This volume "explores the origins of our Martian obsession in the late nineteenth century" and examines "the way turn-of-the-century Americans and Europeans thought about space, knowledge, and power." The author paints a picture of how "scientists and the public saw [Mars] around the beginning of the 20th century, when canals on the Red Planet seemed a very real possibility." It is a story of mountain observatories, of fieldwork conducted at a distance, and of how Mars's geographers sought social and scientific legitimacy, exploring how astronomy and geography intersected in the debates over the existence of life on Mars.
Over several decades spanning the turn of the twentieth century, Western astronomers' claims about the landscape and climate of Mars spurred widespread scientific and popular interest in the possibility that the red planet might be inhabited by intelligent beings far more advanced than humans. This dissertation challenges traditional interpretations of this episode---as an amusing example of science gone awry---with a critical re-investigation of the production of geographical knowledge about Mars in historical context. Based on extensive archival and documentary research, I offer a new explanation for the power with which the notion of an inhabited Mars gripped scholars and citizens alike, showing that turn-of the century scientific narratives about Mars derived much of their power and popularity from ties with the newly established discipline of geography. At the same time, the dissertation reveals the Mars mania to be integrally connected with the history of geography, suggesting that scientific and popular representations of Martian geography also helped circulate knowledge claims regarding the geography of Earth.
Let’s pretend to be astronauts as we conquer the planets, one at a time. Learn quick facts about planets Mars, Jupiter, Neptune and Saturn. Spot their geographic differences to each other and to Earth. Do you think we can live in the surface of these other planets? Read this book to find out the answer soon!
The atmosphere and climate of Mars is a crucial factor, both for understanding the planet's past and appreciating the possibilities of its future. Given the high level of current interest in Mars, and the major advances afforded by recent space exploration, this book seeks to examine and review our knowledge and understanding of the meteorology and climate of Mars in its present state. This is based not only upon direct observations, but also on the newer techniques of modelling: numerical simulation and data assimilation. This authoritative discussion of Mars' atmosphere and climate gives a balanced review of some of the hottest issues concerning Mars' environments, its present and past climate and potential to support life, and its possible future following manned exploration.
Science fiction - one of the most popular literary, cinematic and televisual genres - has received increasing academic attention in recent years. For many theorists science fiction opens up a space in which the here-and-now can be made strange or remade; where virtual reality and cyborg are no longer gimmicks or predictions, but new spaces and subjects. Lost in space brings together an international collection of authors to explore the diverse geographies of spaceexploring imagination, nature, scale, geopolitics, modernity, time, identity, the body, power relations and the representation of space. The essays explore the writings of a broad selection of writers, including J.G.Ballard, Frank Herbert, Marge Piercy, Kim Stanley Robinson, Mary Shelley and Neal Stephenson, and films from Bladerunner to Dark City, The Fly, The Invisible Man and Metropolis.
Experiments in Reduced Gravity: Sediment Settling on Mars is the first book to be published that reflects experiments conducted on Martian geomorphology in reduced gravity. This brief yet important book on sediment experiments assesses the theoretical and empirical foundation of the models used to analyze the increasing information we have on the past geography on Mars. The book also evaluates the need to develop new methods for analyzing new information by providing a conceptual outline and a case study on how experiments can be used to test current theoretical considerations. The conceptual approach to identifying the need for and role of experiments will be of interest to planetary scientists and geoscientists not necessarily involved with Mars, but those using experiments in their research who can apply the book’s concepts. Includes figures, diagrams, illustrations, and photographs to vividly explore experiments and outcomes in reduced gravity Provides an outline of planned experiments and questions related to Martian geomorphology Features results from the MarsSedEx 1 Experiment in 2012
Cartographic Inscription and Exploration Narrative in Late Victorian Representations of the Red Planet
Author: K. Maria D. Lane
Category: Mars (Planet)
Over two decades spanning the turn of the twentieth century, astronomers' claims about the landscape and climate of Mars spurred widespread scientific and popular interest in the possibility that the red planet might be inhabited. This essay offers a new explanation for the power with which the notion of an inhabited Mars gripped noted scholars and everyday citizens on both sides of the Atlantic. Rather than pointing to a rekindling of age-old philosophical interest in the plurality of worlds, it argues that turn-of-the-century scientific narratives about Mars derived much of their power and popularity from ties with the newly established discipline of geography. From mapmaking to travelogue-style writing, astronomers borrowed powerful representational strategies from the discipline of geography to legitimize their claims about the red planet. In making the link between geographical and astronomical science more explicit, the essay further suggests that turn-of-the-century representations of Mars could be productively recontextualized alongside geographical works produced in the same period.
Precise and continuous tracking with multi-satellite systems of aircraft andlow flying satellites, accurate airborne measurement of gravity and gravity gradients, and satellite gradiometry have fundamentally changed our view on the de- termination of the Earth's gravity field. The papers in this volume describe these techniques in detail. The ideas are presentedas complementary, and are used to develop new theoretical concepts of gravity field analysis. Computatio- nal models using these techniques are also discussed and are tested in simulations. The papers presented in this volume are the result of an IAG symposium held during the XX General Assembly of the Inter- national Union of Geodesy and Geophysics in Vienna, Austria, August 11-24, 1991.
"From the beginning of the universe several human beings come and go from this universe. Human being is the only one living thing ,who is able to think understand and describe. Some human beings explained in Scripts what they have realised on happening all about. Human being have made the script to describe which is lying on the universe. All the invensions and discoveries have made by human being.Now the question is who is the man itself? What is the man? Wha is mean by the word man? What is his object? What is the main purpose of its life?He is the child of one second at his birth then early age, young age married age, mature age comes in its life. he then produces the another child with the help of his male or female friend. What we know about all process? This process is called unconstability. or it is called the uncertainty or variations. So am compelled to produce the idea of Universal Variations.In this little effort I have prepared the law of geographical changes. or it can be said that Geography is not constant. It is variable and it must change its shape time to time.This formula is also lies on the man of Mars Planet. But as per our new search, the Astronomers showed*** about Martian man. Is it clear or their may be some life on Mars Planet. It is the main idea of this book.."
Dynamic Mars: Recent Landscape Evolution of the Red Planet presents the latest developments in understanding the geological history of Mars. Presenting observational data and tightly-linked scientific hypotheses across a broad swath of landscapes, latitudes and geological contexts, as well as an examination of the impact of climate change mitigated by multiple geomorphological agents, the book covers a diverse array of themes and subjects. This highly illustrated book includes data from recent missions, and will be of interest to all levels of research in the geological history of Mars, as well as other terrestrial planets. For years after the first detailed orbital and ground images of Mars were taken, it was thought that the red planet could have been wetter and warmer in its deep past than today. However, as the book demonstrates, the possible involvement of water in recent, if not contemporary, gully-like flows and slope streaks (i.e. recurring slope lineae), as well as the identification of a suite of geomorphological agents (i.e. glacial, periglacial, aeolian, meteorological, volcanic and meteoric) associated with surface and near-surface changes on a local to regional scale, suggest the history of the red planet may be much more dynamic than previously thought. Utilizes observational as well as geological context to examine the geomorphology of Mars and its implications Encompasses a broad spectrum of highly-regarded experts and themes contributing to a comprehensive examination of the geological history of Mars Includes extensive and detailed imagery to illustrate the topics clearly