Terminal Ballistics: A Text and Atlas of Gunshot Wounds is a comprehensive guide that explains the science of forensic ballistics - focusing on the hardware, injury patterns, and forensic techniques associated with gunshot wounds. The text begins by describing the anatomy and design of basic firearms and the fundamental components of ammunition rounds, .22 rimfire, and propellants. The author presents a variety of gunshot injury patterns, and defines the concept of the pathological range of fire determination. He delineates patterns from injuries sustained by commonly fired rounds, including those acquired after discharge from handguns, high velocity centerfire rifles, shot guns, and black powder weapons. More obscure injuries from air pistols, nail guns, and homemade weapons are also detailed. Specific chapters identify the effects of intermediary targets, the mechanics of injuries sustained after a bullet passes through bone and the internal organs, and exit wounds. The author also observes situations that mimic gunshot injury, a frequently neglected area of gunshot injury interpretation. This extensive resource also depicts the technical aspects of forensic wound ballistic examinations, including protocol for managing the receipt of specimens from a gunshot wound surgical resection, gunshot residue sampling, and forensic radiology as applied to gunshot investigation. It outlines crime scene investigation, the autopsy and resulting report, forensic photography, and entomology. The final chapter highlights personal experiences from theatres of war and the investigations of atrocities where gunshot trauma is demonstrated.
The terminal ballistics of various types of snow were investigated experimentally and the resulting data have been researched and tabulated. The experimental procedures, especially designed for this purpose, are described and illustrated. It was concluded that snow is an effective protective material, with measurable and significant capability to attenuate small arms fire and neutralize fragment action. A brief discourse was made into the role of snow-covered terrain in combat, its geography and general properties. (Author).
Includes papers that were first presented at a September 2011 conference organized by the National Defense Industrial Association and the International Ballistics Society. This title includes a CD-ROM that displays figures and illustrations in articles in full color along with a title screen and main menu screen.
This text aims to provide a broad, scientifically rigorous introduction to forensic science. It covers processes from the crime scene to presentation of forensic science in court and focuses on the chemical, biological and physical methods used in forensic examination.
This book comprehensively discusses essential aspects of terminal ballistics, combining experimental data, numerical simulations and analytical modeling. This new, 3rd edition reflects a number of recent advances in materials science, such as the use of polyurea layers on metallic plates in order to improve their ballistics. In addition, more data and analyses are now available on dwell and interface defeat in ceramic tiles coated with polymers, and are presented here. Lastly, the new edition includes new results, numerical and empirical, concerning the DIF issue in brittle solids, as well as the “upturn” phenomenon in the stress–strain curves of ductile solids.The author also added a new analysis of concrete penetration experiments which accounts for the scaling issue in this field. This is a new,and important, addition which we are happy to announce. They also added some new insights into the interaction of EEP’s and FSP projectiles with metallic plates. Throughout the book, the authors demonstrate the advantages of the simulation approach in terms of understanding the basic physics behind the phenomena investigated, making it a must-read for all professionals who need to understand terminal ballistics.
Author: ADVISORY GROUP FOR AEROSPACE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT NEUILLY-SUR-SEINE (France)
The marked advances achieved in the last few years in fluid dynamics can be related to the development of increasingly powerful computers of easy manipulation, new numerical methods, modern test facilities and improved data recording and processing systems. Thus an increasing amount of reliable information has become available. The state of progress reached has opened the way for improved modeling of turbulent events and allowed more and more complex problems to be investigated. For the same reason a market step forward has simultaneously been made in the field of interior ballistics. In particular, important advances are being achieved in improving the methods of analysing and predicting fluid flows in interior ballistics. At the same time new techniques are being developed in the field of propulsion (especially as far as liquid propellants are concerned) which give rise to new and specific problems. It was therefore considered worth while to verify the extent to which the experts in interior ballistics could take advantage of the progress recently achieved, both theoretically and experimentally, in fluid dynamics. Toward this end the AGARD Fluid Dynamics Panel decided tocreate a Working Group (AGARD FDP/WG.05) with experts in interior ballistics from six NATO countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, Netherlands, and the United States). One chapter deals with the gaseous outflow from tube launchers. One chapter is concerned with the physical and thermodynamic characteristics of propellant gases. One chapter is devoted to a few specific problems encountered in interior ballistics (liquid propellants, behaviour of anti-erosive additives, behaviour of solid propellants at high pressures).
United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration