Theology / Mordeccai M. Kaplan -- Saadia Gaon / Alexander Marx -- Judah Halevi / Henry Slonimski -- Maimonides / Isadore Twersky -- Nachmanides / Solomon Schechter -- General characteristics of Jewish mysticism / Gershom G. Scholem -- The mystical element of Judaism / Abraham J. Heschel -- The book of the pious / Solomon Alcanan Singer -- Shneyur Zalman of Liady / Charles B. Chavel -- Moses Sofer / S. Ehrmann -- Israel Salanter / Louis Ginzberg -- Bibliography on Judaism from Talmudic to modern times / David Goodblatt.
The West suffers from intense work pressure, longer and less well paid hours. This text is a sociological analysis of the relationship between overwork and unemployment. The only possible response, the author claims, is a renewal of the working class struggle.
This Book Is Unique And Singular Of Its Kind. Its Speciality Lies In Its Contents Of The Various Philosophical Thoughts Monism, Dualism, Pluralism, Atheism, Theism, Primordially Expounded And Analytically Studied To Form Into A Single Concise Book, Which Could Save The Troubles Of The Readers From Referring To Other Literary Sources In Order To Quench Their Curiosity About The Vedantic Literature Of The Country.Various Factors, Influencing The Socio-Political-Philosophical Concepts Since Several Centuries, Have Been Taken Into Consideration With Erudite Documentation. Some Of Them Can Be Succinctly Listed : Geo-Historical Indus Valley Civilisations, Formation, Development And Progression Of The Vedic Literatures With Religious Influence During Their Propoundings, Effects Of Bhakti Movement During The Medieval Period Including Sufism, Religious, Language Conflicts And Patriotic Movements, Materialism Of Charvakas Lokayatikas And Sankhya, Yogas, Development Of Socio-Philosophical Thought Initiated By Swami Dayanand Sarasvati, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Swami Vivekananda And Several Others Of The Modern Times, Such As Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, The Former President Of The Republic Of India.All These Have Been Considered In Their Proper Perspectives In This Book, And That Too Not In Isolation, But Keeping In View That Philosophy Is The Most Important Organ Of Social Consciousness, And Its Principal Functions Are Cognitive, Worldview, Methodical And Ideological.In Short, It Is A Hand-Book . It Is One World Or Two Words Of Indian Philosophy, In Which Views And Conceptions Of Most Of The Indian Philosophers Have Been Mediated Through Their Personal Experiences, Thus, Acquiring A Definite Direction For The Individual S Practical And Cognitive Activities And Behaviour.
This publication discusses the development of Shiite Islam since the 18th century in its various aspects. Its 21 contributions focus on the transformation of theological traditions, the role of internal criticism and ideological and political tendencies in the 20the century.
In the mid 1800s, deep in the Long Island pine barrens, Modern Times was established as an experimental community whose members would not be bound by any government, church, constitution, or bylaws. Never more than 150 strong, set on a plat of only 90 acres, here was a haven for nonconformists. Its currency was words; its religion was discussion; its standard of conduct was unfettered individual freedom. Low Living and High Thinking at Modern Times, New York rescues this model village from obscurity and demonstrates its importance in the history of American communitarianism and social reform, especially in its pursuit of economic justice, women's rights, and free love. The first full-length study of Modern Times, Wunderlich's account offers telling portraits of this small but significant group of reformers, pioneers, freethinkers, and sexual radicals. For 13 years they tested the precepts of the founders of the community, the philosophical anarchists Josiah Warren and Stephen Pearl Andrews, who advocated the sovereignty of the individual and private, but profitless enterprise. Each person lived as he or she pleased, provided this did not impair the right of another to do the same; and each traded goods and services at cost, rather than market value, enabling cash-poor pioneers to own homesteads. The community championed every kind of reform, from abolitionism, women's rights, and vegetarianism to hydropathy, pacifism, total abstinence, and the bloomer costume. Indifference to marital status and the advocacy of a free-love vanguard contributed to the community's controversial and somewhat illicit reputation. In 1864, seeking to remove themselves from the limelight, Modern Times'sremaining settlers renamed the village Brentwood. Wunderlich pieces together the village, person-by-person, by relying on primary sources such as land deeds, census entries, and eyewitness accounts. He also sheds new light on Warren and Andrews, two key figures in the communitarian movement, and discusses at length such important contemporaries as Thomas and Mary Gove Nichols, Robert Owen, John Humphrey Noyes, Horace Greeley, John Stuart Mill, Henry David Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and George Ripley.
Offering a radical reading of 'Don Quijote', this work argues that it is much greater than the sum of its famous parts, discovering a unified narrative and deliberate thematic design in a novel long taught as the very definition of the picaresque and as a rambling succession of individual episodes.
This volume introduces what has sometimes been called "the third component of western culture". It traces the historical development of those religious traditions which have rejected a world view based on the primacy of pure rationality or doctrinal faith, emphasizing instead the importance of inner enlightenment or gnosis: a revelatory experience which was typically believed to entail an encounter with one's true self as well as with the ground of being, God. The contributors to this book demonstrate this perspective as fundamental to a variety of interconnected traditions. In Antiquity, one finds the gnostics and hermetics; in the Middle Ages several Christian sects. The medieval Cathars can, to a certain extent, be considered part of the same tradition. Starting with the Italian humanist Renaissance, hermetic philosophy became of central importance to a new religious synthesis that can be referred to as Western Esotericism. The development of this tradition is described from Renaissance hermeticists and practitioners of spiritual alchemy to the emergence of Rosicrucianism and Christian theosophy in the seventeenth century, and from post-enlightenment aspects of Romanticism and occultism to the present-day New Age movement.
Confronting the contemporary poststructuralist debate from the perspective of cultural of cultural historiography, this book presents an historical study of race and ethnicity. Specifically, it provides an account, both theoretical and applied, of the combination of sexual, racial and ethnic underpinning and shaping the experiences of English men and women in various colonies in the nineteenth century. Although accessible for the student, the book will be received seriously by both theorists and historians.
From the reviews: This is a fine book on two counts. First ... there is the singularly excellent treatment of the solution of biquadratic equations. Second, it paints a strong picture of mathematics as a very long sequence of accomplishments, each building on the ones before, in a way that beginning mathematicians can understand and appreciate it. It paints the picture in a concise and economical style, the style that mathematicians find elegant. I would particularly recommend Algebra in Ancient and Modern Times to strong high school students, to high school algebra teachers, to people who want a history of mathematics with a lot of mathematics in the history, and to anyone who needs to know how to find an analytic solution to a nasty fourth degree polynomial. -- MAA Online Varadarajan spins a captivating tale, and the mathematics is first-rate. The book belongs on the shelf of any teacher of algebra ... The great treasure of this book is the discussion of the work of the great Hindu mathematicians Aryabhata (c.476-550), Brahmagupta (c.598-665), and Bhaskara (c.1114-1185). Teachers of mathematics history will be especially interested in Varadarajan's exposition of the remarkable cakravala, an algorithm for solving $X^2 - NY^2= \pm 1$. The book contains many exercises that enhance and supplement the text and that also include historical information. Many of the exercises ask readers to apply the historical techniques. Some of the exercises are quite difficult and will challenge any student. --Mathematics Teacher This text offers a special account of Indian work in diophantine equations during the 6th through 12th centuries and Italian work on solutions of cubic and biquadratic equations from the 11th through 16th centuries. The volume traces the historical development of algebra and the theory of equations from ancient times to the beginning of modern algebra, outlining some modern themes such as the fundamental theorem of algebra, Clifford algebras, and quaternions. It is geared toward undergraduates who have no background in calculus. V. S. Varadarajan is a professor of mathematics at the University of California, Los Angeles.
The Transformation and Reproduction of an Aveyronnais Community
Author: Susan Carol Rogers
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Challenging the notion that modernization is a homogenizing process, Susan Rogers contends that in the course of large-scale transformations communities often reproduce and strengthen distinctive cultural and social features. To make this argument, she focuses on the French farming community of "Ste Foy" during a period of rapid change (1945-75). Using ethnographic field data and archival material that she collected as a "participant-observer," she finds an intriguing puzzle: an allegedly archaic social form, the ostal, has become increasingly common in the community. The ostal, a type of family farm organized around an extended "stem family" household, is a variant of the stem family systems associated with preindustrial southern Europe. How have Ste Foyans continued to remake this "archaic" mode as their community grew more prosperous and more involved in national and international markets? In showing how the specific identity of a community is reproduced rather than obliterated by modernization, the author reveals dialectical relationships between structure and change, history and culture, and the centralized nation-state and regional diversity. This analysis addresses anthropologists, historians, and scholars interested in local politics and economic development.
This is an account of modern since the 1930s teaching. The book examines changes in teaching, past policy, and new policies introduced since the 1988 Education Act. In the context of market-led education replacing a public education system, the book looks at the impact of: the end of collective bargaining; the beginning of performance-related pay; and the recent emphasis on local school management and budgeting. It examines how these changes affect work and the professionalism of teachers. It also explores the impact of new kinds of work relations and skills in relation to changes in public service and the state.
A History of the World From the 1920s to the Year 2000
Author: Paul Johnson
Publisher: Hachette UK
A sweeping history of 80 fascinating years. A history of the world from the 1920s to 2000, this account begins with the end of World War I and moves on to the destruction of the traditional European order, the triumph of Einstein's new cosmology, the full impact of Freudianism, the establishment of the first Marxist state and the genesis of Fascism.
Presents a history of writing and reading from the seventeenth to the twentieth century, from the publication of the first modern encyclopedia, to the introduction of libraries and compulsory education for children, to the rise in popularity of magazinesand newspapers.
English in Modern Times describes the development of the English language from 1700 until 1945, and argues that it is in the course of this later modern English period that the characteristics of 'modern' English evolved. This is the first undergraduate text to cover the whole of this important period, which has been called the 'Cinderella' of English historical linguistics because of its lack of representation in scholarly literature. This book is sociohistorical in orientation, arguing that social changes in the Anglophone world need to be taken into account if we are to understand the linguistic changes that occurred during this period. Further chapters deal with changes in vocabulary, syntax and morphology and phonology and with the attempts of lexicographers, grammarians and elocutionists to arrest and control these changes by codifying the language. Unlike many earlier histories of English, 'English in Modern Times' does not define 'English' as confined to Standard (English) English, but also considers the development of extraterritorial Englishes and non-standard varieties of British English in the Later Modern period.
This award-winning book investigates the critique of psychoanalysis formulated by the psychiatrist and philosopher Karl Jaspers (1883-1969) over some five decades, systematically examining Jasper’s arguments against Freud and his followers. The book traces the medico-historical roots of Jasper’s criticism of psychoanalysis and places it within the framework of scientific theory before devoting itself extensively to medico-ethical aspects of the controversy, which are ultimately treated in terms of a history of mentalities.