A Practical Resource for Understanding, Preventing, and Managing Driver Distraction It is estimated that up to 23 percent of crashes and near-crashes are caused by driver distraction, and these figures will likely increase as more and more distractions, both inside and outside the vehicle, compete for driver attention. Driver Distraction: Theory, Effects, and Mitigation gives a comprehensive overview of this issue, outlining the underlying theory of distraction, its effects on driving performance and safety, strategies for mitigating its effects, and directions for future research. It also brings together the wide array of literature on the topic into one, all-inclusive volume. Includes Recommendations for Managing Distractions in the Technological Age This comprehensive volume reviews the full range of distracting activities that occur while driving, and available ergonomic methods, guidelines, and checklists for the measurement and mitigation of driver distraction. It also recommends ways to manage distraction through enhanced data collection and analysis, driver education and training, driver licensing, legislation and enforcement, vehicle design, road design, company policies, and future research. Beneficial for a broad audience, including: Vehicle manufacturers Road transport authorities and safety agencies Traffic and transport engineers Automotive equipment manufacturers and suppliers Company safety managers Standards organizations Transport safety research agencies This work comes at a critical time when road safety authorities are just beginning to recognize the importance of driver distraction as a road safety issue. With balanced and practical guidance, it aims to prevent driver distraction from escalating into an even more significant problem.
Continuous Subcutaneous Infusions in Palliative Care
Author: Andrew Dickman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
The delivery of two, three, four, or even five drugs in the same syringe is now considered routine practice. A continuous subcutaneous infusion is an effective method of drug administration that is particularly suited to palliative care, where other routes are inappropriate. Palliative care patients frequently have multiple symptoms that require the use of numerous drugs; as the patient's condition deteriorates, the oral route is often no longer suitable and the syringe driver ensures continued symptom control. This route increases patient comfort as it avoids the need for repeated injections, plasma concentration levels of drugs remain constant, and it maintains the patient's sense of independence. There have been several developments in this field since the first edition of this book published, including new devices and drugs. There is also a wealth of stability date provided, covering an extensive list of drug combinations. The book consists of four sections. The first provides an overview of syringe drivers and continuous subcutaneous infusions, including detailed set up information. The second section provides referenced information about drugs that are likely to be encountered, including certain drugs that should only be used by, or on the recommendation of, palliative care specialists. Section three provides information about symptom control in the last few days of life, concentrating specifically on the use of the syringe driver. Finally, the compatibility tables can be found in Section Four. 'The syringe driver' has proved to be an essential source of information for doctors, nurses, and pharmacists who work in palliative medicine.
TRB's Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program (CTBSSP) Synthesis 13: Effectiveness of Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Training Curricula and Delivery Methods explores the state of commercial motor vehicle (CMV) operator training in the trucking and motorcoach industries. The report examines the experiences of training programs that are using some combination of simulators and computer-based instruction and identifies measures of training effectiveness being used in the CMV community.
Examines deaths, injuries, and property damage from traffic crashes. Evans (research scientist, General Motors Research Labs, Warren, Michigan) applies the methods of science to illuminate the characteristics of these problems--their origin and nature as well as their severity. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Driver inattention has been identified as one of the leading causes for car accidents. The problem of distraction while driving is likely to worsen, partly due to increasingly complex in-car technologies. However, intelligent transport systems are being developed to assist drivers and to ensure a safe road environment. One approach to the design of ergonomic automobile systems is to integrate our understanding of the human information processing systems into the design process. This book aims to further the design of ergonomic multisensory interfaces using research from the fast-growing field of cognitive neuroscience. It focuses on two aspects of driver information-processing in particular: multisensory interactions and the spatial distribution of attention in driving. The Multisensory Driver provides interface design guidelines together with a detailed review of current cognitive neuroscience and behavioural research in multisensory human perception, which will help the development of ergonomic interfaces. The discussion on spatial attention is particularly relevant for car interface designers, but it will also appeal to cognitive psychologists interested in spatial attention and the applications of these theoretical research findings. Giving a detailed description of a cohesive series of psychophysical experiments on multisensory warning signals, conducted in both laboratory and simulator settings, this book provides an approach for those in the engineering discipline who wish to test their systems with human observers.
As technology improves, so does the sophistication of driving simulators. Meanwhile, as the volume of traffic increases, simulators are being seen as a real addition to the driving trainer’s armory. This book explains the basics of education and training using simulators and their ability to improve safety on our streets. Käppler shows that they can be used for documentation, data acquisition, data analysis, evaluation, and modeling as well as for simple training.
This report of the Transportation Research Board will be of interest to transit staff interested in implementing leadership development initiatives at their agencies. Current practices, major issues, trends, and innovations related to the use of corporate culture as the driver in hiring, developing, evaluating, and retaining a leadership team, within and outside the transit industry were documented for this synthesis. The report discusses the state of the practice in leadership recruitment, development, evaluation, and retention. It reports on innovative approaches to the problems faced in todays work environment in transit and other industries. This synthesis also covers the manner in which corporate culture affects the hiring, development, evaluation, and retention of the top management team.