Pressley assumes the reader knows the main results of multivariate calculus and concentrates on the theory of the study of surfaces. Used for courses on surface geometry, it includes intersting and in-depth examples and goes into the subject in great detail and vigour. The book will cover three-dimensional Euclidean space only, and takes the whole book to cover the material and treat it as a subject in its own right.
Written primarily for students who have completed the standard first courses in calculus and linear algebra, Elementary Differential Geometry, Revised 2nd Edition, provides an introduction to the geometry of curves and surfaces. The Second Edition maintained the accessibility of the first, while providing an introduction to the use of computers and expanding discussion on certain topics. Further emphasis was placed on topological properties, properties of geodesics, singularities of vector fields, and the theorems of Bonnet and Hadamard. This revision of the Second Edition provides a thorough update of commands for the symbolic computation programs Mathematica or Maple, as well as additional computer exercises. As with the Second Edition, this material supplements the content but no computer skill is necessary to take full advantage of this comprehensive text. Over 36,000 copies sold worldwide Accessible, practical yet rigorous approach to a complex topic--also suitable for self-study Extensive update of appendices on Mathematica and Maple software packages Thorough streamlining of second edition's numbering system Fuller information on solutions to odd-numbered problems Additional exercises and hints guide students in using the latest computer modeling tools
Elementary Differential Geometry focuses on the elementary account of the geometry of curves and surfaces. The book first offers information on calculus on Euclidean space and frame fields. Topics include structural equations, connection forms, frame fields, covariant derivatives, Frenet formulas, curves, mappings, tangent vectors, and differential forms. The publication then examines Euclidean geometry and calculus on a surface. Discussions focus on topological properties of surfaces, differential forms on a surface, integration of forms, differentiable functions and tangent vectors, congruence of curves, derivative map of an isometry, and Euclidean geometry. The manuscript takes a look at shape operators, geometry of surfaces in E, and Riemannian geometry. Concerns include geometric surfaces, covariant derivative, curvature and conjugate points, Gauss-Bonnet theorem, fundamental equations, global theorems, isometries and local isometries, orthogonal coordinates, and integration and orientation. The text is a valuable reference for students interested in elementary differential geometry.
From the PREFACE. THIS tract is intended to present a precise account of the elementary differential properties of plane curves. The matter contained is in no sense new, but a suitable connected treatment in the English language has not been available. As a result, a number of interesting misconceptions are current in English text books. It is sufficient to mention two somewhat striking examples, (a) According to the ordinary definition of an envelope, as the locus of the limits of points of intersection of neighbouring curves, a curve is not the envelope of its circles of curvature, for neighbouring circles of curvature do not intersect. (b) The definitions of an asymptote-(1) a straight line, the distance from which of a point on the curve tends to zero as the point tends to infinity; (2) the limit of a tangent to the curve, whose point of contact tends to infinity-are not equivalent. The curve may have an asymptote according to the former definition, and the tangent may exist at every point, but have no limit as its point of contact tends to infinity. The subjects dealt with, and the general method of treatment, are similar to those of the usual chapters on geometry in any Cours d'Analyse, except that in general plane curves alone are considered. At the same time extensions to three dimensions are made in a somewhat arbitrary selection of places, where the extension is immediate, and forms a natural commentary on the two dimensional work, or presents special points of interest (Frenet's formulae). To make such extensions systematically would make the tract too long. The subject matter being wholly classical, no attempt has been made to give full references to sources of information; the reader however is referred at most stages to the analogous treatment of the subject in the Cours or Traite d'Analyse of de la Vallee Poussin, Goursat, Jordan or Picard, works to which the author is much indebted. In general the functions, which define the curves under consideration, are (as usual) assumed to have as many continuous differential coefficients as may be mentioned. In places, however, more particularly at the beginning, this rule is deliberately departed from, and the greatest generality is sought for in the enunciation of any theorem. The determination of the necessary and sufficient conditions for the truth of any theorem is then the primary consideration. In the proofs of the elementary theorems, where this procedure is adopted, it is believed that this treatment will be found little more laborious than any rigorous treatment, and that it provides a connecting link between Analysis and more complicated geometrical theorems, in which insistence on the precise necessary conditions becomes tedious and out of place, and suitable sufficient conditions can always be tacitly assumed. At an earlier stage the more precise formulation of conditions may be regarded as (1) an important grounding for the student of Geometry, and (2) useful practice for the student of Analysis. The introductory chapter is a collection of somewhat disconnected theorems which are required for reference. The reader can omit it, and to refer to it as it becomes necessary for the understanding of later chapters....
Tensors and methods of differential geometry are very useful mathematical tools in many fields of modern physics and computational engineering including relativity physics, electrodynamics, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), continuum mechanics, aero and vibroacoustics and cybernetics. This book comprehensively presents topics, such as bra-ket notation, tensor analysis and elementary differential geometry of a moving surface. Moreover, authors intentionally abstain from giving mathematically rigorous definitions and derivations that are however dealt with as precisely as possible. The reader is provided with hands-on calculations and worked-out examples at which he will learn how to handle the bra-ket notation, tensors and differential geometry and to use them in the physical and engineering world. The target audience primarily comprises graduate students in physics and engineering, research scientists and practicing engineers.
From Classical Geometries to Elementary Differential Geometry
Author: P. M. H. Wilson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This self-contained 2007 textbook presents an exposition of the well-known classical two-dimensional geometries, such as Euclidean, spherical, hyperbolic, and the locally Euclidean torus, and introduces the basic concepts of Euler numbers for topological triangulations, and Riemannian metrics. The careful discussion of these classical examples provides students with an introduction to the more general theory of curved spaces developed later in the book, as represented by embedded surfaces in Euclidean 3-space, and their generalization to abstract surfaces equipped with Riemannian metrics. Themes running throughout include those of geodesic curves, polygonal approximations to triangulations, Gaussian curvature, and the link to topology provided by the Gauss-Bonnet theorem. Numerous diagrams help bring the key points to life and helpful examples and exercises are included to aid understanding. Throughout the emphasis is placed on explicit proofs, making this text ideal for any student with a basic background in analysis and algebra.
Unlike some other reproductions of classic texts (1) We have not used OCR(Optical Character Recognition), as this leads to bad quality books with introduced typos. (2) In books where there are images such as portraits, maps, sketches etc We have endeavoured to keep the quality of these images, so they represent accurately the original artefact. Although occasionally there may be certain imperfections with these old texts, we feel they deserve to be made available for future generations to enjoy.