Corporate, Community, and Organizational Planning and Preparedness
Author: Robert Jaffin
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Business & Economics
It is well known that fluorescent light bulbs and consumer appliances such as televisions, computers, and monitors contain mercury, dangerous chemicals, and other harmful components. The existing literature on hazardous materials addresses the risks attached to specific materials and emphasizes compliance and personal protective equipment (PPE)—but not the life cycle management of the materials that represent the hazards. A logistics treatment of the subject is needed to understand the underlying supply chain management principles and apply solutions to reduce overall use of hazardous materials. Hazardous Material (HAZMAT) Life Cycle Management: Corporate, Community and Organizational Planning and Preparedness is organized into two thematic sections. Section I defines and classifies hazardous materials and covers the U.S. regulatory framework and standards governing the transport and use of such materials. Section II examines institutional and organizational program elements and provides guidelines for developing these programs to reduce liability and risk while lowering point-source pollution and total hazardous waste production. The logistics approach to hazardous materials yields exponential benefits in costs and the reduction or elimination of such materials. It limits organizational liability and, at the same time, reduces the costs associated with hazardous waste management and disposal. This book serves as an integrative reference offering a better understanding of hazardous materials use, life cycle management, consumption, and waste reduction at a holistic, strategic level.
International Conference, ICCIC 2011, held in Wuhan, China, September 17-18, 2011. Proceedings
Author: Min Zhu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This six-volume-set (CCIS 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Computing, Information and Control, ICCIC 2011, held in Wuhan, China, in September 2011. The papers are organized in two volumes on Innovative Computing and Information (CCIS 231 and 232), two volumes on Computing and Intelligent Systems (CCIS 233 and 234), and in two volumes on Information and Management Engineering (CCIS 235 and 236).
Environmental regulations affect every aspect of Coast Guard operations from the way personnel commute to work, to emissions from heating plants and fuel storage tanks. Compliance with these regulations has greatly increased the cost and labor hours devoted to the storage and inventory control of hazardous materials, disposal of hazardous waste, and collection of associated data. Over the last decade, the management of hazardous materials and their associated by-products has become an increasing burden at every Coast Guard facility. Research and analysis of hazardous materials and waste programs at Coast Guard facilities, as well as reports from the Department of Defense and industry, indicate that significant reductions in the generation of hazardous wastes, air pollutant emissions, and environmental reporting costs are possible if the areas of hazardous materials management can be improved.
Life is often considered to be a journey. The lifecycle of waste can similarly be considered to be a journey from the cradle (when an item becomes valueless and, usually, is placed in the dustbin) to the grave (when value is restored by creating usable material or energy; or the waste is transformed into emissions to water or air, or into inert material placed in a landfill). This preface provides a route map for the journey the reader of this book will undertake. Who? Who are the intended readers of this book? Waste managers (whether in public service or private companies) will find a holistic approach for improving the environmental quality and the economic cost of managing waste. The book contains general principles based on cutting edge experience being developed across Europe. Detailed data and a computer model will enable operations managers to develop data-based improvements to their systems. Producers oj waste will be better able to understand how their actions can influence the operation of environmentally improved waste management systems. Designers oj products and packages will be better able to understand how their design criteria can improve the compatibility of their product or package with developing, environmentally improved waste management systems. Waste data specialists (whether in laboratories, consultancies or environ mental managers of waste facilities) will see how the scope, quantity and quality of their data can be improved to help their colleagues design more effective waste management systems.
A large number of chemicals are used on land at shore facilities, in the air in combat and reconnaissance aircraft, on seas around the world in surface vessels, and in submarine vessels by the navy and marine corps. Although the chemicals used are for the large part harmless, there is a significant amount of chemicals in use that can be health hazards during specific exposure circumstances. The Navy Environmental Health Center (NEHC) is primarily tasked with assessing these hazards. The NEHC completes its tasks by reviewing toxicological and related data and preparing health-hazard assessments (HHAs) for the different chemicals. Since the NEHC is continually asked to develop these HHAs, the National Research Council (NRC) was asked to assess independently the validity and effectiveness of NEHC's HHA process, in order to determine whether the process as implemented provides the Navy with the best, comprehensive, and defensible evaluations of health hazards and to identify any elements that might require improvement. The task was assigned to the Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology's Committee on Toxicology's (COT's) Subcommittee on Toxicological hazard and Risk Assessment. Review of the U.S. Navy Environmental Health Center's Health-Hazard Assessment Process presents the subcommittee's report. The report is the work of expertise in general toxicology, inhalation toxicology, epidemiology, neurotoxicology, immunotoxicology, reproductive and developmental toxicology, pharmacology, medicine, risk assessment, and biostatistics. It is based on its review of documents provided by NEHC, presentations by NEHC personnel, and site visits to NEHC in Norfolk, Virginia and an aircraft carrier in San Diego, California.
Explains how to implement the best safety practices and why they work Reviews from the Third Edition "An excellent piece of work." —Safety Health Practitioner (SHP) "A useful fountain of knowledge." —Quality World "This is a book to be read now for its educational value and also to be kept on the shelf for easy future reference." —Chemistry International The Fourth Edition of On the Practice of Safety makes it possible for readers to master all the core subjects and practices that today's safety professionals need to know in order to provide optimal protection for their organizations' property and personnel. Like the previous editions, each chapter is a self-contained unit, making it easy for readers to focus on select topics of interest. Thoroughly revised and updated, this Fourth Edition reflects the latest research and safety practice standards. For example, author Fred Manuele has revised the design chapters to reflect the recently adopted American National Standard on Prevention through Design. In addition, readers will find new chapters dedicated to: Management of change and pre-job planning Indirect-to-direct accident cost ratios Leading and lagging indicators Opportunities for safety professionals to apply lean concepts Role of safety professionals in implementing sustainability Financial management concepts and practices that safety professionals should know Many chapters are highly thought-provoking, questioning long-accepted concepts in the interest of advancing and improving the professional practice of safety. Acclaimed by both students and instructors, On the Practice of Safety is a core textbook for both undergraduate and graduate degree programs in safety. Safety professionals should also refer to the text in order to update and improve their safety skills and knowledge.
Sustainability has become a topic of global relevance: Corporations and other economically acting organizations increasingly need to realize economic, environmental and social objectives in order to survive. Supplementary to "classical" environmental management, realizing corporate sustainability requires comprehensive approaches which allow the integration of social and economic aspects. Such concepts can be found e.g. in international excellence models mainly based on a TQM thinking but also in the field of human factors in organizational design and management. Understood as systems approaches, they include the interests of all relevant stakeholders with a mid- or long-term time perspective and are thus highly linked with the principles of sustainable development. In this book internationally leading scientists discuss the issue of sustainability from their perspective, resulting in an innovative view on different management approaches under the umbrella of corporate sustainability.
Maintain safety and infection control in the dental office with Infection Control and Management of Hazardous Materials for the Dental Team, Fourth Edition. This practical and comprehensive resource covers the basic concepts of infectious disease and infection control, including step-by-step descriptions of specific procedures and supplies and equipment needed for disease prevention. The Fourth Edition features new chapters on the latest topics impacting office safety and the most current regulatory recommendations for protection of dental patients and dental workers. No matter what your role on the dental team, this text will help you implement infection control in everyday practice. Follows dental curricula requirements for infection control Subject matter is organized logically, making it easier to successfully comprehend the material. Tables are used throughout the text to highlight similarities and differences among related topics; boxes draw your attention to the information you need to remember most. Line drawings and photos show the latest equipment, supplies, and procedures. Selected readings at the end of each chapter provide sources of further information on the topics discussed. The Glossary defines all key terms in one convenient place. The Resource List includes organizations, federal agencies, and website addresses to help you stay current on rapidly changing topics. An account of the first reported patient-to-patient spread of the hepatitis B virus in a dental office A detailed description of the three types of steam sterilizers including the newest type B office model vacuum sterilizer Information on the wipe-discard-wipe approach to surface disinfection NEW chapter on the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) helps you understand OSHA standards and know how to respond in the event of an inspection. Two new tables on office safety management: Measure the Effectiveness of an Infection Control Program and Examples of What to Evaluate in a Dental Office Infection Control Evaluation Program NEW chapter on medical tourism looks at the practice of traveling internationally to obtain health care NEW chapter on greener infection control addresses the impact that infection control procedures can have on the environment and provides suggestions for developing a more eco-friendly program. Addition of Guidelines for Preventing the Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis In Health-Care Settings, 2005, Dental-Care Settings Excerpt A new accompanying EVOLVE site provides a variety of learning resources, including answers for the Review Questions found at the end of each chapter and a printable version of the Exposure Incident Report.
Toxics A to Z features and alphabetical listing of over 100 toxics, identifying . . . What they are How they are measured Where they are found The symptoms of exposure What their known risks are How we can lessen or avoid those risks An easy-to-use Cross-Reference Guide to help readers identify toxics in 18 major groups, including indoor and outdoor air pollutants, household items, and lawn and garden products A glossary of terms, explanation of abbreviations, and listing of sources for further help and information
There has been much polemic about affluence, consumption, and the global environment. For some observers, "consumption" is at the root of global environmental threats: wealthy individuals and societies use far too much of the earth's resource base and should scale back their appetites to preserve the environment for future generations and allow a decent life for the rest of the world. Other observers see affluence as the way to escape environmental threats: economic development increases public pressure for environmental protection and makes capital available for environmentally benign technologies. The arguments are fed by conflicting beliefs, values, hopes, and fears--but surprisingly little scientific analysis. This book demonstrates that the relationship of consumption to the environment needs careful analysis by environmental and social scientists and conveys some of the excitement of treating the issue scientifically. It poses the key empirical questions: Which kinds of consumption are environmentally significant? Which actors are responsible for that consumption? What forces cause or explain environmentally significant consumption? How can it be changed? The book presents studies that open up important issues for empirical study: Are there any signs of saturation in the demand for travel in wealthy countries? What is the relationship between environmental consumption and human well-being? To what extent do people in developing countries emulate American consumption styles? The book also suggests broad strategies that scientists and research sponsors can use to better inform future debates about the environment, development, and consumption.
This book presents the application of system analysis techniques with case studies to help readers learn how the techniques can be applied, how the problems are solved, and which sustainable management strategies can be reached.
Achieving value in construction is now emerging as the mainchallenge facing the construction team if they are to offer thebest service for the client. No longer is the aim simply to keepcosts under control. This book from the RICS Foundation analyses how to provide bestvalue by the effective application of leading edge techniques andprocesses throughout the entire life cycle of buildings, from thebusiness case which underpins their initiation to the achievementof a satisfactory project out-turn. This book is a successor to Quantity Surveying Techniques: NewDirections, edited by Peter Brandon and published on behalf of theRoyal Institution of Chartered Surveyors by Blackwell. It will beof interest not only to surveyors and construction managers butalso to final year undergraduates of construction degrees. '[This book] will make a major contribution to theadvancement of the methods by which construction professionalsprovide a service to their clients' - Professor PeterBrandon
Inherently Safer Chemical Processes presents a holistic approach to making the development, manufacture, and use of chemicals safer. It discusses strategies for substituting more benign chemicals at the development stage, minimizing risk in the transportation of chemicals, using safer processing methods at the manufacturing stage, and decommissioning a manufacturing plant. Since the publication of the original concept book in 1996, there have been many developments on the concept of inherent safety. This new edition provides the latest knowledge so that engineers can derive maximum benefit from inherent safety.