Between the years 350 and 500 a large body of Latin artes grammaticae emerged, educational texts outlining the study of Latin grammar and attempting a systematic discussion of correct Latin usage. These texts—the most complete of which are attributed to Donatus, Charisius, Servius, Diomedes, Pompeius, and Priscian—have long been studied as documents in the history of linguistic theory and literary scholarship. In Grammar and Christianity in the Late Roman World, Catherine Chin instead finds within them an opportunity to probe the connections between religious ideology and literary culture in the later Roman Empire. To Chin, the production and use of these texts played a decisive role both in the construction of a pre-Christian classical culture and in the construction of Christianity as a religious entity bound to a religious text. In exploring themes of utopian writing, pedagogical violence, and the narration of the self, the book describes the multiple ways literary education contributed to the idea that the Roman Empire and its inhabitants were capable of converting from one culture to another, from classical to Christian. The study thus reexamines the tensions between these two idealized cultures in antiquity by suggesting that, on a literary level, they were produced simultaneously through reading and writing techniques that were common across the empire. In bringing together and reevaluating fundamental topics from the fields of religious studies, classics, education, and literary criticism, Grammar and Christianity in the Late Roman World offers readers from these disciplines the opportunity to reconsider the basic conditions under which religions and cultures interact.
Melania the Elder and her granddaughter Melania the Younger were major figures in early Christian history, using their wealth, status, and forceful personalities to shape the development of nearly every aspect of the religion we now know as Christianity. This volume examines their influence on late antique Christianity and provides an insightful portrait of their legacies in the modern world. Departing from the traditionally patriarchal view, Melania gives a poignant and sometimes surprising account of how the rise of Christian institutions in the Roman Empire shaped our understanding of women’s roles in the larger world.
"Late Ancient Knowing explores how people in late antiquity went about knowing their world and how this knowing shaped late ancient lives. Each essay is dedicated to a single concept--'Animal,' 'Demon,' 'Countryside,' 'Christianization,' 'God'--studying the ways in which individuals and societies in this period created and interacted with visible and invisible realities. Rather than narrating late ancient history based on facts defensible in modern historical terms, these essays attempt to create histories based on what are now considered late ancient fictions, the now-discarded paradigms of late ancient thought"--Provided by publisher.
Ten papers examine the spread of Latin literacy across the Roman empire, based on analyses of epigraphic evidence, and consider the ways in which this reflects the process of assimilation. Contents: Latin and the epigraphic culture in Sicily; Latin on coins in the western empire; Writing Latin in the Roman province of Lusitania; Language, culture and society in north Italy and south Gaul; The survival of Oscan in Roman Pompeii; Seal-boxes and the spread of Latin literacy in the Rhine delta; Pottery stamps, coin designs and writing in late Iron Age Britain; Language and literacy in Roman Britain; Writing to the gods in Roman Britain; How the Latin West was won.
Concentrating on interpretive allegory, this book's interdisciplinary approach simultaneously opens and organizes new perspectives on historic developments--from pagan, Jewish, Christian, and Islamic commentaries to postmodern critiques. --From publisher's description.
This new collection of essays, commissioned from a range of scholars, takes as its theme the reception of Rome's greatest poet in a time of profound cultural change. This volume considers the different ways in which Vergil was read and appropriated; by poets, commentators, orators and historians.
A Regional Study of Religious Transformation (298-642 CE)
Author: Jitse H. F. Dijkstra
Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers
The famous island of Philae, on Egypt's southern frontier, can be considered the last major temple site where Ancient Egyptian religion was practiced. According to the Byzantine historian Procopius, in 535-537 CE the Emperor Justinian ordered one of his generals to end this situation by destroying the island's temples. This account has usually been accepted as a sufficient explanation for the end of the Ancient Egyptian cults at Philae. Yet it is by no means unproblematic. This book shows that the event of 535-537 has to be seen in a larger context of religious transformation at Philae, which was more complex and gradual than Procopius describes it. Not only are the various Late Antique sources from and on Philae taken into account, for the first time the religious developments at Philae are also placed in a regional context by analyzing the sources from the other major towns in the region, Syene (Aswan) and Elephantine. "[T]he author situates his material into its wider historical context, and does this so effectively that what begins as a very specific study of a local problem expands to consider the transitions from paganism to Christianity in Egypt as a whole, and stands as one of the most important studies of this topic to date. This well written and deeply learned book is a tour de force of regional religious history that will also be essential reading for anyone interested in indigenous religion and early Christianity in this time of transition." -- Terry Wilfong, in Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists
The Edinburgh Companion, newly available in paperback, is a gateway to the fascinating worlds of ancient Greece and Rome. Wide-ranging in its approach, it demonstrates the multifaceted nature of classical civilisation and enables readers to gain guidance in drawing together the perspectives and methods of different disciplines, from philosophy to history, from poetry to archaeology, from art history to numismatics, and many more.
Foreword; Bibliographical Abbreviations; Introduction. Ria Berg, Wearing Wealth. Mundus Muliebris and Ornatus as Status Markers for Women in Imperial Rome; Rikka Hälikkä, Discourses of Body, Gender and Power in Tacitus; Minerva Keltanen, The Public Image of the Four Empresses - Ideal Wives, Mothers and Regents?; Janne Pölönen, The Division of Wealth between Men and Women in Roman Succession (c.a. 50 BC - AD 250); Päivi Setälä, Women and Brick Production - Some New Aspects; Ville Vuolanto, Women and the Property of Fatherless Children in the Roman Empire; Ville Vuolanto, Male and Female Euergetism in Late Antiquity. A Study on Italian and Adriatic Church Floor Mosaics; Appendix 1-3; Bibliography; General Index.
Outlines Syria's pivotal role in Roman history and the conflicts between the empire and its two eastern neighbors: the Parthians and Sasanians. This book discusses the consequences of empire in Syria: the provinces, 'client' kingdoms and city-states, the impact of Rome on the calendars and the economy, and the adoption of Christianity.