Fundamentals of Radiation and Chemical Safety

Author: Ilya Obodovskiy

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 264

View: 709

Fundamentals of Radiation and Chemical Safety covers the effects and mechanisms involved in radiation and chemical exposure on humans. The mechanisms and effects of these damaging factors have many aspects in common, as do their research methodology and the methods used for data processing. In many cases of these types of exposures the same final effect can also be noted: Cancer. Low doses of radiation and small doses of chemical exposure are continuously active and they could influence the entire population. The analysis of these two main source hazards on the lives of the human population is covered here for the first time in a single volume determining and demonstrating their common basis. Fundamentals of Radiation and Chemical Safety includes the necessary knowledge from nuclear physics, chemistry and biology, as well the methods of processing the experimental results. This title focuses on the effects of low radiation dosage and chemical hormesis as well as the hazards associated with, and safety precautions in radiation and chemicals, rather than the more commonly noted safety issues high level emergencies and disasters of this type. Brings together, for the first time, the problems of radiation and chemical safety on a common biophysical basis. Relates hazards caused by ionizing radiation and chemicals and discusses the common effective mechanisms Outlines common methodology and data processing between radiation and regular chemical hazards Concerns primarily with low levels of radiation and chemical exposure

Radiation

Fundamentals, Applications, Risks, and Safety

Author: Ilya Obodovskiy

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 720

View: 183

The author is ready to assert that practically none of the readers of this book will ever happen to deal with large doses of radiation. But the author, without a shadow of a doubt, claims that any readers of this book, regardless of gender, age, financial situation, type of professional activity, and habits, are actually exposed to low doses of radiation throughout their life. This book is devoted to the effect of small doses on the body. To understand the basic effects of radiation on humans, the book contains the necessary information from an atomic, molecular and nuclear physics, as well as from biochemistry and biology. Special attention is paid to the issues that are either not considered or discussed very briefly in existing literature. Examples include the ionization of inner atomic shells that play an essential role in radiological processes, and the questions of transformation of the energy of ionizing radiation in matter. The benefits of ionizing radiation to mankind is reflected in a wide range of radiation technologies used in science, industry, agriculture, culture, art, forensics, and, what is the most important application, medicine. Radiation: Fundamentals, Applications, Risks and Safety provides information on the use of radiation in modern life, its usefulness and indispensability. Experiments on the effects of small doses on bacteria, fungi, algae, insects, plants and animals are described. Human medical experiments are inhuman and ethically flawed. However, during the familiarity of mankind with ionizing radiation, a large number of population groups were subject to accumulation, exposed to radiation at doses of small but exceeding the natural background radiation. This book analyzes existing, real-life radiation results from survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Chernobyl and Fukushima, and examines studies of radiation effect on patients, radiologists, crews of long-distant flights and astronauts, on miners of uranium copies, on workers of nuclear industry and on militaries, exposed to ionizing radiation on a professional basis, and on the population of the various countries receiving environmental exposure. The author hopes that this book can mitigate the impact of radiation phobia, which prevails in the public consciousness over the last half century. Explores the science of radiation and the effects of radiation technologies and biological processes Analyzes the elementary processes of ionization and excitation Summarizes information about inner shells ionization and its impact on matter and biological structures Discusses quantum concepts in biology and clarifies the importance of epigenetics in radiological processes Includes case studies focusing on humans irradiated by low doses of radiation and its effects

Fundamentals of Process Safety

Author: Victor Christopher Marshall

Publisher: IChemE

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 298

View: 202

This text - primarily aimed at students of the fundamentals for process safety - presents the fundamentals of process safety in such a form those students, who typically lack such prior knowledge and experience, will fully understand and absorb the subject. The knowledge is presented in a coherent, integrated, academic framework, which is founded in fundamental science, especially in the disciplines of physics and chemistry. The text should help students find the subject more amenable to systematic study and more clearly related to other subjects covered in their curriculum. The information has been used in the teaching of a Process Safety module to undergraduate students of chemical engineering at the University of Bradford.

Fundamentals of Radiation Chemistry

Author: A. Mozumder

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 254

This book describes the physical and chemical effects of radiation interaction with matter. Beginning with the physical basis for the absorption of charged particle radiations, Fundamentals of Radiation Chemistry provides a systematic account of the formation of products, including the nature and properties of intermediate species. Developed from first principles, the coverage of fundamentals and applications will appeal to an interdisciplinary audience of radiation physicists and radiation biologists. Only an undergraduate background in chemistry and physics is assumed as a prerequisite for the understanding of applications in research and industry. Provides a working knowledge of radiation effects for students and non-experts Stresses the role of the electron both as a radiation and as a reactant species Contains clear diagrams of track models Includes a chapter on applications Written by an expert with more than thirty years of experience in a premiere research laboratory Culled from the author's painstaking research of journals and other publications over several decades

Laboratory Safety for Chemistry Students

Author: Robert H. Hill, Jr.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 858

Safety culture -- Preparing for emergency response -- Understanding and communicating laboratory hazards -- Recognizing laboratory hazards : toxic substances and biological agents -- Recognizing laboratory hazards : physical hazards -- Risk assessment -- Minimizing the risks from hazards -- Chemical management : inspections, storage, wastes, and security

Fundamentals of Process Safety Engineering

Author: Samarendra Kumar Biswas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 498

View: 252

This textbook covers the essential aspects of process safety engineering in a practical and comprehensive manner. It provides readers with an understanding of process safety hazards in the refining and petrochemical industries and how to manage them in a reliable and professional manner. It covers the most important concepts: static electricity, intensity of thermal radiation, thermodynamics of fluid phase equilibria, boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion (BLEVE), emission source models, hazard identification methods, risk control and methods for achieving manufacturing excellence while also focusing on safety. Extensive case studies are included. Aimed at senior undergraduate and graduate chemical engineering students and practicing engineers, this book covers process safety principles and engineering practice authoritatively, with comprehensive examples: • Fundamentals, methods, and procedures for the industrial practice of process safety engineering. • The thermodynamic fundamentals and computational methods for release rates from ruptures in pipelines, vessels, and relief valves. • Fundamentals of static electricity hazards and their mitigation. • Quantitative assessment of fires and explosions. • Principles of dispersion calculations for toxic or flammable gases and vapors. • Methods of qualitative and quantitative risk assessment and control.

Health and Environmental Risk Analysis

Fundamentals with Applications

Author: Joseph F. Louvar

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 678

View: 126

This is the first book to bring together comprehensive resources for understanding, eliminating and mitigating industrial risks, especially those associated with chemical production. A detailed understanding of risk analysis is essential in an era where governments and companies are increasingly aware of their health, safety and environmental responsibilities, yet resources are limited. This book covers all the fundamental concepts of risk analysis and ties them together with OSHA Process Safety Management and EPA Risk Management regulations. Using many examples and illustrations, it thoroughly reviews topics like: process descriptions, hazard identification, source models, fault tree analysis, consequence analysis, exposure assessment, and radiation risk assessment. There is also detailed coverage of the relationship between risk analysis and ISO 14000 standards. For: professional environmental safety, health and R&D professionals in government, communities, and chemical companies; or at storage and transportation facilities. Also for advanced students in risk analysis.

Fundamentals of U.S. Health Care

An Introduction for Health Professionals

Author: Jahangir Moini

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 472

View: 220

All health care students must be familiar with the basic concepts of health care in the United States. This introductory textbook presents vital information on health care careers and legal, ethical, financial, and policy issues that will help their future practice. It includes chapters on: careers in the health care profession; the complexity of health care; the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; professionalism in health; health care for special populations; the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards; research and advancements in health care; the future of health care. Fundamentals of U.S. Health Care is unique in the way it highlights the important elements of each health career, including job requirements, length of study, and salaries. With the student in mind, this book is accompanied by a website that features detailed PowerPoints and test banks with more than 1,000 review questions. Well-organized and easily understood, this overview provides a reliable, relevant resource and up-to-date reference. It is essential reading for all allied health students, including nurses, surgical technicians, dental hygienists, radiology technicians, medical assistants, pharmacy technicians, physician assistants, and more.

Hazardous Chemicals Handbook

Author: P A CARSON

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 640

View: 126

The authors' aim with this handbook, is to provide a rapid ready-reference to help in the often complex task of handling, using and disposing of chemicals safely and with minimum risk to people's health or damage to facilities or to the environment. The book provides look-up data, and concise, clear explanations of general chemical principles, physiochemical and reactive properties, toxicities and exposure limits, flammability characteristics, monitoring techniques, personal protection and other parameters and requirements relating to compliance with designated safe practice, control of risks to people's health and limitation of environmental impact. Over 600 pages of valuable reference materialIncludes information on physiochemical and reactive properties, toxicities and exposure limits, flammability characteristics, monitoring techniques, personal protection and other parameters and requirements relating to complianceSummarizes core information for quick reference in the workplace or in transit