Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems refer to the latest development in computer microchips which are created by integrating hundreds of thousands of transistors into one chip. Emerging research in this area has the potential to uncover further applications for VSLI technologies in addition to system advancements. Design and Modeling of Low Power VLSI Systems analyzes various traditional and modern low power techniques for integrated circuit design in addition to the limiting factors of existing techniques and methods for optimization. Through a research-based discussion of the technicalities involved in the VLSI hardware development process cycle, this book is a useful resource for researchers, engineers, and graduate-level students in computer science and engineering.
Low-Power Digital VLSI Design: Circuits and Systems addresses both process technologies and device modeling. Power dissipation in CMOS circuits, several practical circuit examples, and low-power techniques are discussed. Low-voltage issues for digital CMOS and BiCMOS circuits are emphasized. The book also provides an extensive study of advanced CMOS subsystem design. A low-power design methodology is presented with various power minimization techniques at the circuit, logic, architecture and algorithm levels. Features: Low-voltage CMOS device modeling, technology files, design rules Switching activity concept, low-power guidelines to engineering practice Pass-transistor logic families Power dissipation of I/O circuits Multi- and low-VT CMOS logic, static power reduction circuit techniques State of the art design of low-voltage BiCMOS and CMOS circuits Low-power techniques in CMOS SRAMS and DRAMS Low-power on-chip voltage down converter design Numerous advanced CMOS subsystems (e.g. adders, multipliers, data path, memories, regular structures, phase-locked loops) with several design options trading power, delay and area Low-power design methodology, power estimation techniques Power reduction techniques at the logic, architecture and algorithm levels More than 190 circuits explained at the transistor level.
Low-Power Design of Nanometer FPGAs Architecture and EDA is an invaluable reference for researchers and practicing engineers concerned with power-efficient, FPGA design. State-of-the-art power reduction techniques for FPGAs will be described and compared. These techniques can be applied at the circuit, architecture, and electronic design automation levels to describe both the dynamic and leakage power sources and enable strategies for codesign. Low-power techniques presented at key FPGA design levels for circuits, architectures, and electronic design automation, form critical, "bridge" guidelines for codesign Comprehensive review of leakage-tolerant techniques empowers designers to minimize power dissipation Provides valuable tools for estimating power efficiency/savings of current, low-power FPGA design techniques
This book facilitates the VLSI-interested individuals with not only in-depth knowledge, but also the broad aspects of it by explaining its applications in different fields, including image processing and biomedical. The deep understanding of basic concepts gives you the power to develop a new application aspect, which is very well taken care of in this book by using simple language in explaining the concepts. In the VLSI world, the importance of hardware description languages cannot be ignored, as the designing of such dense and complex circuits is not possible without them. Both Verilog and VHDL languages are used here for designing. The current needs of high-performance integrated circuits (ICs) including low power devices and new emerging materials, which can play a very important role in achieving new functionalities, are the most interesting part of the book. The testing of VLSI circuits becomes more crucial than the designing of the circuits in this nanometer technology era. The role of fault simulation algorithms is very well explained, and its implementation using Verilog is the key aspect of this book. This book is well organized into 20 chapters. Chapter 1 emphasizes on uses of FPGA on various image processing and biomedical applications. Then, the descriptions enlighten the basic understanding of digital design from the perspective of HDL in Chapters 2–5. The performance enhancement with alternate material or geometry for silicon-based FET designs is focused in Chapters 6 and 7. Chapters 8 and 9 describe the study of bimolecular interactions with biosensing FETs. Chapters 10–13 deal with advanced FET structures available in various shapes, materials such as nanowire, HFET, and their comparison in terms of device performance metrics calculation. Chapters 14–18 describe different application-specific VLSI design techniques and challenges for analog and digital circuit designs. Chapter 19 explains the VLSI testability issues with the description of simulation and its categorization into logic and fault simulation for test pattern generation using Verilog HDL. Chapter 20 deals with a secured VLSI design with hardware obfuscation by hiding the IC’s structure and function, which makes it much more difficult to reverse engineer.
A critical part of ensuring that systems are advancing alongside technology without complications is problem solving. Practical applications of problem-solving theories can model conflict and cooperation and aid in creating solutions to real-world problems. Soft-Computing-Based Nonlinear Control Systems Design is a critical scholarly publication that examines the practical applications of control theory and its applications in problem solving to fields including economics, environmental management, and financial modelling. Featuring a wide range of topics, such as fuzzy logic, nature-inspired algorithms, and cloud computing, this book is geared toward academicians, researchers, and students seeking relevant research on control theory and its practical applications.
17th International Workshop, PATMOS 2007, Gothenburg, Sweden, September 3-5, 2007, Proceedings
Author: Nadine Azemard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Annotation This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 17th International Workshop on Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization and Simulation, PATMOS 2007, held in Gothenburg, Sweden, in September 2007. The 36 revised full papers and 19 revised poster papers presented together with the abstracts of 3 key notes and 2 industrial papers were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on high-level design, low power design techniques, low power analog circuits, statistical static timing analysis, power modeling and optimization, low power routing optimization, security and asynchronous design, low power applications, modeling and optimization, low power techniques and applications, as well as design challenges in real-life projects.
Nanoelectronics are a diverse set of materials and devices that are so small that quantum mechanics need to be applied to their function. The possibilities these devices present outweigh the difficulties associated with their development, as biosensors and similar devices have the potential to vastly improve our technological reach. The Handbook of Research on Nanoelectronic Sensor Modeling and Applications begins with an introduction of the fundamental concepts of nanoelectronic sensors, then proceeds to outline in great detail the concepts of nanoscale device modeling and nanoquantum fundamentals. Recent advances in the field such as graphene technology are discussed at length in this comprehensive handbook, ideal for electrical engineers, advanced engineering students, researchers, and academics.
This book describes methodologies in the design of VLSI devices, circuits and their applications at nanoscale levels. The book begins with a discussion on the dominant role of power in highly scaled devices and circuits. The 15 chapters of the book are classified under four sections that cover design, modeling, and simulation of electronic, magnetic and compound semiconductors for their applications in VLSI devices, circuits, and systems. This comprehensive volume eloquently presents the design methodologies for ultra–low power VLSI design, potential post–CMOS devices and circuits, and their applications from the architectural and system perspective. The book shall serve as an invaluable reference book for the graduate students, Ph.D./ M.S./ M.Tech. Scholars, researchers, and practicing engineers working in the frontier areas of nanoscale VLSI design.
Rapid developments in technology have led to enhanced electronic systems and applications. When utilized correctly, these can have significant impacts on communication and computer systems. Transport of Information-Carriers in Semiconductors and Nanodevices is an innovative source of academic material on transport modelling in semiconductor material and nanoscale devices. Including a range of perspectives on relevant topics such as charge carriers, semiclassical transport theory, and organic semiconductors, this is an ideal publication for engineers, researchers, academics, professionals, and practitioners interested in emerging developments on transport equations that govern information carriers.
Until now, there has been a lack of a complete knowledge base to fully comprehend Low power (LP) design and power aware (PA) verification techniques and methodologies and deploy them all together in a real design verification and implementation project. This book is a first approach to establishing a comprehensive PA knowledge base. LP design, PA verification, and Unified Power Format (UPF) or IEEE-1801 power format standards are no longer special features. These technologies and methodologies are now part of industry-standard design, verification, and implementation flows (DVIF). Almost every chip design today incorporates some kind of low power technique either through power management on chip, by dividing the design into different voltage areas and controlling the voltages, through PA dynamic and PA static verification, or their combination. The entire LP design and PA verification process involves thousands of techniques, tools, and methodologies, employed from the r egister transfer level (RTL) of design abstraction down to the synthesis or place-and-route levels of physical design. These techniques, tools, and methodologies are evolving everyday through the progression of design-verification complexity and more intelligent ways of handling that complexity by engineers, researchers, and corporate engineering policy makers.
This book pioneers the field of gain-cell embedded DRAM (GC-eDRAM) design for low-power VLSI systems-on-chip (SoCs). Novel GC-eDRAMs are specifically designed and optimized for a range of low-power VLSI SoCs, ranging from ultra-low power to power-aware high-performance applications. After a detailed review of prior-art GC-eDRAMs, an analytical retention time distribution model is introduced and validated by silicon measurements, which is key for low-power GC-eDRAM design. The book then investigates supply voltage scaling and near-threshold voltage (NTV) operation of a conventional gain cell (GC), before presenting novel GC circuit and assist techniques for NTV operation, including a 3-transistor full transmission-gate write port, reverse body biasing (RBB), and a replica technique for optimum refresh timing. Next, conventional GC bitcells are evaluated under aggressive technology and voltage scaling (down to the subthreshold domain), before novel bitcells for aggressively scaled CMOS nodes and soft-error tolerance as presented, including a 4-transistor GC with partial internal feedback and a 4-transistor GC with built-in redundancy.
15th International Workshop, PATMOS 2005, Leuven, Belgium, September 21-23, 2005, Proceedings
Author: Vassilis Paliouras
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Power and Timing Optimization and Simulation, PATMOS 2005, held in Leuven, Belgium in September 2005. The 74 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on low-power processors, code optimization for low-power, high-level design, telecommunications and signal processing, low-power circuits, system-on-chip design, busses and interconnections, modeling, design automation, low-power techniques, memory and register files, applications, digital circuits, and analog and physical design.
Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization and Simulation; 14th International Workshop, PATMOS 2004, Santorini, Greece, September 15-17, 2004, Proceedings
Author: Enrico Macii
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th International Workshop on Power and Timing Optimization and Simulation, PATMOS 2004, held in Santorini, Greece in September 2004. The 85 revised papers presented together with abstracts of 6 invited presentations were carefully reviewed and selected from 152 papers submitted. The papers are organized in topical sections on buses and communication, circuits and devices, low power issues, architectures, asynchronous circuits, systems design, interconnect and physical design, security and safety, low-power processing, digital design, and modeling and simulation.
12th International Workshop, PATMOS 2002, Seville, Spain, September 11 - 13, 2002
Author: Bertrand Hochet
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Workshop on Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization and Simulation, PATMOS 2002, held in Seville, Spain in September 2002. The 37 revised full papers and 12 poster papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on arithmetics, low-level modeling and characterization, asynchronous and adiabatic techniques, CAD tools and algorithms, timing, gate-level modeling and design, and communications modeling and activity reduction.
Low Power Consumption is one of the critical issues in the performance of small battery-powered handheld devices. Mobile terminals feature an ever increasing number of wireless communication alternatives including GPS, Bluetooth, GSM, 3G, WiFi or DVB-H. Considering that the total power available for each terminal is limited by the relatively slow increase in battery performance expected in the near future, the need for efficient circuits is now critical. This book presents the basic techniques available to design low power RF CMOS analogue circuits. It gives circuit designers a complete guide of alternatives to optimize power consumption and explains the application of these rules in the most common RF building blocks: LNA, mixers and PLLs. It is set out using practical examples and offers a unique perspective as it targets designers working within the standard CMOS process and all the limitations inherent in these technologies.
16th International Workshop, PATMOS 2006, Montpellier, France, September 13-15, 2006, Proceedings
Author: Johan Vounckx
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Workshop on Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization and Simulation, PATMOS 2006. The book presents 41 revised full papers and 23 revised poster papers together with 4 key notes and 3 industrial abstracts. Topical sections include high-level design, power estimation and modeling memory and register files, low-power digital circuits, busses and interconnects, low-power techniques, applications and SoC design, modeling, and more.
13th International Workshop, PATMOS 2003, Torino, Italy, September 10-12, 2003, Proceedings
Author: PATMOS 2003
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 13th International Workshop on Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization and Simulation, PATMOS 2003, held in Torino, Italy in September 2003. The 43 revised full papers and 18 revised poster papers presented together with three keynote contributions were carefully reviewed and selected from 85 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on gate-level modeling and characterization, interconnect modeling and optimization, asynchronous techniques, RTL power modeling and memory optimization, high-level modeling, power-efficient technologies and designs, communication modeling and design, and low-power issues in processors and multimedia.
Over the years, the fundamentals of VLSI technology have evolved to include a wide range of topics and a broad range of practices. To encompass such a vast amount of knowledge, The VLSI Handbook focuses on the key concepts, models, and equations that enable the electrical engineer to analyze, design, and predict the behavior of very large-scale integrated circuits. It provides the most up-to-date information on IC technology you can find. Using frequent examples, the Handbook stresses the fundamental theory behind professional applications. Focusing not only on the traditional design methods, it contains all relevant sources of information and tools to assist you in performing your job. This includes software, databases, standards, seminars, conferences and more. The VLSI Handbook answers all your needs in one comprehensive volume at a level that will enlighten and refresh the knowledge of experienced engineers and educate the novice. This one-source reference keeps you current on new techniques and procedures and serves as a review for standard practice. It will be your first choice when looking for a solution.
IFIP TC10 WG10.5 Tenth International Conference on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI ’99) December 1–4, 1999, Lisboa, Portugal
Author: Luis Miguel Silveira
Category: Technology & Engineering
For over three decades now, silicon capacity has steadily been doubling every year and a half with equally staggering improvements continuously being observed in operating speeds. This increase in capacity has allowed for more complex systems to be built on a single silicon chip. Coupled with this functionality increase, speed improvements have fueled tremendous advancements in computing and have enabled new multi-media applications. Such trends, aimed at integrating higher levels of circuit functionality are tightly related to an emphasis on compactness in consumer electronic products and a widespread growth and interest in wireless communications and products. These trends are expected to persist for some time as technology and design methodologies continue to evolve and the era of Systems on a Chip has definitely come of age. While technology improvements and spiraling silicon capacity allow designers to pack more functions onto a single piece of silicon, they also highlight a pressing challenge for system designers to keep up with such amazing complexity. To handle higher operating speeds and the constraints of portability and connectivity, new circuit techniques have appeared. Intensive research and progress in EDA tools, design methodologies and techniques is required to empower designers with the ability to make efficient use of the potential offered by this increasing silicon capacity and complexity and to enable them to design, test, verify and build such systems.