An Evidence-based Approach to Vitamins and Minerals

Health Implications and Intake Recommendations

Author: Jane Higdon

Publisher: Thieme


Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 290

View: 574

Organized by nutrient, this evidence-based reference synthesizes all of the most current research on vitamins and minerals in an easy-to-use format. Each chapter addresses the function the nutrient plays in the human body; current definitions of deficiency, including Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) or Adequate Intake (AI) recommendations; the use of the nutrient for prevention or treatment of a disease, if known; dietary and other sources of the nutrient, including food and supplement sources (breaking down the different supplement forms); safety precautions for overdosing and drug interactions; and the Linus Pauling Institute's current recommendation for health maintenance. Each chapter has been reviewed by an expert in the area, all of whom are noted in the Editorial Advisory Board. This work is endorsed by the Linus Pauling Institute of Oregon State University. Four appendices add to the clinical usefulness of this work: a quick reference to disease prevention and treatment recommendations made throughout the text, nutrient - nutrient interactions, drug - nutrient interactions, and a glossary.

Biomathematical Evidence of Paternity / Biomathematischer Beweis der Vaterschaft

Festschrift for Erik Essen-Möller / Festschrift für Erik Essen-Möller

Author: K. Hummel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media


Category: Medical

Page: 223

View: 182

Eine Vaterschaftssache ist mit der gutachterlichen Stellungnahme nicht erschopft. Am Ende steht vielmehr die Entscheidung des Richters, der im Gegensatz zum Gut achter aIle Fakten zu beriicksichtigen hat, die flir oder gegen die Vaterschaft eines Beklagten sprechen. Es ist daher von Interesse, die bei der Vaterschaftsdiagnostik verwendeten Verfahren vor dem Hintergrund der Entscheidungstheorie der mathe matischen Statistik zu betrachten, ein Vorgehen, wie es bereits bei Walter (1971) zu finden ist. Zur Auswahl stehen die sog. Bayes- und Minimaxstrategien, die beide zu verschiedenen Anforderungen an den Gutachter flihren. Einer Theorie kann man die Analyse des Verhaltens eines Richters zugrunde legen und dieses durch Defini tionen, Axiome und Regeln nachzubilden suchen - notwendigerweise vereinfacht, aber dadurch klarer und durchsichtiger -, oder man stellt Prinzipien auf, die zu ei nem verniinftigen Entscheidungsverhalten flihren, das man zum MaBstab flir die kiinftige Arbeit machen kann. Die hier vorgestellte Entscheidungstheorie beschrei tet den zweiten Weg. Sie dient nicht dem Zweck, die richterliche Funktion durch ein mathematisches Verfahren zu ersetzen, zeigt aber, welche GroBen bei einem op timalen Entscheidungsverfahren zu beriicksichtigen sind. Ein ganz wesentlicher Bei trag kommt hierbei yom Gutachter: das Likelihoodverhaltnis A = Y IX, in dem Zah ler und Nenner die Terzettenwahrscheinlichkeiten bei Nichtvaterschaft (Y) und Vaterschaft (X) bedeuten. IgY IX + 10 ist in Anlehnung an Essen-MOller als EM Wert bekannt. Wahrend die Bayessche Theorie mit A weiterarbeitet und A-priori Wahrscheinlichkeiten einbezieht, wird bei der MinimaxlOsung auf diese Wahr scheinlichkeiten verzichtet und A durch das Verhaltnis der zugehorigen Ober- bzw.


Text, Rules, Illustrations, and Problems : the Commentary Method

Author: Michael H. Graham



Category: Evidence (Law)

Page: 818

View: 928

Essential Evidence-Based Medicine

Author: Dan Mayer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press


Category: Medical

Page: 398

View: 298

This is an ideal introductory text on Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) for medical students and all health-care professionals.

Trial Evidence

Author: Thomas A. Mauet

Publisher: Aspen Law & Business


Category: Law

Page: 570

View: 424

For insight into the actual application of evidentiary rules in the courtroom, Trial Evidence, Fourth Edition, takes the point of view of the trial judge. Highly respected authors Mauet and Wolfson explore the methods, strategies, and tactics of trial evidence through an analytical approach that reveals how judges and trial lawyers think about evidentiary rules—particularly the Federal rules of Evidence. A terrific contribution to trial practice teaching materials, Trial Evidence, Fourth Edition, features: sterling authorship from two luminaries in the clinical field complete coverage of the effective use of evidence in a trial setting an analytical structure that reflects how judges and trial lawyers think about evidentiary rules, particularly the Federal Rules of Evidence numerous examples that illustrate how various evidentiary issues arise in practice, both before and during trial Law and Practice sections, integrated throughout the book, based on actual federal and state cases chronological organization that follows the sequence of a trial —opening statement, direct examination, cross examination, closing arguments straightforward writing style and a focus on practice, not theory complimentary CD-ROM with over 300 evidence problems based on actual reported cases Updated throughout, The Fourth Edition includes: discussion of the Sixth Amendment Confrontation Clause, and all Supreme Court cases interpreting Crawford v. Washington coverage of the admissibility of electronic evidence, such as email, web pages postings, and digital photographs Amendments to FRE 404(a), 408, 606(b), and 609(a)(2), integrated throughout the text important Supreme Court updates through June 2008 new problems on the CD-ROM regarding the Confrontation Clause and electronic evidence admissibility issues Trial Evidence, Fourth Edition offers comprehensive coverage of the real-life applications of evidence at trial, helmed by two authors you trust to bring valuable insight into your classroom.

The Objects of Evidence

Anthropological Approaches to the Production of Knowledge

Author: Matthew Engelke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


Category: Social Science

Page: 156

View: 690

Part of The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute Special Issue Book Series, the contributors to this volume share the conviction that anthropology can no longer afford to ignore the importance of the concept of evidence, either for the ways in which anthropologists carry out their work (methodology) or present and justify their findings (epistemology). Demonstrates that evidence is something that all anthropologists must possess Shows how the collection of evidence in the field is still, without doubt, one of the main ingredients of what Bronislaw Malinowski once referred to as ′the ethnographer s magic′ Reveals how the concept of evidence has received little sustained attention in print especially when compared to related concepts, such as ′fieldwork′, ′truth′, ′facts′, and ′knowledge′ Argued from a variety of theoretical perspectives and a rarity in its ability to orchestrate some many different and vibrant paradigms and points of view

Expert Evidence Compared

Rules and Practices in the Dutch and American Criminal Justice System

Author: Petra T. C. Van Kampen

Publisher: Intersentia Uitgevers N V


Category: Law

Page: 401

View: 428

In modern criminal trials, expert evidence often plays an important role. The question as to the guilt of the defendant is often contingent upon the results of DNA analysis, polygraphs, hair comparisons, and other forensic science techniques. At the same time, through a wide variety of problems inherent to the collection and production of such evidence, the use of expert evidence in criminal litigation is often highly problematical. The vast range of problems that have been identified over the years, and the manifest presence of these problems in some of the more notorious 'miscarriages of justice' have made expert evidence one of the most debated topics in legal literature today. Many believe that in this particular field, criminal justice systems are in dire need of legal reform. This study attempts to contribute to this debate through an analysis and comparison of two legal systems that each employ a different method for expert involvement. The study seeks to identify the similarities and differences in how different legal systems deal with expert evidence. Additionally it seeks to establish what the experiences of one country can bring to another for the purpose of enhancing the cornerstone of criminal litigation: the concept of procedural fairness.