This book examines what citizens think about governance and democracy and the actual practices of governments in Asia, one of the most dynamic and divergent regions of the world. Using public opinion surveys and other evidence, the authors investigate such topics as government perception, human rights, democracy, and political development for a total of seven countries located in East, Southeast, and South Asia-China, India, Japan, Malaysia, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. Governance and Democracy in Asia contains detailed country studies, extensive cross-country comparisons, and a wealth of new data. It will appeal to scholars and students of Asian politics, public opinion, political development, and democratization.
This book documents the search for a workable model of democracy in Asia. It explores the various forms of Asian democracy practiced to date, and throws light on where these models may have failed and where they may have succeeded. The case studies developed provide valuable insights into governance and democracy in Asia (North-east, South-east and South) a region that remains fascinating and dynamic despite the impact of the recent global crisis. The book concludes that whilst there may not be a model that works best in all regions, a key ingredient to a workable model must include sound gove.
In the Asia Pacific region, historical legacies and social structures dispose civil and political society to interact in different ways to Western best-practice scenarios which then go on to produce have implications for democracy and governance. These outcomes are derived from conditions that are delicately intertwined and are influenced by, and have influence upon, colonial legacies, religion, ethnic pluralism, the role of the military, the monarchy, bureaucratic capacities, constitutions, party systems, elections, executive-legislative relations, and the judiciaries. This book examines this complex network of underlying conditions and the relations between them, examining the nature of civil and political society in the Asia-Pacific region as well as the presence, or absence, of good governance and democracy. Divded into three themes - governance and democracy, political society, and civil society - each theme is intended to focus our attention on the kinds of issues it identifies and, in turn, encourage both an analytical and a comparative study between a number of similar countries or cases in the Asia Pacific region.
This edited volume explores the state of inclusive governance in South Asia. It particularly examines the nature and scope of inclusiveness noticed in the parliament and civil service in Bangladesh, India, and Nepal, and the judiciary in Bangladesh. Where previous literature has stressed the need for the inclusion of external stakeholders, this volume highlights the importance of the involvement of internal stakeholders. This includes ‘insiders’ such as opposition members and government backbenchers in parliament and specialists in the civil service. The main emphasis is on identifying the extent to which insiders in different institutions have the scope to participate in the governing process. Furthermore, this volume also seeks to assess the implications of inclusiveness/exclusiveness for democratic governance. By exploring the link between inclusiveness and accountability, its contributors are able to draw out the strengths and weaknesses of the existing mechanisms of accountability, particularly social accountability. This innovative collection will appeal to students and scholars of gender and development studies, public policy and administration, international relations, law and political science.
Features chapters that analyze and compare the experiences of Asian countries in carrying out governance reforms. This book tackles such questions as: how common reform packages designed for developed countries are implemented in developing countries? What happens in the reform diffusion process? And what are the obstacles to reform success?
In evaluating democratic development in Asia, the study focuses particularly on the condition of parties and party systems. In relation to economic governance, the idea of a developmental state provides a template against which the practices of individual states are evaluated.
Dissident democratic leaders are exceptional individuals who risk much trying to advance the cause of democracy in authoritarian regimes. This unique and intriguing book employs fine-grained studies of ten dissident leaders in Asia to show their vital role in democratic transformations. The vivid and dramatic accounts of their political struggles reveal how particular institutional, cultural, religious and ethnic conditions affect individual leaders. They also display the powerful challenges, dangers and temptations that dissidents face. One of the most important themes of the book is the way dissident leaders must learn to manage and negotiate the ambiguities and tensions of democratic leadership itself.
This book assesses the extent to which an emphasis on national security and prioritization of state interests has dominated governance policy-making in Northeast and Southeast Asia, at the expense of human security, human development, and human rights. The findings are that in many cases, there are embedded structural obstacles to achieving human-centered governance objectives in the region. These relate to the role of the military, historical authoritarian legacies, and new authoritarian trends. Contributors examine not only the most obvious instances of military domination of governance in the region (North Korea with its “Military First” philosophy, Thailand since the 2014 coup, and Myanmar with its long history of military rule), but also less well known examples of the influence of conflict legacies upon governance in Cambodia, Timor-Leste, and Laos, as well as the emergence of new reservoirs of power and resources for the forces of authoritarianism.
This is Volume 2 of a 3-volume study, Asian Development Experience, which is expected to contribute to research as well as policy-making in Asia and elsewhere. An earlier version of this study was supported by the Japan-ASEAN Solidarity Fund. Governance in Asia Revisited investigates the "missing link", the complicated realities of the relations between governance and development through case studies of ASEAN countries. Its main objective is to explore a theoretical framework to overcome the limitation of mainstream approaches by employing case studies on decentralization, crisis management, corporate governance and foreign aid management of both public and private entities. From the beginning of the 1990s onwards, the international aid community has increasingly stressed that "good governance" together with democracy and protection of basic human rights is indispensable for sustainable economic development. The terms, however, are complex, broad, and vague. They largely refer to discipline of government, institution, capacity of public sector. While a wide variety of empirical studies has been done on the relations between good governance and development, it is still unclear how t