This publication presents cleaning and etching solutions, their applications, and results on inorganic materials. It is a comprehensive collection of etching and cleaning solutions in a single source. Chemical formulas are presented in one of three standard formats - general, electrolytic or ionized gas formats - to insure inclusion of all necessary operational data as shown in references that accompany each numbered formula. The book describes other applications of specific solutions, including their use on other metals or metallic compounds. Physical properties, association of natural and man-made minerals, and materials are shown in relationship to crystal structure, special processing techniques and solid state devices and assemblies fabricated. This publication also presents a number of organic materials which are widely used in handling and general processing...waxes, plastics, and lacquers for example. It is useful to individuals involved in study, development, and processing of metals and metallic compounds. It is invaluable for readers from the college level to industrial R & D and full-scale device fabrication, testing and sales. Scientific disciplines, work areas and individuals with great interest include: chemistry, physics, metallurgy, geology, solid state, ceramic and glass, research libraries, individuals dealing with chemical processing of inorganic materials, societies and schools.
For more than five decades digital integrated circuits have become more efficient with every technology generation. This trend has been mainly driven by the downscaling of the transistor size, which goes hand in hand with a lower cost per function. However, with classical miniaturization reaching towards the size of a few atoms, the quest for alternative solutions to increase the system functionality without the need for scaling down device dimension has risen. One particular promising solution to this question are polarity-controllable transistors, which merge the electrical properties of unipolar n- and p-type field effect transistors into a single universal device type. The novel device concept relies on the unique properties of sharp gated Schottky junctions within semiconductor nano-channels to adjust the charge carrier flow. A volatile electrical programming signal is used to set the devices into a state of either electron or hole transport. It is envisioned that these devices can be employed to enable a fine-grain dynamical reconfiguration of circuit elements, which would provide a higher functionality with the identical amount of hardware building blocks. The scope of this work is to advance the state of the art on polarity-controllable devices on the material, device and circuit level.
The Handbook of Vacuum Technology consists of the latest innovations in vacuum science and technology with a strong orientation towards the vacuum practitioner. It covers many of the new vacuum pumps, materials, equipment, and applications. It also details the design and maintenance of modern vacuum systems. The authors are well known experts in their individual fields with the emphasis on performance, limitations, and applications rather than theory. There aremany useful tables, charts, and figures that will be of use to the practitioner. User oriented with many useful tables, charts, and figures of use to the practitioner Reviews new vacuum materials and equipment Illustrates the design and maintenance of modern vacuum systems Includes well referenced chapters
Optical Biosensors, 2ed describes the principles of successful systems, examples of applications, and evaluates the advantages and deficiencies of each. It also addresses future developments on two levels: possible improvements in existing systems and emerging technologies that could provide new capabilities in the future. The book is formatted for ease of use and is therefore suitable for scientists and engineers, students and researcher at all levels in the field. * Comprehensive analysis and review of the underlying principles by optical biosensors * Updates and informs on all the latest developments and hot topic areas * Evaluates current methods showing the advantages and disadvantages of various systems involved
The focus behind this book on wafer bonding is the fast paced changes in the research and development in three-dimensional (3D) integration, temporary bonding and micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) with new functional layers. Written by authors and edited by a team from microsystems companies and industry-near research organizations, this handbook and reference presents dependable, first-hand information on bonding technologies. Part I sorts the wafer bonding technologies into four categories: Adhesive and Anodic Bonding; Direct Wafer Bonding; Metal Bonding; and Hybrid Metal/Dielectric Bonding. Part II summarizes the key wafer bonding applications developed recently, that is, 3D integration, MEMS, and temporary bonding, to give readers a taste of the significant applications of wafer bonding technologies. This book is aimed at materials scientists, semiconductor physicists, the semiconductor industry, IT engineers, electrical engineers, and libraries.
Dele Arogundade is an engineer, computer scientist, motivational speaker, an officer and a gentleman. He is an avid reader with an insatiable penchant for writing. A highly intuitive young man with an exceptional imaginative capability. He is a unique blend of creativity par excellence. Dele is happily married with children. Dele Arogundade is a poet whose poetry flows straight from the heart. They are anchored on very strong convictions and, taken as a whole; they paint a well realized picture of an officer and a gentleman in the service of his country. The poems here run the gamut from the personal to the professional as we see in “A-Y-O” and “Weep Not” for “Looking Good” and “Mobile House”. But there is a blurring of boundaries because the poet has an uncanny facility for being a man and a soldier all at once. In reading these deeply personal and reflective poems, one can easily trace the trajectory of the poet’s life; his family situation , his occupation, his travels, even his favourite sport. The world has seen many soldiers turned writers but not many realize that Roald Dahl, the famous writer of children’s books was once a soldier. Well, we have another famous name in the making even though not many who read these poems would easily realize that Dele Arogundade is a soldier because even when he writes about war, it is in the language of peace and the everyday. - Toni Kan Award winning poet, essayist and short story writer
"From Penland, the premier academy for fine crafting, comes a jewel of a volume: a splendidly photographed combination of how-to manual, coffee table book, and reflective essays. On breathtaking display are the skills of 10 contemporary jewelers who have taught at the school, each possessing a special expertise. From John Cogswell's handsome forged metal to Heather White's innovative casting, the material here is inspirational."--Amazon.
Touring the Visionary Geography of Santa Fe, New Mexico
Author: Richard Leviton
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Santa Fe, the City Different, has deeply excited visitors for over a hundred years with its crystal blue skies, Blood of Christ Mountains, pure dry air, old adobe charm, and beautiful light. But this high-desert State capital and artists haven may also be a Land of Lighta premier landscape of multiple sacred sites and heightened spiritual charge. People love this place, they say, for its uplifting, spiritually leavening effect, for how it starts a process of transformation, healing, deep change, and self-reinvention. People revere this place as an axis of creativity, a hotbed of innovation, and a paramount center for recreating culture and spirituality\ capable of inspiring the world. Santa Fe Light explains why. An able travel guide, it takes you to 111 different locations and their Light temples in and around Santa Fe, numinous places usually only encountered in myths or dreams. And it proposes that the observed social qualities of Santa Fe, its livability, might be due to this fabulous visionary geography alluringly just beyond the veil of our ordinary perception.
The global success of the 1st edition of Nanochemistry, along with exceptionally rapid change in the field, has necessitated the publication of a 2nd edition after only three years. This truly major update highlights the latest breakthroughs using more than eighty new case histories, more problem sets, and more teaching principles. Nanotechnology is touted to begin a new era by bringing us materials that were not available before. This book describes the fascinating chemistry behind nanotechnology in a clear and easy to read style. Aimed at teachers, graduate students and advanced undergraduates it provides an authoritative, rigorous and hype-free guide to this burgeoning field. For those who already have some knowledge of the subject, the book remains invaluable as a reference and source of inspiration for future research or teaching. Suitable for those coming from a physics, biology, medicine, materials science, engineering or chemistry background, the book is ideal for whoever needs a birds-eye view of the field. The extensive bibliography allows the reader to find any level of detail behind each of the subjects.
Filling the urgent need for a professional book that specifies the applications of nanoelectrochemistry for the monitoring of persistent toxic substances, this monograph clearly describes the design concept, construction strategies and practical applications of PTS sensing interfaces based on nanoelectrochemical methods. The comprehensive and systematic information not only provides readers with the fundamentals, but also inspires them to develop PTS monitoring sensors based on functional nanostructures and nanomaterials. Of interestto chemists, electrochemistry researchers, materials researchers, environmental scientists, and companies dealing with electrochemical treatment and environment.
In 1991 this author published a monograph[l] based on his experience teaching microwave hybrid materials and processing technology at the annual ISHM (now the International Microelectronics and Packaging Society, IMAPS) symposia. Since that time, the course has been presented at that venue and on-site at a number of industrial and government organizations. The course has been continually revised to reflect the many evolutionary changes in materials and processes. Microwave technology has existed for almost 175 years. It was only after the invention of the klystron, just before World War II, that microwave design and manufacture moved from a few visionaries to the growth the industry sees today. Over the last decade alone there have been exploding applications for all types of high frequency electronics in the miltary, automotive, wireless, computer, telecommunications and medical industries. These have placed demands, unimaginable a decade ago, on designs, materials, processes and equipment to meet the ever expanding requirements for increasingly reliable, smaller, faster and lower cost circuits.
The 'ShipCraft' series provides in-depth information about building and modifying model kits of famous warship types. Lavishly illustrated, each book takes the modeller through a brief history of the subject class, highlighting differences between sisterships and changes in their appearance over their careers. This includes paint schemes and camouflage, featuring colour profiles and highly-detailed line drawings and scale plans. The modelling section reviews the strengths and weaknesses of available kits, lists commercial accessory sets for super-detailing of the ships, and provides hints on modifying and improving the basic kit. This is followed by an extensive photographic survey of selected high-quality models in a variety of scales, and the book concludes with a section on research references—books, monographs, large-scale plans and relevant websites. The latest in this series covers the three ships of this First World War type, Hood, Repulse and Renown, which survived to fight in the Second. Still the fastest capital ships in the world in 1939, their protection was not up to contemporary standards and two were famously lost in action. Hood in an old-fashioned gunnery duel, but Repulse succumbed to the more modern threat of aerial attack. The one modernised ship, Renown, survived an adventurous wartime career.