Hospitals in the US and Canada are ill-prepared for the threat of emerging infectious diseases, especially in the area of protecting healthcare workers, nurses, doctors, and first responders from transmissions. Current protocols from guideline agencies and health organizations and health departments that include state pandemic flu plans do not follow scientific evidence in many of their recommendations. Economics and 'ease of use' are trumping good science in the decision making process. For example, protocols do not demand the most stringent precautions that would protect for healthcare workers from unknown factors of transmission in the case of rapidly emerging diseases. Respiratory protection, negative pressure isolation rooms, training of healthcare workers, personal protective equipment, ventilation designs, triage of surge patients, funding issues are all areas of concern that remain controversial in current occupational health protection models. Emerging Infectious Diseases and the Threat to Occupational Health in the US and Canada offers a critical review of existing plans and infrastructures for emerging diseases and the response capabilities of healthcare delivery systems to protect the occupational health and offers many solutions. The authors perform failure analysis that cannot be found in other texts, and offer positive solutions, strategies, and tactics for strengthening the hospital and the public health response to potentially catastrophic health crises. This book contains invaluable information for managers, professionals, and policy makers in infectious disease organizations, public health organizations, as well as occupational health organizations.
Objective analysis and comprehensive data on Americans&BAD:rsquo; attitudes about key health-care issues Over the years, hundreds of polls have been conducted on health and health-care related topics, but until now there has been no reference tool to help students, researchers, and policy makers make sense of the data. American Public Opinion and Health Care brings together findings from more than 200 national opinion surveys conducted by the Kaiser Family Foundation, Harvard University&BAD:rsquo;s School of Public Health, and other institutes and polling and media organizations. After years of intensive data gathering, the authors have compiled an in-depth, non-partisan look at Americans&BAD:rsquo; attitudes about a range of current and critical health care issues. Twenty-one chapters combine unbiased survey data and analysis. The concluding chapter discusses the implications based on public opinion trends for the future of U.S. health policy in each of the areas discussed in the preceding chapters. Major topics addressed include:General attitudes, trust, and priorities current critical health-care issues, such as quality, costs, the pharmaceutical industry, and reform efforts specific health topics, such as HIV/AIDS, abortion, stem-cell research, end-of-life, obesity, infectious diseases, and pandemic fluViews by race and gender, and disparities in health care and coverage the importance of health care in recent elections and implications for the future of health care and policy in the United States Substantial trend data, covering the 1960s to the present, will allow researchers to get a sense of how opinions have changed over time. Chapters also look at how various groups in American society differ in their views and how those views compare with the citizens of other countries. This reference is highly recommended for public libraries and academic libraries, including but not limited to institutions with programs in medicine, public health, and government.
Much maligned in the past as wasteful and self-serving, government public relations provides several distinct services that can be used to advance the substantive mission of an agency in ways that save money, time, and effort. In the same manner as budgeting, HR, strategic planning, and performance assessment, public relations must be included in t
Clinical Approaches to Zoonoses, Toxicants and Other Shared Health Risks
Author: Peter M. Rabinowitz
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Human-Animal Medicine is an innovative reference exploring the unprecedented convergence of human, animal, and environmental health, triggering global pandemics and requiring new clinical paradigms. The "One Health" approach calls for greater communication and cooperation between human health care providers, public health professionals, and veterinarians to better address vital issues of emerging diseases and environmental change. This incredibly timely book provides, for the first time, practical guidelines for "One Health" collaborations in a wide range of clinical human-animal health issues, including the H1N1 virus, zoonotic diseases, the human-animal bond, animal allergy, bites and stings, and animals as "sentinels" for toxic environmental health hazards. UNIQUE! For each condition, specific steps human health care providers, veterinarians, and public health professionals must take to prevent and manage disease. UNIQUE! Comparative tables of disease signs, diagnosis and treatment in humans and animals for easy reference. UNIQUE! Guidelines to detect and improve environmental factors affecting the health of humans and animals. Occupational health guidelines for preventive care of animal workers including veterinary personnel, farmers, pet store employees, and zoo workers. Treatment of emerging disease issues including zoonoses, H1N1 virus, harmful algae blooms, and animal-related pesticides UNIQUE! Sample protocols facilitate professional communication between veterinarians, human health clinicians, and public health professionals. Legal and ethical aspects of "One Health" that human health providers and veterinarians need to know.
Infectious disease surveillance has evolved at an extraordinarypace during the past several decades, and continues to do so. It isincreasingly used to inform public health practice in addition toits use as a tool for early detection of epidemics. It is thereforecrucial that students of public health and epidemiology have asound understanding of the concepts and principles that underpinmodern surveillance of infectious disease. Written by leaders in the field, who have vast hands-onexperience in conducting surveillance and teaching applied publichealth, Concepts and Methods in Infectious DiseaseSurveillance is comprised of four sections. The first sectionprovides an overview, a description of systems used by publichealth jurisdictions in the United States and legal considerationsfor surveillance. The second section presents chapters on majorprogram-area or disease-specific surveillance systems, includingthose that monitor bacterial infections, foodborne diseases,healthcare-associated infections, and HIV/AIDS. The followingsection is devoted to methods for conducting surveillance and alsoapproaches for data analysis. A concluding section summarizescommunication of surveillance findings, including the use oftraditional and social media, in addition to showcasing lessonslearned from the New York City Department of Health’sexperience in surveillance and epidemiology training. This comprehensive new book covers major topics at an introductoryto intermediate level, and will be an excellent resource forinstructors. Suitable for use in graduate level courses in publichealth, human and veterinary medicine, and in undergraduateprograms in public-health-oriented disciplines, Concepts andMethods in Infectious Disease Surveillance is also a usefulprimer for frontline public health practitioners, hospitalepidemiologists, infection control practitioners, laboratorians inpublic health settings, infectious disease researchers, and medicaland public health informaticians interested in a concise overviewof infectious disease surveillance.
Current Legal Issues, like its sister volume Current Legal Problems (now available in journal format), is based upon an annual colloquium held at University College London. Each year leading scholars from around the world gather to discuss the relationship between law and another discipline of thought. Each colloquium examines how the external discipline is conceived in legal thought and argument, how the law is pictured in that discipline, and analyses points of controversy in the use, and abuse, of extra-legal arguments within legal theory and practice. Law and Global Health, the sixteenth volume in the Current Legal Issues series, offers an insight into the scholarship examining the relationship between global health and the law. Covering a wide range of areas from all over the world, articles in the volume look at areas of human rights, vulnerable populations, ethical issues, legal responses and governance.
Respiratory infections are among the most common causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. These infections present a special challenge to physicians for several reasons, including of the recent disasters caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and bird and swine influenza, the increase in viral and bacterial resistance to currently available anti-microbial drugs, the increased frequency of new viral lung infections in clinical practice, and the worldwide emergence of deadly drug-resistant forms of TB. For these reasons, it is important for infectious disease specialists to have an overview of emerging respiratory infections.
Tropical Infectious Diseases: Principles, Pathogens and Practice, by Drs. Richard L. Guerrant, David H. Walker, and Peter F. Weller, delivers the expert, encyclopedic guidance you need to overcome the toughest clinical challenges in diagnosing and treating diseases caused by infectious agents from tropical regions. Sweeping updates to this 3rd edition include vaccines, SARS, hepatitis A-E, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, tick-borne encephalitis and Omsk hemorrhagic fever, human papilloma virus, and mucormycosis. New full-color images throughout allow you to more accurately view the clinical manifestations of each disease and better visualize the life cycles of infectious agents. Definitive, state-of-the-art coverage of pathophysiology as well as clinical management makes this the reference you’ll want to consult whenever you are confronted with tropical infections, whether familiar or unfamiliar! Obtain complete and trustworthy advice from hundreds of the leading experts on tropical diseases worldwide, including cutting-edge summaries of pathophysiology and epidemiology as well as clinical management. Get the latest answers on vaccines, SARS, hepatitis A-E, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, tick-borne encephalitis and Omsk hemorrhagic fever, human papilloma virus, mucormycosis, and much more. Implement best practices from all over the world with guidance from almost twice as many international authors - over 100 representing more than 35 countries. Accurately view the clinical manifestations of each disease and visualize the life cycles of infectious agents with new full-color images throughout.
The rapidly evolving world of global health and medicine-in the palm of your hand Understanding Global Health is the groundbreaking, go-to primer that puts global health and its many challenges into sharp focus like no other text. Written with the nonspecialist in mind, this powerful resource expertly reviews all the core topics that you must know in order to thrive in this decentralized new global health environment. It's all here: unique, authoritative coverage of public health concepts, plus insights into infectious diseases and clinical medicine-everything you need to truly comprehend how global medicine is dramatically affecting today's practice of medicine-and to prepare for your role in it.
Thoroughly revised and extensively rewritten, the 8th Edition is today's most comprehensive and clinically detailed resource on tropical medicine. International authorities present the common characteristics and methods of transmission for each disease, then guide the reader through diagnosis, treatment, control, and prevention. Presents the differences between disease syndromessuch as STDs, or haematological diseasesin atropical climate a temperate one. Details the majority of tropical infectious diseases including those that are reparasitic and vector-borne in origin. Discusses poisonous plants and animals, including a completely updated chapter on snakes. Provides extensive descriptions and instructions for diagnosing parasitic diseases, including practical information on immunodiagnosis and nucleic acid detection. Illustrates key concepts with over 400 line drawings and photos. Features 27 new chapters covering Health & Nutrition Among Refugees and Displaced Persons, Environmental Health Hazards in the Tropics, Herpes Virus Infections, Viral Hepatitis, Micro-sporiosis, Nutritional Neuropathies, and much more. Covers a multitude of new topics exploring everything from anisakiasis to zinc deficiencies.
Some developing biotechnologies challenge accepted legal and ethical norms because of the risks they pose. Xenotransplantation (cross-species transplantation) may prolong life but may also harm the xeno-recipient and the public due to its potential to transmit infectious diseases. These trans-boundary diseases emphasise the global nature of advances in health care and highlight the difficulties of identifying, monitoring and regulating such risks and thereby protecting individual and public health. Xenotransplantation raises questions about how uncertainty and risk are understood and accepted, and exposes tensions between private benefit and public health. Where public health is at risk, a precautionary approach informed by the harm principle supports prioritising the latter, but the issues raised by genetically engineered solid organ xenotransplants have not, as yet, been sufficiently discussed. This must occur prior to their clinical introduction because of the necessary changes to accepted norms which are needed to appropriately safeguard individual and public health.
An up-to-date and comprehensive treatment of biosurveillancetechniques With the worldwide awareness of bioterrorism and drug-resistantinfectious diseases, the need for surveillance systems toaccurately detect emerging epidemicsis essential for maintainingglobal safety. Responding to these issues, Disease Surveillancebrings together fifteen eminent researchers in the fields ofmedicine, epidemiology, biostatistics, and medical informatics todefine the necessary elements of an effective disease surveillanceprogram, including research, development, implementation, andoperations. The surveillance systems and techniques presented inthe text are designed to best utilize modern technology, manageemerging public health threats, and adapt to environmentalchanges. Following a historical overview detailing the need for diseasesurveillance systems, the text is divided into the following threeparts: Part One sets forth the informatics knowledge needed toimplement a disease surveillance system, including a discussion ofdata sources currently used in syndromic surveillance systems. Part Two provides case studies of modern disease surveillancesystems, including cases that highlight implementation andoperational difficulties as well as the successes experienced byhealth departments in the United States, Canada, Europe, andAsia. Part Three addresses practical issues concerning the evaluationof disease surveillance systems and the education of futureinformatics and disease surveillance practitioners. It alsoassesses how future technology will shape the field of diseasesurveillance. This book's multidisciplinary approach is ideal for publichealth professionals who need to understand all the facets within adisease surveillance program and implement the technology needed tosupport surveillance activities. An outline of the componentsneeded for a successful disease surveillance system combined withextensive use of case studies makes this book well-suited as atextbook for public health informatics courses
COMPREHENSIVE COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING is a readable text offering complete coverage of all major topics in community health nursing from epidemiology and communicable disease to chronic illness and home health nursing. Centered on the family as the basic unit of community, this edition highlights and expands the discussion of aggregates at risk with a new chapter on contemporary health issues including poverty and homelessness, substance abuse, and violence. The text has been thoroughly updated to describe the impact managed care is having on the health care delivery system. The various roles and responsibilities of community health nurses, within a spectrum of non-acute care settings such as schools, businesses and industries, clinics and hospice centers, are clearly described. Provides a complete discussion of U.S. health legislation and health services to help the reader understand the current status of the health care system and access valuable services for their clients. Integrates over 40 case studies to demonstrate application of concepts to practice. Includes standards of practice developed by the American Nurses Association and other bodies for Community Health Nursing, Home Health Nursing, Gerontological Nursing, and more. Uses the nursing process, including nursing diagnosis and intervention, to consistently present care of families, aggregates, and communities. Provides coverage of growth and development of aggregates at risk across the lifespan to help the reader plan and implement health promotion strategies at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels. Features "An Exercise in Critical Thinking" at the conclusion of each chapter to enhance analysis and problem-solving skills. Provides assessment tools and quick reference information in appendices for easy access. Offers an Instructor's Resource Manual with approximately 1,000 test questions/answers and transparency masters, plus a Computerized Test Bank.
This text introduces students to the core concepts and principles of public health: the nature and scope of public health; its history; an introduction to health determinants and epidemiology; evidence-based practice in public health and understanding public health data plus more.
Canada. National Advisory Committee on SARS and Public Health
Renewal of Public Health in Canada : a Report of the National Advisory Committee on SARS and Public Health
Author: Canada. National Advisory Committee on SARS and Public Health
Publisher: National Advisory Committee
Category: Communicable diseases
This is the report of a committee established by Health Canada in the circumstances surrounding the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2002-03. The mandate of the committee was to provide a third-party assessment of current public health efforts & lessons learned for ongoing & future infectious disease control. After an introduction on matters relating to emerging & re-emerging infectious diseases and the public health system, chapter 2 describes the history of the SARS outbreak from its beginnings in China through its severe impact on the public & health care workers in Toronto to its eventual coming under control. Chapter 3 reviews the role & organization of the public health system in Canada and includes some international comparisons. Subsequent chapters discuss & make recommendations related to enhancing the public health infrastructure; building capacity & co-ordination in national infectious disease surveillance, outbreak management, & emergency response; strengthening the role of laboratories in public health & public health emergencies; the supply & training of public health human resources; clinical & public health systems issues arising from the SARS outbreak in Toronto; legal & ethical issues raised by SARS & infectious diseases in Canada; lessons learned from SARS regarding emerging infectious disease research; international aspects of SARS; and the renewal of public health in Canada.