Learn to maximize tilapia production in different areas around the world Tilapia is the second-most cultured fish species in the world, and its production is increasing each year. However, for several reasons profit margins remain slim. Tilapia: Biology, Culture, and Nutrition presents respected international experts detailing every aspect of tilapia production around the world. Biology, breeding and larval rearing, farming techniques, feeding issues, post-harvest technology, and industry economics are clearly presented. This concise yet extensive reference provides the latest research and practical information to efficiently and economically maximize production in diverse locales, conditions, and climates. Tilapia: Biology, Culture, and Nutrition comprehensively explores all types of tilapia with a detailed biologic description of the fish that takes readers from egg through harvesting. The book authoritatively discusses production issues such as feed nutrition, temperature, water quality, parasites, and disease control to guide readers on how to best encourage fast, efficient growth. Economic and marketing information are examined, including industry data and projections by country. Each chapter approaches a specific facet of tilapia and provides the most up-to-date research available in that area. This resource gives the most current, detailed information needed for effective tilapia farming in one compact economical volume. Extensively referenced with an abundance of clear, helpful tables, photographs, and figures. Tilapia: Biology, Culture, and Nutrition discusses in detail: complete biology, including sex ratios, optimum temperatures for growth and spawning, water quality parameters, and disease tolerance industry predictions hormonal control of growth genetic improvement sex determination, manipulation, and control seed production culture practices earthen and lined pond production culture in flowing water cage culture feed formulation and processing, and feeding management soil, water, and effluent quality saline tolerance levels with optimum rate of acclimation to seawater polyculture of tilapia with shrimp bottom soil conditions nutrient requirements with non-nutrient components parasites and diseases Tilapia: Biology, Culture, and Nutrition is essential reading for aquaculturists, nutritionists, geneticists, hatchery managers, feed formulators, feed mill operators, extension specialists, tilapia growers, fish farmers/producers, educators, disease specialists, aquaculture veterinarians, policy makers, educators, and students.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Category: Technology & Engineering
Tilapia is the most popular aquaculture species item farmed in over 120 countries or territories worldwide. Global tilapia aquaculture production grew 11 percent annually (or 13 percent in terms of farmgate value) over the past three decades, from 0.3 million tonnes (USD 304 million) in 1987 to 5.9 million tonnes (USD 11 billion) in 2017. Aquaculture production in Brazil increased 14 percent annually (or 12 percent in terms of farmgate value), from 13 000 tonnes (USD 56 million) in 1987 to 595 000 tonnes (USD 1.5 billion) in 2017, making it a regional aquaculture powerhouse contributing to 20 percent of Latin America and the Caribbean’s aquaculture production in 2017. In Brazil, tilapia has been the largest aquaculture item, contributing to nearly half of the country’s aquaculture production tonnage in 2017. This document assesses tilapia farming and the value chain in Brazil by examining tilapia farming technology and practices, dissecting the tilapia value chain, evaluating the sector’s social and economic performance, discussing the importance of proper governance to the sector development, and highlighting potentials, issues, constraints and challenges in the development of tilapia farming or aquaculture in general in Brazil.
Tilapias are an increasingly important farmed fish for human consumption. Hailed as an important source of protein for growing populations, production is set to double within the next ten years and expand beyond traditional areas of production in Africa and Asia. With a practical focus, this book is aimed at tilapia farmers and producers, describing best practice production methods, egg management, new technologies, nutrition, business practices, marketing, equipment maintenance, accounting and logistics.
Tilapia Culture, Second Edition, covers the vital issues of farmed tilapia in the world, including their biology, environmental requirements, semi-intensive culture, intensive culture systems, nutrition and feeding, reproduction, seed production and larval rearing, stress and disease, harvesting, economics, trade, marketing, the role of tilapia culture in rural development and poverty eradication, and technological innovations in, and the environmental impacts of, tilapia culture. In addition, the book highlights and presents the experiences of leading countries in tilapia culture, thus making it ideal for tilapia farmers and researchers who seek the most relevant research and information. The new second edition not only brings the most updated information within each chapter, but also delivers new content on tilapia transfers, introductions and their impacts, the use of probiotics and other additives in tilapia culture, tilapia trade, including marketing, and sustainability approaches and practices, such as management practices, ecosystem approaches to tilapia culture, and value chain analyses of tilapia farming. Presents the biology of tilapia, including taxonomy, body shapes, geographical distribution, introductions and transfers, gut morphology, and feeding habits Covers semi-intensive tilapia culture in earthen ponds, tanks, raceways, cages, recirculating systems, and aquaponics Provides the latest information on brood stock management, production of monosex tilapia, seed production, and larval rearing under different culture systems Highlights the most common infectious and non-infectious diseases affecting farmed tilapia, with a full description of disease symptoms and treatment measures Provides an in-depth exploration of tilapia economics, trade and marketing
Urumqui, Xinjiang Urumqi Autonomous Region, China, 4-8 June 2012
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization (Fao)
Publisher: Food and Agriculture Organization
Category: Technology & Engineering
e identified as common regional or subregional priorities. To start the programme, the workshop recommended seven activities that need to be initiated as soon as possible, as follows: (1) development of regional projects, organization of training/workshops, and capacity development on feed production and management on a pilot scale; (2) provision of technologies and equipment for the development and production of specialized fish feeds for different species from local raw materials; (3) training workshop on project development designed to improve project development skills by actually formulating projects that are based on the identified priorities; (3) an action plan for the upgrading of national laboratories in order to comply with international standards for certification of fish and fish products; (4) workshop on harmonization of institutional management structure and legislation in fisheries and aquaculture in accordance with international fisheries and aquaculture laws/policy for
Discrimnant analysis of blood chemistry data separated diseased/treated fish from healthy fish, and identified affected fish with negligible histopathology, indicating its high sensitivity. Multivariate analyses on data from fish challenged with bacterial pathogens, exposed to model toxicants identified a consensus set of important parameters that included sodium, chloride, bicarbonate, total protein, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), cholesterol, total iron binding capacity and iron, which can serve as indicators of deteriorating health.
Sustainable water management, food security and water security being some of the most critical issues facing the world in the 21st century - dubbed the Century of Water : this monograph outlines various options for proactive management of fisheries and aquaculture to sustainably meet the growing food requirements of millions of people living in developing countries both in rural areas and in cities. Both freshwater and marine fisheries are covered. Besides giving production statistics calculated by various organisations, the book lists traditional as well as potentially promising newer organisms suitable for aquaculture in swamps, ponds, marshes, lakes and mangroves not only as a source of nutritious food but also as employment avenues for small-scale or marginal fisherfolk. The book can server as an introductory text for courses in fisheries and aquaculture both in traditional universities and in marine and freshwater institutes. Contents Chapter 1: General Introduction; Definitions, Definition of categories, Fish description, Sustainable development, Unsustainable fisheries, Aquaculture sustainability and food security, Wastes for aquaculture, Sustainable use of living marine sustainable, Aquaculture, Role of local governments in sustainable development, Enhancements systems approach to aquaculture, Quality, Safety, Marketing and trade of aquaculture products, Growth enhancement by genetic manipulation management concerns; Chapter 2: Fish Farming; Introduction, Sustainable aquaculture, Organic aquaculture, Genetics and aquaculture, Nutrition and feeding, Rapid fattening of Wild-caught eels, Exotic species, Salmon farming, Poverty alleviation, Box 2.1 CARP (Cyprinus carpio linnaeus), (Family Cyprinidae), Aquatic resources and the livelihoods of poor people, Water quality: Dissolved oxygen for sustainable aquaculture, Types of systems, Infrastructure and support technologies, Recirculation, Recirculation technology, Some new approaches, Fish cage systems, Inshore-nearshore cage farms, Offshore cage farming, Integrated cage-cum-pond aquaculture system, Abalone culture, Agriculture-aquaculture integration, Choice of fish species, Public health, Fodder-fish integration, Refuges, Stocking for rice-fish culture, Species-specific biology, Feeding and maintenance in rice-fish system, Management, Effects on rice yield, Benefits and potentials, Fish for integrated pest management in rice production, Fish as predators in rice fields, Shrimp farming in the sonoran desert; Chapter 3: Marine Fisheries and Aquaculture; Introduction, Trends in fishery development, Stock assessment, Global shellfish production, Fisheries and bioeconomics, The value of fisheries, Surplus production models, Stability, Multispecies assessment, Length, weight and age determination, Global synchrony in fish population variations, Marine protected areas, Scales relevant to recruitment in large marine, Ecosystems, Growth, survival and recruitment in large marine ecosystems (LMEs), Growth, Density-independent factors, Intrinsic or innate factors, A generalized concept of recruitment factors, Recruitment research in large marine, Ecosystems, Scallop farming, Sustainable shrimp culture, Aquaculture shrimp culture, Aquaculture in africa, Sustainable commercial aquaculture in sub-saharan africa, Sea urchin aquaculture (Echinoculture), Marine biotechnology and aquaculture, Biosecurity for shrimp aquaculture, Polyploidy in shrimp; Chapter 4: Coastal Aquaculture; Introduction, Global aquaculture production, Production systems, Cage cultivation, Chemicals and their applications, Soil and water treatments, Fertilizers, Disinfectants, Antibacterial agents, Therapeutants other than antibacterials, Pesticides, Herbicides/Algicides, Feed additives, Hormones, Issues of concern, Persistence, Residues in non-cultured organisms, Toxicity to non-target species, Stimulation of resistance, Effects on sediment biogeochemistry, Nutrient enrichment, Health of farm workers, Residues in seafood, Quality assurance of chemicals used in aquaculture, Difficulties in effluent treatment, Need for environmental fate and effects, Information, Salmon aquaculture, Prawn cultivation, Milkfish aquaculture in the philippines, Marine shrimp aquaculture in thailand; Chapter 5: Fisheries, Farming and Aquaculture in China and India; Introduction, Marine fisheries development, Selected species for sea farming, Seaweed, Molluscs, Abalone, Curstaceans (shrimp), Echinoderms (Sea cucumbers), Box 5.1 Sea cucumber, Marine fish (Left-eyed flounder), Sea farming and sea ranching systems, Inland fishery enhancements in china, Enhancement methods, Protection of natural fish resources, Stocking, Cage and pen fish culture, Reservoir fisheries, Marine capture fisheries (india), Inappropriate exploitation patterns, Target fishing, Managment versus exploitation, Sea ranching, Mariculture, Aquaculture, Shrimp production, Diversity and sustainability in aquaculture production, Regulation of egg production in crustaceans; Chapter 6: Inland Fisheries; Introduction, Perspectives, Polyculture, Transition from commercial to recreational use, Valuation, Environmental issues, Tilapia-the aquatic chicken, Tilapia genetics, Bird predation, Monosex populations, Lobster farming, Koura farming, Aquaculture techniques, Fishery biomanipulation, Fish removal, Stocking piscivorous fish, Impact of biomanipulation on fishery and fish stocks; Chapter 7: Wetlands and Mangroves; Introduction, Wetlands, Classes, Major Problems, Subsistence production and commercial production, Objectives of wetland management, Protection of wetlands, Management and conservation of wetlands in large lakes, Wetlands and shoreline gradients, Water level fluctuations, A model for changes in shoreline wetlands, A model for frequency and intensity of flooding, Centrifugal organization, Management guidelines, Mangroves-conversion into fish farms, Mangrove losses from shrimp farming, Aquaculture in wetlands of north india, nepal and bangladesh, Shrimp culture in india and bangladesh, Homestead catfish culture in bangladesh, Rice-cum-fish cultivation in nepal; Chapter 8: Freshwater Aquaculture in Europe; Introduction, Finfish production, The fish species, The role of introduced freshwater species in aquaculture production, Fish for industrial systems, Hygiene in foodstuffs, Production, products and sales, FAO code of conduct for responsible fisheries, FEAP code of conduct, Impact on trade of environmental and health/ hygiene legislation, Competition among aquaculture products, fish and non-fish meat products, Management of inland fisheries and aquaculture: Social, economic and cultural perspectives, Solutions, Inland fisheries in germany, Lake restoration in denmark; Chapter 9: Management of fisheries and aquaculture; Introduction, Models as a management tool, Articles relating to food safety, Article 6- General principles, Article 7- Fisheries management, Rehabilitation, Fisheries management and safety at sea, Role of fishermen, Good management practices, Sector level operating principles, Use of GMPs, Relationship of GMPs with other environmental management initiatives; Benefits of GMPs, Process for site specific SMPs, Initiation and participation co-management, Sector-level management needs, Integrated resource management, Management post-johannesburg, Five module LME approach, Management of post-harvest problems, Components of a national plan; Chapter 10: Environmental concerns; Introduction, Effects of fisheries on marine ecosystems, Overfishing, Impact of dams on fisheries, Aquatic macrophytes as a habitat of vectors and hosts of tropical diseases and biological control, Using fish, Aquaculture and inland fisheries, Global edible fish supply, Outlook, Inland fisheries, Threats, Managing species introductions, Pest fish in freshwater, Impacts of marine aquaculture, Secondary production in the oceans and the response to climate change, Effects of ultraviolet radiation on fisheries, Diel variation of DNA damage and repair, Effects of UV-B on fish in the antarctic, Effects of UV-B on phytoplankton, Variability of solar UV-B, Environmental effects of mussel farming, Minimizing environmental impacts of shrimp feeds.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Department of Fisheries
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org
Category: Technology & Engineering
This document is the technical proceedings of a regional workshop held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from 27-30 September 1999. The workshop examined the impact of aquatic animal health risks associated with rural, small-scale aquaculture and enhanced fisheries and their impact on rural livelihoods. Appropriate management interventions are needed. Quantitative socio-economic data in this field is inadequate, but the consensus was that aquatic animal health problems are a risk to the livelihoods of people involved in small-scale aquaculture and enhanced fisheries in Asia.