An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics John M. Reynolds Reynolds Geo-Sciences Ltd, UK An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics represents the first introductory text to describe the developing field of environmental geophysics. A significant proportion of the material has never before been featured in a book of this type; particularly the case histories, some of which have never been published. The geographical basis of the case histories is worldwide, with examples originating from Australia to North America, Arctic Canada to the Antarctic, and from Europe to China. Some of the new material includes chapters on detailed survey design, Ground Penetrating Radar, electro-magnetic methods in environmental applications, electrical Sub-Surface Imaging (2-D tomography), Spectral Induced Polarisation, and high resolution engineering reflection seismology. The range of applications covered includes mineral and hydrocarbon exploration, but the greatest emphasis is on the use of geophysics in civil engineering, and in environmental and groundwater investigations. The level of mathematics and physics is deliberately kept to a minimum but is described qualitatively within the text. Relevant mathematical expressions are separated into boxes to supplement the text and the book is profusely illustrated with many figures and line drawings. Ideal for students wanting a broad introduction to the subject, the book is also designed for practising civil engineers, geologists, archaeologists and environmental scientists who need an overview of modern geophysical methods relevant to their discipline. This book is the first to provide such a comprehensive coverage of environmental geophysics.
This new edition of the well-established Kearey and Brooks text is fully updated to reflect the important developments in geophysical methods since the production of the previous edition. The broad scope of previous editions is maintained, with even greater clarity of explanations from the revised text and extensively revised figures. Each of the major geophysical methods is treated systematically developing the theory behind the method and detailing the instrumentation, field data acquisition techniques, data processing and interpretation methods. The practical application of each method to such diverse exploration applications as petroleum, groundwater, engineering, environmental and forensic is shown by case histories. The mathematics required in order to understand the text is purposely kept to a minimum, so the book is suitable for courses taken in geophysics by all undergraduate students. It will also be of use to postgraduate students who might wish to include geophysics in their studies and to all professional geologists who wish to discover the breadth of the subject in connection with their own work.
Over 1000 people have attended the three-day course on which this book is based since it was instituted in 1981 by JAPEC (Joint Association for Petroleum Exploration Courses). Key topics covered in this book are: the underlaying rationale for exploration; essential basic geological and geophysical exploration techniques; drilling and logging wells; an outline of reservoir geology and what constitutes reserves; and all of these topics are brought together in acase-history overview of exploration in the North Sea. The book is fully self-explanatory, needs no prior knowledge of geology or of exploration techniques, and as much as possible avoids the use of technical jargon. There is, however, a lengthy glossary of technical terms that can be used as a reference. The appeal of the book extends far beyond theaudience originally envisaged for the JAPEC course. Anyone interested in finding out what petroleum exploration is all about will enjoy this volume.
This handy pocket-sized book provides practical information and assistance to anyone engaged in small-scale surveys on the ground. The 3rd edition updates the considerable changes in instrumentation, and far-reaching developments in applications that have occurred since 1996. New sections include details on Ground Penetrating Radar, VLF and CSAMT/MT, GPS navigation, electromagnetic methods of conductivity mapping, capacity coupling, and audiomagnetotellurics (AMT).
This second edition of Fundamentals of Geophysics has been completely revised and updated, and is the ideal geophysics textbook for undergraduate students of geoscience with an introductory level of knowledge in physics and mathematics. It gives a comprehensive treatment of the fundamental principles of each major branch of geophysics, and presents geophysics within the wider context of plate tectonics, geodynamics and planetary science. Basic principles are explained with the aid of numerous figures and step-by-step mathematical treatments, and important geophysical results are illustrated with examples from the scientific literature. Text-boxes are used for auxiliary explanations and to handle topics of interest for more advanced students. This new edition also includes review questions at the end of each chapter to help assess the reader's understanding of the topics covered and quantitative exercises for more thorough evaluation. Solutions to the exercises and electronic copies of the figures are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521859028.
A New View of Earthquake Hazards in the New Madrid Seismic Zone
Author: Seth Stein
Publisher: Columbia University Press
In the winter of 1811-12, a series of large earthquakes in the New Madrid seismic zone-often incorrectly described as the biggest ever to hit the United States-shook the Midwest. Today the federal government ranks the hazard in the Midwest as high as California's and is pressuring communities to undertake expensive preparations for disaster. Coinciding with the two-hundredth anniversary of the New Madrid earthquakes, Disaster Deferred revisits these earthquakes, the legends that have grown around them, and the predictions of doom that have followed in their wake. Seth Stein clearly explains the techniques seismologists use to study Midwestern quakes and estimate their danger. Detailing how limited scientific knowledge, bureaucratic instincts, and the media's love of a good story have exaggerated these hazards, Stein calmly debunks the hype surrounding such predictions and encourages the formulation of more sensible, less costly policy. Powered by insider knowledge and an engaging style, Disaster Deferred shows how new geological ideas and data, including those from the Global Positioning System, are painting a very different-and much less frightening-picture of the future.
Engineering geology and hydrogeology are applied sciences which utilize other applied sciences such as geophysics to solve practical problems. The book is written in the monograph format with seven chapters. The first chapter introduces the engineering and hydrogeological tasks to be discussed in the book. Relations between the physical, geomechanical and hydrogeological parameters are discussed in chapters three and five. Methods for field measurements and interpretation of field data are discussed in chapters four and six. Some special methods not routinely used in current practice are discussed in chapter seven. To illustrate and analyze the various applications, the authors have drawn from the extensive literature including many studies not previously described in english texts. Theoretical analyzes are supplemented by numerous examples. This book is addressed to university students of geology especially engineering geology and hydrogeology, geophysics and earth sciences, and post graduate, reseachers, and practising engineering geologists, geotechnical engineers, and hydrogeologists.