This book addresses herbicides and their use as an important aspect of modern weed management and strives to place them in an ecological framework. Many weed scientists believe agriculture is a continuing struggle with weeds--without good weed control, good and profitable agriculture is impossible. Each agricultural discipline sees itself as central to agriculture's success and continued progress, and weed science is no exception. While not denying the importance of weed management to successful agriculture, this book places it in a larger ecological context. The roles of culture, economics, and politics in weed management are also discussed, enabling scientists and students to understand the larger effects on society. Information on New herbicides included, along with the old herbicides that are important for understanding the history New section on weed resistance to herbicides and genetic engineering New information on invasive plants Expanded chapters on Biological Control, Pesticide Legislation and Regulation, Weed Management Systems, and more Instructor resources can be found at http://textbooks.elsevier.com/web/Login.aspx, and it is password protected. Please contact your sales representative at [email protected] for access to the instructor resources. The insturctor site consists of chapter questions, essay questions, an exam and images from the book
Fundamentals of Weed Science provides an introduction to the basic principles of weed science for undergraduate courses. It discusses several aspects of weed biology and control, and traces the history of herbicide development. The book begins with an introduction to weeds, covering their definition, characteristics, harmful aspects, and the cost of weed control. This is followed chapters on weed classification, the uses of weeds, weed biology, weed ecology, allelopathy, the significance of plant competition, weed management and control methods, and biological weed control. Later chapters deal with herbicidesthe most important weed control tools and the ones with the greatest potential for untoward effects. Students of weed science must understand herbicides and the factors governing their use as well as the potential for misuse. These chapters discuss chemical weed control, the properties and uses of herbicides, factors affecting herbicide performance, herbicide application, herbicide formulation, ecological impact of herbicides, pesticide registration and legislation, weed management systems, and the future of weed science.
The topics covered in this Second Edition include the characteristics of weeds, weed reproduction and dispersal, weed ecology, allelopathy, plant competition, various means of controlling weeds, and weed management systems. This book discusses new developments in weed science and relevant aspects of the science's historical development. It focuses on weed biology and ecology along with the use of herbicides and chemical weed control. Key Features * Provides in-depth coverage of weed ecology * Contains comprehensive discussion of weed-crop competition * Covers allelopathy in greater depth than most weed science texts * Develops the concepts of weed management systems * Is the only text with a chapter on uses of weeds * Has an ecological focus rather than a chemical herbicide focus
This work provides the fundamental information necessary for the development of weed management strategies for all the major US crops using concepts that can be applied worldwide. Weed management systems are provided for cotton, peanut, soybean, wheat, barley, oat, sorghum, rice, fruits, nut crops, and more. The dynamics involved in creating the best management approaches for specific types of crops are explained.
A comprehensive reference-cum-textbook on fundamentals and principles of weed science. Includes updated information on newer approaches (ecophysiological and biological) in weed management, newer herbicides, bioherbicides, herbicide action mechanisms and transformations in plants, herbicide persistence and behaviour in soil and environment, and interaction of herbicide with other aerochemicals.
Weeds remain a major obstacle to improved yields in agriculture. At the same time, established methods of control are being undermined by problems such as herbicide resistance. This major collection reviews key developments in integrated weed management (IWM) to manage weeds more sustainably.
What are the goals of agricultural science? What should the goals of agricultural science be? How do and how should the practitioners of agriculture address complex ethical questions? These questions are explored in this monumental book so that those in agriculture will begin an open dialoge on the ethics of agriculture. Discussion of foundational values, of why we practice agriculture as we do, should become a central, rather than peripheral, part of agricultural practice and education. If agricultural scientists do not venture forth to understand and shape the ethical base of the future, it will be imposed by others. Largely autobiographical, this book covers topics such as scientific truth and myth, what agricultural research should be done, an introduction to ethics, moral confidence in agriculture, the relevance of ethics to agriculture, sustainability, and biotechnology. Written by an expert who has been engaged in agricultural education and research for over 35 years Content is easily understandable by non-philosophers The concepts of scientific truth and myth are contrasted and compared Chapter sidebars highlight important concepts and can be used to engage students in further discussion
It is important that scientists think about and know their history - where they came from, what they have accomplished, and how these may affect the future. Weed scientists, similar to scientists in many technological disciplines, have not sought historical reflection. The technological world asks for results and for progress. Achievement is important not, in general, the road that leads to achievement. What was new yesterday is routine today, and what is described as revolutionary today may be considered antiquated tomorrow. Weed science has been strongly influenced by technology developed by supporting industries, subsequently employed in research and, ultimately, used by farmers and crop growers. The science has focused on results and progress. Scientists have been--and the majority remain--problem solvers whose solutions have evolved as rapidly as have the new weed problems needing solutions. In a more formal sense, weed scientists have been adherents of the instrumental ideology of modern science. That is an analysis of their work, and their orientation reveals the strong emphasis on practical, useful knowledge; on know how. The opposite, and frequently complementary orientation, that has been missing from weed science is an emphasis on contemplative knowledge; that is, knowing why. This book expands on and analyzes how these orientations have affected weed science’s development. The first analytical history of weed science to be written Compares the development of weed science, entomology and plant pathology Identifies the primary founders of weed science and describes their role
Allelopathy in rice; Allelopathic activity in rice for controlling major aquatic weeds; Weed management using allelopathic rice varieties in Egypt; Rice allelopathy research in Korea; Using and improving laboratory bioassays in rice allelopathy research; Incorporating the allelopathy trait in upland rice breeding programs; What are allelochemicals?; Searching for allelochemicals in rice that control ducksalad; Adaptive autointoxication mechanisms in rice; Allelopathic strategies for weed management in the rice-wheat rotation in northwestern India; Allelopathic effect of Lantana camara on rice and associated weeds under the midhill conditions of Himachal Pradesh, India; Potential of allelopathy for weed management in wet-seede rice cultivation in Sri Lanka; Allelopathic effects of gooseweed extracts on growth of weed seedlings.