This book first provides the basics of magnetism that electrical engineering students in the semiconductor curriculum can easily understand. Then, it goes one step forward to discuss electron spin. Following the above background discussion, readers are taught the physics of magnetic tunnel junction device (MTJ), the work horse of MRAM, for memory applications. At the end of this book, the author gives a comparison of emerging non-volatile memories (PCM, ReRAM, FeRAM and MRAM). The author also explores MRAM’s unique quality among emerging memories, in that is the only one in which the atoms in the device do not move when switching states. This property makes it the most reliable and low power.
If you are a semiconductor engineer or a magnetics physicist developing magnetic memory, get the information you need with this, the first book on magnetic memory. From magnetics to the engineering design of memory, this practical book explains key magnetic properties and how they are related to memory performance, characterization methods of magnetic films, and tunneling magnetoresistance effect devices. It also covers memory cell options, array architecture, circuit models, and read-write engineering issues. You'll understand the soft fail nature of magnetic memory, which is very different from that of semiconductor memory, as well as methods to deal with the issue. You'll also get invaluable problem-solving insights from real-world memory case studies. This is an essential book for semiconductor engineers who need to understand magnetics, and for magnetics physicists who work with MRAM. It is also a valuable reference for graduate students working in electronic/magnetic device research.
This book introduces the metal magnetic memory (MMM) technique, one of the nondestructive testing methods, and its applications in remanufacturing engineering. It discusses the advantages of MMM and how to evaluate the early damage degree of remanufacturing cores, as well as the repairing quality of remanufactured components. Various MMM signal characteristics are extracted to reflect the damage degree of remanufacturing cores, coatings and interfaces. All the theoretical models, analysis methods and testing results of MMM in this book provide guidance to control the quality of remanufactured parts and products. This book can help readers make the best use of the MMM technique in remanufacturing engineering.
A Comprehensive Guide to Understanding and Using Flash Memory Devices
Author: Joe Brewer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
Presented here is an all-inclusive treatment of Flash technology, including Flash memory chips, Flash embedded in logic, binary cell Flash, and multilevel cell Flash. The book begins with a tutorial of elementary concepts to orient readers who are less familiar with the subject. Next, it covers all aspects and variations of Flash technology at a mature engineering level: basic device structures, principles of operation, related process technologies, circuit design, overall design tradeoffs, device testing, reliability, and applications.
This book offers a balanced and comprehensive guide to the core principles, fundamental properties, experimental approaches, and state-of-the-art applications of two major groups of emerging non-volatile memory technologies, i.e. spintronics-based devices as well as resistive switching devices, also known as Resistive Random Access Memory (RRAM). The first section presents different types of spintronic-based devices, i.e. magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ), domain wall, and skyrmion memory devices. This section describes how their developments have led to various promising applications, such as microwave oscillators, detectors, magnetic logic, and neuromorphic engineered systems. In the second half of the book, the underlying device physics supported by different experimental observations and modelling of RRAM devices are presented with memory array level implementation. An insight into RRAM desired properties as synaptic element in neuromorphic computing platforms from material and algorithms viewpoint is also discussed with specific example in automatic sound classification framework.
Volume 2 - AN/FSQ-7 Computer to Bivalent Programming by Implicit Enumeration
Author: Jack Belzer
Publisher: CRC Press
"This comprehensive reference work provides immediate, fingertip access to state-of-the-art technology in nearly 700 self-contained articles written by over 900 international authorities. Each article in the Encyclopedia features current developments and trends in computers, software, vendors, and applications...extensive bibliographies of leading figures in the field, such as Samuel Alexander, John von Neumann, and Norbert Wiener...and in-depth analysis of future directions."
These proceedings present selected research papers from CISC’18, held in Wenzhou, China. The topics include Multi-Agent Systems, Networked Control Systems, Intelligent Robots, Complex System Theory and Swarm Behavior, Event-Triggered Control and Data-Driven Control, Robust and Adaptive Control, Big Data and Brain Science, Process Control, Nonlinear and Variable Structure Control, Intelligent Sensor and Detection Technology, Deep learning and Learning Control Guidance, Navigation and Control of Flight Vehicles, and so on. Engineers and researchers from academia, industry, and government can get an insight view of the solutions combining ideas from multiple disciplines in the field of intelligent systems.
The book intends to bring under one roof research work of leading groups from across the globe working on advanced applications of emerging memory technology nanodevices. The applications dealt in the text will be beyond conventional storage application of semiconductor memory devices. The text will deal with material and device physical principles that give rise to interesting characteristics and phenomena in the emerging memory device that can be exploited for a wide variety of applications. Applications covered will include system-centric cases such as – caches, NVSRAM, NVTCAM, Hybrid CMOS-RRAM circuits for: Machine Learning, In-Memory Computing, Hardware Security - RNG/PUF, Biosensing and other misc beyond storage applications. The book is envisioned for multi-purpose use as a textbook in advanced UG/PG courses and a research text for scientists working in the domain.