Already the market leader in the field, Modelling Transport has become still more indispensible following a thorough and detailed update. Enhancements include two entirely new chapters on modelling for private sector projects and on activity-based modelling; a new section on dynamic assignment and micro-simulation; and sizeable updates to sections on disaggregate modelling and stated preference design and analysis. It also tackles topical issues such as valuation of externalities and the role of GPS in travel time surveys. Providing unrivalled depth and breadth of coverage, each topic is approached as a modelling exercise with discussion of the roles of theory, data, model specification, estimation, validation and application. The authors present the state of the art and its practical application in a pedagogic manner, easily understandable to both students and practitioners. Follows on from the highly successful third edition universally acknowledged as the leading text on transport modelling techniques and applications Includes two new chapters on modelling for private sector projects and activity based modeling, and numerous updates to existing chapters Incorporates treatment of recent issues and concerns like risk analysis and the dynamic interaction between land use and transport Provides comprehensive and rigorous information and guidance, enabling readers to make practical use of every available technique Relates the topics to new external factors and technologies such as global warming, valuation of externalities and global positioning systems (GPS).
Offering an outstanding exploration of the state of the art, this practical, applications-oriented text/reference presents the most important transport modeling techniques in a form accessible to students and professionals alike. Bridging the gap between theoretical and ``recipe'' publications, it emphasizes a number of key topics in the field including the practical importance of theoretical consistency; the issues of data and specification errors in modeling, their relative importance, and methods for handling them; the key role played by the decision-making context in the choice of the most appropriate modeling tool; the advantages of variable resolution modeling; and the need for a monitoring function, relying on regular data collection and updates of forecasts and models so that courses of action can be adapted to a changing environment. Included are examples and exercises useful for actual laboratory fieldwork.
Approaches the subject from the perspective of a modelling exercise discussing the role of theory, data, model specification in its broadest sense, model estimation, validation, and forecasting. Examines the practical constraints to transport modelling for planning and policy making, particularly in view of the limitations of current formal analytical techniques, and the nature and quality of available data. The main thrust is to provide enough information and guidance so readers can actually go and use each technique in the field. In this edition material on Stated-Preference techniques has been strengthened.
Freight Transport Modelling is a unique new reference book that provides insight into the state-of-the-art of freight modelling. Focusing on models used to support public transport policy analysis, Freight Transport Modelling systematically introduces the latest freight transport modelling approaches and describes the main methods and techniques used to arrive at operational models. As freight transport has grown exponentially in recent decades, policymakers now need to include freight flows in quantitative evaluations of transport systems. Whereas early freight modelling practice was inspired by passenger transport models, by now it has developed its separate stream of methods and techniques inspired by disciplines such as economic geography and supply chain management. Besides summarizing the latest achievements in fundamental research, this book describes the state of practice and advises practitioners on how to cope with typical challenges such as limitations in data availability. Uniquely focused book exploring the key issues and logistics of freight transport modelling Highlights the latest approaches and describes the main methods and techniques used to arrive at operational models Summarizes fundamental research into freight transport modeling, as well as current practices and advice for practitioners facing day-to-day challenges
'This collection in honor of David Boyce contains genuinely interesting and quality papers that reflect the diversity of interests of the honoree. David Boyce has made a number of significant contributions at the interface of transportation and regional science. He has been a pioneer of injecting rigor and consistency into spatial analysis. The papers here both reflect the ethos of this copious body of analysis and take it further in extensions and applications. It will prove to be an enduring source of ideas and insight.' - Kenneth Button, George Mason University, US
Modelling Transport and Reactions in Aquatic Sediments
Author: Bernard Paul Boudreau
Publisher: Berlin : Springer
Category: Aquatisches Sediment
The study of sedimentary chemistry and its associated processes is becoming increasingly mathematical. There is a growing desire to gain a quantitative understand of the reasons for the natural chemical changes observed in sediments as they are buried. Past textbooks have not emphasized the steps necessary to develop transport-reaction (diagenetic) models themselves nor methods for their solution. This book attempts to present a detailed account of model formulation by explaining some useful solution techniques. The choice of material illustrates methods that are simple to understand and implement, yet powerful enough to attack even the most complicated diagenetic problems. The cited computer programs are accessible on the Internet.
The on-going globalisation and the increasing demand for flexibility in modern businesses have made transport, together with business logistics, a major functional domain. Transport growth is essentially for economic growth but is not without negative impacts. External effects such as pollution, congestion, accidents and damage to infrastructure generate considerable social costs that impose a heavy burden on society. This title addresses the need to develop new freight transport models and scientific tools to provide sound solutions that consider the wide range of internal and external impacts. The international contributions push forward frontiers in freight transport modelling and analysis.
Presenting a comprehensive coverage, Air Transport System Analysis and Modelling is a unique text dealing with the analysis and modelling of the processes and operations carried out in all three parts of the air transport system, namely, airports, air traffic control and airlines. Seen from a planners point of view, this book provides insights into current methods and also gives details of new research. Methods are given for the analysis and modelling of the capacity, quality and economics of the service offered to users and includes illustrative analytical and simulation models of the systems operations supported by an appropriate analysis of real world events and applications. Undergraduates and graduates in the field of air transport planning and technology, applied operations research and applied transport economics will find this book to be of interest, as will specialists involved with transport institutes and consulting firms, policy makers dealing with air transport and the analysts and planners employed at air transport enterprises.
Transport Processes in Concrete presents a comprehensive survey of the physical and chemical processes and transport mechanisms in concrete, and analyses their significance for the movement of heat, moisture and chemical compounds. A critical analysis of the available mathematical models is given, and from this analysis the most suitable models to describe transport processes in concrete are selected. The authors provide an overview of methods for determining field variables and transport and storage parameters, and demonstrate the practical application of computational modelling of transport processes in the design of concrete structures. This book presents a practical methodology for researchers and practitioners in the field of concrete technology and durability.
First published in 1970, this groundbreaking investigation into Entropy in Urban and Regional Modelling provides an extensive and detailed insight into the entropy maximising method in the development of a whole class of urban and regional models. The book has its origins in work being carried out by the author in 1966, when he realised that the well-known gravity model could be derived on the basis of an analogy with statistical, rather than Newtonian, mechanics. Subsequent investigation demonstrated that the entropy maximising method stems from an even higher level of generality, and the beginning of the book is devoted to an account of its importance and use as a general modelling tool. This reissue will be welcomed by a range of students and professionals from fields as diverse as urban and regional studies, economics, geography, planning, civil engineering, mathematics and statistics.