The passing of the Cold War is the most important development of the late 20th century, yet the United States clings tenaciously to old policies. Both the Bush administration and Democratic leaders have insisted on perpetuating a host of obsolete alliances, including NATO and the alliance with Japan, which cost American taxpayers nearly $150 billion a year. Ted Galen Carpenter, director of foreign policy studies at the Cato Institute, offers a provocative critique of that status quo strategy. Although Washington's outdated alliances have no real adversary or credible mission, Carpenter says, they hold the potential to embroil the United States in obscure conflicts, ethnic and otherwise, that have little relevance to America's legitimate security concerns. As an alternative, he proposes "strategic independence," under which the United States would act only to defend vital interests - the republic's physical integrity, political independence, or domestic liberty. Carpenter calls for "the foreign policy equivalent of zero-based budgeting," insisting that because of the dramatic changes in the world caused by the collapse of the Soviet Union, "all alliances must be justified anew, regardless of any utility they may have had during the Cold War." He places under the microscope America's multilateral treaty obligations to defend other nations - NATO; ANZUS, which links the United States, Australia, and New Zealand; and the Rio Treaty, which provides a collective defense arrangement for the Western Hemisphere. He also examines four important bilateral security agreements - with Japan, South Korea, the Philippines, and Pakistan. This is the book on a new foreign policy for the United States.
The America Randolph Silliman Bourne searched for his entire life--but never found--was an America in which the institutions of democratic government remained responsive to the needs of all. A progressive in the age of progressivism, Bourne fully understood John Jay's dictum that the United States "should be governed by the people who own it." The Atlantic Monthly, the New Republic, and the Dial were the forum for Bourne's social commentary during a brief career that lasted from 1912 to 1918. In Search of a Democratic America offers the best of Bourne's writings on politics, religion, education, philosophy, society, and youth. The readings, and commentary, reveal the literary radical and social critic in his true guise as a spokesman for liberal democracy, a democratic theorist who strove for a modern, industrial, multi-ethnic nation peopled by the intelligent, the caring, and the concerned.
Kenneth Kaunda, the United States and Southern Africa carefully examines US policy towards the southern African region between 1974, when Portugal granted independence to its colonies of Angola and Mozambique, and 1984, the last full year of the Reagan administration's Constructive Engagement approach. It focuses on the role of Zambian president Kenneth Kaunda, the key facilitator of international diplomacy towards the dangerous neighborhood surrounding his nation. The main themes include the influence of race, national security, economics, and African agency on international relations during the height of the Cold War. Andy DeRoche focuses on key issues such as the civil war in Angola, the fight against apartheid, the struggle for Namibia's independence, the transition from Rhodesia to Zimbabwe, and bilateral US/ Zambian relations. The approach is traditional diplomatic history based on archival research in Zambia and the USA as well as interviews with key players such as Kaunda, Mark Chona, Siteke Mwale, Vernon Mwaanga, Chester Crocker, and Frank Wisner. The result offers an important new insight into the nuances of US policy toward southern Africa during the hottest days of the Cold War.
Everyone wants to think of themselves as good. But what does a good life look like? And how do people become good? Are there multiple, competing possibilities for what counts as a good life, all equally worthy? Or, is there a unified idea of the good that should guide our judgment of the possibilities? This book answers these questions.
This book surveys the influence of the middle ages, and of medieval attitudes and values, on later periods and on the modern world. Many artistic, political and literary movements have drawn inspiration and sought their roots in the thousand years between 500 and 1500 AD. Medieval Christianity, and its rich legacy, has been the essential background to European culture as a whole.Gothic architecture and chivalry were two keys to Romanticism, while nationalists, including the Nazis, looked back to the middle ages to find emerging signs of national character. In literature few myths have been as durable or popular as those of King Arthur, stretching from the Dark Ages to Hollywood. In Search of the Holy Grail is a vivid account of how later ages learnt about and interpreted the middle ages.
"Author of the critically acclaimed Landscapes of the Jihad: Militancy, Morality, Modernity, Faisal Devji argues that new forms of militancy, such as the actions of al-Qaeda, are informed by the same desire for agency and equality animating humanitarian interventions, such as environmentalism and pacifism. To the militant, victimised Muslims are more than just symbols of ethnic and religious persecution - they represent humanity's centuries-long struggle for legitimacy and agency." "In this way Islam is defined more in humanitarian than theological terms. Acts of terror, therefore, are fuelled by the militant's desire for humanity to become an historical actor on the global stage. Though they have yet to build concrete political institutions, militant movements have formed a kind of global society, and as Devji makes clear, this society pursues the same humanitarian objectives that drive more benevolent groups." --Book Jacket.
A historical exploration of the myths, legends, and events that have shaped the English identity examines the tales surrounding King Arthur, Robin Hood, Alfred the Great, and others to offer revealing insights about the beginnings of English culture.