In the food industry, controlling crystallization is a key factor in quality as it relates to texture, with some foods requiring the promotion of crystallization and others its prevention. In the first publication to focus specifically on this process as it applies to food, Crystallization in Foods covers fundamental principles in ice, sugar, and lipid crystallization, and their applications. Drawing on examples throughout of the practical use and impact of crystallization on food structure, texture, and quality; and enhanced with numerous equations and illustrations, Crystallization in Foods is a valuable resource for food engineers and other scientists working with crystallization in foods, particularly in the dairy, confectionery, frozen foods, and baked goods industries. In addition, this book may be of interest to scientists and other professionals in the personal care and cosmetics industry, which shares some of the same quality and texture concerns as the food industry.
This book presents a significant and up-to-date review of various integrated approaches to food engineering. Distinguished food engineers and food scientists from key institutions worldwide have contributed chapters that provide a deep analysis of their particular subjects. Emerging technologies and biotechnology are introduced, and the book discusses predictive microbiology, packing materials for foods, and biodegradable films. This book is mainly directed to academics, and to undergraduate and postgraduate students in food engineering and food science and technology, who will find a selection of topics.
The second edition of this fascinating work examines the concepts needed to characterize rheological behavior of fluid and semisolid foods. It also looks at how to use various ingredients to develop desirable flow properties in fluid foods as well as structure in gelled systems. It covers the crucially important application of rheology to sensory assessment and swallowing, as well as the way it can be applied to handling and processing foods. All the chapters have been updated to help readers better understand the importance rheological properties play in food science and utilize these properties to characterize food.
During the past decade, consumer demand for convenient, fresh-like, safe, high-quality food products has grown. The food industry has responded by applying a number of new technologies including high hydrostatic pressure for food processing and preservation. In addition, food scientists have demonstrated the feasibility of industrial-scale high pressure processing. This technology is of specific interest to the food industry because it provides an attractive alternative to conventional methods of thermal processing, which often produce undesirable changes in foods and hamper the balance between high quality (color, flavor, and functionality) and safety. In addition, it offers opportunities for creating new ingredients and products because of the specific actions of high pressure on bio logical materials and food constituents. It allows food scientists to redesign exist ing processes and to create entirely new ones using high pressure technology alone or in combination with conventional processes (e. g. , pressure-temperature combinations ). Researchers have investigated high pressure processing for the past century. Scientists such as Hite and Bridgman did pioneering work at the turn of the 20th century. Then during the 1980s and 1990s, there was a large effort to investigate the effects of high pressure on biological materials, particularly foods. The initial research activities in the late 1980s and early 1990s focused on exploratory activ ities in the food area.
Food irradiation, the use of ionizing radiation to destroy harmful biological organism in food, is a safe, proven process that has many useful applications. It has been endorsed by numerous health organizations and has now been approved for many applications by governments around the world. Electronic Irradiation of Foods describes all the key aspects of electron accelerator technology in detail. It emphasizes the physical science and technology aspects of food irradiation using machine sources of ionizing radiation. The book provides significant technical depth for interested workers and present descriptive, introductory material that should help demystify technology for businessmen to make informed choices regarding important investments decisions. Introductory chapters summarize the effects of ionizing radiation on biological organisms and the organic compounds comprising foods, and give an overview of the food irradiation process. Subsequent chapters cover the details of the electron beam and x-ray energy deposition, electron accelerator technologies, beam scanning systems, material handling systems, shielding design, and process control considerations. Important appendices cover radiation dosimetry, induced radioactivity, and ozone generation.
Food Engineering is a component of Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Food Engineering became an academic discipline in the 1950s. Today it is a professional and scientific multidisciplinary field related to food manufacturing and the practical applications of food science. These volumes cover five main topics: Engineering Properties of Foods; Thermodynamics in Food Engineering; Food Rheology and Texture; Food Process Engineering; Food Plant Design, which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. These four volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs
This volume presents case studies in food engineering. It is organized in three broad sections. The first concerns processes that are primarily physical, such as mixing, and the second processes that also involve biochemical changes, such as thermal sterilization. While the third section addresses some broader issues, such as how to tour a plant, how to choose among building a new plant, expanding or renovating; and how to develop processes.
An Aspen Food Engineering Series Book. This new edition provides a comprehensive reference on food microstructure, emphasizing its interdisciplinary nature, rooted in the scientific principles of food materials science and physical chemistry. The book details the techniques available to study food microstructure, examines the microstructure of basic food components and its relation to quality, and explores how microstructure is affected by specific unit operations in food process engineering. Descriptions of a number of food-related applications provide a better understanding of the complexities of the microstructural approach to food processing. Color plates.