This fourth edition of this successful textbook succinctly presents the engineering concepts and unit operations used in food processing, in a unique blend of principles with applications. Depth of coverage is very high. The authors use their many years of teaching to present food engineering concepts in a logical progression that covers the standard course curriculum. Both are specialists in engineering and world-renowned. Chapters describe the application of a particular principle followed by the quantitative relationships that define the related processes, solved examples and problems to test understanding. New chapters on: -Supplemental processes including filtration, sedimentation, centrifugation, and mixing -Extrusion processes for foods -Packaging concepts and shelf life of foods Expanded information on Emerging technologies, such as high pressure and pulsed electric field Transport of granular foods and powders Process controls and measurements Design of plate heat exchangers Impact of fouling in heat transfer processes Use of dimensional analysis in understanding physical phenomena
This is a new book on food process engineering which treats the principles of processing in a scientifically rigorous yet concise manner, and which can be used as a lead in to more specialized texts for higher study. It is equally relevant to those in the food industry who desire a greater understanding of the principles of the food processes with which they work. This text is written from a quantitative and mathematical perspective and is not simply a descriptive treatment of food processing. The aim is to give readers the confidence to use mathematical and quantitative analyses of food processes and most importantly there are a large number of worked examples and problems with solutions. The mathematics necessary to read this book is limited to elementary differential and integral calculus and the simplest kind of differential equation.
Introduction to Food Engineering deals with the engineering concepts in food processing employing a unit operations approach. The book focuses on mass and energy balances, fluid flow, energy utilization, refrigeration, heat transfer, food freezing, evaporation, dehydration, and psychometrics. It is in line with primary topics recommended by the Institute of Food Technologists of the U.S.A. The text reviews some concepts related to food science such as the equation of state and perfect gas law, laws of thermodynamics, and conservation of mass. The book also discusses the transport of liquid foods and the three types of utilities used in food processing: 1) steam generation and utilization; 2) natural gas utilization; and 3) electric power utilization. The text explains how to determine the properties of food and the different approaches that can be used to obtain the food's thermal properties prior to using the proper heat-exchange equipment. Food preservation also involves freezing (direct or indirect contact systems), evaporation, dehydration, and psychometrics (involving thermodynamic properties of gas-vapor mixtures). The book is suitable for nutritionists, food technologists, advanced under-graduate and beginning graduate students in food science and technology, and professionals whose works are in the food processing, research, and preservation industry.
Consumer expectations are systematically growing, with demands for foods with a number of attributes, which are sometimes difficult for manufacturers to meet. The engineering processes that are needed to obtain top-quality foods are a major challenge due to the diversity of raw materials, intermediates, and final products. As in any other enterprise, the food industry must optimize each of the steps in the production chain to attain the best possible results. There is no question that a very important aspect to take into consideration when developing a process, designing a food factory, or modifying existing facilities is the in-depth knowledge of the basic engineering aspects involved in a given project. Introduction to Food Process Engineering covers the fundamental principles necessary to study, understand, and analyze most unit operations in the food engineering domain. It was conceived with two clear objectives in mind: 1) to present all of the subjects in a systematic, coherent, and sequential fashion in order to provide an excellent knowledge base for a number of conventional and unconventional processes encountered in food industry processing lines, as well as novel processes at the research and development stages; 2) to be the best grounding possible for another CRC Press publication, Unit Operations in Food Engineering, Second Edition, by the same authors. These two books can be consulted independently, but at the same time, there is a significant and welcomed match between the two in terms of terminology, definitions, units, symbols, and nomenclature. Highlights of the book include: Dimensional analysis and similarities Physicochemistry of food systems Heat and mass transfer in food Food rheology Physical properties Water activity Thermal processing Chilling and freezing Evaporation Dehydration Extensive examples, problems, and solutions
This book provides basic food engineering knowledge for beginners. The discipline of food processing conforms with actual food manufacturing flows and thus is readily comprehensible, although food engineering has great diversity as the common principles of operations for most food manufacturing processes are covered. This volume therefore endeavors to initially embody food manufacturing flows and pays careful attention to quantitatively detailing and explaining the manufacturing operations involved from an engineering point of view. Because this book is intended to be a very basic introductory text for food engineering, it introduces a variety of foods and food ingredients with which the intended readership is familiar to explain comprehensively the fundamental unit operations through the manufacturing flows. Various real foods and food ingredients are used to explain the principles of food engineering so that students of food science, technology, and engineering courses will be able to better grasp the basic concepts. The book includes many exercises for learning how to draw proper graphs and how to deal with mathematical formulas and numerical values. Readers can learn common principles, which are easily applicable to other fields such as pharmaceuticals and biotechnology, through the many examples that are provided.
A Supplement for Food Science & Engineering Students Who Need to Improve Their Mathematical Skills A remedial textbook for understanding mathematical theories and formulas, Math Concepts for Food Engineering, Second Edition helps students improve their mathematical skills so that they can succeed in food engineering courses. The text illustrates the importance of mathematical concepts and relates them to the study of food engineering. New to the Second Edition · Straightforward explanations of basic balance and transport principles used in food engineering · Various exercises throughout that use spreadsheets, which are available on the publisher’s website · A chapter on mass transfer · A mathematical skills screening quiz · A simple units-conversion page This new edition is student tested What students have to say“... a must-have for any student in food science engineering ... teaches students how to think like an engineer. Each chapter provides meaningful applications ... shows students both the approach and the mathematical solution needed to solve example problems.” "This workbook not only taught me which mathematical equations are needed to solve various food engineering problems, it helped me understand the analysis and approach needed when solving any engineering problem. The practice questions helped me gain confidence in my problem-solving skills, and they make the coursework more interesting by relating it to real-world problems." Builds Mathematical Confidence This text helps assess the mathematical reasoning skills of food science and engineering students and offers assistance for those who need a refresher. It supplies the necessary material to solve simple engineering problems so that students are prepared to face more rigorous challenges in class.
Food materials are processed prior to their consumption using different processing technologies that improve their shelf life and maintain their physicochemical, biological, and sensory qualities. Introduction to Advanced Food Process Engineering provides a general reference on various aspects of processing, packaging, storage, and quality control and assessment systems, describing the basic principles and major applications of emerging food processing technologies. The book is divided into three sections, systematically examining processes from different areas of food process engineering. Section I covers a wide range of advanced food processing technologies including osmo-concentration of fruits and vegetables, membrane technology, nonthermal processing, emerging drying technologies, CA and MA storage of fruits and vegetables, nanotechnology in food processing, and computational fluid dynamics modeling in food processing. Section II describes food safety and various non-destructive quality assessment systems using machine vision systems, vibrational spectroscopy, biosensors, and chemosensors. Section III explores waste management, by-product utilization, and energy conservation in food processing industry. With an emphasis on novel food processes, each chapter contains case studies and examples to illustrate state-of-the-art applications of the technologies discussed.
Introduction to Food Science and Technology focuses on the importance of food science and food technology to humans. This book discusses the total sequence of operations in food technology, which includes the selection of raw materials, processing, preservation, and distribution. Comprised of nine chapters, this monograph starts with an overview of the processing and storage of food. This book examines how the food processor often controls the producer’s operations by demanding a raw product of a certain type in order to satisfy a particular processing and consumer demand. Other chapters consider the primary concern of food scientists and technologists in the processing and preservation of raw agricultural products as nutritious and stable foods of acceptable quality. The final chapter deals with the variety of jobs available for those trained in the biological, physical, and behavioral sciences and their applications to food processing and food preservation. Food technologists, chemists, and scientists will find this book extremely useful.
The Second Edition of this popular textbook has benefited from several years of exposure to both teachers and students. Based on their own experiences as well as those of others, the authors have reorganized, added, and updated this work to meet the needs of the current curriculum. As with the first edition the goal is to introduce the beginning student to the field of food science and technology. Thus, the book discusses briefly the complex of basic sciences fundamental to food processing and preservation as well as the application of these sciences to the technology of providing the consumer with food products that are at once appealing to the eye, pleasing to the palate, and nutritious to the human organism. Introduction to Food Science and Technology is set in the world in which it operates; it contains discussions of historical development, the current world food situation, the safety regulations and laws that circumscribe the field, and the careers that it offers.