Coulomb and the Evolution of Physics and Engineering in Eighteenth-Century France

Author: C. Stewart Gillmor

Publisher: Princeton University Press


Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 346

View: 151

In a period of active scientific innovation and technological change, Charles Augustin Coulomb (1736-1806) made major contributions to the development of physics in the areas of torsion and electricity and magnetism; as one of the great engineering theorists, he produced fundamental studies in strength of materials, soil mechanics, structural design, and friction. Stewart Gillmor gives a full account of Coulomb's life and an assessment of his work in the first biography of this notable scientist. Originally published in 1972. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Coulomb's Memoir on Statics

An Essay in the History of Civil Engineering

Author: Jacques Heyman

Publisher: World Scientific


Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 763

Coulomb read his Essai on ‘some statical problems’ to the French Academy in 1773. It is a document of great importance in the history of engineering since it laid the foundations of the modern science of soil mechanics and also discussed three other major problems of eighteenth-century civil engineering: the bending of beams, the fracture of columns and the calculation of abutment thrusts developed by masonry arches. Professor Heyman's book makes the Essai accessible to a wide range of engineers and historians of technology. It is here reproduced in full with an annotated English translation, a chapter elucidating Coulomb's references and with full discussion of the technical problems it treats. It concludes with some brief historical notes on Coulomb's life and technical education in eighteenth-century France. Contents:The ESSAICoulomb's ReferencesThe Strength and Stiffness of BeamsCoulomb's EquationThe Thrust of SoilThe Thrust of ArchesSome Historical Notes Readership: Engineers and researchers in the history of science and engineering. Keywords:History of Science;Structural Theory;Geotechnical Engineering;Plasticity Theory;Masonry;Buckling;Arches

Popular Science and Public Opinion in Eighteenth-Century France

Author: Michael R. Lynn

Publisher: Manchester University Press


Category: History

Page: 177

View: 954

In this book, Michael R. Lynn analyzes the popularization of science in Enlightenment France. He examines the content of popular science, the methods of dissemination, the status of the popularizers and the audience, and the settings for dissemination and appropriation. Lynn introduces individuals like Jean-Antoine Nollet, who made a career out of applying electric shocks to people, and Perrin, who used his talented dog to lure customers to his physics show. He also examines scientifically oriented clubs like Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier's Musée de Monsieur which provided locations for people interested in science.

Physics in the Nineteenth Century

Author: Robert D. Purrington

Publisher: Rutgers University Press


Category: Science

Page: 249

View: 185

Places the work of Faraday, Kelvin, and other nineteenth-century physicists into historical context, and describes how discoveries in electromagnetism, thermodynamics, energy, atomic structure, the kinetic theory, and other topics relate to the Industrial Revolution and European nationalism

Eighteenth Century Europe, 1700-1789

Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing


Category: History

Page: 458

View: 715

This new edition of this highly successful and influential work includes two entirely new chapters - on Europe and the wider world and on the Revolutionary crisis - and is extensively revised throughout. It offers a wide-ranging thematic account of the century, that explores social, cultural and economic topics, as well as giving a clear analysis of the political events. Filled with fascinating detail and unusual examples, this absorbing history of eighteenth-century Europe will bring the period alive to students and teachers alike.

The History of the Theory of Structures

Searching for Equilibrium

Author: Karl-Eugen Kurrer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1242

View: 290

Ten years after the publication of the first English edition of The History of the Theory of Structures, Dr. Kurrer now gives us a much enlarged second edition with a new subtitle: Searching for Equilibrium. The author invites the reader to take part in a journey through time to explore the equilibrium of structures. That journey starts with the emergence of the statics and strength of materials of Leonardo da Vinci and Galileo, and reaches its first climax with Coulomb's structural theories for beams, earth pressure and arches in the late 18th century. Over the next 100 years, Navier, Culmann, Maxwell, Rankine, Mohr, Castigliano and Müller-Breslau moulded theory of structures into a fundamental engineering science discipline that - in the form of modern structural mechanics - played a key role in creating the design languages of the steel, reinforced concrete, aircraft, automotive and shipbuilding industries in the 20th century. In his portrayal, the author places the emphasis on the formation and development of modern numerical engineering methods such as FEM and describes their integration into the discipline of computational mechanics. Brief insights into customary methods of calculation backed up by historical facts help the reader to understand the history of structural mechanics and earth pressure theory from the point of view of modern engineering practice. This approach also makes a vital contribution to the teaching of engineers. Dr. Kurrer manages to give us a real feel for the different approaches of the players involved through their engineering science profiles and personalities, thus creating awareness for the social context. The 260 brief biographies convey the subjective aspect of theory of structures and structural mechanics from the early years of the modern era to the present day. Civil and structural engineers and architects are well represented, but there are also biographies of mathematicians, physicists, mechanical engineers and aircraft and ship designers. The main works of these protagonists of theory of structures are reviewed and listed at the end of each biography. Besides the acknowledged figures in theory of structures such as Coulomb, Culmann, Maxwell, Mohr, Müller-Breslau, Navier, Rankine, Saint-Venant, Timoshenko and Westergaard, the reader is also introduced to G. Green, A. N. Krylov, G. Li, A. J. S. Pippard, W. Prager, H. A. Schade, A. W. Skempton, C. A. Truesdell, J. A. L. Waddell and H. Wagner. The pioneers of the modern movement in theory of structures, J. H. Argyris, R. W. Clough, T. v. Kármán, M. J. Turner and O. C. Zienkiewicz, are also given extensive biographical treatment. A huge bibliography of about 4,500 works rounds off the book. New content in the second edition deals with earth pressure theory, ultimate load method, an analysis of historical textbooks, steel bridges, lightweight construction, theory of plates and shells, Green's function, computational statics, FEM, computer-assisted graphical analysis and historical engineering science. The number of pages now exceeds 1,200 - an increase of 50% over the first English edition. This book is the first all-embracing historical account of theory of structures from the 16th century to the present day.

A to Z of Physicists

Author: Darryl J. Leiter

Publisher: Infobase Publishing


Category: Physicists

Page: 401

View: 465

Profiles more than 150 scientists from around the world who made important contributions to the field of physics, including John Bardeen, Marie Curie, Robert Hooke, Lise Meitner, and Chien-Shiung Wu.