The Real Contra War

Highlander Peasant Resistance in Nicaragua

Author: Timothy Charles Brown

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 321

View: 371

The Contra War and the Iran-Contra affair that shook the Reagan presidency were center stage on the U.S. political scene for nearly a decade. According to most observers, the main Contra army, or the Fuerza Democrática Nicaragüense (FDN), was a mercenary force hired by the CIA to oppose the Sandinista socialist revolution. The Real Contra War demonstrates that in reality the vast majority of the FDN’s combatants were peasants who had the full support of a mass popular movement consisting of the tough, independent inhabitants of Nicaragua’s central highlands. The movement was merely the most recent instance of this peasantry’s one-thousand-year history of resistance to those they saw as would-be conquerors. The real Contra War struck root in 1979, even before the Sandinistas took power and, during the next two years, grew swiftly as a reaction both to revolutionary expropriations of small farms and to the physical abuse of all who resisted. Only in 1982 did an offer of American arms persuade these highlanders to forge an alliance with former Guardia anti-Sandinista exiles--those the outside world called Contras. Relying on original documents, interviews with veterans, and other primary sources, Brown contradicts conventional wisdom about the Contras, debunking most of what has been written about the movement’s leaders, origins, aims, and foreign support.

Ancient Beliefs and Customs of the Tagalogs

Author: Jean-Paul G. POTET

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 656

View: 587

This book is a provisional essay, followed by a vocabulary and an index, on the Tagalogs' world view in the Sixteenth Century. It is mainly based on the entries of the earliest dictionaries of the Tagalog language. These were written by Spanish lexicographers about half-a-century after the conquest of the Philippines (Cebu 1565, Manila 1571). Additional data are drawn from Spanish chronicles. Many of the recorded beliefs and customs were already obsolete at the turn of the Seventeenth Century. Some are extremely surprising, starting from the primeval myth according to which the world had no solid land at its beginning, but only two fluids, water and air.

Rob-Roy

Author: Walter Scott

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Outlaws

Page: 256

View: 187

Cómo seducir a un guerrero

Author: Karen Marie Moning

Publisher: Ediciones B

ISBN:

Category: Fiction

Page: 348

View: 206

Gavrael McIllioch había en un clan de guerreros de fuerza sobrenatural, pero abadonó su nombre y su castillo de las Highlands decidido a escapar del sombrío destino de sus antepasados. Ocultando su identidad al implacable clan rival que lo perseguía, pasó a llamarse Grimm para proteger a la gente que le importaba y juró no admitir jamás su amor por la encantadora Jillian St. Clair. Y entonces el padre de Jillian lo convocó con urgencia... ¿Por qué había huido él de ella durante tantos años? Y ¿por qué regresa ahora para verla ofrecida como premio en una competición orquestada por su padre? Furiosa, Jillian había jurado no casarse jamás. Pero Grimm era el hombre al que amaba, y ella la única mujer que podía domeñar a la bestia que bramaba dentro de él... Todo ello, mientras sus enemigos mortales se conjuraban para acabar con ambos.

Pack Brenda Joyce

Author: Varias Autoras

Publisher: HarperCollins Ibérica

ISBN:

Category: Fiction

Page: 823

View: 241

Oscuro abrazo Aidan, el Lobo de Awe, había abandonado la Hermandad y renegado de sus votos. Temido por todos, cazaba solo, buscando venganza contra el demonio que había asesinado a su hijo. Hacía muchos años que no salvaba a un Inocente... hasta que oyó los gritos aterrorizados de Brianna Rose. Brie había consagrado su vida a luchar contra el mal, amparada en su ordenador. Su vida, sin embargo, era muy corriente hasta que una noche se despertó consumida por el dolor y la ira de Aidan. Sabía que debía tenerle miedo, pero estaba dispuesta a pelear a través del tiempo por su redención... y por su amor. Oscura victoria Guy Macleod, un highlander misterioso y feroz, había renegado de su destino y consagrado su vida a vengar el asesinato de su familia. El Destino, sin embargo, era implacable y cuando una mujer de otra época se atrevió a invocar su nombre, Macleod no pudo resistirse a sus poderes... ni a ella. Maestra de día, Tabitha Rose usaba su magia para proteger al mundo por las noches. Cuando se le apareció la imagen de un highlander ensangrentado y cubierto de quemaduras, Tabby comprendió que estaba destinada a prestarle su ayuda. No esperaba, sin embargo, que Macleod la arrastrara contra su voluntad a su época oscura y violenta. Amante oscuro Ian Maclean escondía un terrible secreto: durante décadas había sido prisionero del mal. No pasaba ni un solo día sin que temiera verse de nuevo indefenso, pero, a pesar de todo, había robado una página del Libro del Poder e iba a venderla al mejor postor... si Sam Rose no se lo impedía. Samantha Rose quería recuperar la página robada y vengarse del único hombre que la había rechazado. No contaba, sin embargo, con que entre ellos surgiera una atracción irresistible. Mientras el poder del mal acechaba de nuevo, Sam haría todo lo posible por ayudar a Ian, aunque ello significara seguirlo a otra época y afrontar junto a él sus peores pesadillas.

The Culture of Cursilería

Bad Taste, Kitsch, and Class in Modern Spain

Author: Noël Valis

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 422

View: 801

Not easily translated, the Spanish terms cursi and cursilería refer to a cultural phenomenon widely prevalent in Spanish society since the nineteenth century. Like "kitsch," cursi evokes the idea of bad taste, but it also suggests one who has pretensions of refinement and elegance without possessing them. In The Culture of Cursilería, Noël Valis examines the social meanings of cursi, viewing it as a window into modern Spanish history and particularly into the development of middle-class culture. Valis finds evidence in literature, cultural objects, and popular customs to argue that cursilería has its roots in a sense of cultural inadequacy felt by the lower middle classes in nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century Spain. The Spain of this era, popularly viewed as the European power most resistant to economic and social modernization, is characterized by Valis as suffering from nostalgia for a bygone, romanticized society that structured itself on strict class delineations. With the development of an economic middle class during the latter half of the nineteenth century, these designations began to break down, and individuals across all levels of the middle class exaggerated their own social status in an attempt to protect their cultural capital. While the resulting manifestations of cursilería were often provincial, indeed backward, the concept was—and still is—closely associated with a sense of home. Ultimately, Valis shows how cursilería embodied the disparity between old ways and new, and how in its awkward manners, airs of pretension, and graceless anxieties it represents Spain's uneasy surrender to the forces of modernity. The Culture of Cursilería will interest students and scholars of Latin America, cultural studies, Spanish literature, and modernity.

The United States Social Forum

Perspectives of a Movement

Author: United States Social Forum. Book Committee

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN:

Category: Social movements

Page: 355

View: 309