Introduction to Physics in Modern Medicine, Second Edition

Author: Suzanne Amador Kane

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 542

From x-rays to lasers to magnetic resonance imaging, developments in basic physics research have been transformed into medical technologies for imaging, surgery and therapy at an ever accelerating pace. Physics has joined with genetics and molecular biology to define much of what is modern in modern medicine. Covering a wide range of applications, Introduction to Physics in Modern Medicine, Second Edition builds on the bestselling original. Based on a course taught by the author, the book provides medical personnel and students with an exploration of the physics-related applications found in state-of-the-art medical centers. Requiring no previous acquaintance with physics, biology, or chemistry and keeping mathematics to a minimum, the application-dedicated chapters adhere to simple and self-contained qualitative explanations that make use of examples and illustrations. With an enhanced emphasis on digital imaging and computers in medicine, the text gives readers a fundamental understanding of the practical application of each concept and the basic science behind it. This book provides medical students with an excellent introduction to how physics is applied in medicine, while also providing students in physics with an introduction to medical physics. Each chapter includes worked examples and a complete list of problems and questions. That so much of the technology discussed in this book was the stuff of dreams just a few years ago, makes this book as fascinating as it is practical, both for those in medicine as well as those in physics who might one day discover that the project they are working on is basis for the next great medical application. This edition: Covers hybrid scanners for cancer imaging and the interplay of molecular medicine with imaging technologies such as MRI, CT and PET Looks at camera pills that can film from the inside upon swallowing and advances in robotic surgery devices Explores Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy, proton therapy, and other new forms of cancer treatment Reflects on the use of imaging technologies in developing countries

The Physics of Living Processes

A Mesoscopic Approach

Author: Thomas Andrew Waigh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 528

This full-colour undergraduate textbook, based on a two semestercourse, presents the fundamentals of biological physics,introducing essential modern topics that include cells, polymers,polyelectrolytes, membranes, liquid crystals, phase transitions,self-assembly, photonics, fluid mechanics, motility, chemicalkinetics, enzyme kinetics, systems biology, nerves, physiology, thesenses, and the brain. The comprehensive coverage, featuring in-depth explanations ofrecent rapid developments, demonstrates this to be one of the mostdiverse of modern scientific disciplines. The Physics of Living Processes: A Mesoscopic Approach iscomprised of five principal sections: • Building Blocks • Soft Condensed Matter Techniques in Biology • Experimental Techniques • Systems Biology • Spikes, Brains and the Senses The unique focus is predominantly on the mesoscale —structures on length scales between those of atoms and themacroscopic behaviour of whole organisms. The connections betweenmolecules and their emergent biological phenomena provide a novelintegrated perspective on biological physics, making this animportant text across a variety of scientific disciplines includingbiophysics, physics, physical chemistry, chemical engineering andbioengineering. An extensive set of worked tutorial questions are included,which will equip the reader with a range of new physical tools toapproach problems in the life sciences from medicine,pharmaceutical science and agriculture.

Applications of Modern Physics in Medicine

Author: Mark Strikman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 128

Many remarkable medical technologies, diagnostic tools, and treatment methods have emerged as a result of modern physics discoveries in the last century—including X-rays, radiation treatment, laser surgery, high-resolution ultrasound scans, computerized tomography (CT) scans, and magnetic resonance imaging. This undergraduate-level textbook describes the fundamental physical principles underlying these technological advances, emphasizing their applications to the practice of modern medicine. Intended for science and engineering students with one year of introductory physics background, this textbook presents the medical applications of fundamental principles of physics to students who are considering careers in medical physics, biophysics, medicine, or nuclear engineering. It also serves as an excellent reference for advanced students, as well as medical and health researchers, practitioners, and technicians who are interested in developing the background required to understand the changing landscape of medical science. Practice exercises are included and solutions are available separately in an instructor's manual. Complete discussion of the fundamental physical principles underlying modern medicine Accessible exploration of the physics encountered in a typical visit to a doctor Practice exercises are included and solutions are provided in a separate instructor’s manual (available to professors) A companion website (modernphysicsinmedicine.com) presents supplementary materials

Handbook of Physics in Medicine and Biology

Author: Robert Splinter

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 548

View: 340

In considering ways that physics has helped advance biology and medicine, what typically comes to mind are the various tools used by researchers and clinicians. We think of the optics put to work in microscopes, endoscopes, and lasers; the advanced diagnostics permitted through magnetic, x-ray, and ultrasound imaging; and even the nanotools, that allow us to tinker with molecules. We build these instruments in accordance with the closest thing to absolute truths we know, the laws of physics, but seldom do we apply those same constants of physics to the study of our own carbon-based beings, such as fluidics applied to the flow of blood, or the laws of motion and energy applied to working muscle. Instead of considering one aspect or the other, Handbook of Physics in Medicine and Biology explores the full gamut of physics’ relationship to biology and medicine in more than 40 chapters, written by experts from the lab to the clinic. The book begins with a basic description of specific biological features and delves into the physics of explicit anatomical structures starting with the cell. Later chapters look at the body's senses, organs, and systems, continuing to explain biological functions in the language of physics. The text then details various analytical modalities such as imaging and diagnostic methods. A final section turns to future perspectives related to tissue engineering, including the biophysics of prostheses and regenerative medicine. The editor’s approach throughout is to address the major healthcare challenges, including tissue engineering and reproductive medicine, as well as development of artificial organs and prosthetic devices. The contents are organized by organ type and biological function, which is given a clear description in terms of electric, mechanical, thermodynamic, and hydrodynamic properties. In addition to the physical descriptions, each chapter discusses principles of related clinical diagnostic methods and technological aspects of therapeutic applications. The final section on regenerative engineering, emphasizes biochemical and physiochemical factors that are important to improving or replacing biological functions. Chapters cover materials used for a broad range of applications associated with the replacement or repair of tissues or entire tissue structures.

Biomaterials Science

An Introduction to Materials in Medicine

Author: Buddy D. Ratner

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 851

View: 449

"... This reference integrates a historical perspective of materials engineering principles with biological interactions of biomaterials. Also provided within are regulatory and ethical issues in addition to future directions of the field, and a state-of-the-art update of medical and biotechnological applications. All aspects of biomaterials science are thoroughly addressed, from tissue engineering to cochlear prostheses and drug delivery systems. Over 80 contributors from academia, government and industry detail the principles of cell biology, immunology, and pathology. Focus within pertains to the clinical uses of biomaterials as components in implants, devices, and artificial organs. This reference also touches upon their uses in biotechnology as well as the characterization of the physical, chemical, biochemical and surface properties of these materials." -- Publisher's description.

An Introduction to Radiography E-Book

Author: Suzanne Easton

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 793

This book provides an overview of all aspects of radiography for the practitioner. It is written to address the areas of practice of assistant practitioners and practitioners within the clinical environment. Areas covered range from ethics and communication, through to the physics of radiography and x-ray production, and specialist techniques. Anatomy, physiology and pathology are also covered, ensuring the text is a complete introduction to radiography. Each chapter covers key points and provides revision questions (with answers) and recommended reading for exploring the chapter topic in more depth. Very structured text with clear headings and relevance to practice indicated throughout Chapter style will enable students to dip into text to find relevant information as an aid to revision Set of revision questions at end of each chapter All contributors currently teach Assistant Practitioners and student radiographers

An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine

Author: Claude Bernard

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 983

The basic principles of scientific research from the great French physiologist whose contributions in the 19th century included the discovery of vasomotor nerves; nature of curare and other poisons in human body; more.

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update

Author: Raymond A. Serway

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 1344

View: 715

Achieve success in your physics course by making the most of what PHYSICS FOR SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS has to offer. From a host of in-text features to a range of outstanding technology resources, you'll have everything you need to understand the natural forces and principles of physics. Throughout every chapter, the authors have built in a wide range of examples, exercises, and illustrations that will help you understand the laws of physics AND succeed in your course! Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.