While earlier research considered Simone de Beauvoir in the perspectives of Existentialism or Feminism, this work is the first to emphasize her reflective and descriptive approach and the full range of issues she addresses. There are valuable chapters and sections that are historical and/or comparative, but most of the contents of this work critically examine Beauvoir's views on old age (whereon she is the first phenomenologist to work), biology, gender, ethics, ethnicity (where she is among the first), and politics (again among the first). Besides their systematic as well as historical significance, these chapters show her philosophy as on a par with those of Merleau-Ponty and Jean-Paul Sartre in quality, richness and distinctiveness of problematics, and the penetration of her insight into collective as well as individual human life within the socio-historical world.
This text provides an analysis of Annie Ernaux's individual texts. It engages in a series of provocative close readings of her works to highlight the contradictions and nuances in her writing, demonstrating the intellectual intricacies of her work.
Sozial- und geisteswissenschaftliche Beiträge zur Genderforschung
Author: Hella Ehlers
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
Category: Body image
Der Körper spielt notwendigerweise in allen Diskursen um Geschlecht eine Rolle, doch diese kann mehr oder weniger zentral sein. Dieser Band versammelt Beiträge, in denen die widersprüchlichen Zusammenhänge von Geschlecht, Körpern und Körperbildern aus sozial- und geisteswissenschaftlicher Perspektive betrachtet werden. Beiträge zur Vergeschlechtlichung von Körpern in Geschichte und Gegenwart sowie zur medialen und literarischen Repräsentation des Spannungsfeldes von Körperlichkeit, Geschlecht und Sexualität stehen im Zentrum. Der Band enthält darüber hinaus Texte zur Inszenierung von Frauen- und Männerkörpern in verschiedenen Musikszenen und zur Zuschreibung geschlechtsspezifischer Erwartungen in der Erwerbsarbeit.
This book proposes a resolution to the paradox of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's sexual politics—that he is the philosopher of freedom for men yet philosopher of servitude for women. The author examines psychological oppression, which is often overlooked as a consequence of sexual and identity politics, which is revealed in Rousseau's Les Solitaires and Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary. The author addresses logical problems for Rousseau and certain forms of contemporary 'difference' feminisms. With the aid of Simone de Beauvoir's notions of liberty, the author proposes a way to use Rousseau's philosophies to overcome psychological oppression.
Women's Contemporary Filmmaking and Lifewriting in France, Algeria, and Tunisia
Author: Stacey Weber-F&ève
Publisher: Lexington Books
Category: Social Science
Re-hybridizing Transnational Domesticity and Femininity examines the problems of voicing the personal when considering the role and place of women in the home. Analyzing a collection of first-person cinematic and literary narratives by Assia Djebar, Annie Ernaux, Simone de Beauvoir, Raja Amari, Coline Serreau, Le la Sebbar, and Yamina Benguigui; Weber-F_ve explores the transnational processes of identity formation, gender performance, and construction of culture and society. Through a closer look at contemporary representations of French, Algerian, and Tunisian women on the page and on the screen, this study discusses the ways in which homemaking, nation, and gender are intricately bound to one another and situated in personal history. Working within, as well as beyond, so-called national systems of visual and written representation, these women artists challenge inherited and monolithic performances, definitions, and discourses of femininity. In doing so, they create re-hybridized subjects that begin to recognize and embrace the differences within themselves. The authors and filmmakers in this study-through their female protagonists, the protagonists' homes and homemaking acts, and the investigative lens of the interrogation of the personal-are interested in exploring how the process of uncovering or articulating new and 'other' identities and subjectivities ushers in new and 're-hybridized' ways of seeing, knowing, and being female.
Late Medieval Mysticism and the Modern Western Self
Author: Ben Morgan
Publisher: Fordham Univ Press
Do we have to conceive of ourselves as isolated individuals, inevitably distanced from other people and from whatever we might mean when we use the word "God"? On Becoming God offers an innovative approach to the history of the modern Western self by looking at human identity as something people do together rather than on their own, as a way of managing and keeping at bay the impulses and experiences associated with the word "God." The "self" is a way of doing things, or of not doing things, with "God." The book draws on phenomenology (Heidegger), gender studies (Beauvoir, Butler), and contemporary neuroscience. It surveys existing approaches to modern selfhood (Foucault, Charles Taylor) and proposes an alternative account by investigating late medieval mysticism, in particular texts written in Germany by Meister Eckhart and others. It concludes by exploring the parallel between late medieval confessors and their spiritual charges, and late-nineteenth-century psychoanalysts and their patients, in search of a vocabulary for acknowledging and nurturing our everyday commitments to others and to our spiritual longings.
French and Francophone Masculinities in Culture and Theory
Author: Todd W. Reeser
Publisher: Associated University Presse
Category: Literary Criticism
Despite its debt to French thought for theoretical constructs, masculinity studies have been dominated by work on English-language texts and contexts. Entre Hommes lays the foundation for French and Francophone masculinity studies in both a cultural and theoretical sense.This ground-breaking volume considers what is meant by 'French' or 'Francophone' masculinities per se and how these identities have or have not changed over time, with essays spanning periods from the Middle Ages to the present. An introduction situates the study of masculinity within the work of recent French thinkers, and essays examine both key writers and recurring cultural images.