' This book aims to compile some of the important results from the latest research in climate variation and prediction studies with a focus on the role of the ocean, particularly in the Indo-Pacific region. Several new modes of ocean-atmosphere climate variations have been discovered in the last decade, and the advance of climate models have made it possible to predict some of these modes several seasons ahead. This has improved the society''s ability to use model predictions to mitigate climate disaster risks. Leading experts in the field were invited to contribute to this book in order to compile a comprehensive review for the benefit of researchers as well as general readers interested in the subject. Contents:Old and New Faces of Climate Variations (Toshio Yamagata, Yushi Morioka and Swadhin Behera)Ocean Processes Relevant to Climate Variations in the Indian Ocean Sector (Yukio Masumoto, Motoki Nagura, Toru Miyama, Shang-Ping Xie, Zuojun Yu, Julian P McCreary, Jr, P N Vinayachandran, Raleigh R Hood and Hezi Gildor)Current Status of Intraseasonal–Seasonal-to-Interannual Prediction of the Indo-Pacific Climate (Jing-Jia Luo, Chaoxia Yuan, Wataru Sasaki, Swadhin K Behera, Yukio Masumoto, Toshio Yamagata, June-Yi Lee and Sebastien Masson)Energetics of the Global Ocean: The Role of Mesoscale Eddies (Hidenori Aiki, Xiaoming Zhai and Richard J Greatbatch)Parameterization of the Ocean Mixed Layer and Its Influence on the OGCM (Yign Noh)Western Pacific and Marginal Sea Processes (Tangdong Qu, Tomoki Tozuka, Shinichiro Kida, Xinyu Guo, Yasumasa Miyazawa and Qinyu Liu)Air–Sea Interaction Over the Western Boundary Currents in the Western North Pacific (Shoshiro Minobe, Bo Qiu, Masami Nonaka and Hisashi Nakamura)An Overview of Coupled GCM Biases in the Tropics (Ingo Richter, Takeshi Doi, Ping Chang, Zhao Xu, Takahito Kataoka, Tomoki Tozuka, Motoki Nagura, Pascal Oettli and Simon P de Szoeke)Dynamical Downscaling of Seasonal Climate in Southern Africa (J Venkata Ratnam, Satyaban B Ratna, Swadhin K Behera, C J de W Rautenbach, Keiko Takakashi and Toshio Yamagata)Characterizing the Reliability of Global Crop Prediction Based on Seasonal Climate Forecasts (Toshichika Iizumi, Masayuki Yokozawa, Gen Sakurai, Hirofumi Sakuma, Jing-Jia Luo, Andrew J Challinor and Toshio Yamagata)Weathering Global Climate Change (Antonio Navarra and George Philander) Readership: Graduate students, academics and researchers in atmospheric sciences, oceanography, mathematics, and climate change. Key Features:It has the information on latest modes of climate variationsMost of the authors are renowned in the world climate research community and would endorse the book in their peers and academic institutionsThe book has compiled some unique aspects of the present day climate research that are of great interests for the researchers in the communityKeywords:Indian Ocean Dipole;El Nino;El Nino Modoki;Monsoon;Ningaloo Nino;California Nino;Climate Variations;Seasonal Predictions;Western Boundary;Ocean Eddies;Ocean Mixing;Model Bias;GCM;Downscaling'
The new edition of this highly practical microscopy guide covers a wider range of applications and includes a new chapter on associated techniques along with new material on high-resolution images of periodic structures.
Brings together a series of papers which explore various aspects of the deformation of continental lithosphere, covering different tectonic settings from the Palaeozoic to the present day. These include terrane accretion and juxtaposition, the exhumation of high-pressure terrains, and mechanisms of crustal extension and rifting.
A traditional way to honor distinguished scientists is to combine collections of papers solicited from friendly colleagues into dedicatory volumes. To honor our friend and colleague Mort Gurtin on the occasion of his sixty-fifth birthday, we followed a surer path to produce a work of intrinsic and lasting scientific value: We collected pa pers that we deemed seminal in the field of evolving phase interfaces in solids, a field to which Mort Gurtin himself has made fundamental contributions. Our failure for lack of space to include in this volume every paper of major significance is mitigated by the ma gisterial introduction prepared by Eliot Fried, which assesses the contributions of nu merous works. We hope that this collection will prove useful and stimulating to both researchers and students in this exciting field. August 1998 JohnM. Ball David Kinderlehrer Paulo Podio-Guidugli Marshall Slemrod Contents Introduction: Fifty Years of Research on Evolving Phase Interfaces By Eliot Fried. 0 •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 0 ••••• 1 I. Papers on Materials Science Surface Tension as a Motivation for Sintering By C. Herring 33 Two-Dimensional Motion of Idealized Grain Boundaries By W. W. Mullins 0 ••••••••••• 0 ••••••••••••••••••• 70 Morphological. Stability of a Particle Growing by Diffusion or Heat Flow By w. w. Mullins and R. F. Sekerka 75 Energy Relations and the Energy-Momentum Tensor in Continuum Mechanics By J. D. Eshelby 82 The Interactions of Composition and Stress in Crystalline Solids By F. e. Larche and 1. W. Cahn 120 II.
Recently, the rapid development of radiofrequency (RF)/microwave and photonic/optical waveguide technologies has had a significant impact on the current electronic industrial, medical and information and communication technology (ICT) fields. This book is a self-contained collection of valuable scholarly papers related to waveguide design, modeling, and applications. This book contains 20 chapters that cover three main subtopics of waveguide technologies, namely RF and microwave waveguide, photonic and optical waveguide and waveguide analytical solutions. Hence, this book is particularly useful to the academics, scientists, practicing researchers and postgraduate students whose work relates to the latest waveguide technologies.