God Crucified and Other Studies on the New Testament's Christology of Divine Identity
Author: Richard Bauckham
Publisher: Eerdmans Young Readers
The basic thesis of this book, outlined in the first chapter, is that the worship of Jesus as God was seen by the early Christians as compatible with their Jewish monotheism. Jesus was thought to participate in the divine identity of the one God of Israel. The following chapters provide more detailed support for, and an expansion of, this basic thesis. Readers will find here not only the full text of Bauckham's classic book God Crucified but also other essays, some of which have never been published previously.
Recent discussion of the interpretation of New Testament Christology has been closely linked with debate about the nature of Jewish monotheism in the period.This book argues that once Judaism's perception of the uniqueness of God is correctly understood, it becomes clear that the first Christians simply included Jesus in the unique identity of the God of Israel. According to Richard Bauckham, the earliest Christology was already the highest Christology, a fully divine Christology entirely compatible with the Jewish monotheistic understanding of God. In place of the misleading categories of "functional" and "ontic" Christology, he argues that New Testament Christology is best viewed as a Christology of "divine identity." For such a Christology, the exalted christ and the earthly, crucified Jesus both belong to the unique identity of God. This approach, in turn, has important consequences for the New Testament's understanding of God. The divine identity -- who God truly is -- is to be seen in Jesus' humiliation, suffering, and death as well as in his heavenly glory. Originating as the prestigious 1996 Didsbury Lectures, "God Crucified makes a significant contribution to biblical studies of interest to Jews and Christians alike.
This book explores the ways in which early Christian writers and communities, from late antiquity through the New Testament period, interpreted the scriptures of Israel, as they sought to understand Jesus and the Gospel in relation to God's revelation and past acts in history. These essays represent work on the growing edge of studies of the relationship of the Old Testament to the New Testament. The contents, authored by both veteran and younger scholars, treat methods and canons, Jesus and the Gospels, and Acts and the Epistles.
The Real Origins of Belief in Jesus' Divine Nature---A Response to Bart Ehrman
Author: Michael F. Bird
In his recent book How Jesus Became God: The Exaltation of a Jewish Preacher From Galilee historian Bart Ehrman explores a claim that resides at the heart of the Christian faith— that Jesus of Nazareth was, and is, God. According to Ehrman, though, this is not what the earliest disciples believed, nor what Jesus claimed about himself. The first response book to this latest challenge to Christianity from Ehrman, How God Became Jesus features the work of five internationally recognized biblical scholars. While subjecting his claims to critical scrutiny, they offer a better, historically informed account of why the Galilean preacher from Nazareth came to be hailed as “the Lord Jesus Christ.” Namely, they contend, the exalted place of Jesus in belief and worship is clearly evident in the earliest Christian sources, shortly following his death, and was not simply the invention of the church centuries later.
One of the slogans of the reformation was ecclesia reformata semper reformanda Â? 'the reformed church always reforming'. Churches throughout the western world are currently engaged in reform and renewal programmes through internal structural reforms as well as movements such as 'emerging church'. This book presents a challenging theology of church reform and renewal that offers a contemporary understanding of this historic slogan. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, Bradbury discerns processes and practices which are perpetually reforming and renewing the identity of the church. It examines doctrinal and confessional conceptions of the church, re-examines texts concerned with covenantal renewal and explores Jewish-Christian dialogue as an example of renewal. A constructive theology is offered utilizing the categories of collective memory and mimetic practice. This upholds fundamental Christian identity, whilst driving the process of reform and renewal under God in the context of a three-way relationship between God, the church and the world.
C. S. Lewis--The Work of Christ Revealed focuses on three doctrines or aspects of Lewis's theology and philosophy: his doctrine of Scripture, his famous mad, bad, or God argument, and his doctrine of christological prefigurement. In each area we see Lewis innovating within the tradition. He accorded a high revelatory status to Scripture, but acknowledged its inconsistencies and shrank away from a theology of inerrancy. He took a two-thousand-year-old theological tradition of aut Deus aut malus homo (either God or a bad man) and developed it in his own way. Most innovative of all was his doctrine of christological prefigurement--intimations of the Christ-event in pagan mythology and ritual. This book forms the second in a series of three studies on the theology of C. S Lewis titled C. S. Lewis, Revelation, and the Christ (www.cslewisandthechrist.net). The books are written for academics and students, but also, crucially, for those people, ordinary Christians, without a theology degree who enjoy and gain sustenance from reading Lewis's work.
N. T. Wright offers a penetrating assessment of the major scholarly contributions to the current 'quest' for the historical Jesus. He then sets out in fascinating detail his own compelling account of how Jesus himself understood his mission: how he believed himself called to remake Israel, the people of God, around himself; how he announced God's judgement on the Israel of his day, especially its Temple and hierarchy; and how he saw his own movement as the divinely ordained fulfilment of Israel's destiny.
Using his skills developed as a federal investigator, plus spending thousands of hours debating both Judaism's counter-missionaries and Muslims, the author creates an airtight case that only Jesus of Nazareth can be Israel's King Messiah. All the thoughts of this book were developed through the fires of debate. The heart of this book is Isaiah 53 and Isaiah 9: 6,7. Rather than just examining Isaiah 53 separately, it is examined in the context of Isaiah's Four Servant Songs. This unique approach provides the reader with overwhelming scriptural evidence that Jesus of Nazareth is the God of Israel's Righteous Servant. Isaiah 9: 6,7 is also looked at in its context: the Day of the LORD, which is yet future. These two verses are prophetic being fulfilled at the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. Isaiah 9: 6,7 is the national confession of Israel - that the Lord Jesus is their King Messiah. This book gives the reader overwhelming evidence to both defend and proclaim the faith. It provides wonderful material for Sunday school and sermons along with being a great witnessing tool. John McTernan is a lifetime student of the Bible, especially prophecy relating to the nation of Israel and the first and second coming of the Lord Jesus. He authored the acclaimed God's Final Warning to America and the best seller As America Has Done To Israel. During numerous appearances on television, radio, and in seminars he has defended Israel in light of Biblical prophecy. In 1974, John became involved with the Pro-Life Movement and is a Pro-Life leader in central Pennsylvania. He co-founded International Cops for Christ where he serves as an ordained chaplain. John was a US Treasury agent for 26 years until retiring in1998. He holds a B.S. from Virginia Commonwealth University. He is married and the father of four children.