a repository of interesting and quite varied problems, sometimes impossibly difficult ones. In this book, the authors have gathered together a collection of problems from various topics in number theory that they find beautiful, intriguing, and from a certain point of view instructive.
In this invaluable book, the basic mathematical properties of the golden ratio and its occurrence in the dimensions of two- and three-dimensional figures with fivefold symmetry are discussed. In addition, the generation of the Fibonacci series and generalized Fibonacci series and their relationship to the golden ratio are presented. These concepts are applied to algorithms for searching and function minimization. The Fibonacci sequence is viewed as a one-dimensional aperiodic, lattice and these ideas are extended to two- and three-dimensional Penrose tilings and the concept of incommensurate projections. The structural properties of aperiodic crystals and the growth of certain biological organisms are described in terms of Fibonacci sequences. Contents: Basic Properties of the Golden Ratio; Geometric Problems in Two Dimensions; Geometric Problems in Three Dimensions; Fibonacci Numbers; Lucas Numbers and Generalized Fibonacci Numbers; Continued Fractions and Rational Approximants; Generalized Fibonacci Representation Theorems; Optimal Spacing and Search Algorithms; Commensurate and Incommensurate Projections; Penrose Tilings; Quasicrystallography; Biological Applications; Construction of the Regular Pentagon; The First 100 Fibonacci and Lucas Numbers; Relationships Involving the Golden Ratio and Generalized Fibonacci Numbers. Readership: Applied mathematicians.