This book introduces the quantum mechanical framework to information retrieval scientists seeking a new perspective on foundational problems. As such, it concentrates on the main notions of the quantum mechanical framework and describes an innovative range of concepts and tools for modeling information representation and retrieval processes. The book is divided into four chapters. Chapter 1 illustrates the main modeling concepts for information retrieval (including Boolean logic, vector spaces, probabilistic models, and machine-learning based approaches), which will be examined further in subsequent chapters. Next, chapter 2 briefly explains the main concepts of the quantum mechanical framework, focusing on approaches linked to information retrieval such as interference, superposition and entanglement. Chapter 3 then reviews the research conducted at the intersection between information retrieval and the quantum mechanical framework. The chapter is subdivided into a number of topics, and each description ends with a section suggesting the most important reference resources. Lastly, chapter 4 offers suggestions for future research, briefly outlining the most essential and promising research directions to fully leverage the quantum mechanical framework for effective and efficient information retrieval systems. This book is especially intended for researchers working in information retrieval, database systems and machine learning who want to acquire a clear picture of the potential offered by the quantum mechanical framework in their own research area. Above all, the book offers clear guidance on whether, why and when to effectively use the mathematical formalism and the concepts of the quantum mechanical framework to address various foundational issues in information retrieval.
For kinesiology professionals, qualitative movement diagnosis (QMD) is a critical skill in helping individuals improve performance or reduce the risk of injury. Qualitative Diagnosis of Human Movement: Improving Performance in Sport and Exercise, Third Edition With Web Resource, focuses on the processes behind movement observation, assessment, and diagnosis, emphasizing how to recognize and correct errors in human movement. This unique text teaches anyone working in human movement–related professions how to integrate and apply knowledge from the fields of kinesiology, allied health, and engineering to help clients, patients, or athletes improve their movement performance or move with a lower risk of injury. Well received by scholars worldwide, the previous editions, formerly titled Qualitative Analysis of Human Movement, broke new ground as the first texts devoted to QMD. The third edition continues building on that foundation with a new title, Qualitative Diagnosis of Human Movement, to better reflect the diagnostic and corrective aspects of this critical skill. Following are other improvements to this edition: • A web resource replaces the CD-ROM from the previous edition and contains more than 70 all-new video clips and follow-up questions to provide real-life examples to practice movement diagnosis. • Expanded coverage of the use of video and computer technology shows readers how to use modern tools to aid in observation and evaluation of movement. • An additional 80 new sources of research relevant to QMD illustrate the extent to which this area of study has taken hold in the kinesiology field. As in previous editions, Qualitative Diagnosis of Human Movement, Third Edition, organizes research-based knowledge into a simple theoretical structure supplemented with numerous examples of application. It introduces a four-task interdisciplinary model of QMD—preparation, observation, evaluation and diagnosis, and intervention—and summarizes the development of this approach and the perceptual factors relevant to movement diagnosis. Readers are then led through a series of tutorials that provide real-world examples. These practice scenarios will help readers better understand the process from beginning to end as they review photos in the book in QMD Practice sections (with accompanying video in the web resource or video-enhanced e-book), and then perform their own movement diagnosis by viewing video from the web resource or video-enhanced e-book in QMD Explorations. In addition, a chapter titled Theory-Into-Practice Situations provides case studies spanning a variety of movement, fitness, and sport settings. These case studies are featured in both the book and the web resource as printable forms that offer readers support in developing their own plan to assist the subject in the case study. Several other features such as QMD Technologies and QMD Demonstration sideboxes add more tools to show students how QMD can help clients in real-world sessions. For instructors, an image bank containing the book’s prominent figures, tables, and photos is available for use in delivering lectures. Qualitative Diagnosis of Human Movement, Third Edition, provides students, teachers, and researchers with a practical diagnostic framework, tutorials to guide them through the QMD process, advice on capturing relevant information from motor performances, and descriptions of intervention strategies. The updated edition and the unique web resource are invaluable tools capable of sharpening the skills of even experienced diagnosticians. This text will assist readers in integrating their knowledge of all kinesiology subdisciplines in order to develop or improve their skills in QMD and better serve their clients, patients, and athletes.
HTML5 is a markup language used to structure and present content for the World Wide Web and is a core technology of the Internet. It is supported across different platforms and is also supported by various browsers. Its innovative features, such as canvas, audio, and video elements, make it an excellent game building tool. HTML5 Game Development by Example Beginner's Guide Second Edition is a step-by-step tutorial that will help you create several games from scratch, with useful examples. Starting with an introduction to HTML5, the chapters of this book help you gain a better understanding of the various concepts and features of HTML5. By the end of the book, you'll have the knowledge, skills, and level of understanding you need to efficiently develop games over the network using HTML5.
As a universal game, association football has been particularly suited to the transfer of labour forces. It does not require the use of a specific national language, a recognized diploma or acquired qualification, and the rules are standardized across the globe. Thus the international football market could be considered an ideal example of a transnational and multicultural employment sector. Role models throughout the history of professional football have not necessarily come from the town, nation, racial group or religious denomination of the majority of supporters, as is seen in the cases of Maradona in Naples, the German Bert Trautmann after the Second World War, and more recently the Frenchman Eric Cantona in Manchester, the Cameroonese Milla in France, and the Argentinian Di Stefano in Madrid. Football provides a particularly revealing lens through which to examine changes in national styles and stereotypes as they have been (and still are) reflected in the search for identities in sporting heroes.In this book, the authors consider the movement of football labour from the late nineteenth-century to the present day within the framework of international migration as a whole. Emphasis is given to the initial role of the British in the early twentieth century and the impact of the earliest South American and Yugoslav football 'wanderers'. The position of African footballers in the postwar period and the failure of America's national league in the 1970s are also discussed, along with the international market for coaches and managers, the development of national playing styles and the immediate consequences and future implications of the Bosman ruling.