Acclaimed national researcher Hu Angang presents Mao and the Cultural Revolution, an immensely rich account of the massive political event of 1966 that brought seismic changes to the landscape of New China. A culmination of Mao Zedong’s political ambitions, the Cultural Revolution restored his power and prestige as paramount leader, albeit at great costs to the economic and social development to the country. The impact of the movement — more significantly, the politics that drove it — deeply influences political philosophy in China today. Hu Angang’s Mao and the Cultural Revolution provides a unique perspective and objective assessment of the progression of the Cultural Revolution, focusing on the intra-party politics, the Politburo’s international outlook, and the political thought of the Chinese leadership that shaped these pivotal decades. Hu’s research is a must-read for academic scholars demanding a native-centric account of the Cultural Revolution, as well as think-tank researchers desiring to understand the foundations of contemporary Chinese political thought.
This is the final volume in a trilogy that examines the politics, personalities, economics, culture, and international relations of China from the mid-1950s to the mid-1960s. It seeks to answer the central question: Why did Chairman Mao Zedong launch the Cultural Revolution (1966--76), which plunged China into chaos and almost destroyed its Communist Party? The Coming of the Cataclysm starts with the great famine of the early 1960s, which resulted in tens of millions of deaths and set in train a series of emergency measures that increasingly divided Mao from his comrades-in-arms. His anger that they were prepared to adopt "capitalist" methods to rescue the country was sharpened by his belief that Moscow had actually gone capitalist and sold out to the "imperialist" West. From 1961 to 1966, the period covered by this volume, the increasingly urgent question for Mao was how to prevent a similar revolutionary degeneration in China. The Cultural Revolution was his answer.Drawing upon new evidence from Party documents, personal interviews, books, and journals, MacFarquhar details the growing rift between Mao and his colleagues as they attempted to cope with domestic privation and an increasingly hostile international environment -- until the Chairman finally decided to smash the unity of the Yan'an Round Table by unleashing society against the party-state.
Academic interest in Mao Zedongs role in the Chinese Revolution remains intense, as scholars and commentators continue to analyse his thinking and the history of the movement for clues about the Chinese model and its supposedly unique features. The debate about Maos career and influence is now enlivened by the consequences of the dramatic turn by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) away from the radical socialism he is said to represent and its granting of a far greater role to the market, though without shedding much of its political power.Collections of primary sources on Mao Zedong and CCP history, written by the communists themselves, are readily available but informed scholarship is indispensable to explain these sources and to put them in proper perspective. What were Maos objectives? Were they consistent? In what ways did Mao manipulate the CCP and the state to his own political ends? To what extent did his political vision dominate Chinese politics in the revolutionary years and after 1949? And where is Chinese communism now headed? This Major Work will help to identify some of the answers. Bringing together the best scholarship, reportage, and other materials, the collection includes the following: scholarly studies by Westerners on Maos life and work, including wide-ranging studies of Maos political career as a whole;psychological studies;studies on his role in the urban years, the rural period, the Japanese War, the Civil War, the 1950s, the deepening of the revolution under the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, and the final years;specialist essays on his views on topics such as philosophy, literature, economics, and the Soviet Union; studies on hisinterpretation of Marxism; and assessments of his role in the Chinese Revolution by Soviet China watchers. Comprehensively indexed and with an introduction newly written by the editor, Mao Zedong and the Chinese Revolution is a vital reference resource for all students of Chinese communism.
Mao Zedong was a giant of 20th century history. In this Very Short Introduction, Delia Davin provides an account of Mao the man. From his childhood as a peasant to ruler of the most populous nation on Earth, she considers the major events in his life, his revolutionary writing, and his utopian dreams that culminated in the Cultural Revolution.
This is Volume 3 of the book entitled "The Revival of China". The full book is about the revival of China in the 20th century and the first decade of the 21st century, and has eight parts. This volume contains Parts 7 and 8 of the full book, and covers the great culture revolution (Part 7) and the Reform and Opening Up pushed by Mr. DENG Xiao-ping (Part 8).
This is Volume 2 of the book entitled "The Revival of China". The full book has 8 parts, and this volume contains Parts 5 and 6. The volume covers the decisive battles in the civil war before the establishment of the People's Republic of China (Part 5), as well as the MAO Era before the Great Cultural Revolution.
Examines the radical Chinese Communist movement called the Cultural Revolution, a period of suppression so controversial in China, that the Chinese government forbids a full investigation into it even 50 years later. Original.
Thirty years ago, China was emerging from one of the most traumatic periods in its history. The Chinese people had been ravaged by long years of domestic struggle, terrible famine and economic and political isolation. Today, China has the world's second largest economy and is a major player in global diplomacy. This volume, written by some of the leading experts in the field, tracks China's extraordinary transformation from the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, through the Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution and the death of Chairman Mao, to its dynamic rise as a superpower in the twenty-first century. The latest edition of the book includes a new introduction and a seventh chapter which focuses on the legacy of Deng Xiaoping, the godfather of China's transformation, under his successors Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao.