Discourses of Class, Race and Colonialism in the Works of Charles Dickens
Author: Grace Moore
Category: Literary Criticism
Dickens and Empire offers a reevaluation of Charles Dickens's imaginative engagement with the British Empire throughout his career. Employing postcolonial theory alongside readings of Dickens's novels, journalism and personal correspondence, it explores his engagement with Britain's imperial holdings as imaginative spaces onto which he offloaded a number of pressing domestic and personal problems, thus creating an entangled discourse between race and class. Drawing upon a wealth of primary material, it offers a radical reassessment of the writer's stance on racial matters. In the past Dickens has been dismissed as a dogged and sustained racist from the 1850s until the end of his life; but here author Grace Moore reappraises The Noble Savage, previously regarded as a racist tract. Examining it side by side with a series of articles by Lord Denman in The Chronicle, which condemned the staunch abolitionist Dickens as a supporter of slavery, Moore reveals that the tract is actually an ironical riposte. This finding facilitates a review and reassessment of Dickens's controversial outbursts during the Sepoy Rebellion of 1857, and demonstrates that his views on racial matters were a good deal more complex than previous critics have suggested. Moore's analysis of a number of pre- and post-Mutiny articles calling for reform in India shows that Dickens, as their publisher, would at least have been aware of the grievances of the Indian people, and his journal's sympathy toward them is at odds with his vitriolic responses to the insurrection. This first sustained analysis of Dickens and his often problematic relationship to the British Empire provides fresh readings of a number of Dickens texts, in particular A Tale of Two Cities. The work also presents a more complicated but balanced view of one of the most famous figures in Victorian literature.
With the phenomenally popular weekly magazines Household Words and All the Year Round, Charles Dickens effectively re-invented periodical literature in the nineteenth century. Already enjoying huge stature as a world-famous author, Dickens was often the principal contributor of the journals that carried the novels serialised within them. As, by his own term, the conductor of the weekly magazines, he was able to direct the gaze of his readership, easily eliding fiction and non-fiction, to those things that most concerned him: poverty, crime, education, public health, women, social welfare and reform. This collection of new essays from a rich variety of contributors explores the journalism and fiction in Household Words and All Year Round and their relationship to the wider publishing world. The essays were presented at the Dickens Journals Online Conference launched in March 2012. Contributors include: Laurel Brake, Koenraad Claes, Iain Crawford, Daragh Downes, John Drew, Judith Laura Foster, Holly Furneaux, Ignacio Ramas Gay, Clare Horrocks, Louis James, Patrick Leary, Hannah Lewis-Bill, Helen Mckenzie, Pete Orford, David Parker, David Paroissien, Robert L. Patten, Jasper Schelstraete, Paul Schlicke, Joanne Shattock, Michael Slater, John Tulloch and Catherine Waters.
When Captain Scott died in 1912 on his way back from the South Pole, his story became a myth embedded in the British imagination. Despite wars and social change, despite recent debunking, it is still there. Everyone remembers the last words of Scott's companion Captain Oates - 'I'm just going outside, and I may be some time' - and history is what you can remember. Conventional histories of polar exploration trace the laborious expeditions across the map, dwelling on the proper techniques of ice-navigation and sledge-travel. Historians rarely ask what the explorers thought they were doing, orwhy they did these insane things. But this book is about the poles as they have been perceived, dreamed, even desired. It explores myth as myth, showing how Scott's death was the culmination of a long-running national enchantment. Francis Spufford reveals an extraordinary history of feeling - the call of vast empty spaces, the beauty of untrodden snow - as he pieces together the elements of a myth which still has the power to seduce.
The Oxford Handbook of Charles Dickens is a comprehensive and up-to-date collection on Dickens's life and works. It includes original chapters on all of Dickens's writing and new considerations of his contexts, from the social, political, and economic to the scientific, commercial, and religious. The contributions speak in new ways about his depictions of families, environmental degradation, and improvements of the industrial age, as well as the law, charity, and communications. His treatment of gender, his mastery of prose in all its varieties and genres, and his range of affects and dramatization all come under stimulating reconsideration. His understanding of British history, of empire and colonization, of his own nation and foreign ones, and of selfhood and otherness, like all the other topics, is explained in terms easy to comprehend and profoundly relevant to global modernity.