This important book covers the structure and molecular biology of small round structured viruses (SSRVs) such as caliciviruses and astroviruses, and the basic pathology of infection. It provides readers with the knowledge needed to make progress in the prevention and treatment of these infections. Readers will also find an overview of gastroentitis vaccines, their structure and molecular biology, as well as the basic pathology of infection, epidemiology and surveillance. Provides an interdisciplinary approach, offering contributions from basic and clinical research Discusses the prevention and treatment of regimes Includes an overview of gastroentitis vaccines
A Text for Students of Medicine, Dentistry, and Microbiology
Author: Leslie Collier
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
In almost every area of biomedical research the making of new discoveries and their subsequent application to the relief of suffering proceed at an ever-increasing pace. Virology, perhaps more than any other discipline, is playing a key role in these advances, not only in the study of infections and their treatment and prevention, but also in the unravelling of the most fundamental aspects of biology. This is because viruses have an intimate relationship with the basic machinery of their host cells. Thus, research on how viruses reproduce themselves and spread has given us many insights into the way in which the cells of our bodies function, leading in turn to a better understanding of the whole organism and of how infective diseases may be prevented or cured. The speed of advance in this area has increased the difficulties encountered by students and teachers in absorbing and imparting important information as efficiently as possible. It is important that the students are provided with enough information not just to pass examinations but also to provide a foundation of knowledge adequate for subsequent professional practice. It is equally important that this information is presented in an attractive and easily assimilated manner. In this book Leslie Collier and John Oxford present a delightfully written account of basic and clinical virology that meets both of these requirements. Richly illustrated with over 130 line drawings and photographs, Human virology provides a complete review of this rapidly expanding field of biology for medical, dental, and microbiology students.
Viruses are increasingly recognised as the cause of acute gastroenteritis in man, particularly in children. This book provides overviews and updates on current issues relating to basic research, clinical diagnosis, immunology, epidemiology, treatment and prevention of infections with gastroenteritis viruses. Data are presented and interpreted by leading research groups in 33 chapters spread over 6 sections. The book will be of interest to virologists, gut physiologists, immunologists, epidemiologists, vaccinologists, paediatricians and physicians (infectious diseases), and public health physicians. It will also capture the interests of medical and natural science students and postdoctoral scientists at various levels of their careers.
This Special Issue contains one review and five original articles, all of which address cutting-edge research in the field of water and environmental virology. The review article by Gerba and Betancourt summarizes the current status and future needs for the development of virus detection methods in water reuse systems, especially focusing on methods to assess the infectivity of enteric viruses. Original papers cover a variety of research topics, such as an environmental monitoring survey of group A rotaviruses in sewage and oysters in Japan, the occurrence and genetic diversity of noroviruses and rotaviruses in a wastewater reclamation system in China, the detection of viruses and their indicators in tanker water and its sources in Nepal, integrated culture next-generation sequencing to identify the diversity of F-specific RNA coliphages in wastewater, and the development of a portable collection and detection method for viruses from ambient air and its application to a wastewater treatment plant.
Volume II: Viruses, Parasites, Pathogens, and HACCP
Author: Y. H. Hui
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
A study of foodborne disease, focusing on viruses, parasites, pathogens and HACCP. This second edition contains new chapters on the role of US poison centres in viral exposures, detection of human enteric viruses in foods, environmental consideration in preventing foodborne spread of hepatitis A, seafood parasites, HACCP principles and control programmes for foodservice operations, and more.
Viral Gastroenteritis: Molecular Epidemiology and Pathogenesis provides a comprehensive review of research on viruses causing acute gastroenteritis in infants and young children, including coverage of rotaviruses, human caliciviruses, astroviruses, enteric adenoviruses, and viruses causing gastroenteritis more rarely. Includes general chapters on gastrointestinal physiology and pathophysiology, gastrointestinal immune mechanisms, immunodeficiencies and host genetics influencing susceptibility to viral gastroenteritis, and therapeutic and preventative approaches. The book also includes special sections on virus particle structures, replication cycles, pathogenesis, immunology, epidemiology, and preventative measures. This book covers both basic science and translational applications and is an appropriate resource for virologists, molecular biologists, epidemiologists, gastroenterologists, vaccinologists, and those with an interest in public health. Features new approaches in diagnosis and characterization of viral gastroenteritis pathogens Includes coverage of therapeutic and preventative methods Covers recent advances in characterizing the molecular biology and immune responses of rotaviruses and noroviruses Covers both basic science and translational applications and is an appropriate resource for virologists, molecular biologists, epidemiologists, gastroenterologists, vaccinologists, and those with an interest in public health
Effective control of pathogens continues to be of great importance to the food industry. The first edition of Foodborne pathogens quickly established itself as an essential guide for all those involved in the management of microbiological hazards at any stage in the food production chain. This major edition strengthens that reputation, with extensively revised and expanded coverage, including more than ten new chapters. Part one focuses on risk assessment and management in the food chain. Opening chapters review the important topics of pathogen detection, microbial modelling and the risk assessment procedure. Four new chapters on pathogen control in primary production follow, reflecting the increased interest in safety management early in the food chain. The fundamental issues of hygienic design and sanitation are also covered in more depth in two extra chapters. Contributions on safe process design and operation, HACCP and good food handling practice complete the section. Parts two and three then review the management of key bacterial and non-bacterial foodborne pathogens. A new article on preservation principles and technologies provides the context for following chapters, which discuss pathogen characteristics, detection methods and control procedures, maintaining a practical focus. There is expanded coverage of non-bacterial agents, with dedicated chapters on gastroenteritis viruses, hepatitis viruses and emerging viruses and foodborne helminth infections among others. The second edition of Foodborne pathogens: hazards, risk analysis and control is an essential and authoritative guide to successful pathogen control in the food industry. Strengthens the highly successful first edition of Foodborne pathogens with extensively revised and expanded coverage Discusses risk assessment and management in the food chain. New chapters address pathogen control, hygiene design and HACCP Addresses preservation principles and technologies focussing on pathogen characteristics, detection methods and control procedures