This book develops a general explanation for party polarization in America from both historical and contemporary perspectives. Prior polarization studies focused exclusively on the modern era, but this work traces party polarization from the constitutional convention of 1787 to the present. Using such a broad historical perspective shows that what was unusual in American history was the period of low polarization from the Great Depression through 1980, rather than the period of high polarization of the modern era. Polarization is the norm of the American system, not the exception, and is likely to persist in the future. More theoretically, party polarization in America has been due to class-based conflict and rent-seeking by the patrician and plebian classes in various historical eras, rather than conflict over cultural values. As in earlier historical eras, modern party polarization has largely been elite-driven, with party entrepreneurs cunningly and strategically using polarization to their advantage.
Since it was first published in 1946, CQ Almanac has been the definitive annual reference for studying the U.S. Congress. Building on the reporting and analysis done throughout the year by CQ's award-winning news staff, the Almanac offers original narrative accounts of every major piece of legislation that lawmakers considered during a congressional session.
The United States Congress has been described as dysfunctional, gridlocked, polarized, hyperpartisan, chaotic, and do-nothing. In Changing Cultures in Congress, congressional scholar Donald R. Wolfensberger explains the institutional dynamics behind Congress’s devolution from a respected legislative institution to a body plagued by a win-at-any-cost mentality and a culture of perpetual campaigning. In both a historical and present-day account of congressional dysfunction, Wolfensberger explores the causes of legislative standstill and the methods used by majorities and minorities that have led to today’s policy paralysis. He describes how Congress has gradually abandoned its commitment to fair and neutral procedures that safeguard both majority rule and minority rights in favor of “power House rules”—procedures and processes that advantage the majority party’s electoral goals as opposed to neutral rules that preserve minority party and individual member rights to full participation in the legislative process. Through historical sketches and case studies from the past decade under both Republican and Democratic majorities, he shows how both parties have gamed what the founders intended would be an impartial set of legislative rules into a system that advantages majorities and marginalizes minorities. Digging deeper than superficial partisan explanations, Wolfensberger gives a thorough and persuasive explanation for our legislative leaders’ inability to find substantive policy solutions that are in the national interest.
Politics and Policy in the 113th and 114th Congresses
Author: David Hosansky
Publisher: CQ Press
Category: Political Science
Chronicling the polarized partisan environment during the President Barack Obama’s second term, Congress and the Nation 2013-2016, Vol. XIV is the most authoritative reference on congressional lawmaking and trends during the 113th and 114th Congresses. The newest edition in this award-winning series documents the most fiercely debated issues during this period, including: The unprecedented federal government shutdown The strike down of the Defense of Marriage Act as unconstitutional End of the filibuster for most executive and judicial branch nominees Changes to the Dodd–Frank Act Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu and Pope Francis address joint sessions Sexual Assault Survivors' Rights Act passed, overhauling rape kit processing and establishment of victim bill of rights SPACE Act passed, allowing commercial exploration of space No other source guides readers seamlessly through the policy output of the national legislature with the breadth, depth, and authority of Congress and the Nation. This is a landmark series is a must-have reference for all academic libraries and meets the needs of the full spectrum of users, from lower-level undergraduates through researchers and faculty.
CQ Almanac is the essential resource that chronicles and analyzes the major bills brought before Congress in the previous year. Published each summer, this non-partisan reference work offers exclusive insight into the forces that drove action on legislation. Features of the 2015 Print Edition include: Legislative Profiles: A detailed look at each major piece of legislation that lawmakers considered during the session, regardless of whether it became law Key Votes: In-depth analysis of votes chosen as the most critical in determining the outcome of congressional action on major issues Vote Studies: Analysis of the roll call votes cast in Congress, including a close study of the level of presidential support, party unity and member participation during the year Roll Call Votes: Easy-to-read tables, including each member's vote on every bill that received a roll call vote Public Laws: A chronicle of bills enacted into law during the year, including a brief history of the bill, the sponsoring party, date of passage and presidential signature Previous editions of CQ Almanac are also available in print from 1974-2014. Contact us at [email protected] for details or to add the new and past editions of this vital resource to your collection today!
CQ Almanac Plus gives you an in-depth look at the major bills of the second session of the 108th Congress, including the landmark overhaul of the nation's intelligence community and the failed attempt to update the nation's main highway law. The book also details the year's two big tax bills - for businesses and for middle-class families, along with the 13 appropriations bills, of which were enacted by the end of the session for the first time in three years. This year's edition also has a special section on the 2001 elections, with summaries of the presidential and congressional races and complete, official returns for every congressional district in the country. Each of the more than 80 legistative histories contains a detailed adescription of the bill, a behind-the-scene look at how it was shaped and its status at the end of 2004. CQ Almanac Plus also gives you the following: Key Votes Vote Studies All roll-call votes Public Laws
This reference puts the full year of American Congress and national politics into historical perspective. It covers actions, votes, and other acts of the first session of the 106th Congress. Also included are recorded votes, presidential statements and public laws from 1999.