What Is Data Science?

Author: Mike Loukides

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 22

View: 923

We've all heard it: according to Hal Varian, statistics is the next sexy job. Five years ago, in What is Web 2.0, Tim O'Reilly said that "data is the next Intel Inside." But what does that statement mean? Why do we suddenly care about statistics and about data? This report examines the many sides of data science -- the technologies, the companies and the unique skill sets.The web is full of "data-driven apps." Almost any e-commerce application is a data-driven application. There's a database behind a web front end, and middleware that talks to a number of other databases and data services (credit card processing companies, banks, and so on). But merely using data isn't really what we mean by "data science." A data application acquires its value from the data itself, and creates more data as a result. It's not just an application with data; it's a data product. Data science enables the creation of data products.

The Data Science Handbook

Author: Field Cady

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

View: 357

A comprehensive overview of data science covering the analytics, programming, and business skills necessary to master the discipline Finding a good data scientist has been likened to hunting for a unicorn: the required combination of technical skills is simply very hard to find in one person. In addition, good data science is not just rote application of trainable skill sets; it requires the ability to think flexibly about all these areas and understand the connections between them. This book provides a crash course in data science, combining all the necessary skills into a unified discipline. Unlike many analytics books, computer science and software engineering are given extensive coverage since they play such a central role in the daily work of a data scientist. The author also describes classic machine learning algorithms, from their mathematical foundations to real-world applications. Visualization tools are reviewed, and their central importance in data science is highlighted. Classical statistics is addressed to help readers think critically about the interpretation of data and its common pitfalls. The clear communication of technical results, which is perhaps the most undertrained of data science skills, is given its own chapter, and all topics are explained in the context of solving real-world data problems. The book also features: • Extensive sample code and tutorials using Python™ along with its technical libraries • Core technologies of “Big Data,” including their strengths and limitations and how they can be used to solve real-world problems • Coverage of the practical realities of the tools, keeping theory to a minimum; however, when theory is presented, it is done in an intuitive way to encourage critical thinking and creativity • A wide variety of case studies from industry • Practical advice on the realities of being a data scientist today, including the overall workflow, where time is spent, the types of datasets worked on, and the skill sets needed The Data Science Handbook is an ideal resource for data analysis methodology and big data software tools. The book is appropriate for people who want to practice data science, but lack the required skill sets. This includes software professionals who need to better understand analytics and statisticians who need to understand software. Modern data science is a unified discipline, and it is presented as such. This book is also an appropriate reference for researchers and entry-level graduate students who need to learn real-world analytics and expand their skill set. FIELD CADY is the data scientist at the Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence, where he develops tools that use machine learning to mine scientific literature. He has also worked at Google and several Big Data startups. He has a BS in physics and math from Stanford University, and an MS in computer science from Carnegie Mellon.

Mastering Python for Data Science

Author: Samir Madhavan

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 294

View: 982

Explore the world of data science through Python and learn how to make sense of data About This Book Master data science methods using Python and its libraries Create data visualizations and mine for patterns Advanced techniques for the four fundamentals of Data Science with Python - data mining, data analysis, data visualization, and machine learning Who This Book Is For If you are a Python developer who wants to master the world of data science then this book is for you. Some knowledge of data science is assumed. What You Will Learn Manage data and perform linear algebra in Python Derive inferences from the analysis by performing inferential statistics Solve data science problems in Python Create high-end visualizations using Python Evaluate and apply the linear regression technique to estimate the relationships among variables. Build recommendation engines with the various collaborative filtering algorithms Apply the ensemble methods to improve your predictions Work with big data technologies to handle data at scale In Detail Data science is a relatively new knowledge domain which is used by various organizations to make data driven decisions. Data scientists have to wear various hats to work with data and to derive value from it. The Python programming language, beyond having conquered the scientific community in the last decade, is now an indispensable tool for the data science practitioner and a must-know tool for every aspiring data scientist. Using Python will offer you a fast, reliable, cross-platform, and mature environment for data analysis, machine learning, and algorithmic problem solving. This comprehensive guide helps you move beyond the hype and transcend the theory by providing you with a hands-on, advanced study of data science. Beginning with the essentials of Python in data science, you will learn to manage data and perform linear algebra in Python. You will move on to deriving inferences from the analysis by performing inferential statistics, and mining data to reveal hidden patterns and trends. You will use the matplot library to create high-end visualizations in Python and uncover the fundamentals of machine learning. Next, you will apply the linear regression technique and also learn to apply the logistic regression technique to your applications, before creating recommendation engines with various collaborative filtering algorithms and improving your predictions by applying the ensemble methods. Finally, you will perform K-means clustering, along with an analysis of unstructured data with different text mining techniques and leveraging the power of Python in big data analytics. Style and approach This book is an easy-to-follow, comprehensive guide on data science using Python. The topics covered in the book can all be used in real world scenarios.

Practical Statistics for Data Scientists

50 Essential Concepts

Author: Peter Bruce

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 318

View: 380

Statistical methods are a key part of of data science, yet very few data scientists have any formal statistics training. Courses and books on basic statistics rarely cover the topic from a data science perspective. This practical guide explains how to apply various statistical methods to data science, tells you how to avoid their misuse, and gives you advice on what's important and what's not. Many data science resources incorporate statistical methods but lack a deeper statistical perspective. If you’re familiar with the R programming language, and have some exposure to statistics, this quick reference bridges the gap in an accessible, readable format. With this book, you’ll learn: Why exploratory data analysis is a key preliminary step in data science How random sampling can reduce bias and yield a higher quality dataset, even with big data How the principles of experimental design yield definitive answers to questions How to use regression to estimate outcomes and detect anomalies Key classification techniques for predicting which categories a record belongs to Statistical machine learning methods that “learn” from data Unsupervised learning methods for extracting meaning from unlabeled data

Data Science For Dummies

Author: Lillian Pierson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 384

View: 836

Discover how data science can help you gain in-depth insight into your business - the easy way! Jobs in data science abound, but few people have the data science skills needed to fill these increasingly important roles. Data Science For Dummies is the perfect starting point for IT professionals and students who want a quick primer on all areas of the expansive data science space. With a focus on business cases, the book explores topics in big data, data science, and data engineering, and how these three areas are combined to produce tremendous value. If you want to pick-up the skills you need to begin a new career or initiate a new project, reading this book will help you understand what technologies, programming languages, and mathematical methods on which to focus. While this book serves as a wildly fantastic guide through the broad, sometimes intimidating field of big data and data science, it is not an instruction manual for hands-on implementation. Here's what to expect: Provides a background in big data and data engineering before moving on to data science and how it's applied to generate value Includes coverage of big data frameworks like Hadoop, MapReduce, Spark, MPP platforms, and NoSQL Explains machine learning and many of its algorithms as well as artificial intelligence and the evolution of the Internet of Things Details data visualization techniques that can be used to showcase, summarize, and communicate the data insights you generate It's a big, big data world out there--let Data Science For Dummies help you harness its power and gain a competitive edge for your organization.

Doing Data Science

Straight Talk from the Frontline

Author: Cathy O'Neil

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 408

View: 657

Now that people are aware that data can make the difference in an election or a business model, data science as an occupation is gaining ground. But how can you get started working in a wide-ranging, interdisciplinary field that’s so clouded in hype? This insightful book, based on Columbia University’s Introduction to Data Science class, tells you what you need to know. In many of these chapter-long lectures, data scientists from companies such as Google, Microsoft, and eBay share new algorithms, methods, and models by presenting case studies and the code they use. If you’re familiar with linear algebra, probability, and statistics, and have programming experience, this book is an ideal introduction to data science. Topics include: Statistical inference, exploratory data analysis, and the data science process Algorithms Spam filters, Naive Bayes, and data wrangling Logistic regression Financial modeling Recommendation engines and causality Data visualization Social networks and data journalism Data engineering, MapReduce, Pregel, and Hadoop Doing Data Science is collaboration between course instructor Rachel Schutt, Senior VP of Data Science at News Corp, and data science consultant Cathy O’Neil, a senior data scientist at Johnson Research Labs, who attended and blogged about the course.

Practical Data Science

A Guide to Building the Technology Stack for Turning Data Lakes into Business Assets

Author: Andreas François Vermeulen

Publisher: Apress

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 805

View: 185

Learn how to build a data science technology stack and perform good data science with repeatable methods. You will learn how to turn data lakes into business assets. The data science technology stack demonstrated in Practical Data Science is built from components in general use in the industry. Data scientist Andreas Vermeulen demonstrates in detail how to build and provision a technology stack to yield repeatable results. He shows you how to apply practical methods to extract actionable business knowledge from data lakes consisting of data from a polyglot of data types and dimensions. What You'll Learn Become fluent in the essential concepts and terminology of data science and data engineering Build and use a technology stack that meets industry criteria Master the methods for retrieving actionable business knowledge Coordinate the handling of polyglot data types in a data lake for repeatable results Who This Book Is For Data scientists and data engineers who are required to convert data from a data lake into actionable knowledge for their business, and students who aspire to be data scientists and data engineers

Frontiers in Data Science

Author: Matthias Dehmer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 383

View: 510

Frontiers in Data Science deals with philosophical and practical results in Data Science. A broad definition of Data Science describes the process of analyzing data to transform data into insights. This also involves asking philosophical, legal and social questions in the context of data generation and analysis. In fact, Big Data also belongs to this universe as it comprises data gathering, data fusion and analysis when it comes to manage big data sets. A major goal of this book is to understand data science as a new scientific discipline rather than the practical aspects of data analysis alone.

Data Science and Digital Business

Author: Fausto Pedro García Márquez

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 316

View: 659

This book combines the analytic principles of digital business and data science with business practice and big data. The interdisciplinary, contributed volume provides an interface between the main disciplines of engineering and technology and business administration. Written for managers, engineers and researchers who want to understand big data and develop new skills that are necessary in the digital business, it not only discusses the latest research, but also presents case studies demonstrating the successful application of data in the digital business.