Remotely sensed data, in the form of digital images captured from spaceborne and airborne platforms, provide a rich analytical and observational source of information about the current status, as well as changes occurring in, on, and around the Earth’s surface. The data products, or simply images processed from these platforms, provide an additional advantage in that geographic areas or regions of interest can be revisited on a regular cycle. This revisit cycle allows geospatial analysts and natural resource managers to explore changing conditions over time. Image Processing and Data Analysis with ERDAS IMAGINE® explains the principles behind the processing of remotely sensed data in a simple, easy to understand, and "how-to" format. Organized as a step-by-step guide with exercises adapted from original research and using publicly available imagery, such as NASA Landsat, ESA Sentinel-2, Orthophotos, and others, this book gives readers the ability to quickly gain the practical experience needed to navigate the ERDAS IMAGINE® software as well as learn certain applications in Esri’s ArcMap ArcGIS for Desktop software and Quantum the GIS (QGIS) open source applications package. It also helps readers to easily move beyond the information presented in this book and tackle more advanced skills. Written by two professors with long experience in remote sensing and image processing, this book is a useful guide and reference for both undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, instructors, managers, and agency professionals who are involved in the study of Earth systems and the environment.
Powerful techniques have been developed in recent years for the analysis of digital data, especially the manipulation of images. This book provides an in-depth introduction to a range of these innovative, avante-garde data-processing techniques. It develops the reader's understanding of each technique and then shows with practical examples how they can be applied to improve the skills of graduate students and researchers in astronomy, electrical engineering, physics, geophysics and medical imaging. What sets this book apart from others on the subject is the complementary blend of theory and practical application. Throughout, it is copiously illustrated with real-world examples from astronomy, electrical engineering, remote sensing and medicine. It also shows how many, more traditional, methods can be enhanced by incorporating the new wavelet and multiscale methods into the processing. For graduate students and researchers already experienced in image processing and data analysis, this book provides an indispensable guide to a wide range of exciting and original data-analysis techniques.
This book analyzes techniques that use the direct and inverse fuzzy transform for image processing and data analysis. The book is divided into two parts, the first of which describes methods and techniques that use the bi-dimensional fuzzy transform method in image analysis. In turn, the second describes approaches that use the multidimensional fuzzy transform method in data analysis. An F-transform in one variable is defined as an operator which transforms a continuous function f on the real interval [a,b] in an n-dimensional vector by using n-assigned fuzzy sets A1, ... , An which constitute a fuzzy partition of [a,b]. Then, an inverse F-transform is defined in order to convert the n-dimensional vector output in a continuous function that equals f up to an arbitrary quantity ε. We may limit this concept to the finite case by defining the discrete F-transform of a function f in one variable, even if it is not known a priori. A simple extension of this concept to functions in two variables allows it to be used for the coding/decoding and processing of images. Moreover, an extended version with multidimensional functions can be used to address a host of topics in data analysis, including the analysis of large and very large datasets. Over the past decade, many researchers have proposed applications of fuzzy transform techniques for various image processing topics, such as image coding/decoding, image reduction, image segmentation, image watermarking and image fusion; and for such data analysis problems as regression analysis, classification, association rule extraction, time series analysis, forecasting, and spatial data analysis. The robustness, ease of use, and low computational complexity of fuzzy transforms make them a powerful fuzzy approximation tool suitable for many computer science applications. This book presents methods and techniques based on the use of fuzzy transforms in various applications of image processing and data analysis, including image segmentation, image tamper detection, forecasting, and classification, highlighting the benefits they offer compared with traditional methods. Emphasis is placed on applications of fuzzy transforms to innovative problems, such as massive data mining, and image and video security in social networks based on the application of advanced fragile watermarking systems. This book is aimed at researchers, students, computer scientists and IT developers to acquire the knowledge and skills necessary to apply and implement fuzzy transforms-based techniques in image and data analysis applications.
The scope of image processing and recognition has broadened due to the gap in scientific visualization. Thus, new imaging techniques have developed, and it is imperative to study this progression for optimal utilization. Big Data Analytics for Satellite Image Processing and Remote Sensing is a critical scholarly resource that examines the challenges and difficulties of implementing big data in image processing for remote sensing and related areas. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics, such as distributed computing, parallel processing, and spatial data, this book is geared towards scientists, professionals, researchers, and academicians seeking current research on the use of big data analytics in satellite image processing and remote sensing.
The first of its kind, this book reviews image processing tools and techniques including Independent Component Analysis, Mutual Information, Markov Random Field Models and Support Vector Machines. The book also explores a number of experimental examples based on a variety of remote sensors. The book will be useful to people involved in hyperspectral imaging research, as well as by remote-sensing data like geologists, hydrologists, environmental scientists, civil engineers and computer scientists.
The first text to bridge the gap between image processing andjump regression analysis Recent statistical tools developed to estimate jump curves andsurfaces have broad applications, specifically in the area of imageprocessing. Often, significant differences in technicalterminologies make communication between the disciplines of imageprocessing and jump regression analysis difficult. Ineasy-to-understand language, Image Processing and JumpRegression Analysis builds a bridge between the worlds ofcomputer graphics and statistics by addressing both the connectionsand the differences between these two disciplines. The authorprovides a systematic analysis of the methodology behindnonparametric jump regression analysis by outlining procedures thatare easy to use, simple to compute, and have proven statisticaltheory behind them. Key topics include: Conventional smoothing procedures Estimation of jump regression curves Estimation of jump location curves of regression surfaces Jump-preserving surface reconstruction based on localsmoothing Edge detection in image processing Edge-preserving image restoration With mathematical proofs kept to a minimum, this book isuniquely accessible to a broad readership. It may be used as aprimary text in nonparametric regression analysis and imageprocessing as well as a reference guide for academicians andindustry professionals focused on image processing or curve/surfaceestimation.
A key problem in practical image processing is that of detecting certain features in a noisy image. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) techniques can be very effective in such situations, and this book gives a detailed account of the use of ANOVA in statistical image processing. The book begins by describing the statistical representation of images in the various ANOVA models. A number of computationally efficient algorithms and techniques are then presented, to deal with such problems as line, edge and object detection, as well as image restoration and enhancement. By describing the basic principles of these techniques, and showing their use in specific situations, the book will facilitate the design of new algorithms for particular applications. It will be of great interest to graduate students and engineers in the field of image processing and pattern recognition.
Kernel methods have long been established as effective techniques in the framework of machine learning and pattern recognition, and have now become the standard approach to many remote sensing applications. With algorithms that combine statistics and geometry, kernel methods have proven successful across many different domains related to the analysis of images of the Earth acquired from airborne and satellite sensors, including natural resource control, detection and monitoring of anthropic infrastructures (e.g. urban areas), agriculture inventorying, disaster prevention and damage assessment, and anomaly and target detection. Presenting the theoretical foundations of kernel methods (KMs) relevant to the remote sensing domain, this book serves as a practical guide to the design and implementation of these methods. Five distinct parts present state-of-the-art research related to remote sensing based on the recent advances in kernel methods, analysing the related methodological and practical challenges: Part I introduces the key concepts of machine learning for remote sensing, and the theoretical and practical foundations of kernel methods. Part II explores supervised image classification including Super Vector Machines (SVMs), kernel discriminant analysis, multi-temporal image classification, target detection with kernels, and Support Vector Data Description (SVDD) algorithms for anomaly detection. Part III looks at semi-supervised classification with transductive SVM approaches for hyperspectral image classification and kernel mean data classification. Part IV examines regression and model inversion, including the concept of a kernel unmixing algorithm for hyperspectral imagery, the theory and methods for quantitative remote sensing inverse problems with kernel-based equations, kernel-based BRDF (Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function), and temperature retrieval KMs. Part V deals with kernel-based feature extraction and provides a review of the principles of several multivariate analysis methods and their kernel extensions. This book is aimed at engineers, scientists and researchers involved in remote sensing data processing, and also those working within machine learning and pattern recognition.
International Workshop on Intelligent Computing in Pattern Analysis/Synthesis, IWICPAS 2006, Xi'an, China, August 26-27, 2006, Proceedings
Author: Nanning Zheng
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book collects the proceedings of the International Workshop on Intelligent Computing in Pattern Analysis/Synthesis, IWICPAS 2006, held in Xi'an, China alongside the 18th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2006. The book presents 51 revised full papers and 128 revised poster papers, organized in topical sections on object detection, tracking and recognition, pattern representation and modeling, visual pattern modeling, image processing, compression and coding and texture analysis/synthesis.
The burgeoning field of data analysis is expanding at an incredible pace due to the proliferation of data collection in almost every area of science. The enormous data sets now routinely encountered in the sciences provide an incentive to develop mathematical techniques and computational algorithms that help synthesize, interpret and give meaning to the data in the context of its scientific setting. A specific aim of this book is to integrate standard scientific computing methods with data analysis. By doing so, it brings together, in a self-consistent fashion, the key ideas from: · statistics, · time-frequency analysis, and · low-dimensional reductions The blend of these ideas provides meaningful insight into the data sets one is faced with in every scientific subject today, including those generated from complex dynamical systems. This is a particularly exciting field and much of the final part of the book is driven by intuitive examples from it, showing how the three areas can be used in combination to give critical insight into the fundamental workings of various problems. Data-Driven Modeling and Scientific Computation is a survey of practical numerical solution techniques for ordinary and partial differential equations as well as algorithms for data manipulation and analysis. Emphasis is on the implementation of numerical schemes to practical problems in the engineering, biological and physical sciences. An accessible introductory-to-advanced text, this book fully integrates MATLAB and its versatile and high-level programming functionality, while bringing together computational and data skills for both undergraduate and graduate students in scientific computing.
The brand new edition of IMAGE PROCESSING, ANALYSIS, AND MACHINE VISION is a robust text providing deep and wide coverage of the full range of topics encountered in the field of image processing and machine vision. As a result, it can serve undergraduates, graduates, researchers, and professionals looking for a readable reference. The book's encyclopedic coverage of topics is wide, and it can be used in more than one course (both image processing and machine vision classes). In addition, while advanced mathematics is not needed to understand basic concepts (making this a good choice for undergraduates), rigorous mathematical coverage is included for more advanced readers. It is also distinguished by its easy-to-understand algorithm descriptions of difficult concepts, and a wealth of carefully selected problems and examples. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
The popularity of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in medicine is no mystery: it is non-invasive, it produces high quality structural and functional image data, and it is very versatile and flexible. Research into MR technology is advancing at a blistering pace, and modern engineers must keep up with the latest developments. This is only possible with a firm grounding in the basic principles of MR, and Advanced Image Processing in Magnetic Resonance Imaging solidly integrates this foundational knowledge with the latest advances in the field. Beginning with the basics of signal and image generation and reconstruction, the book covers in detail the signal processing techniques and algorithms, filtering techniques for MR images, quantitative analysis including image registration and integration of EEG and MEG techniques with MR, and MR spectroscopy techniques. The final section of the book explores functional MRI (fMRI) in detail, discussing fundamentals and advanced exploratory data analysis, Bayesian inference, and nonlinear analysis. Many of the results presented in the book are derived from the contributors' own work, imparting highly practical experience through experimental and numerical methods. Contributed by international experts at the forefront of the field, Advanced Image Processing in Magnetic Resonance Imaging is an indispensable guide for anyone interested in further advancing the technology and capabilities of MR imaging.
6th International Symposium, ISBMDA 2005, Aveiro, Portugal, November 10-11, 2005, Proceedings
Author: José Luis Oliveira
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Biological and Medical Data Analysis, ISBMDA 2005, held in Aveiro, Portugal, in November 2005. The 39 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. The papers are organized in topical sections on medical databases and information systems, data analysis and image processing, knowledge discovery and data mining, statistical methods and tools for biomedical data analysis, decision support systems, collaborative systems in biomedical informatics, as well as computational models, structural analysis, and microarray data analysis in the scope of bioinformatics.
Image processing comprises a broad variety of methods that operate on images to produce another image. A unique textbook, Introduction to Image Processing and Analysis establishes the programming involved in image processing and analysis by utilizing skills in C compiler and both Windows and MacOS programming environments. The provided mathematical background illustrates the workings of algorithms and emphasizes the practical reasons for using certain methods, their effects on images, and their appropriate applications. The text concentrates on image processing and measurement and details the implementation of many of the most widely used and most important image processing and analysis algorithms. Homework problems are included in every chapter with solutions available for download from the CRC Press website The chapters work together to combine image processing with image analysis. The book begins with an explanation of familiar pixel array and goes on to describe the use of frequency space. Chapters 1 and 2 deal with the algorithms used in processing steps that are usually accomplished by a combination of measurement and processing operations, as described in chapters 3 and 4. The authors present each concept using a mixture of three mutually supportive tools: a description of the procedure with example images, the relevant mathematical equations behind each concept, and the simple source code (in C), which illustrates basic operations. In particularly, the source code provides a starting point to develop further modifications. Written by John Russ, author of esteemed Image Processing Handbook now in its fifth edition, this book demonstrates functions to improve an image's of features and detail visibility, improve images for printing or transmission, and facilitate subsequent analysis.
Reporting the state of the art of colour image processing, this monograph fills a gap in the literature on digital signal and image processing. It contains numerous examples and pictures of colour image processing results, plus a library of algorithms implemented in C.
This book offers a comprehensive selection of essays by leading experts, which covers all aspects of modern imaging, from its application and up-scaling to its development. The chapter content ranges from the basics to the most complex overview of method and protocols. There is ample practical and detailed "how-to" content on important, but rarely addressed topics. This first edition features all-colour-plate chapters, licensed software and a unique, continuously updated website forum.
The Handbook of Medical Image Processing and Analysis is a comprehensive compilation of concepts and techniques used for processing and analyzing medical images after they have been generated or digitized. The Handbook is organized into six sections that relate to the main functions: enhancement, segmentation, quantification, registration, visualization, and compression, storage and communication. The second edition is extensively revised and updated throughout, reflecting new technology and research, and includes new chapters on: higher order statistics for tissue segmentation; tumor growth modeling in oncological image analysis; analysis of cell nuclear features in fluorescence microscopy images; imaging and communication in medical and public health informatics; and dynamic mammogram retrieval from web-based image libraries. For those looking to explore advanced concepts and access essential information, this second edition of Handbook of Medical Image Processing and Analysis is an invaluable resource. It remains the most complete single volume reference for biomedical engineers, researchers, professionals and those working in medical imaging and medical image processing. Dr. Isaac N. Bankman is the supervisor of a group that specializes on imaging, laser and sensor systems, modeling, algorithms and testing at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. He received his BSc degree in Electrical Engineering from Bogazici University, Turkey, in 1977, the MSc degree in Electronics from University of Wales, Britain, in 1979, and a PhD in Biomedical Engineering from the Israel Institute of Technology, Israel, in 1985. He is a member of SPIE. Includes contributions from internationally renowned authors from leading institutions NEW! 35 of 56 chapters have been revised and updated. Additionally, five new chapters have been added on important topics incluling Nonlinear 3D Boundary Detection, Adaptive Algorithms for Cancer Cytological Diagnosis, Dynamic Mammogram Retrieval from Web-Based Image Libraries, Imaging and Communication in Health Informatics and Tumor Growth Modeling in Oncological Image Analysis. Provides a complete collection of algorithms in computer processing of medical images Contains over 60 pages of stunning, four-color images
To harness the high-throughput potential of DNA microarray technology, it is crucial that the analysis stages of the process are decoupled from the requirements of operator assistance. Microarray Image Analysis: An Algorithmic Approach presents an automatic system for microarray image processing to make this decoupling a reality. The proposed system integrates and extends traditional analytical-based methods and custom-designed novel algorithms. The book first explores a new technique that takes advantage of a multiview approach to image analysis and addresses the challenges of applying powerful traditional techniques, such as clustering, to full-scale microarray experiments. It then presents an effective feature identification approach, an innovative technique that renders highly detailed surface models, a new approach to subgrid detection, a novel technique for the background removal process, and a useful technique for removing "noise." The authors also develop an expectation–maximization (EM) algorithm for modeling gene regulatory networks from gene expression time series data. The final chapter describes the overall benefits of these techniques in the biological and computer sciences and reviews future research topics. This book systematically brings together the fields of image processing, data analysis, and molecular biology to advance the state of the art in this important area. Although the text focuses on improving the processes involved in the analysis of microarray image data, the methods discussed can be applied to a broad range of medical and computer vision analysis areas.