Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

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Page: 48

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The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

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Page: 64

View: 295

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.

Books in Series

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Category: Monographic series

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View: 184

Vols. for 1980- issued in three parts: Series, Authors, and Titles.

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

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Page: 96

View: 741

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.

The Content of Science

A Constructivist Approach to Its Teaching and Learning

Author: Peter J. Fensham

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 278

View: 574

This book is a result of a workshop where 14 science educators were invited to draft chapters on the implications that the research studies in a specific content area of science have for its teaching. The relations between social forces and perceptions of purpose and content lay behind discussions in the workshop, and influenced the emergence of three major issues concerning science content: its variety; its complexity; and the relation between content and action. Chapters include: (1) "Science Content and Constructivist Views of Learning and Teaching" (Peter Fensham; Richard Gunstone; and Richard White) and "Constructivism: Some History" ((David Hawkins); (2) "Beginning to Teach Chemistry" (Peter Fensham); (3) "Generative Science Teaching" (Merlin Wittrock); (4) "Constructivism, Re-constructivism, and Tack-oriented Problem-solving" (Mike Watts); (5) "Structures, Force, and Stability. Design a Playground" (Cliff Malcolm); (6) "Pupils Understanding Magnetism in a Practical Assessment Context: The Relationship Between Content, Process and Progression" (Gaalen Erickson); (7) "Primary Science in an Integrated Curriculum" (Maureen Duke; Wendy Jobling; Telsa Rudd; and Kate Brass); (8) "Digging into Science-A Unit Developed for a Year 5 Class" (Kate Brass and Wendy Jobling); (9) "Year 3: Research into Science" (Kate Brass and Telsa Rudd); (10) "The Importance of Specific Science Content in the Enhancement of Metacognition" (Richard Gunstone); (11) "The Constructivist Paradigm and Some Implications for Science Content and Pedagogy" (Malcolm Carr; Miles Barker; Beverley Bell; Fred Biddulph; Alister Jones; Valda Kirkwood; John Pearson; and David Symington); (12) "Making High-tech Micrographs Meaningful to the Biology Student" (James Wandersee); (13) "Year 9 Bodies" (Anne Symons; Kate Brass; and Susan Odgers); (14) "Learning and Teaching Energy" (Reinders Duit and Peter Haeussler); (15) "Working from Children's Ideas: Planning and Teaching a Chemistry Topic from a Constructivist Perspective" (Philip Scott; Hilary Asoko; Rosalind Driver; and Jonathan Emberton); (16) "States of Matter-Pedagogical Sequence and Teaching Strategies Based on Cognitive Research" (Ruth Stavy); (17) "Pedagogical Outcomes of Research in Science Education: Examples in Mechanics and Thermodynamics" (Laurence Viennot and S. Rozier); and (18) "Dimensions of Content" (Richard White). (JRH)

Nuclear Fear

A History of Images

Author: Spencer R. WEART

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 535

View: 791

Assesses the impact of associations derived from historical and cultural sources on perceptions about nuclear energy

Essential Maple 7

An Introduction for Scientific Programmers

Author: Robert M. Corless

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 282

View: 942

This book provides an accelerated introduction to Maple for scientific programmers who already have experience in other computer languages (such as C, Pascal, or FORTRAN). It gives an overview of the most commonly used constructs and an elementary introduction to Maple programming. The new edition is substantially updated throughout. In particular, there are new programming features especially modules, nested lexical scopes, documentation features, and object-oriented support), a new solution of differential equations, and new plotting features. Review of Earlier Edition "It is especially nice for people like us, who have done some C and FORTRAN programming in our time, but would like to take better advantage of a tool like Maple. It discusses things of key importance to a scientific programmer and does not go on and on with things you'd never use anyway. The examples are terrific--beyond description. I have informed my colleagues here that this is a must-have..." (Brynjulf Owren, Department of Mathematical Sciences, The Norwegian Institute of Technology)

The Chemical Scythe

Lessons of 2,4,5-T and Dioxin

Author: Alastair Hay

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 264

View: 534

The Chemical Scythe is the first book in a projected series to be published by Plenum Press in association with the International Disaster Institute. The aim of the series, Disaster Research in Practice, is to provide scientific and readable accounts on the most urgent areas of disaster research. It is fitting, therefore, that Dr. Hay's investigation into the nature and effects of dioxins heralds the new series. The problem of chemical hazards is one that we will have to learn to live with in future decades. Dr. Hay's book is an authoritative account of the chemistry and proven and potential effects of dioxins, and of the impli cations for safety planning. He concludes with a cautious, yet optimistic note-that indeed we can learn to live with such hazards, providing that we are prepared to understand and plan for the unexpected. The accident at Seveso in 1976 alerted the world to an imperfectly un derstood but immensely alarming environmental hazard. Public debate and argument as to the implications of dioxins and, indeed, the use of herbicides as aggressive weapons in Vietnam, rage on. And yet it is only through the painstaking research exemplified in this book that it will eventually be pos sible to promote the vital accountability on the part of industrialists and governments.

Mathematical Techniques in Crystallography and Materials Science

Author: Edward Prince

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 216

""Mathematical techniques in Crystallography and Materials Science" brings together common and less familiar mathematical procedures used in studies of the structures and physical properties of solids. This practical guide and reference serves as a unified source book for students and professionals, and it provides a solid basis for further studies in more specialized literature.

Whose Science? Whose Knowledge?

Thinking from Women's Lives

Author: Sandra Harding

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 841

With a book that is guaranteed to upset familiar assumptions about or ways of knowing, Sandra Harding again steps into the center of a thorn debate--a debate about the nature of the scientific enterprise and of human knowledge itself. Vigorously and persuasively, she develops further the themes first addressed in The Science Question in Feminism. It that widely influential book, she asked what it is that is distinctive about feminist research. Here she conducts a compelling analysis of feminist theories on the philosophical problem of how we know what we know.

Numerical Recipes 3rd Edition

The Art of Scientific Computing

Author: William H. Press

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 1235

View: 764

The essential text and reference for modern scientific computing now also covers computational geometry, classification and inference, and much more.

Common-channel Signalling

Author: Richard J. Manterfield

Publisher: IET

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 221

View: 389

This is a highly readable and lucid introduction to the complex subject of signalling which will enable the reader to understand detailed signalling specifications and international standards recommendations. Manterfield describes the layered architecture of modern systems and identifies the relationship between CCS and the central processor of SPC exchanges, as well as the convergence between techniques used for signalling between exchanges within the main network and those used between the network and customer equipment. There are useful chapter summaries as well as a full glossary of abbreviations and technology. Book Contents 1: Principles of signalling systems; 2: Channel-associated signalling; 3: CCITT Signalling System No. 6; 4: Architecture of modern CCS systems; 5: CCITT No. 7 transfer mechanisms; 6: CCITT No. 7 user parts; 7: Transaction capabilities; 8: DSS1 physical and data-link layers; 9: DSS1 network layer; 10: Interworking of CCS systems; 11: Conclusions; Index.

A Chemical History Tour

Picturing Chemistry from Alchemy to Modern Molecular Science

Author: Arthur Greenberg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 585

Take a stroll through this one-of-a-kind book that offers readers an illustrated tour of how chemistry developed, from alchemy to the emergence of chemistry as a scientific discipline in the early 17th century, and, finally, modern-day chemistry. Discover this rare collection of more than 180 illustrations spanning 400 years of chemical publications, with each illustration accompanied by an essay discussing its significance in the context of historical scientific beliefs as well as modern chemical science. The author's knowledge and enthusiasm for the books, images, and subject matter are clearly reflected throughout the very readable, informative, and frequently funny essays. High-quality, full-page reproductions from the author's art collection, published from 1599 to the present, are eloquently displayed.

Computational Science and Engineering

Author: Gilbert Strang

Publisher: Wellesley-Cambridge Press

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 750

View: 753

Encompasses the full range of computational science and engineering from modelling to solution, both analytical and numerical. It develops a framework for the equations and numerical methods of applied mathematics. Gilbert Strang has taught this material to thousands of engineers and scientists (and many more on MIT's OpenCourseWare 18.085-6). His experience is seen in his clear explanations, wide range of examples, and teaching method. The book is solution-based and not formula-based: it integrates analysis and algorithms and MATLAB codes to explain each topic as effectively as possible. The topics include applied linear algebra and fast solvers, differential equations with finite differences and finite elements, Fourier analysis and optimization. This book also serves as a reference for the whole community of computational scientists and engineers. Supporting resources, including MATLAB codes, problem solutions and video lectures from Gilbert Strang's 18.085 courses at MIT, are provided at math.mit.edu/cse.

Merleau-Ponty and Modern Politics After Anti-humanism

Author: Diana H. Coole

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

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Category: Philosophy

Page: 271

View: 140

"In this book, Diana Coole shows how existential phenomenology illuminates and enlivens our understanding of polities. With breadth of vision and penetrating insight, Coole demonstrates that political questions were always central to Merleau-Ponty's philosophical project. She also shows how Merleau-Ponty's concern with contingency anticipated arguments by thinkers such as Derrida, Foucault, and Deleuze, while sustaining a robust sense of politics as the domain of collective life"--Jacket.

Expressing America

Author: George Ritzer

Publisher: SAGE

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Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 455

This innovative text focuses on an American icon, central to United States culture, that is rapidly becoming a global expression of prosperity - the credit card. George Ritzer explains what the credit card tells us, both good and bad, about the essence of the modern US and why and how the credit card is helping to transform much of the world. Drawing on the insights of both classic and contemporary social thinkers, including Georg Simmel, C Wright Mills, Karl Marx and Max Weber, as well as micro-macro, agency-structure and Americanization theories, Ritzer also reveals to students the powerful insights gained from using the sociological `imagination' applied to a topic that students know about and are interested in.

Managing Uncertainty in Expert Systems

Author: Jerzy W. Grzymala-Busse

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 224

View: 286

3. Textbook for a course in expert systems,if an emphasis is placed on Chapters 1 to 3 and on a selection of material from Chapters 4 to 7. There is also the option of using an additional commercially available sheU for a programming project. In assigning a programming project, the instructor may use any part of a great variety of books covering many subjects, such as car repair. Instructions for mostofthe "weekend mechanic" books are close stylisticaUy to expert system rules. Contents Chapter 1 gives an introduction to the subject matter; it briefly presents basic concepts, history, and some perspectives ofexpert systems. Then itpresents the architecture of an expert system and explains the stages of building an expert system. The concept of uncertainty in expert systems and the necessity of deal ing with the phenomenon are then presented. The chapter ends with the descrip tion of taxonomy ofexpert systems. Chapter 2 focuses on knowledge representation. Four basic ways to repre sent knowledge in expert systems are presented: first-order logic, production sys tems, semantic nets, and frames. Chapter 3 contains material about knowledge acquisition. Among machine learning techniques, a methodofrule learning from examples is explained in de tail. Then problems ofrule-base verification are discussed. In particular, both consistency and completeness oftherule base are presented.