A Google executive once said: “If you want to liberate a society just give them the Internet.” But how does one liberate a society that already has the Internet? Publicly, modern government adheres to the twin ideals of institutional transparency and personal privacy. In reality, while citizens are subjected to mass surveillance, government practice goes unchecked. A new generation has taken to the Internet to defend the right to governance without secrets. From Bradley Manning and WikiLeaks to LulzSec and Anonymous, from the Icelandic Modern Media Initiative to the revelations of Edward Snowden, a coalition is breaking through the secrecy that lies at the core of the modern state. The story gets more complex when open government is contrasted with black transparency, and when a geopolitical rift between the West and Russia becomes the dividing line for whistleblowers and transparency activists seeking refuge. What is transparency for one may be propaganda for the other.
Computer software and its structures, devices and processes are woven into our everyday life. Their significance is not just technical: the algorithms, programming languages, abstractions and metadata that millions of people rely on every day have far-reaching implications for the way we understand the underlying dynamics of contemporary societies. In this innovative new book, software studies theorist Matthew Fuller examines how the introduction and expansion of computational systems into areas ranging from urban planning and state surveillance to games and voting systems are transforming our understanding of politics, culture and aesthetics in the twenty-first century. Combining historical insight and a deep understanding of the technology powering modern software systems with a powerful critical perspective, this book opens up new ways of understanding the fundamental infrastructures of contemporary life, economies, entertainment and warfare. In so doing Fuller shows that everyone must learn ‘how to be a geek’, as the seemingly opaque processes and structures of modern computer and software technology have a significance that no-one can afford to ignore. This powerful and engaging book will be of interest to everyone interested in a critical understanding of the political and cultural ramifications of digital media and computing in the modern world.
Why do recent depictions of government secrecy and surveillance so often use images suggesting massive size and scale: gigantic warehouses, remote black sites, numberless security cameras? Drawing on post-War American art, film, television, and fiction, Matthew Potolsky argues that the aesthetic of the sublime provides a privileged window into the nature of modern intelligence, a way of describing the curiously open secret of covert operations. The book tracks the development of the national security sublime from the Cold War to the War on Terror, and places it in a long history of efforts by artists and writers to represent political secrecy.
Contemporary Art in Germany/Gegenwartskunst in Deutschland
Author: Gerard Hadders
Publisher: Hatje Cantz Pub
In the last two years the German art scene has experienced a tremendous growth unlike anything since the early 1980s -- owing to a revitalized Berlin and an ever-expanding cultural diversity. German Open captures this energy by giving an overview of more than 30 of the best young artists working in Germany today. The artists documented represent the entire spectrum of visual art, from installation to painting to video, and their work can no longer be viewed as a matter of scattered individual gestures, but must be examined in a group context. Among the artists included here are Franz Ackerman, Kai Althoff, Simone Bohm, Coisma von Bonin, Matti Braun, Olafur Eliasson, Stefan Hoderlein, Stefan Kern, Michel Majerus, Tobias Rehberger, Daniel Richter, Heidi Specker, Johannes Wohnseifer, and Joseph Zehrer.
Irish artist Gerard Byrne zeroes in on how photography and film influence visual culture in the modern world. Byrne's conceptually based photos and videos explore the genealogies underlying each picture and the different frames which guide their perception. An in-depth interview with Byrne and an insightful essay by George Baker.
This publication explores themes of the exhibition through its terms - not, however, to confine into isolated conceptual categories, but to interconnect. These terms characterize exhibiting and emphasize a "between-ness". Examining a term lays bare its ruptures, shifts, or recreations, as well as social, societal, and cultural changes that have the power to structure through historical conjecture. Almost fifty terms relevant to the making and discussion of exhibitions today have been compiled in Terms of Exhibiting (from A to Z). Six essays investigate key terms raised by the three-part exhibition series "Terms of Exhibiting, Producing, and Performing" at Kunsthaus Dresden in 2012.
Geographically, Lithuania marks the center of Europe. But little is known about the creative consciousness that has evolved since its transition from a post-Soviet state back into the fold of Western European culture. Changing Society: Lithuania explores how these issues of radical historical change affect a culture and how they are expressed in cinema, art and writing as the country establishes a new political and social identity.