Exploring the Gap Between Expert Advice and Individual Behaviour
Author: P.S. Belton
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
There is widespread concern amongst consumers about the safety and acceptability of food, and there are clearly communication gaps between consumers, many food professionals and food industry. This book offers accounts of the two-way nature of this difficult communication process and steps that can be made to bridge these communication gaps in a variety of social and cultural environments. Individual chapters of the book analyze the roles of science, culture, and risk perception, and of mass media and attitudes towards eating. An additional section describes the interface between scientists and lay people with regard to policy-making and agricultural practice.
In addition, there is a completely new section which includes safety and sanitation as well as laboratory exercises in sensory, microbiological, and chemical quality tests, and processing methods for a variety of the foods described in previous chapters. Designed to be used by students that may not have an extensive background in the sciences, this outstanding text does not, however, avoid coverage of complex elements of food science; rather it explains them in a way that facilitates their understanding.
The food industry is now entering a transition age, as scientific advancements and technological innovations restructure what people eat and how people think about food. Food Tech Transitions provides a critical analysis of food technology and its impact, including the disruption potential of production and consumption logic, nutrition patterns, agronomic practices, and the human, environmental and animal ethics that are associated with technological change. This book is designed to integrate knowledge about food technology within the social sciences and a wider social perspective. Starting with an overview of the technological and ecological changes currently shaping the food industry and society at large, authors tackle recent advancements in food processing, preserving, distributing and meal creation through the lens of wider social issues. Section 1 provides an overview of the changes in the industry and its (often uneven) advancements, as well as related social, ecological and political issues. Section 2 addresses the more subtle sociological questions around production and consumption through case-studies. Section 3 embraces a more agronomic and wider agricultural perspective, questioning the suitability and adaptation of existing plants and resources for novel food technologies. Section 4 investigates nutrition-related issues stemming from altered dietary patterns. Finally, Section 5 addresses ethical questions related to food technology and the sustainability imperative in its tripartite form (social, environmental and economic). The editors have designed the book as an interdisciplinary tool for academics and policymakers working in the food sciences and agronomy, as well as other related disciplines.
Containing a selection of papers presented at an international conference, this volume reviews the need for increased training in the food industry in order to bridge the gap between standards in Eastern and Western Europe and the USA. Higher education is discussed, including the training of food technicians. European initiatives such as ERASMUS and Network are also described. The text includes coverage of the importance of international trade and consumer protection acts, including a description of the needs of various groups and future developments.
Based on the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on the Applications of Magnetic Resonance in Food Science presenting the latest innovations in magnetic resonance and in particular new applications to understanding the functionality of foods, their processing and stability and their impact on health, perception and behaviour. ?
Food and Society provides a broad spectrum of information to help readers understand how the food industry has evolved from the 20th century to present. It includes information anyone would need to prepare for the future of the food industry, including discussions on the drivers that have, and may, affect food supplies. From a historical perspective, readers will learn about past and present challenges in food trends, nutrition, genetically modified organisms, food security, organic foods, and more. The book offers different perspectives on solutions that have worked in the past, while also helping to anticipate future outcomes in the food supply. Professionals in the food industry, including food scientists, food engineers, nutritionists and agriculturalists will find the information comprehensive and interesting. In addition, the book could even be used as the basis for the development of course materials for educators who need to prepare students entering the food industry. Includes hot topics in food science, such as GMOs, modern agricultural practices and food waste Reviews the role of food in society, from consumption, to politics, economics and social trends Encompasses food safety, security and public health Discusses changing global trends in food preferences
Who can deny the significance of food? It has a central role in our health and pleasure as well as in our economy, politics and culture. Food in Society provides a social science perspective on food systems and demonstrates the rich variety of disciplinary and theoretical contexts of food studies. While hunger and malnutrition remain a reality in many countries, for some food has become an experience rather than a sustenance. This book addresses the different worldwide understandings of food through thematic chapters and a wide range of material including: description of the political economy of the food chain, from production to the point of sale; analysis of global issues of supply and demand; critical debate of environmental and health aspects of food, including GM food, the role of habits, taboos, age and gender in food consumption. Each chapter contains a guide to further reading and to websites of relevance to food. Extensively illustrated, this book is essential reading for students of food studies in the social sciences and humanities.
Far more than a simple update and revision, the Handbook of Food Spoilage Yeasts, Second Edition extends and restructures its scope and content to include important advances in the knowledge of microbial ecology, molecular biology, metabolic activity, and strategy for the prohibition and elimination of food borne yeasts. The author incorporates new insights in taxonomy and phylogeny, detection and identification, and the physiological and genetic background of yeast stress responses, and introduces novel and improved processing, packaging, and storage technologies. Including 30 new tables, 40 new figures, 20 percent more species, and more than 2000 references, this second edition provides an unparalleled overview of spoilage yeasts, delivering comprehensive coverage of the biodiversity and ecology of yeasts in a wide variety food types and commodities. Beginning with photographic examples of morphological and phenotypic characteristics, the book considers changes in taxonomy and outlines ecological factors with new sections on biofilms and interactions. It examines the yeast lifecycle, emphasizing kinetics and predictive modeling as well as stress responses; describes the regulation of metabolic activities; and looks at traditional and alternative methods for the inhibition and inactivation of yeasts. The book introduces molecular techniques for identification, enumeration, and detection and points to future developments in these areas. An entirely new chapter explores novel industrial applications of yeasts in food fermentation and biotechnology. Providing a practical guide to understanding the ecological factors governing the activities of food borne yeasts, Handbook of Food Spoilage Yeasts, Second Edition lays the foundation for improved processing technologies and more effective preservation and fermentation of food and beverage products.
With the world’s growing population, the provision of a safe, nutritious and wholesome food supply for all has become a major challenge. To achieve this, effective risk management based on sound science and unbiased information is required by all stakeholders, including the food industry, governments and consumers themselves. In addition, the globalization of the food supply requires the harmonization of policies and standards based on a common understanding of food safety among authorities in countries around the world. With some 280 chapters, the Encyclopedia of Food Safety provides unbiased and concise overviews which form in total a comprehensive coverage of a broad range of food safety topics, which may be grouped under the following general categories: History and basic sciences that support food safety; Foodborne diseases, including surveillance and investigation; Foodborne hazards, including microbiological and chemical agents; Substances added to food, both directly and indirectly; Food technologies, including the latest developments; Food commodities, including their potential hazards and controls; Food safety management systems, including their elements and the roles of stakeholders. The Encyclopedia provides a platform for experts from the field of food safety and related fields, such as nutrition, food science and technology and environment to share and learn from state-of-the art expertise with the rest of the food safety community. Assembled with the objective of facilitating the work of those working in the field of food safety and related fields, such as nutrition, food science and technology and environment - this work covers the entire spectrum of food safety topics into one comprehensive reference work The Editors have made every effort to ensure that this work meets strict quality and pedagogical thresholds such as: contributions by the foremost authorities in their fields; unbiased and concise overviews on a multitude of food safety subjects; references for further information, and specialized and general definitions for food safety terminology In maintaining confidence in the safety of the food supply, sound scientific information is key to effectively and efficiently assessing, managing and communicating on food safety risks. Yet, professionals and other specialists working in this multidisciplinary field are finding it increasingly difficult to keep up with developments outside their immediate areas of expertise. This single source of concise, reliable and authoritative information on food safety has, more than ever, become a necessity
Publisher: Kingston, Ont. : Published for the School of Policy Studies, Queen's University by McGill-Queen's University Press
Category: Business & Economics
This timely collection of essays addresses the international challenges posed by food safety and governance of the food system. Food safety is now an explosive political issue, from the threat of mad cow disease to worries about genetically modified corn. States face novel regulatory difficulties in reconciling science, safety, and trade with heightened consumer fears. Governing food creates friction in transatlantic relations, complicates Britain's relations with its EU partners, and poses challenges to Canada's relations with the United States. The essays in Governing Food, written by distinguished public officials, academics, and industry and civil society commentators, examine the three pillars of food safety – science, regulation and industry – to highlight the pressures on government. Contributors include Charles Cockbill, chairman of the European Food Law Association of the UK; Neville Craddock, group regulatory affairs manager, Nestle UK; Lorne Hepworth, president, Crop Protection Institute (Canada); Catherine Humphries, director of Scientific Services, Co-operative Wholesale Society (UK); Anne A. MacKenzie, associate vice-president of Science Evaluation, Canadian Food Inspection Agency; Peter Phillips, University of Saskatchewan; Robert Wolfe, Queen's University; William Leiss, president, Royal Society of Canada.
Chemistry, Nutrition, and Biotechnology, Third Edition
Author: David B. Min
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Maintaining the high standards that made the previous editions such well-respected and widely used references, Food Lipids: Chemistry, Nutrition, and Biotechnology, Third Edition tightens its focus to emphasize lipids from the point of entry into the food supply and highlights recent findings regarding antioxidants and lipid oxidation. Always representative of the current state of lipid science, this edition provides four new chapters reflecting the latest advances in antioxidant research. New chapters include: Polyunsaturated Lipid Oxidation in Aqueous Systems, Tocopherol Stability and the Prooxidant Mechanisms of Oxidized Tocopherols in Lipids, Effects and Mechanisms of Minor Compounds in Oil on Lipid Oxidation, and Total Antioxidant Evaluation and Synergism. The most comprehensive and relevant treatment of food lipids available, this book highlights the role of dietary fats in foods, human health, and disease. Divided into five parts, it begins with the chemistry and properties of food lipids covering nomenclature and classification, extraction and analysis, and chemistry and function. Part II addresses processing techniques including recovery, refining, converting, and stabilizing, as well as chemical interesterification. The third Part has been renamed and expanded to honor the growing data on oxidation and antioxidants. Part IV explores the myriad interactions of lipids in nutrition and health with information on heart disease, obesity, and cancer, and Part V continues with contributions on biotechnology and biochemistry including a chapter on the genetic engineering of crops that produce vegetable oil. Revised and updated with new information and references throughout the text, this third edition of a bestselling industry standard once again draws on the contributions of leading international experts to establish the latest benchmark in the field and provide the platform from which to further advance lipid science.
The new science of nutrigenomics and its ethical and societal challenges Gene-diet interactions--which underlie relatively benign lactose intolerance to life-threatening conditions such as cardiovascular disease--have long been known. But until now, scientists lacked the tools to fully understand the underlying mechanisms that cause these conditions. In recent years, however, strides in human genomics and the nutritional sciences have allowed for the advancement of a new science--dubbed nutrigenomics. Although this science may lead to personalized nutrition and dietary recommendations that can mitigate, prevent, or cure sickness, current oversight mechanisms and regulations for emerging direct-to-public nutrigenomic tests are still in their infancy. Science, Society, and the Supermarket: The Opportunities and Challenges of Nutrigenomics discusses the many ethical, legal, and social challenges presented by nutrigenomics. Concerning itself with the basic uses of nutrigenomic research as well as its clinical and commercial aspects, this text sheds light on such issues as: * Opportunities and challenges for nutrigenomics * The science of nutrigenomics * The ethics of nutrigenomic tests and information both in a clinical setting and by private third parties * Alternatives for nutrigenomics service delivery * Nutrigenomics and the regulation of health claims for foods and drugs * Equity and access to nutrigenomics in industrialized and developing countries * Intellectual property issues By taking a proactive bioethical stance on the subject, Science, Society, and the Supermarket offers a thorough and timely analysis on both the benefits and risks of nutrigenomics. Along with a thought-provoking examination of the issues, this book provides ethical guidelines and recommendations for further study in policy and regulatory development.
Now in its fifth edition, Food Science remains the most popular and reliable text for introductory courses in food science and technology. This new edition retains the basic format and pedagogical features of previous editions and provides an up-to-date foundation upon which more advanced and specialized knowledge can be built. This essential volume introduces and surveys the broad and complex interrelationships among food ingredients, processing, packaging, distribution and storage, and explores how these factors influence food quality and safety. Reflecting recent advances and emerging technologies in the area, this new edition includes updated commodity and ingredient chapters to emphasize the growing importance of analogs, macro-substitutions, fat fiber and sugar substitutes and replacement products, especially as they affect new product development and increasing concerns for a healthier diet. Revised processing chapters include changing attitudes toward food irradiation, greater use of microwave cooking and microwaveable products, controlled and modified atmosphere packaging and expanding technologies such a extrusion cooking, ohmic heating and supercritical fluid extraction, new information that addresses concerns about the responsible management of food technology, considering environmental, social and economic consequences, as well as the increasing globalization of the food industry. Discussions of food safety an consumer protection including newer phychrotropic pathogens; HAACP techniques for product safety and quality; new information on food additives; pesticides and hormones; and the latest information on nutrition labeling and food regulation. An outstanding text for students with little or no previous instruction in food science and technology, Food Science is also a valuable reference for professionals in food processing, as well as for those working in fields that service, regulate or otherwise interface with the food industry.
The discovery of new and previously unknown organisms that cause foodborne illness makes it essential for scientists, regulators, and those in the food industry to reconsider their traditional approaches to food preservation. A single source reference that can provide the latest practical information on how to deal with the range of probiotic health issues that have recently arisen would be invaluable to have. Probiotics in Food Safety and Human Health is that resource. It presents an in-depth characterization and diagnosis of probiotic strains and their mechanisms of action in humans, explains the role food applications have in the development of new products that guard against gastrointestinal diseases, and addresses the current regulatory environment. The material in each chapter is written in an accessible format by internationally renowned experts and includes citations from scientific literature. Highlights include a thorough discussion of probiotic issues such as pre- and postharvest food safety applications of probiotics, genetic engineering, and probiotic identification. The book also presents information on new regulations and emerging trends in the two major probiotics markets in the world, Europe and Japan. Unique in its depth and breadth of scope, Probiotics in Food Safety and Human Health provides vital information to those who need to be knowledgeable of the functional properties of foods aimed at improving human health.
A Manual for Experimental Foods, Dietetics, and Food Scientists, Second Edition
Author: Connie M. Weaver
Publisher: CRC Press
A popular book in its first edition, The Food Chemistry Laboratory: A Manual for Experimental Foods, Dietetics, and Food Scientists, Second Edition continues to provide students with practical knowledge of the fundamentals of designing, executing, and reporting the results of a research project. Presenting experiments that can be completed, in many
European High Pressure Research Group. Joint meeting
Author: European High Pressure Research Group. Joint meeting
The application of high pressures to serve scientific ends is an ever-growing area of research. With sections on chemistry, food science, biochemistry and physics, this book contains a variety of original work. The application of high pressures to serve scientific ends is an ever-growing area of research. With sections on chemistry, food science, biochemistry and physics, this book contains a variety of original work.
This book comprehensively reviews research on new developments in all areas of food chemistry/science and technology. It covers topics such as food safety objectives, risk assessment, quality assurance and control, good manufacturing practices, food process systems design and control and rapid methods of analysis and detection, as well as sensor technology, environmental control and safety. The book focuses on food chemistry and examines chemical and mechanical modifications to generate novel properties, functions, and applications.