A valuable, up-to-date reference tool for understanding the latest developments in national and international terrorism—one of the most pressing security challenges facing the world today. • More than 500 entries on topics in modern-day terrorism • A chronology of major terrorist attacks since 1946 • A bibliography listing major literacy sources on terrorism • A list of acronyms related to major terrorist organizations
This three-volume reference on terrorism in the 20th century places this growing phenomenon in the context of modern history. It provides students with both detailed information and the historical perspective tie terrorism to the high school and college curriculum. "Volume 1" defines terrorism, explores the historical perspective from the dawn of Western Civilisation through World War II, and discusses specific activities of modern terrorist groups. "Volume 2" focuses on the developing world, with emphasis on the Middle East (including the 1996 peace process). "Volume 3" explores terrorism and responses to terrorism in the developed world. This volume covers the United States, Europe, Israel, Britain, Central and South America and concludes with a chronology of major terrorist events since 1945, an A-Z listing of terrorist groups and leaders, and a select bibliography.
A comprehensive two-volume overview and analysis of all facets of espionage in the American historical experience, focusing on key individuals and technologies. • Includes over 750 entries in chronologically organized sections, covering important spies, spying technologies, and events • Written by an expert team of contributing scholars from a variety of fields within history and political science • Provides a chronology of key events related to the use of espionage by the United States or by enemies within our borders • A glossary of key espionage terms • An extensive bibliography of print and electronic resources for further reading • Photos of key individuals plus maps of geographical locations and military engagements where espionage played an important role
This two-volume set explores disasters that occurred around the world. The disasters are listed chronologically, beginning with the Supervolcano in Toba, Indonesia in 74000 B.C. and ending with the Greensburg, Kansas tornado in 2007. The entries are detailed and informative and provide the exact causes of each event, whether it was an environmental catastrophe or a human tragedy.
This work offers a sweeping collection of A–Z entries and primary source documents that presents a thorough examination of all the individuals, groups, and events surrounding the 9/11 terrorist attacks. • Includes 3 introductory essays, more than 170 entries, 60 photographs, and 10 charts • A documents volume of more than 55 key primary source documents, including new ones added for the second edition • A detailed chronology of key events surrounding the 9/11 terrorist attacks • An annotated bibliography listing the most authoritative works about 9/11
With respect to the countries of the world, this work addresses two basic questions: "How does religion affect politics in this country?" and "How does politics affect religion in this country?" • Covers major geographic regions such as Africa and South America and provides alphabetically arranged entries on topics related to religion and contemporary politics in particular countries • Cites works for further reading • Features essays within each section that compare and contrast the dynamics of religion and politics among the countries within that region • Contains sidebars that highlight key points and present interesting information • Provides a bibliography of the most important broad works on contemporary religion and politics in the modern world
A comprehensive treatment of anti-immigration sentiment exploring debate, policies, ideas, and key groups from historical and contemporary perspectives. • More than 150 A–Z entries on the key features of anti-immigration sentiment from political, economic, ethnic, and historical perspectives • Photographs • A separate volume of more than 50 primary documents recording the history of anti-immigration movements and legislation, including famous letters from Benjamin Franklin and Abraham Lincoln • A selected bibliography drawing from the fields of anthropology, economics, ethnic studies, geography, political science, sociology, and urban planning
Both concise and wide-ranging, this encyclopedia covers massacres, atrocities, war crimes, and genocides, including acts of inhumanity on all continents; and serves as a reminder that lest we forget, history will repeat itself. • Provides coverage of atrocities, massacres, and war crimes that is wide-ranging in scope and historical perspective, covering everything from genocides to isolated actions that constituted grave breaches of the laws of war • Comprises contributions from over 200 scholars, including international law experts currently prosecuting war crimes • Contains a lengthy chronology of major atrocities throughout history • Written in accessible and clear language appropriate for college freshmen and general readers
An invaluable resource that documents the Black Power Movement by its cultural representation and promotion of self-determination and self-defense, and showcases the movement's influence on Black communities in America from 1965 to the mid-1970s. • Gives students and general readers a comprehensive overview of the Black Power Movement and an understanding of its importance within the turbulence and politics of the 1960s and 1970s in the United States as well as in the context of modern-day civil rights • Provides insight into important concepts such as Black self-determination, Black consciousness, independent Black politics, and independent institutions • Features contributions from premier Black Power scholars as well as Black Power activists • Offers topical and biographical entries, a timeline of events, and a bibliography of key print and nonprint sources of additional information
In 1996, Garland published the second edition of the Encyclopedia of Police Science, edited by the late William G. Bailey. The work covered all the major sectors of policing in the US. Since then much research has been done on policing issues, and there have been significant changes in techniques and in the American police system. Technological advances have refined and generated methods of investigation. Political events, such as the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 in the United States, have created new policing needs while affecting public opinion about law enforcement. These developments appear in the third, expanded edition of the Encyclopedia of Police Science. 380 entries examine the theoretical and practical aspects of law enforcement, discussing past and present practices. The added coverage makes the Encyclopedia more comprehensive with a greater focus on today's policing issues. Also added are themes such as accountability, the culture of police, and the legal framework that affects police decision. New topics discuss recent issues, such as Internet and crime, international terrorism, airport safety, or racial profiling. Entries are contributed by scholars as well as experts working in police departments, crime labs, and various fields of policing.
Comedian Robin Williams said that if you remember the '60s, you weren't there. This encyclopedia documents the people, places, movements, and culture of that memorable decade for those who lived it and those who came after. • Nearly 500 A–Z entries on the political, religious, artistic, and popular topics of the decade • A chronology of significant political and social events • 50 photographs and illustrations • Dozens of expert contributors from a variety of fields and academic disciplines • An extensive annotated bibliography
This revised edition of the original reference standard for urban legends provides an updated anthology of common myths and stories, and presents expanded coverage of international legends and tales shared and popularized online. • Approximately 300 individual entries for specific urban legends • An introduction provides a brief history of urban legend research • A selected bibliography and reference citations
This two-volume encyclopedia provides a comprehensive and authoritative examination of the history and current character of American prisons and jails and their place in the U.S. corrections system. • Contains approximately 225 entries, comprehensively examining all aspects of American prisons and jails • Includes an Annotated List of Relevant Organizations and Institutes for ease of reference • Provides a chronology of important developments related to prisons and jails in US history • Lists print, electronic, and multimedia resources in a bibliography for readers interested in exploring the topic further
Containing almost 250 entries written by scholars from around the world, this two-volume resource provides current, accurate, and useful information on the politics, economics, society, and cultures of India since 1947. • 240 A–Z entries on the social, political, cultural, and economic development of India since 1947 • Contributions from more than 100 distinguished international scholars from five continents • A chronology of major domestic, regional, and world events in and involving India from 1947 to 2010 • A "Guide to Related Topics" to allow readers to trace main themes across related entries • An extensive Selected Bibliography containing multicultural and multidisciplinary materials and scholarship on the growth and development of the Republic of India from 1947 to the present
Going far beyond basic historical information, this two-volume work examines the deep roots of Mexican culture and their meaning to modern Mexico. • Provides novel interpretations into well-established elements of Mexican history, politics, and culture • Supplies reference material that will appeal both to professors and high school teachers preparing for lectures as well as students conducting research • Discusses important topics of Mexican culture rarely explored by scholars, such as "gringo," "alebrije," and "sombrero" • Brings together a genuinely interdisciplinary group of scholars that includes historians, anthropologists, political scientists, and ethnomusicologists, affording readers a breadth of perspectives on Mexican culture and identity
This book provides a thorough compilation of the types, specific incidents, relevant agencies, theories, responses, and prevention programs relevant to crime and violence in schools and on campuses. • Comprises over 80 A–Z entries on types, incidents, theories, measurement, responses, and prevention of school crime and violence • Presents contributions from more than 30 experts from various fields providing a multidisciplinary examination of the issue • Offers a timeline of major incidents of school and campus violence • Provides a list of further readings with each entry, plus a full bibliography of recommended books, journals, and websites at the end of each volume • Includes a comprehensive index
This work provides an authoritative overview of the composition of public opinion in America, the methodologies by which public opinion is measured, and the importance of polling to U.S. politics, policy, and culture. This revised edition is a comprehensive resource for understanding all aspects of public opinion polling in the United States, including major and emerging theories and concepts; historical and current methodologies; political, journalistic, and corporate uses; landmark events and developments in the history of polling; and influential people and organizations. The encyclopedia also illuminates how public opinion polling has become important in shaping the trajectory of American society and the views that Americans have about themselves and their fellow citizens. Specific big-picture topics explored include how data mining of internet and social media usage trends has shaped modern political and business advertising campaigns; the impact of politically partisan media outlets on public opinion; and attitudes of various sectors of the American electorate about diverse topics including gun control, abortion, immigration, marijuana legalization, and the nation's two main political parties. Contains 200 new or revised entries on various aspects and impacts of public opinion polling Shows American polling trends over the years on major political issues through informative tables, graphs, and charts Makes it easy for the reader to explore connections between terms with cross-referenced entries Features contributions from the foremost experts in the fields of polling and public opinion Includes an appendix of major polling centers, organizations, and archives
Representing a unique reference tool for readers interested in history, criminology, or terrorism, this book provides the most complete and up-to-date coverage of assassinations of key figures throughout history and around the world. • Provides timely content about past assassinations that will enable students to better understand historical and contemporary social unrest • Introduces new information and theories on historic cases of assassination that in some cases afford novel interpretations of "what really happened" • Establishes the links between famous or notorious social movements and political assassinations, underscoring how an individual or a small group can be motivated to commit an act of violence by the climate of their society • Includes more than 20 primary source documents that provide accounts of assassinations in world history as well as numerous sidebars that augment the reading experience with interesting discussions of individuals, groups, movements, or events related to important assassinations