This book makes a significant contribution to the history of placemaking, presenting grassroots to top-down practices and socially engaged, situated artistic practices and artsled spatial inquiry that go beyond instrumentalising the arts for development. The book brings together a range of scholars to critique and deconstruct the notion of creative placemaking, presenting diverse case studies from researcher, practitioner, funder and policymaker perspectives from across the globe. It opens with the creators of the 2010 White Paper that named and defined creative placemaking, Ann Markusen and Anne Gadwa Nicodemus, who offer a cortically reflexive narrative on the founding of the sector and its development. This book looks at vernacular creativity in place, a topic continued through the book with its focus on the practitioner and community-placed projects. It closes with a consideration of aesthetics, metrics and, from the editors, a consideration of the next ten years for the sector. If creative placemaking is to contribute to places-in-the-making and encourage citizenled agency, new conceptual frameworks and practical methodologies are required. This book joins theorists and practitioners in dialogue, advocating for transdisciplinary, resilient processes.
How can small cities make an impact in a globalizing world dominated by ‘world cities’ and urban development strategies aimed at increasing agglomeration? This book addresses the challenges of smaller cities trying to put themselves on the map, attract resources and initiate development. Placemaking has become an important tool for driving urban development that is sensitive to the needs of communities. This volume examines the development of creative placemaking practices that can help to link small cities to external networks, stimulate collaboration and help them make the most of the opportunities presented by the knowledge economy. The authors argue that the adoption of more strategic, holistic placemaking strategies that engage all stakeholders can be a successful alternative to copying bigger places. Drawing on a range of examples from around the world, they analyse small city development strategies and identify key success factors. This book focuses on the case of ‘s-Hertogenbosch, a small Dutch city that used cultural programming to link itself to global networks and stimulate economic, cultural, social and creative development. It advocates the use of cultural programming strategies as a more flexible alternative to traditional top-down planning approaches and as a means of avoiding copying the big city.
Creative placemaking is a term that describes the practice of using the arts as a tool for community development. This book is intended to serve as an introduction to creative placemaking for those interested in using the practice to create more and better parks in their community. It will answer two important questions through lessons and case studies: first, "What is creative placemaking?" and second, "How does creative placemaking make for better parks?" It tells the story of the natural connection among culture, public space, and community.
The Trust for Public Land and the City Parks Alliance are excited to announce the launch of The Field Guide for Creative Placemaking and Parks, funded in partnership with the National Endowment for the Arts. We define creative placemaking as a cooperative, community-based process using arts and cultural expression to create or rejuvenate parks and open spaces, thus deepening a sense of place and inspiring community pride.The Field Guide is intended to connect creative placemaking with parks and open spaces. It answers two important questions: first, "What is creative placemaking?" and second, "How does creative placemaking make for better parks and stronger communities?"The Field Guide is organized into two broad section: a "how-to" guide for strategizing and implementing a park-based creative placemaking project; and a set of eleven compelling case studies that demonstrate the breadth of this kind of community development.
As an undergraduate at Brown University, Tyler Denmead founded New Urban Arts, a nationally recognized arts and humanities program primarily for young people of color in Providence, Rhode Island. Along with its positive impact, New Urban Arts, under his leadership, became entangled in Providence's urban renewal efforts that harmed the very youth it served. As in many deindustrialized cities, Providence's leaders viewed arts, culture, and creativity as a means to drive property development and attract young, educated, and affluent white people, such as Denmead, to economically and culturally kick-start the city. In The Creative Underclass, Denmead critically examines how New Urban Arts and similar organizations can become enmeshed in circumstances where young people, including himself, become visible once the city can leverage their creativity to benefit economic revitalization and gentrification. He points to the creative cultural practices that young people of color from low-income communities use to resist their subjectification as members of an underclass, which, along with redistributive economic policies, can be deployed as an effective means with which to both oppose gentrification and better serve the youth who have become emblematic of urban creativity.
This interdisciplinary book explores the role of art in placemaking in urban environments, analysing how artists and communities use arts to improve their quality of life. It explores the concept of social practice placemaking, where artists and community members are seen as equal experts in the process. Drawing on examples of local level projects from the USA and Europe, the book explores the impact of these projects on the people involved, on their relationship to the place around them, and on city policy and planning practice. Case studies include Art Tunnel Smithfield, Dublin, an outdoor art gallery and community space in an impoverished area of the city; The Drawing Shed, London, a contemporary arts practice operating in housing estates and parks in Walthamstow; and Big Car, Indianapolis, an arts organisation operating across the whole of this Midwest city. This book offers a timely contribution, bridging the gap between cultural studies and placemaking. It will be of interest to scholars, students and practitioners working in geography, urban studies, architecture, planning, sociology, cultural studies and the arts.
The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of the City is an outstanding reference source to this exciting subject and the first collection of its kind. Comprising 40 chapters by a team of international contributors, the Handbook is divided into clear sections addressing the following central topics: • Historical Philosophical Engagements with Cities • Modern and Contemporary Philosophical Theories of the City • Urban Aesthetics • Urban Politics • Citizenship • Urban Environments and the Creation/Destruction of Place. The concluding section, Urban Engagements, contains interviews with philosophers discussing their engagement with students and the wider public on issues and initiatives including experiential learning, civic and community engagement, disability rights and access, environmental degradation, professional diversity, social justice, and globalization. Essential reading for students and researchers in environmental philosophy, aesthetics, and political philosophy, The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of the City is also a useful resource for those in related fields, such as geography, urban studies, sociology, and political science.
"City Invincible" is what Walt Whitman, a Camden resident, called this town in his poem "I Dream'd in a Dream" in the 19th century. These words of inspiration are not what Camden residents of this day and age hear on a regular basis about their city. They usually hear phrases along the lines of Camden, one of the "most dangerous cities in America" and Camden, "the stepsister to Philadelphia". This city is still a "City Invincible". They have weathered many storms and have pushed through tough times. The arts, through creative placemaking can help clean up Camden's soiled reputation. My research explores how creative placemaking is impacting Camden, NJ for the better. Creative Placemaking is when the strategic use of the arts, culture, and creativity, by distinctive partners, sparks change in economic development, encourages social change and improves the physical environment of a particular place. How creative placemaking is impacting the city of Camden is important because it provides insight on how effective this tool is and provides more data on how the arts are helping to revitalize small urban communities like Camden, NJ. This city is known to be one of the poorest and dangerous cities in the nation and I believe the arts, with the tool of creative placemaking, are showing that the people of Camden have more to offer than how the nation views them. I used quantitative and qualitative methods to collect data regarding the creative placemaking efforts in Camden. I also conducted surveys and interviews in order to learn about Camden's residents and the arts and cultural organizations. I discovered that Camden residents want positive things to do; most people are financially struggling so they need events that are low cost or free; they need activities to do in their immediate neighborhood; and they would prefer more permanent art initiatives and not the pop up projects that are there one day and gone the next. More permanent projects will add to the long-term revitalization that Camden desires and needs. They also want a reliable arts center that is engaged with them to visit on a regular basis. Since 2014 there have been art galleries, art festivals, public art installations, workshops, farmers markets, art classes, concerts, and outdoor dance fitness classes due to the citywide creative placemaking efforts. There is so much potential in Camden they just needed an opportunity to show it. The creative placemaking efforts that are taking place are providing that platform but needs to be expanded to better serve Camden residents. This research fits into the field of creative placemaking because it shows how effective the strategy is in urban communities. The understanding of how creative placemaking is impacting Camden will provide an example that may be followed by other cities as well. It also shows where Camden is regarding the arts and how they are moving toward having their own arts scene in a few years (Riordan 2016). There are art organizations that are working hard to make the city a more vibrant and creative place that is thriving. To name a few organizations that have been consistent in helping the change become a reality are Camden Fireworks, Connect the Lots, and Rutgers Camden. Walt Whitman's poem inspired the city of Camden to do an art installation with one of its phrases in 2015. Fourteen different artists who were chosen through an open call, painted "City Invincible". In 2016 the letters were used as seating for a picnic area in Camden Night Gardens' Intergalactic Block Party. With help from the community, it was permanently erected on a wall alongside Admiral Wilson Boulevard in 14 twelve-foot letters in 2017. This street is a major gateway to Philadelphia and now it is an artistic gateway where more and more creative endeavors will travel. This is one of few public art displays in the city. This phrase echoes through history and penetrates the desolate places of Camden. When residents see this public art it reminds them that there was a time when the city was vibrant, bustling, and full of life. "City Invincible" gives them hope that it can be that way again.
Valuing Creative Placemaking : Development of a Toolkit for Public and Private Stakeholders. Lliterature review 2018. Stage 1
Author: Michael Cohen
Category: Arts and society
The literature review is the first phase of research for the Communities of Practice Collaborative Learning project with Landcom, the University of Newcastle, Macquarie University, the University of New South Wales and City People and is entitled Valuing creative place making: development of a toolkit for public and private stakeholders. The project acknowledges that there are few published methodologies which capture the precise economic and social value of creative placemaking activities. To provide a comprehensive review of current methodologies and best practices, both scholarly and "grey" literature sources were analysed from a wide range of disciplines, including arts and humanities, social sciences, architecture and urbanism, geography, business, architecture and planning.
"Examines the impacts of arts and cultural consumption and production on local economies. Topics include location choices of arts entrepreneurs; links between the arts and non-arts sectors; public policies to foster local arts; and the arts' effects on incomes in cities across the United States and the United Kingdom"--Provided by publisher.
Philadelphia's community muralism movement is transforming the City of Brotherly Love into the Mural Capital of the World. This remarkable groundswell of public art includes some 3,500 wall-sized canvases: On warehouses and on schools, on mosques and in jails, in courthouses and along overpasses. In If These Walls Could Talk, Maureen O'Connell explores the theological and social significance of the movement. She calls attention to some of the most startling and powerful works it has produced and describes the narratives behind them. In doing so, O'Connell illustrates the ways that the arts can help us think about and work through the seemingly inescapable problems of urban poverty and arrive at responses that are both creative and effective. This is a book on American religion. It incorporates ethnography to explore faith communities that have used larger-than-life religious imagery to proclaim in unprecedented public ways their self-understandings, memories of the past, and visions of the future. It also examines the way this art functions in larger public discourse about problems facing every city in America. But If These Walls Could Talk is also theological text. It considers the theological implications of this most democratic expression of public art, mindful of the three components of every mural: the pieces themselves, those who create them, and those who interpret them. It illuminates a kind of beauty that seeks after social change or, in other words, the largely unexplored relationship between theological aesthetics and ethics.
This Handbook is the first to explore the emergent field of 'placemaking' in terms of the recent research, teaching and learning, and practice agenda for the next few years. Offering valuable theoretical and practical insights from the leading scholars and practitioners in the field, it provides cutting-edge interdisciplinary research on the placemaking sector. Placemaking has seen a paradigmatic shift in urban design, planning and policy to engage the community voice, and in the arts, an increasing concern for place-based community development and culturally led urban regeneration. This Handbook examines the development of placemaking, its emerging theories, and its future directions. The book is structured in seven distinct sections curated by experts in the areas concerned. Section one provides a glimpse at the history and key theories of placemaking and its interpretations by different community sectors. Section two studies the transformative potential of placemaking practice through case studies on different places, methodologies, and theoretical frameworks. It also reveals placemaking's potential to nurture a holistic community engagement, social justice, and human-centric urban environments. Section three looks at the politics of placemaking to consider who is included and who is excluded from its practice and if the concept of placemaking needs to be reconstructed. Section four deals with the scales and scopes of art-based placemaking, moving from the city to the neighborhood and further to the individual practice. It juxtaposes the voice of the practitioner and professional alongside that of the researcher and academic. Section five tackles the socio-economic and environmental placemaking issues deemed pertinent to emerge more sustainable placemaking practices. Section six emphasizes placemaking's intersection with urban design and planning sectors and incudes case studies of generative planning practice. The final seventh section draws on the expertise of placemakers, researchers and evaluators to present the key questions today, new methods and approaches to evaluation of placemaking in related fields, and notions for the future of evaluation practices. Each section opens with an introduction to help the reader navigate the text. This organisation of the book considers the sectors that operate alongside the core placemaking practice. This seminal Handbook offers a timely contribution and international perspectives for the growing field of placemaking. It will be of interest to academics and students of placemaking, urban design, urban planning and policy, architecture, geography, cultural studies, and the arts.
The fifth edition of Management and the Arts provides you with theory and practical applications from all arts management perspectives including planning, marketing, finance, economics, organization, staffing, and group dynamics. Regardless of whether you are a manager in a theatre, museum, dance company, or opera, you will gain useful insights into strategic planning, organization, and integrated management theories. Case studies, statistics, and real-world examples will allow you get a handle on all aspects of arts managements, from budgeting and fundraising, to e-marketing and social networking, to working effectively with boards and staff members. Revised to reflect the latest thinking and trends in managing organizations and people, this fifth edition features class-tested questions in each chapter, which help you to integrate the material and develop ideas about how the situations and problems could have been handled. Case studies focus on the challenges facing managers and organizations every day, and "In the News" quotes give you real-world examples of principles and theories.
How Citizens and Local Leaders Can Use Strategic Thinking to Build a Brighter Future
Author: Suzanne W. Morse
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Political Science
The new edition of the acclaimed guide to strategic decision-making in community planning, development, and collaboration Based on the results of more than a decade of research by the Pew Partnership for Civic Change, Smart Communities provides directions for strategic decision-making and outlines the key strategies used by thousands of leaders who have worked to create successful communities. Outlining seven "leverage points" for decision-making used by thousands of leaders who have worked to create successful communities, this new Second Edition offers leaders from both the public and private sectors the tools they need to build a civic infrastructure and create a better future for all the community's citizens. Second Edition has been thoroughly updated with current knowledge and research Covers new developments from current design thinking and strategy literature to innovation and invention in communities Advises on how to create community readiness that will help avert problems before they begin All case vignettes have been revised to include more detailed information about the process and application of the seven leverage points Examples from communities around the country illustrate how these change agents' well-structured decision-making processes can be traced to their effective use of the seven key leverage points Smart Communities offers hope to those who are striving to improve their communities and addresses vital issues such as poverty, race relations, and children's health and welfare.
An Examination of the Use of Indicators in Creative Placemaking
Author: Kate Esarey
Creative Placemaking is an emerging field that places arts and culture at the core of revitalization strategies, economic development policies, and community development initiatives. Over the past few decades, creative placemaking has become a popular local strategy to drive revitalization, animate spaces, or expand economic growth. Although many studies have been conducted to understand the economic, social, and environmental impacts of creating placemaking in a larger context, only a few foundations have attempted to create indicators that could evaluate the changes a community undergoes due to creative placemaking initiatives. Two foundations, the National Endowment for the Arts and ArtPlace, have created indicators in order to capture the multi-dimensional impact arts and culture can have on neighborhoods. This paper utilizes a qualitative, framework analysis to answer questions regarding the validity of the NEA and ArtPlace indicators. The research intends to first, determine whether or not the indicators used by both the NEA and ArtPlace are reflective of the desired outcomes, mission statements and grant objectives outlined by their respective organizations, and to the community. Second, the paper analyzes whether the indicators are established in theory. Finally, it is the intent of this analysis to inquire how effective the indicators are as evaluation tools to measure the true causal impact of investments in creative placemaking ventures. The findings illustrate that discrepancies exist between the indicator sets and their respective organizations mission statement, desired outcomes, and grant objectives. Further, inter-organizational inconsistencies between the two indicator sets create confusion and weaken their attempts to evaluate creative placemaking. This study raises important questions with regard to the use of indicators as an evaluation tool. Do indicators stifle innovation? How can indicators demonstrate isolated, causal impacts of creative placemaking strategies? And, which indicators can illustrate why some creative placemaking ventures are successful while others are not?