Empire and Belonging in the Eurasian Borderlands engages with the evolving historiography around the concept of belonging in the Russian and Ottoman empires. The contributors to this book argue that the popular notion that empires do not care about belonging is simplistic and wrong. Chapters address numerous and varied dimensions of belonging in multiethnic territories of the Ottoman Empire, Imperial Russia, and the Soviet Union, from the mid-nineteenth to the late twentieth centuries. They illustrate both the mutability and the durability of imperial belonging in Eurasian borderlands. Contributors to this volume pay attention to state authorities but also to the voices and experiences of teachers, linguists, humanitarian officials, refugees, deportees, soldiers, nomads, and those left behind. Through those voices the authors interrogate the mutual shaping of empire and nation, noting the persistence and frequency of coercive measures that imposed belonging or denied it to specific populations deemed inconvenient or incapable of fitting in. The collective conclusion that editors Krista A. Goff and Lewis H. Siegelbaum provide is that nations must take ownership of their behaviors, irrespective of whether they emerged from disintegrating empires or enjoyed autonomy and power within them.
Making and Unmaking Nations in the Soviet Caucasus
Author: Krista A. Goff
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Nested Nationalism is a study of the politics and practices of managing national minority identifications, rights, and communities in the Soviet Union and the personal and political consequences of such efforts. Titular nationalities that had republics named after them in the USSR were comparatively privileged within the boundaries of "their" republics, but they still often chafed both at Moscow's influence over republican affairs and at broader Russian hegemony across the Soviet Union. Meanwhile, members of nontitular communities frequently complained that nationalist republican leaders sought to build titular nations on the back of minority assimilation and erasure. Drawing on extensive archival and oral history research conducted in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan, Georgia, and Moscow, Krista A. Goff argues that Soviet nationality policies produced recursive, nested relationships between majority and minority nationalisms and national identifications in the USSR. Goff pays particular attention to how these asymmetries of power played out in minority communities, following them from Azerbaijan to Georgia, Dagestan, and Iran in pursuit of the national ideas, identifications, and histories that were layered across internal and international borders. What mechanisms supported cultural development and minority identifications in communities subjected to assimilationist politics? How did separatist movements coalesce among nontitular minority activists? And how does this historicization help us to understand the tenuous space occupied by minorities in nationalizing states across contemporary Eurasia? Ranging from the early days of Soviet power to post-Soviet ethnic conflicts, Nested Nationalism explains how Soviet-era experiences and policies continue to shape interethnic relationships and expectations today.
Second and third generation South and Southeast Asian minorities in Hong Kong, being marginalized from mainstream social and political affairs, have developed an ambivalent sense of belonging to their host society. Unlike their forefathers who first settled in Hong Kong under British colonial rule, these younger generations have spent their formative years in the territory. As such, they have increasingly engaged in the public and political realms of society, partly in response to the territory’s rapid political changes. Leung discusses and analyses the complex and diverse engagement of migrant and minority youths in Hong Kong - and their struggle for recognition, while desiring to 'be-long' to a place they call home. Some are joining the calls for democratic changes in the territory. In particular, she argues that much of this struggle can be seen in minorities’ involvement in creative sectors of society. While it will be of especial interest to scholars with an interest in Hong Kong, this book presents a compelling case study for anyone interested in the dynamics of migrant and minority engagement in the creative sector as a strategy for engagement.
In an important contribution to postcolonial, gender, and Eurasian ethnic studies, Madina Tlostanova examines Central Asia and the Caucasus to trace the genealogy of feminism in those regions following the dissolution of the USSR. The forms it takes, she finds, resist interpretation through the lenses of both Western feminist theory and woman of color feminism. Tlostanova argues that Eurasian borderland feminism must chart a third path sensitive to the region's own unique past.
Imperial Collapse, Eurasianism, and George Vernadsky's Historical Scholarship
Author: I. B. Torbakov
Category: Eurasian school
"Given all this, a strong case can be made for revisiting George Vernadsky's understanding of what he himself called a "Russian history." Particularly intriguing is the exploration of how Vernadsky's Eurasianism relates both to his own struggles with identity issues and to his thinking on empire, nation, and Russian and Ukrainian history. Thus, in the present article I propose to place Vernadsky's research on Russian and Ukrainian history within the context of his biography and Eurasianist worldview. My central argument is that George Vernadsky's post-1917 historical scholarship was influenced by one powerful motive--his personal search for national identity, a search that was obviously made more complicated by his exile. Internal contradictions and the resultant tensions between Ukrainian origin and imperial Weltanschauung, between his ardent love of "historical Russia" and his wretched status as an émigré deprived of his beloved homeland by the victorious Bolshevik regime, made grappling with the issue of identity emotionally agonizing for Vernadsky, but also fruitful in terms of producing new and unorthodox solutions."--Page 3.
Circulation, audience, and the creation of a shared court culture Making books at the Ottoman court Sokollu Mehmed Pasha and the illustrated Ottoman histories Chief Black Eunuch Mehmed Agha: negotiating the sultanic image In the image of a military ruler A Venetian Ottomanized: Chief White Eunuch Gazanfer Agha and his artistic patronage.
Widely hailed as the best concise history of Soviet Russia, this book offers balanced coverage of Russia's history—from last phase of the Tsarist regime to Vladamir Putin's accession to power in 1999. The new edition of this book explores post-communist Russia with discussions of non-communist parties, the Greek Orthodox Church, Yelstin, Putin, as well as Russia's development in the twenty-first century. For anyone interested in a complete history of Russia, or businessmen in need of a good reference book.
Exploring the creation, transformation, and imagination of Russian space as a lens through which to understand Russia's development over the centuries, this volume makes an important contribution to Russian studies and the new spatial history. It considers aspects of the relationship between place and power in Russia from the local level to the national and from the eighteenth century through the present. Essays include: Melissa K. Stockdale, What is a Fatherland? Changing Notions of Duty, Rights and Belonging in Russia; Mark Bassin, Nationhood, Natural Regions, Mestorazvitie: Environmental Discourses in Classic Eurasianism; John Randolph, Russian Route: The Politics of the Petersburg-Moscow Road, 1700-1800; Richard Stites, On the Dance Floor: Royal Power, Class, and Nationality in Servile Russia; Patricia Herlihy, Ab Oriente ad Ultimum Oriente: Eugen Scuyler, Russia and Central Asia; Robert Argenbright, Soviet Agitational Vehicles: Colonization from Place to Place; Christopher Ely, Street Space and Political Culture under Alexander II; Sergei Zhuk, Unmaking the Sacred Landscape of Orthodox Russia: Religious Pluralism, Identity Crisis, and Religious Politics on the Ukrainian Borderlands of the late Russian Empire; Cathy A. Frierson, Filling in the Map for Vologda's Post-Soviet Identity; and Lisa A, Kirschenbaum, Place, Memory and the Politics of Identity: Historical Buildings and Street Names in Leningrad-St. Petersburg.