For more than five decades, Fundamentals of Private Pensions has been the most authoritative text and reference book on retirement plans in the United States. The 9th edition is completely updated and reflects recent developments in retirement plans, including the passage of the US Pension Protection Act of 2006 (PPA).
This thoroughly revised, updated, and expanded edition includes all-new perspectives on mechanisms for delivering retirement income. Those seeking an understanding of the ways pensions influence corporate, employee, and national well-being must consult the classic yet timely reference.
Addresses separable pension issues. Section I overviews the regulatory environment. Section II investigates various forms of retirement plans and their structures in practical terms. Section III focuses on the economics of pensions and includes discussion of the literature. Section IV explores funding and accounting aspects. Section V examines the handling of assets and their valuation, and insurance provisions. This seventh edition contains new material on tax and human resource incentives in defined benefit and defined contribution programs. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
For almost five decades, Fundamentals of Private Pensions has been the most authoritative text and reference book on private pensions in the world. The revised and updated Eighth Edition adds to past knowledge while providing exciting new perspectives on the provision of retirement income. This new edition is organized into six main sections dealing with a variety of separable pension issues. Section I provides an introductory discussion on the historical evolution of the pension movement and how pensions fit into the patchwork of the whole retirement income security system in the United States. It includes a discussion about the economics of the tax incentives that have played a role in stimulating pension offerings and in the structure of the benefits provided. Section 2 lays out the regulatory environment in which private pension plans operate. Section 3 investigates the various forms of retirement plans that are available to workers to determine how they are structured in practical terms. Section 4 focuses on the economics of pensions. Several of the chapters in this section update and refine material from the prior. New chapters in this volume describe the conversion of some traditional pensions to new hybrid forms, including cash balance and pension equity plans, and the growing phenomenon of phased retirement and the issues raised for employer-sponsored pensions. Section 5 explores the funding and accounting environments in which private employer-sponsored retirement plans operate. The concluding section investigates the handling of assets in employer-sponsored plans and their valuation as well as the insurance provision behind the benefit promises implied by the plans. This latest edition of Fundamentals of Private Pensions will prove invaluable reading for both academics and professionals working in the area of pensions and pension management.
Countries around the world are increasingly relying on individual pension savings accounts to provide income in old age for their citizens. Although these funds have now been in place for several decades, their performance is usually measured using methods that are not meaningful in relation to this long-term objective. The recent global financial crisis has highlighted the need to develop better performance evaluation methods that are consistent with the retirement income objective of pension funds. Compiling research derived from a partnership among the World Bank, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and three private partners, 'Evaluating the Financial Performance of Pension Funds' discusses the theoretical basis and key implementation issues related to the design of performance benchmarks based on life-cycle savings and investment principles. The book begins with an evaluation of the financial performance of funded pension systems using the standard mean variance framework. It then provides a discussion of the limitations inherent to applying these methods to pension funds and outlines the many other issues that should be addressed in developing more useful and meaningful performance measures through the formulation of pension-specific benchmark portfolios. Practical implementation issues are addressed through empirical examples of how such benchmarks could be developed. The book concludes with commentary and observations from several noted pension experts about the need for a new approach to performance measurement and the impact of the recent global financial crisis on pension funds.
The private pension system, together with Social Security, has provided millions of Americans with income security in retirement. But over the past thirty years, pension coverage has stagnated, leaving behind some vulnerable groups. Defined contribution plans have exposed workers to greater investment risk, while cash balance and other hybrid plans may have adverse effects on older workers caught in the transition. Pension regulations, infamous for their complexity, can be bewildering to policy analysts and policymakers. Private Pensions and Public Policies sheds timely and much-needed light on specific issues within the broader context and framework of pension reform. Contributors focus on topics that must be addressed in any reform effort, including the effects of the shift in emphasis toward defined contribution plans (after the 1974 Employee Retirement Income and Security Act) and hybrid plans (from the 1990s); regulatory issues such as nondiscrimination rules and contribution limits; how to increase the information available to participants and improve financial education; how participants in defined contribution plans make choices on questions such as asset allocation, back-loaded versus front-loaded saving, and annuities versus lump sum distributions; and the interaction of the private pension system with Social Security. Contributors include Robert L. Clark (North Carolina State University), Sylvester J. Schieber (Watson Wyatt Worldwide), Richard A. Ippolito (George Mason University School of Law), Alan L. Gustman (Dartmouth College), Thomas L. Steinmeier (Texas Tech University), John Karl Scholz (University of Wisconsin), Dean M. Maki, (JPMorgan Chase), William Even (Miami University of Ohio), Jagadeesh Gokhale (American Enterprise Institute), Laurence J. Kotlikoff (Boston University), Mark J. Warshawsky (TIAA-CREF Institute), Annika Sunden (Boston College), Andrew A. Samwick (Dartmouth College), David A. Wise (Harvard University), Joel Dickson (The Vanguard Group), Peter Merrill (PriceWaterhouseCoopers), Kent Smetters (Wharton School), Yuewu Xu (TIAA-CREF Institute), Janemarie Mulvey (Watson Wyatt Worldwide), Peter Orszag (Sebago Associates, Inc.), James M. Poterba (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), John B. Shoven (Stanford University), Clemens Sialm (University of Michigan), Leslie E. Papke (Michigan State University), Jeffrey R. Brown (Harvard University), and Michael Hurd (RAND Corporation).
A text that quantifies and provides new or improved actuarial notation for long recognized pension cost concepts and procedures and, in certain areas, develops new insights and techniques. With the exception of the first few chapters, the text is a virtual rewrite of the first edition of 1977. Among the major additions are chapters on statutory funding requirements, pension accounting, funding policy analysis, asset allocation, and retiree health benefits.
Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: This thesis gives in chapter A an understanding of the relevance of corporate and private pension plans for the U.S. work force. Chapter B examines the regulatory environment of qualified pension plans, the tax treatment of transactions on the employer and employee side and the multitudinous pension plan qualification standards. The main part of this thesis, chapter C, navigates the reader through basic plan types in the private sector including employer-sponsored plans and individual retirement arrangements. Chapter D deals critically with the opportunities and risks as a result of the structural shift in the retirement plan landscape from defined benefit to defined contribution plans in general, and to 401(k) plans in particular. Further, it gives a forecast on pension shortfalls for future retirees according to recent studies of governmental and private institutions and captures the impact of the current financial crisis on plan funds and the reactions of plan participants thereon. Inhaltsverzeichnis:Table of Contents: List of TablesVII List of AbbreviationsIX A)Introduction1 I.Brief History of Pension Plans in the United States1 II.Relevance of Pension Plans for the American Population3 1)Tax Advantages for Employers3 2)Income Security for Employees4 3)Supplemental of Social Security System5 4)Prevalence of Corporate Pension Plans8 (a)Sponsoring and Participation Level by Work Group8 (b)Sponsoring and Participation Level by Plan Type9 (c)Pension and Annuity Income Levels10 5)Relevance of Individual Retirement Arrangements11 6)Influence on Financial Markets12 7)Further Areas of Pension Coverage14 (a)Self-employed Individuals14 (b)Unions as Co-founder of Pension Plan Trusts15 iMultiemployer Plans15 iiMultiple Employer Plans15 iiiSingle Employer Plans16 (c)Governmental Employees16 B)Regulatory Environment of Retirement Plans18 I.Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 197418 II.Trusts19 1)Pension Trust Triangle19 2)Tax Exemption of Trusts20 3)Prudent Man Rule20 4)Funding20 5)Legal Force and Creditor Protection21 6)ERISA vs. State Law21 III.Systematic Segmentation22 IV.Tax Regulations for Qualified Retirement Plans23 1)An Overview of the Current Tax System23 2)Tax Treatment of Transactions24 (a)Contributions24 iEmployee Contributions24 iiEmployer Contributions25 (b)Distributions26 iAveraging Method for Lump Sum Distributions26 iiTax Deferrals on Net Unrealized Appreciation in [...]
Pension fund members across OECD countries have seen the loss or reduction of pension benefits in recent years. This has been associated with declining assets and increasing liabilities, with accounting and regulation changes crystallising these ...