Technology and Territoriality on the Canal Du Midi
Author: Chandra Mukerji
Publisher: Princeton University Press
""Impossible Engineering" is a masterful work. Mukerji gives us a convincing, original explanation of the baffling technological feat of the construction of the Canal du Midi. She elegantly combines science and technology studies, cultural history, cognitive science, and sociology to show us how cultural memory and collective intelligence contributed to marvels of engineering that no single group of experts could have accomplished. A must-read."--Karin Knorr Cetina, University of Chicago "Mukerji brings phenomenal scope and originality to the story of the Canal du Midi. Demonstrating how a material object can be the result of collective social intelligence, she provides a model for how to write a new kind of history of science and technology. She brings together material and intellectual history and connects, in an exemplary way, the history of material objects to the development of new patterns of thought and social organization."--Pamela H. Smith, Columbia University ""Impossible Engineering" offers a fascinating account of the planning, construction, and interpretation of a major public-works project in seventeenth-century France. Mukerji stresses the participation of many people who have often have been written out of this story, especially the peasant workforce, which included a significant contingent of women. She also raises large general issues about the modes and limitations of human interaction with the natural world. I read this book with great pleasure."--Harriet Ritvo, Massachusetts Institute of Technology "Drawing on a vast array of original archival data, "Impossible Engineering" offers an elegant and original analysis of a feat of engineering, the construction of the Canal du Midi. Mukerji weaves various strands of the story with impressive dexterity to produce an account that is undoubtedly that of a scholar at the top of her game. This is a fascinating and theoretically significant study."--Michele Lamont, Harvard University "
Chloe Masters’ world changes in a heartbeat and all she did was touch a doorknob. James Nightshade has been on Chloe’s mind since the day she met him. Arrogant and frustrating, she thought she had put him behind her when she chose Michael Slade. When the secret she is seeking leads to questions about the death of Nightshade’s former girlfriend, she has no chose but to bring him into the investigation. A move she will come to regret. Danger awaits them around every corner as they search for answers. In the end a choice will need to be made, but is Chloe strong enough to make it?
With the growing complexity of engineered systems, reliability hasincreased in importance throughout the twentieth century. Initiallydeveloped to meet practical needs, reliability theory has become anapplied mathematical discipline that permits a priori evaluationsof various reliability indices at the design stages. Theseevaluations help engineers choose an optimal system structure,improve methods of maintenance, and estimate the reliability on thebasis of special testing. Probabilistic Reliability Engineeringfocuses on the creation of mathematical models for solving problemsof system design. Broad and authoritative in its content, Probabilistic ReliabilityEngineering covers all mathematical models associated withprobabilistic methods of reliability analysis, including--unique tothis book--maintenance and cost analysis, as well as many newresults of probabilistic testing. To provide readers with all necessary background material, thistext incorporates a thorough review of the fundamentals ofprobability theory and the theory of stochastic processes. Itoffers clear and detailed treatment of reliability indices, thestructure function, load-strength reliability models, distributionswith monotone intensity functions, repairable systems, the Markovmodels, analysis of performance effectiveness, two-pole networks,optimal redundancy, optimal technical diagnosis, and heuristicmethods in reliability. Throughout the text, an abundance of realworld examples and case studies illustrate and illuminate thetheoretical points under consideration. For engineers in design, operations research, and maintenance, aswell as cost analysts and R&D managers, ProbabilisticReliability Engineering offers the most lucid, comprehensivetreatment of the subject available anywhere. About the editor JAMES A. FALK is Professor and Chairman of the Department ofOperations Research at George Washington University. In addition tohis numerous publications, Dr. Falk has lectured internationally asa Fulbright Lecturer. Of related interest... The reliability-testing "bible" for three generations of EasternEuropean scientists, adapted for Western scientists andengineers... HANDBOOK OF RELIABILITY ENGINEERING Originally published in the USSR, Handbook of ReliabilityEngineering set the standard for the reliability testing oftechnical systems for nearly three generations of appliedscientists and engineers. Authored by a group of prominent Sovietspecialists in reliability, it provides professionals and studentswith a comprehensive reference covering mathematical formulas andtechniques for incorporating reliability into engineering designsand testing procedures. Divided into twenty-four self-containedchapters, the Handbook details reliability fundamentals, examinescommon reliability problems and solutions, provides a collection ofcomputation formulas, and illustrates practical applications. The Handbook's Russian editor and internationally recognized expertIgor A. Ushakov has joined with American engineering professionalsto bring this indispensable resource to English-speaking engineersand scientists. 1994 (0-471-57173-3) 663 pp.
This volume aims to provide the reader with a broad cross-section of empirical research being carried out into engineers at work. The chapters provide pointers to other relevant studies over recent decades – an important aspect, we believe, because this area has only recently begun to coalesce as a field of study and up to now relevant empirical research has tended to be published across a range of academic disciplines. This lack of readily available literature might explain why contemporary notions of engineering have drifted far from the realities of practice and are in urgent need of revision. The principal focus is on what empirical studies tell us about the social and technical aspects of engineering practice and the mutual interaction between the two. After a foreword by Gary Lee Downey, the research presented by the various chapter authors is based on empirical data from studies of engineers working in a variety of global settings that include Australia, Ireland, Portugal, South Asia, Switzerland, the UK and the US The following groups of readers are addressed: •researchers and students with an interest in engineering practice, •professional engineers, particularly those interested in research on engineering practice, •engineering educators, •people who employ, recruit or work with engineers. Providing a much clearer picture of engineering practice and its variations than has been available until now, the book is of interest to engineers and those who work with them. At the same time it provides invaluable resource material for educators who are aiming for more authentic learning experiences in their classrooms. Further information, visit the website Engineering Practice in a Global Context Online: http://epr.ist.utl.pt/EPGC/
This book sets out the principles of engineering practice, knowledge that has come to light through more than a decade of research by the author and his students studying engineers at work. Until now, this knowledge has been almost entirely unwritten, passed on invisibly from one generation of engineers to the next, what engineers refer to as “experience”. This is a book for all engineers. It distils the knowledge of many experts in one volume. The book will help engineers enjoy a more satisfying and rewarding career and provide more valuable results for their employers and clients. The book focuses on issues often seen as “non-technical” in the world of engineering, yet it shows how these issues are thoroughly technical. Engineering firms traditionally have sought expert advice on these aspects from management schools, often regarding these aspects of engineering practice as something to do with psychology or organisational behaviour. The results are normally disappointing because management schools and psychologists have limited insight and understanding of the technical dimensions in engineering work. Little if any of the material in this book can be obtained from management texts or courses. Management schools have avoided the technical dimension of workplace practices and that is precisely what characterises engineering practice. The technical dimension infuses almost every aspect of an engineer’s working day and cannot be avoided. That’s why this book is so necessary: there has not yet been any authoritative source or guidance to bridge the gap between inanimate technical issues and organisational behaviour. This book fills this gap in our knowledge, is based on rigorous research, and yet is written in a style which is accessible for a wide audience.
Constructed wetlands are gaining worldwide acceptance as effective, low-cost, and low-impact alternatives to unsightly, high-impact wastewater treatment facilities. The creative involvement of today's planners, landscape architects, developers, environmental engineers, and public officials is helping to maximize the potential of these wetland habitats—from their aesthetics to their multiple uses as water treatment plants, wildlife refuges, and recreational or educational facilities. Yet, to date, the literature has paid no attention to these aspects, focusing instead on the technical side of wetlands construction and function. Constructed Wetlands in the Sustainable Landscape is the first book to integrate aesthetic design and planning issues with the technical aspects of wetlands engineering. Renowned landscape architect Craig S. Campbell and engineer Michael H. Ogden clearly demonstrate how the successful development and management of multifunctional, sustainable wetland habitats depend on harnessing the knowledge and working principles of a number of disciplines. Richly illustrated with real-world case studies, the book: Covers the concept of sustainable development and the nature of wetland processes. Discusses designs for new and existing municipal and small community wastewater treatment facilities. Contains examples of on-site planning for, and management of, stormwater renovation, single-family residential systems, and multiple-use systems. Examines landscape engineering and planning for ponds, urban wildlife, and ecological art. Clearly written and accessible to nonengineers and nonscientists, Constructed Wetlands in the Sustainable Landscape is a crucial guide for landscape architects, environmental engineers, planners, developers, and others responsible for the design and management of our built environment.
The Work of Jodrell Bank in Postwar British Culture
Author: John Agar
Science and Spectacle relates the construction of the telescope to the politics and culture of post-war Britain. From radar and atomic weapons, to the Festival of Britain and, later, Harold Wilson's rhetoric of scientific revolution, science formed a cultural resource from which post-war careers and a national identity could be built. The Jodrell Bank Radio Telescope was once a symbol of British science and a much needed prestigious project for the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, but it also raised questions regarding the proper role of universities as sites for scientific research.
The Great Race recounts the exciting story of a century-long battle among automakers for market share, profit, and technological dominance—and the thrilling race to build the car of the future. The world’s great manufacturing juggernaut—the $3 trillion automotive industry—is in the throes of a revolution. Its future will include cars Henry Ford and Karl Benz could scarcely imagine. They will drive themselves, won’t consume oil, and will come in radical shapes and sizes. But the path to that future is fraught. The top contenders are two traditional manufacturing giants, the US and Japan, and a newcomer, China. Team America has a powerful and little-known weapon in its arsenal: a small group of technology buffs and regulators from California. The story of why and how these men and women could shape the future—how you move, how you work, how you live on Earth—is an unexpected tale filled with unforgettable characters: a scorned chemistry professor, a South African visionary who went for broke, an ambitious Chinese ex-pat, a quixotic Japanese nuclear engineer, and a string of billion-dollar wagers by governments and corporations. “To explain the scramble for the next-generation auto—and the roles played in that race by governments, auto makers, venture capitalists, environmentalists, and private inventors—comes Levi Tillemann’s The Great Race…Mr. Tillemann seems ideally cast to guide us through the big ideas percolating in the world’s far-flung workshops and labs” (The Wall Street Journal). His account is incisive and riveting, explaining how America bounced back in this global contest and what it will take to command the industrial future.