This comprehensive three-volume set marks the publication of the proceedings of the Eighth International Congress of Egyptologists, held in Cairo in 2000. This massive and impressive 1693-page work encompasses the research of over 350 of the world's leading Egyptologists--writing in English, French, or German--and contains over 600 illustrations. A dedicated team of editors, proofreaders, and designers worked hard for three years to bring all the disparate elements of this publication--including photographs, tables, graphs, hieroglyphs, hieratic script, and Greek, Arabic, Coptic, and Hebrew fonts--together to create a work that is a benchmark in Egyptological publishing. Organized thematically to reflect the breadth and depth of the material presented at the Congress, these papers provide a survey of current Egyptological research at the dawn of the twenty-first century. The proceedings include the eight 'Millennium Debates' led by esteemed Egyptologists, addressing key issues in the field, as well as nearly every paper presented at the Congress. The 248 papers cover the whole spectrum of Egyptological research, and contain many photographs, maps, and plans, that are published here for the first time. Grouped under the themes of archaeology, history, religion, language, conservation, and museology, these contributions together form the most comprehensive picture of Egyptology today. Contributors include: John Baines, Zahi Hawass, Antonio Loprieno, William J. Murnane, Aly Radwan, Donald Redford, Edna Russmann, Helmut Satzinger, Regine Schulz, W. Kelly Simpson, Hourig Sourouzian, Herman te Velde, Kent Weeks
MOHAMED ABDELRAHIEM: The Treasurer of the King of Lower Egypt Meru. LOUIS CARLENS: Le transport fluvial de charges lourdes dans l'Égypte antique. JOANNE CONMAN: It's About Time: Ancient Egyptian Cosmology. JOHN COLEMAN DARNELL: A Stela of the Reign of Tutankhamun from the Region of Kurkur Oasis. MARK DEPAUW: A ""Second"" Amuletic Passport for the Afterlife. P. Sydney Nicholson Museum 346 b. PHILIPPE DERCHAIN: Kabbale et Mystique. A propos d'un livre récent. MARTIN FITZENREITER: Richtungsbezüge in ägyptischen Sakralanlagen – oder: Warum im ägyptischen Tempel das Sanktuar hinten links in der Ecke liegt (Teil I). FEE-ALEXANDRA HAASE: Die lateinische Übersetzung des Steins von Rosetta. Zur Bearbeitung antiker Textquellen in der Philologie der Neuzeit. MAHMOUD EL-HAMRAWI: Gapping bei nicht-ersten Satzkernen im Mittelägyptischen. JIRÍ JANÁK: Journey to the Resurrection. Chapter 105 of the Book of the Dead in the New Kingdom. KARL JANSEN-WINKELN: Zu einer Genealogie aus der frühen 22. Dynastie. SHOUFU JIN: ""Schlichten"" und ""Richten"". Über die altägyptischen Termini wpj und wDc. HOLGER KOCKELMANN: Vier späte Leinenamulette für Mumien im Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien und im Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. DAVID MARTINEZ Y DE PRETER: N.y-Ppy: A New Vizier of the Sixth Dynasty? YAHIA EL-MASRY: An Unpublished Stela from the Ancient Cemetery of Thinis. ALESSANDRA NIBBI: The Mounds of the Nile Delta. MALTE RÖMER: Das ""Gesicht"" des Orakelgottes. AD THIJS: The Troubled Careers of Amenhotep and Panehsy: The High Priest of Amun and the Viceroy of Kush under the Last Ramessides. URSULA VERHOEVEN / ORELL WITTHUHN: Eine Marburger Totenstele mit Anruf an die Lebenden.
The book provides an up-to-date overview of the structure, organization and evolution of the pharaonic administration from its origins to the middle of the first millennium BCE. General descriptions are supplemented by specific analysis of key archives, practices and institutions.
The Great Karnak Inscription of Merneptah's 5th regnal year, the longest surviving continuous monumental text from Egypt, describes the combined Libyan and Sea People invasion of Egypt c.1208 BCE. This new study, the first complete commentary on this long but unfortunately damaged text, begins with a translation of the text, accompanied by detailed notes. The study considers specific military aspects of the inscription alongside its religious background. A grammatical analysis of the Great Karnak Inscription also sheds new light on the grammar of Ramesside monumental texts. Reviews for this volume: "...a very useful study of a highly important historical text, largely neglected hitherto.'" - K A Kitchen, Book List (2005) "...should be of interest to anyone studying issues relating to international relations of the period, aspects of military conflict in the later New Kingdom, or the monumental grammar of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Dynasties [...] The welcome inclusion of the complete hieroglyphic text should be of great use to anyone wishing to study the content and grammar of this inscription for themselves." - Joshua Roberson, Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, Vol. XL (2005)
The Evolution of Divine Classifiers in the Old Kingdom
Author: Racheli Shalomi-Hen
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
This book outlines the development of the divine classifiers in the Egyptian script system from the beginning of writing to the end of the Old Kingdom. The first part discusses the falcon on the standard and the ways in which ancient Egyptian writing system expressed the idea of divine kingship. The seated bearded man is the focus of the second part, in which the author follows the sign from its first appearance as a classifier of foreign peoples to its identification with the god Osiris. The third part is dedicated to divine markers and the structure of the divine category in the Pyramid Texts. This part surveys the special orthographic constraints of the Pyramid Texts, as well as the evolution of the female divine classifiers. Although the book concentrates on orthographic processes, it takes into account the broader religious context of the Old Kingdom. Hence, the relations between the sun-god Re and the king, as well as the special role of the Great God in the private inscriptions and the appearance of Osiris as a foreigner are also discussed.
This is a story studded with extraordinary achievements and historic moments, from the building of the pyramids and the conquest of Nubia, through Akhenaten's religious revolution, the power and beauty of Nefertiti, the glory of Tutankhamun's burial chamber, and the ruthlessness of Ramesses, to Alexander the Great's invasion, and Cleopatra's fatal entanglement with Rome. As the world's first nation-state, the history of Ancient Egypt is above all the story of the attempt to unite a disparate realm and defend it against hostile forces from within and without. Combining grand narrative sweep with detailed knowledge of hieroglyphs and the iconography of power, Toby Wilkinson reveals Ancient Egypt in all its complexity.
The Frontier Region Between Ancient Nubia and Egypt, 3700 BC-AD 500
Author: László Török
The Egyptological literature usually belittles or ignores the political and intellectual initiative and success of the Nubian Twenty-Fifth Dynasty in the reunification of Egypt, while students of Nubian history frequently ignore or misunderstand the impact of Egyptian ideas on the cultural developments in pre- and post-Twenty-Fifth-Dynasty Nubia. This book re-assesses the textual and archaeological evidence concerning the interaction between Egypt and the polities emerging in Upper Nubia between the Late Neolithic period and 500 AD. The investigation is carried out, however, from the special viewpoint of the political, social, economic, religious and cultural history of the frontier region between Egypt and Nubia and not from the traditional viewpoint of the direct interaction between Egypt and the successive Nubian kingdoms of Kerma, Napata and Meroe. The result is a new picture of the bipolar acculturation processes occurring in the frontier region of Lower Nubia in particular and in the Upper Nubian centres, in general. The much-debated issue of social and cultural "Egyptianization" is also re-assessed.
M. Abdelrahiem Chapter 144 of the Book of the Dead from the Temple of Ramesses II at Abydos H. Beinlich Zwischen Tod und Grab: Tutanchamun und das Begräbnisritual E. Bernhauer Zur Typologie rundplastischer Menschendarstellungen am Beispiel der altägyptischen Privatplastik N. Billing The Secret One: An analysis of a core motif in the Books of the Netherworld S. Bojowald Gedanken zum syntaktischen wie idiomatischen Funktionszusammenhang des Geierflügels im ägyptischen pAnastasi IV, 10,4 A. Busch Über Herkunft und Handel von Elfenbein im Neuen Reich M. Depauw Egyptianizing the Chancellery during the Great Theban Revolt (205–186 BC): A New Study of Limestone Tablet Cairo 38258 K. Dohrmann Kontext und Semantik der Hapi-Motive an den Thronreliefs der Lischter Sitzstatuen Sesostris I M. von Falck Text- und Bildprogramm ägyptischer Särge und Sarkophage der 18. Dynastie: Genese und Weiterleben F. Förster 'Klar zum Gefecht!' Zur Beschreibung des Kampfschiffes im Horusmythos von Edfu (Edfou VI, 79,11–80,10) D. Franke Fürsorge und Patronat in der Ersten Zwischenzeit und im Mittleren Reich H. Goedicke Rsi m h.tp W. Grajetzki Another early source for the Book of the Dead: The Second Intermediate Period Burial D 25 at Abydos K. Jansen-Winkeln Thebanische Statuen der 25. und 26. Dynastie J. Kahl / M. El-Khadragy / U. Verhoeven The Asyut Project: Third season of fieldwork D. Kahn The Assyrian Invasions of Egypt (673–663 B.C.) and the Final Expulsion of the Kushites D. Klotz Between Heaven and Earth in Deir el-Medina: Stela MMA 21.2.6. C. Leitz Die Sternbilder auf dem rechteckigen und runden Tierkreis von Dendara
M. Abdelrahiem: Third Intermediate Wooden Stela from the Cairo Museum J.-C. Antoine: The Wilbour Papyrus revisited: the land and its localisation. An analysis of the places of measurement K. H. Awad: Drei Stelen des Alten Reiches und der frühen 1. Zwischenzeit aus Abydos im Ägyptischen Museum (Kairo CG 1450, CG 1589 und CG 1616) N. Billing: Monumentalizing the Beyond. Reading the Pyramid before and after the Pyramid Texts M. Fitzenreiter: Grabmonument und Gesellschaft – Funeräre Kultur und Soziale Dynamik im Alten Reich S. Gromadzka / S. Rzepka: Two flails in the king's hands: Unusual royal iconography on a scarab from Tell elRetaba S. Grunert: Danse macabre. Ein altägyptischer 'Totentanz' aus Saqqara J. M. Iskander: The Haker Feast and the Transformation J. Janak: A Question of Size. A Remark on Early Attestations of the Ba Hieroglyph K. Jansen-Winkeln: Sprachgeschichte und Textdatierung J. Kahl / M. El-Khadragy / U. Verhoeven / M. Abdelrahiem / H. F. Ahmed / C. Kitagawa / J. Malure / S. Prell / T. Rzeuska: The Asyut Project: Eighth Season of Fieldwork (2010) K. Köller: Vier 'Aegyptiaca' im Fokus K. Konrad: Mutter, Gefährtin, Tochter und Beschützerin des Sonnengottes. Ein einzigartiger Beleg zu HathorNb.t-Htp.t als Sistrumgöttin G. Lapp: Der Sargtextspruch gegen die JbhAtjSchlange A. v. Lieven: 'Where there is dirt there is system'. Zur Ambiguität der Bewertung von körperlichen Ausscheidungen in der ägyptischen Kultur G. Menéndez: Figurines and statuettes from the area of TT 1112 in Dra Abu elNaga R. Preys: Les tombes nonroyales de la Vallée des Rois O. O. Romanova: Contribution to reconstruction of some scenes in the chapel of prince Kawab (G 7110–7120) H. El Shahhat: Fünf Armreifen aus Tell elBalamun im Ägyptischen Museum, Kairo J. Sigl: Weaving Copts in the North Tombs of Tell elAmarna A. J. Spalinger: The Date of Amunhotep II's First Accession K. Zibelius-Chen: Das Tübinger Fragment eines Perlennetzes. u.a.m.
Among the numerous deities invested with special spheres of responsibility in ancient Egypt "Mr.t" is charged with the salutation of the deity (king or god) and the provision of cult-music. Since there is no lack of source material relating to the goddess from all periods right down to Roman times, "Mr.t" readily provides an exemplary demonstration of a minor deity's transformation through time. Her original deification must have taken place during the 4th and 5th dynasties when the chorus designated "Mr.t" came to be personified as the ritual figure ""Mr.t" upon the house of Gold" at the Hebsed and the first "Priests-of-"Mr. t""-titles appeared. To the characteristic iconography, tress of hair and special gesture taken over from the chorus by the deity more symbols came to be added: the mysterious House of Gold, the place where statues were fashioned; the heraldic plants of Upper and Lower Egypt; and, in Ptolemaic times, the harp.
Presents the latest research in Egyptology on the theme of Ancient Egypt in a Global World This selection of 23 papers from the 15th annual Current Research in Egyptology symposium addreses the interregional and interdisciplinary theme of ïAncient Egypt in a Global WorldÍ. This theme works on a number of levels highlighting the current global nature of Egyptological research and it places ancient Egypt in the wider ancient world. The first section presents the results of recent excavations, including in the western Valley of the Kings and analysis of the structures, construction techniques, food production and consumption remains at Tell Timai (Thmuis) in the Delta. Part II focuses on the cross-cultural theme with papers including discussions on the presence in India of terracotta figurines from Roman Egypt; the ancient Egyptian influence of Aegean lion-headed divinities; Libyan influence in New Kingdom and Third Intermediate Period Egyptian administration and the identifcation of ancient Egyptian finds from the British countryside reported to the Portable Antiquities Scheme. The third part of the book includes current research undertaken across the world of Egyptology, including analysis of late Roman crocodile mummies though non-invasive radiographic imaging techniques and the study of infant jar-burials in ancient Egypt and Sudan to identify differences in regional socio-economic contexts and the interaction between people and local resources. The editors of this volume are all PhD candidates at University College and KingÍs College London
Annotation. Inscribed Landscapes explores the role of inscription in the social construction of place, power, and identity. Bringing together twenty-one scholars across a range of fields-primarily archaeology, anthropology, and geography-it examines how social codes and hegemonic practices have resulted in the production of particular senses of place, exploring the physical and metaphysical marking of place as a means of accessing social history.
13. Egypt of the ""Black Pharaohs""--14. Thebes under the Twenty-fifth Dynasty -- 15. The End of the Twenty-fifth Dynasty in Egypt -- Epilogue -- List of Abbreviations -- Notes -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Y -- Z
This new volume in the Oasis Papers series marks the 40th anniversary of archaeological fieldwork in the Dakhleh Oasis in Egypts Western Desert under the leadership of Anthony J. Mills and presents a synthesis of the current state of our knowledge of the oasis and its interconnections with surrounding regions, especially the Nile Valley. The papers are by distinguished authorities in the field and postgraduate students who specialise in different aspects of Dakhleh and presents an almost complete survey of the archaeology of Dakhleh including much unpublished, original material. It will be one of the few to document a specific part of modern Egypt in such detail and thus should have a broad and lasting appeal. The content of some of the papers is unlikely to be published in any other form elsewhere. Dakhleh is possibly the most intensively examined wider geographic region within Egypt.